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Urology Chapter 11. Hydronephrosis is: Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure from urine Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure from urine Kidney.

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Presentation on theme: "Urology Chapter 11. Hydronephrosis is: Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure from urine Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure from urine Kidney."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urology Chapter 11

2 Hydronephrosis is: Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure from urine Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure from urine Kidney stone formation in the urinary system Spasm of the smooth muscle of the ureters or bladder as kidney stones scrape the mucosa and cause pain

3 Hydronephrosis is: Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure from urine Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure from urine Kidney stone formation in the urinary system Spasm of the smooth muscle of the ureters or bladder as kidney stones scrape the mucosa and cause pain

4 The presence of stones in the urinary system is called: Hydronephrosis Nephropathy Nephrolithiasis Nephroptosis

5 The presence of stones in the urinary system is called: Hydronephrosis Nephropathy Nephrolithiasis Nephroptosis

6 A congenital disease characterized by cysts in the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons and cause kidney failure is: Polycystic kidney disease Cystitis Nephrolithiasis Cystic fibrosis

7 A congenital disease characterized by cysts in the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons and cause kidney failure is: Polycystic kidney disease Cystitis Nephrolithiasis Cystic fibrosis

8 Excessive amounts of urea in the blood because of renal failure is known as: Glomerulonephritis Uremia Nephroblastoma All of the above

9 Excessive amounts of urea in the blood because of renal failure is known as: Glomerulonephritis Uremia Nephroblastoma All of the above

10 A hernia in which the bladder bulges through a weakness in the muscular wall of the vagina or rectum is known as a: Cystocele Vesicocele Vesicovaginal fistula Both cystocele and vesicocele

11 A hernia in which the bladder bulges through a weakness in the muscular wall of the vagina or rectum is known as a: Cystocele Vesicocele Vesicovaginal fistula Both cystocele and vesicocele

12 Glucose in the urine is an indication of diabetes mellitus. True False

13 Glucose in the urine is an indication of diabetes mellitus. True False

14 Scanty urine production is called: Nocturia Polyuria Oliguria Pyuria

15 Scanty urine production is called: Nocturia Polyuria Oliguria Pyuria

16 Hematuria is the presence of what substance in the urine? Pus Water Blood Ketones

17 Hematuria is the presence of what substance in the urine? Pus Water Blood Ketones

18 E. coli is the most common cause of: Kidney stones Hypospadias Renal failure Urinary tract infections

19 E. coli is the most common cause of: Kidney stones Hypospadias Renal failure Urinary tract infections

20 Involuntarily passing urine while sneezing, coughing, or laughing is called: Urinary retention Stress incontinence Cystitis Nocturia

21 Involuntarily passing urine while sneezing, coughing, or laughing is called: Urinary retention Stress incontinence Cystitis Nocturia

22 A urine culture and sensitivity is done to identify the: Bacteria causing a kidney stone. Bacteria causing a UTI. Antibiotics that would be effective against the bacteria. Both bacteria causing a UTI and antibiotics that would be effective against the bacteria.

23 A urine culture and sensitivity is done to identify the: Bacteria causing a kidney stone. Bacteria causing a UTI. Antibiotics that would be effective against the bacteria. Both bacteria causing a UTI and antibiotics that would be effective against the bacteria.

24 The pH of the urine is related to the: Amount of blood in it Color and odor Amount of protein in it Acidity or alkalinity

25 The pH of the urine is related to the: Amount of blood in it Color and odor Amount of protein in it Acidity or alkalinity

26 A urinometer is a/an: Procedure Disease condition Measuring device Type of surgery

27 A urinometer is a/an: Procedure Disease condition Measuring device Type of surgery

28 Crushing of kidney stones by the use of sound waves is called nephrolithotomy. True False

29 Crushing of kidney stones by the use of sound waves is called nephrolithotomy. True False

30 Placing a tube into the bladder in order to drain the urine is called: Cystoscopy Dialysis KUB Catheterization

31 Placing a tube into the bladder in order to drain the urine is called: Cystoscopy Dialysis KUB Catheterization

32 For a patient in end-stage renal failure, what are two of the three things that can take the place of the nonfunctioning kidneys? Hemodialysis or renal transplantation Peritoneal dialysis or catheterization Diuresis or catheterization Cystoscopy or hemodialysis

33 For a patient in end-stage renal failure, what are two of the three things that can take the place of the nonfunctioning kidneys? Hemodialysis or renal transplantation Peritoneal dialysis or catheterization Diuresis or catheterization Cystoscopy or hemodialysis

34 Both ren/o- and nephr/o- mean: Kidney Bladder Urine Nephron

35 Both ren/o- and nephr/o- mean: Kidney Bladder Urine Nephron

36 The suffix -scope means: The process of using an instrument to examine Stone Laboratory procedure An instrument used to examine

37 The suffix -scope means: The process of using an instrument to examine Stone Laboratory procedure An instrument used to examine

38 Which combining form means stone? Calic/o- Cali/o- Cyst/o- Calcul/o-

39 Which combining form means stone? Calic/o- Cali/o- Cyst/o- Calcul/o-

40 Which combining form means bladder? Ur/o- Urethr/o- Pyel/o- Vesic/o-

41 Which combining form means bladder? Ur/o- Urethr/o- Pyle/o- Vesic/o-

42 The word pyelonephritis can be separated into: Prefix, combining form, and suffix Prefix, combining form, and combining form Combining form, suffix, and suffix Combining form, combining form, and suffix

43 The word pyelonephritis can be separated into: Prefix, combining form, and suffix Prefix, combining form, and combining form Combining form, suffix, and suffix Combining form, combining form, and suffix

44 Drug Categories These categories of drugs are used to treat urinary Diseases and Conditions: – Antibiotic drugs – Antispasmodic drugs – Diuretic drugs – Drugs for overactive bladder – Potassium supplements – Urinary analgesic drugs


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