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Kidney Disorders zKidney Failure yDialysis yTransplant zDiabetes.

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Presentation on theme: "Kidney Disorders zKidney Failure yDialysis yTransplant zDiabetes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kidney Disorders zKidney Failure yDialysis yTransplant zDiabetes

2 Kidney Failure zThe Kidneys perform a vital function for life zKidneys failure results in the build up of harmful wastes in the body, an increase in blood pressure, and possibly the retaining of excess fluid. zTreatment to replace the function of the kidneys is a must.

3 Kidney Failure zTreatment Methods yHaemodialysis

4 Kidney Failure Haemodialysis zThis procedure involves running a persons blood through a machine to cleanse it zVascular Access yFistula yGraft

5 Kidney Failure zDialysis treatments are usually performed 3 times a week for 3-5 hours each zModifications to diet yLow protein yDecreased fluids yDietician

6 Kidney Failure Peritoneal Dialysis

7 Kidney Failure zIn peritoneal dialysis the peritoneal membrane (lining of the abdomen) is used to filter the blood zA dialysis solution is fed into a tube in the abdomen, left for about 4-6 hours and then drained. zThis is a continuous process

8 Kidney Failure Kidney Transplant

9 Kidney Failure zKidneys can come from: yblood relative donor ynon-relative matching donor ydeceased matching donor

10 Kidney Disorder Resources zhttp://www.kidneypatientguide.org.uk/sit e/TRAanim.htmlhttp://www.kidneypatientguide.org.uk/sit e/TRAanim.html zhttp://www.niddk.nih.gov/index.htmhttp://www.niddk.nih.gov/index.htm

11 Kidney Failure Diabetes zDiabetes is one of the most common causes of Kidney failure, a result of the high blood pressure and elevated glucose levels common to diabetics yDiabetes Mellitus yType 1

12 Kidney Failure zDiabetes Mellitus zType I yinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes yProduction of little or no insulin yrequires daily injections ymore likely to lead to kidney failure than Type II

13 Kidney Failure zType II Diabetes Mellitus ynoninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. yMost common type of diabetes that usually affects people over 40 that are overweight ybody has a resistance to insulin


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