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alliterationallusionantithesisapostropheassonanceconsonancedetailsdiction figures of speech flashbackforeshadowinghyperboleimagerymetaphormoodirony.

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Presentation on theme: "alliterationallusionantithesisapostropheassonanceconsonancedetailsdiction figures of speech flashbackforeshadowinghyperboleimagerymetaphormoodirony."— Presentation transcript:

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3 alliterationallusionantithesisapostropheassonanceconsonancedetailsdiction figures of speech flashbackforeshadowinghyperboleimagerymetaphormoodirony motivationnarrationonomatopoeiaoxymoronparadoxpersonificationplotpoint of view prosodyprotagonistpunrepetitionrhymesarcasmsettingshift or turn similesound devicesstructurestylesuspensesymbolsynecdochesyntax themetoneunderstatementwebsitesheader pageplagiarismYahoo!north penn

4 alliteration “The twisting trout twinkled below.” is the practice of beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same sound. Table Example in Context

5 allusion Tired of trying to explain the creature to his students, Mr. Swindells assumes the necessary guise to enter its habitat and convinces it to pose for a photograph. is a reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place or thing: e.g., “He met his Waterloo.” Table Example in Context Click here for a good site on allusion

6 antithesis “…for richer or poorer…” Sink or swim is a direct juxtaposition of structurally parallel words, phrases, or clauses for the purpose of contrast: e.g., “sink or swim.” Anthony’s nuptial antithesis Table Example in Context

7 .’ Oh, period … Thou shouldst be living! apostrophe Table of contents Example in Context

8 the repetition of accented vowel sounds in a series of words the repetition of a consonant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect “And each low u k a rawing- own of blind ” Table of contents “Cr b the hills de” Example in Context

9 details Table of contents The facts revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone in a piece of poetry or prose. Example in Context

10 Diction is word choice intended to convey a certain effect. Table of contents Example in Context

11 figures of speech Table of contents Words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of something else. They always involve some sort of imaginative comparison between seemingly unlike things. Not meant to be taken literally, figurative language is used to produce images in a reader’s mind and to express ideas in fresh, vivid and imaginative ways. The most common examples of figurative language, or figures of speech, used both in poetry and prose, are simile, metaphor and personification.similemetaphorpersonification Example in Context

12 Table of contents Example in Context

13 Table of contents Some said that the order in which they walked was to foreshadow the order of their deaths… Example in Context

14 hyperbole Table of contents A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration: Example in Context

15 Imagery Table The words or phrases a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings, and ideas descriptively appealing to the senses. Example in Context

16 Irony Table of contents Situational irony: when a situation turns out differently from what one would expect — though often the twist is oddly appropriate: e.g., a deep sea diver drowning in a bathtub. Verbal irony: when a person says one thing, but means the exact opposite: e.g., “It is easy to stop smoking. I’ve done it many times.” Dramatic irony: when a character or speaker says or does something that has different meanings from what he or she thinks it has, though the audience and other characters understand the full implications of the speech or action: e.g., Romeo kills himself believing Juliet has died, while the audience knows Juliet is still alive. “Isn’t it ironic, don’t you think?” Example in Context

17 Metaphor Table of contents A COMPARISON OF TWO UNLIKE THINGS NOT USING “LIKE” OR “AS.” Table of contents “TIME IS MONEY.” Example in Context Example 2 in Context

18 Mood Table of contents The atmosphere or predominant emotion in a literary work. Obvious Example Less Obvious Example

19 Motivation Table of contents A circumstance or set of circumstances that prompts a character to act in a certain way or that determines the outcome of a situation or work. Example in Context

20 Table of contents narration Example in Context

21 Onomatopoeia Table of contents (imitative harmony) The use of words that mimic the sounds they describe: e.g., “hiss,” “buzz,” and “bang.” When onomatopoeia is used on an extended scale in a poem, it is called imitative harmony. Example in Context

22 OXYMORON Table of contents A form of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single unusual expression. Example in Context

23 PARADOX Table of contents Ah, yes … everything is going according to my plans… Paradox occurs when the elements of a statement contradict each other. Although the statement may appear illogical, impossible, or absurd, it turns out to have a coherent meaning that reveals a hidden truth: e.g., “Much madness is divinest sense.” Example in Context

24 Table of contents Personification Example in Context

25 PLOT Table of contents THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS OR ACTIONS IN A SHORT STORY, NOVEL, PLAY, OR NARRATIVE POEM. Example in Context

26 Point of view Table of contents The perspective from which a story is told. Example in Context

27 PROSODY Table of contents The study of sound and rhythm. Example in Context

28 protagonist Table of contents Fortunately, not only could our PROTAGONIST fly … he was also A PRO diver! HELP ME !!! Can our protagonist save the day!?!? Example in Context

