Presentation on theme: "FORGOTTEN FILM FROM BEGINNINGS TO “TALKIES” UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA! LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS."— Presentation transcript:
FORGOTTEN FILM FROM BEGINNINGS TO “TALKIES” UNIT 2. THIS IS CINEMA! LESSON 2. SILENT FILMS
SILENT FILMS What are silent films? - We call silent film all those films made between the birth of cinema and 1927. - A silent film is a film with no synchronized recorded sound, with the recorded image. 2
SILENT FILMS - Despite many attempts to synchronize sound and image, it was not possible until 1927. - From the start, film techniques were a challenge and many filmmakers developed what not many years before the Lumière brothers had started. 3
SILENT FILMS BROKEN BLOSSOMS. D. W. GRIFFITH 1919 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9853ozGcsY
SILENT FILMS Why do silent films need a greater emphasis on body language and facial expression? So that the audience can better understand what actors feel and what they want to express on screen. 5
6 Actors in these films may seem to be overacting
SILENT FILMS Overacting: Is the exaggeration of gestures and speech when acting. It may be unintentional, particularly in the case of a bad actor, or be required for the role. In silent cinema it was necessary. 7 ?
SILENT FILMS Why was music an essential part of any film? Because it gave the audience emotional cues for the action taking place on the screen. 8
SILENT FILMS What were intertitles for? They were really important in silent films when films became longer and had more detail. They were necessary to understand dialogues and the story. 10
SILENT FILMS Gradually: - Silent films became longer. - The narrative or storytelling became more complex. 11
SILENT FILMS By the 1920s, the U.S. produced an average of 800 films annually. Among these films there were drama adventures, and romances, but comedy was the most successful. 12
SILENT FILMS : COMIC FILMS Comic films began to appear during the “silent era”, roughly 1895 to 1930. The visual humour of many of these silent films is based on slapstick. 13 It is when particular experiences provoke laughter and provide amusement, fun or entertainment. ? ? ?
SILENT FILMS Silent comedy emphasizes visual and physical humor, and what are known as “sight gags“ and “slapstick”. 14 Examples of slapstick Someone slipping on a banana skin, being soaked in water, wild chase scenes with trains and cars, or throwing pies at someone’s face.... It is a type of physical comedy characterized by humour, absurd situations and usually violent action.
SILENT FILMS In comedy there were actors of outstanding talent and different styles. Max Linder (F) Charles Chaplin (UK) Harold Lloyd (UE) Buster Keaton (UE) Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy (UE) They had great success throughout the world. 15
16 SILENT FILMS Charlie Chaplin Charles Chaplin. London 1889 - Switzerland 1977 He used mime, he was an actor, a filmmaker, a composer and a songwriter. Chaplin was one of the most creative and influential personalities of the silent-film era.
SILENT FILMS Charlie Chaplin He was influenced by his predecessor, the French silent movie comedian Max Linder, to whom he dedicated one of his films. Chaplin directed and edited his own films and he had a strong affinity for sentimentality. He could make audiences feel and think, as well as laugh. He combined comedy and drama. 17
SILENT FILMS Charlie Chaplin Chaplin quickly became the most popular star when he created his “Little Tramp” character. The physical attributes of the Tramp which include a pair of baggy pants, a tight coat, a small derby hat, a large pair of shoes, a cane and the famous small mustache. In most European countries he was known as “Charlot”. 18
SILENT FILMS Charlie Chaplin 19 The Rink 1916 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xBXYn-jjzEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5xBXYn-jjzE 2’56’’ The fireman 1916. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eosak_0rRfchttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eosak_0rRfc 10’15’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS52AeRKHYo&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LS52AeRKHYo&feature=related 10’15’’ The cure 1917 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRHGd7P4oGIhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRHGd7P4oGI 8’33’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9kVXwAD0So&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9kVXwAD0So&feature=related 9’21’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2VJjbs0CVw&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2VJjbs0CVw&feature=related 5’55’’ The circus 1928. Part 10’14 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjGXaA9xGAY&feature=related The Gold Rush 1925 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtZTIwSIuGwhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtZTIwSIuGw 13’47’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZGHR7J1lUQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZGHR7J1lUQ 3’53’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faS7YLWSEVMhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faS7YLWSEVM 1’31’’
SILENT FILMS Harrold Lloyd Harold Lloyd UE 1893-1971 Lloyd made nearly 200 comedy films, both silent and “talkies", between 1914 and 1947. His films frequently contained "thrill sequences" of extended chase scenes. 20
SILENT FILMS Harrold Lloyd 21 He is best known for his optimism and the character he created: the “Glasses Character” that represented the ordinary guy up on the screen, a guy with faults and fears, “the boy next door”. Safety last 1923. 7’35’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEcTjhUN_7U Bunch of scenes from different films 4’05’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zkryy5eru6k&feature=fvst
SILENT FILMS Buster Keaton Buster Keaton UE 1895-1966 He is considered one of the greatest actor-directors in the history of film. He had great success although sometimes he was misunderstood by the audience. He is more suited to modern audiences. 22
SILENT FILMS Buster Keaton He created his character as himself: he had a beatutiful deadpan face, with eloquent large deep eyes. His nickname was “The Great Stone Face” Batlling Butler 1926. 5’02’’ http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=buster+keaton +boxing&aq=f Secene from “The general” 1926. 3’25’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3xh108cLbo Scene from “The college” 1927. 3’48’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48-WV9jJEwY 23
THE SETTING Where does the scene take place? 24
THE SETTING Where does the scene take place? 25 FOREGROUND
THE SETTING Where does the scene take place? 26 BACKGROUND
THE SETTING Where does the scene take place? 27 AT