29 Table of contents What is a pun? The following information is from the Pun FAQtory. In Italian, 'puntiglio' means "a fine point," hence a verbal quibble, and is most likely the source of the English "punctilious.“ A pun is defined by Webster as "the humorous use of a word, or of words which are formed or sounded alike but have different meanings, in such a way as to play on two or more of the possible applications; a play on words." Why do people groan when a pun is told? A pun is often considered obvious humor, since the person relating it is merely balancing the humor in it on a twist of a word's meaning or sound. Children love this type of obvious humor and can laugh at it without reproachments. Adults, on the other hand, are more likely to have a twinge of envy, and "why didn't I think of that?". It is this envy in adults that subconciously causes them to groan upon hearing a pun. As time goes on, it can only be hoped that we adults will eventually learn to react more like a child and less like a groan-up! There are different types of puns. Homographic puns make use of multiple meanings from a single spelling (e.g., "pen" for writing instrument or animal enclosure). These are also referred to as "antanaclasis". Homophonic puns use like sounds but with different spellings and meanings. This is also referred to as polyptoton. Examples of homophones are scent and sent, jeans and genes, waive and wave, and buy and bye. Slide 2Pun FAQtory Slide 2 Example in Context

30 Repetition Table of contents The deliberate use of any element of language more than once. This can be repetition in sound, word, phrase, sentence, grammatical pattern, or rhythmical pattern. Example in Context

31 Table of contents Types of Rhyme: true rhyme or perfect rhyme — late-fate; hollow-follow Masculine rhyme: a single stressed syllable — still-hill Feminine rhyme (also double rhyme): a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable — ending-bending eye rhyme: appears the same, but does not sound the same — prove-love; come- doom imperfect rhyme, partial rhyme, near rhyme, slant rhyme — loads-lids-lads, groaned-crooned Example in Context

32 Table of contents The use of verbal irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it: e.g., “As I fell down the stairs headfirst, I heard her say, “Look at that coordination!” Example in Context

33 Table of contents in which events in a short story, novel, play or narrative poem take place. Example in Context

34 Table of contents Example in Context

35 Table of contents A comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words “like” or “as.” A definitely stated comparison where the poet says one thing is like another. For example… Example in Context

36 Table of contents Stylistic techniques that convey meaning through sound. Some examples of sound device are… Two words having the same sound. Repetition of similar vowel sounds. Repetition of similar consonant sounds. Words beginning with the same consonant sound. Words that sound like their meaning. Example in Context

37 Structure Table of contents The framework or organization of a literary selection. The structure of fiction is usually determined by plot and by chapter division; the structure of drama depends upon its division into acts and scenes; the structure of an essay depends upon the organization of ideas; the structure of poetry is determined by its rhyme scheme and stanzaic form. Example in Context

38 Style Table of contents It was quite obvious… …they had no style. Example in Context

39 Suspense is the quality of a short story, novel, play, narrative poem or movie that makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events. Table of contents Don’t press this button! SUSPENSE Example in Context

40 Table of contents Symbol Any object, person, place, or action that has both a meaning in itself and that stands for something larger than itself, such as a quality, attitude, belief, or value: e.g., the land turtle in Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath suggests or reflects the toughness and resilience of the migrant workers. Example in Context

41 Synecdoche (metonymy) Synecdoche is a form of metaphor where part of something is used to signify the whole: e.g., “All hands on deck.” The reverse, whereby the whole can represent a part, is also synecdoche: e.g., “Canada played the United States in the Olympic hockey finals” Another form of synecdoche is when the container represents the thing being contained: e.g., “The pot is boiling.” In one last form of synecdoche, the material from which an object is made stands for the object itself: e.g., “The quarterback tossed the pigskin.” In metonymy, the name of one thing is applied to another thing with which it is closely associated: e.g., “I love Shakespeare.” Table of contents Example in Context

42 Syntax Table of contents Example in Context

43 Table of contents It is not the same as subject, which can be expressed in a word or two: courage, survival, war, pride, etc. The theme is the idea the author wishes to convey about that subject. It is expressed as a sentence or general statement about life or human nature. The central message of a literary work. A literary work can have more than one theme, and most themes are not directly stated, but are implied. The reader must think about all the elements of the work and use them to make inferences, or reasonable guesses, as to which themes seem to be implied. Theme Example in Context

44 “Eat my shorts, man!” Tone is the writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject, character, or audience, and it is conveyed through the author’s choice of words and detail. Tone can be serious, humorous, sarcastic, indignant, objective, etc. Table of contents Example in Context

45 Table of contents The opposite of hyperbole. A kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is: e.g., “I could probably manage to survive on a salary of two million dollars per year.” Example in Context

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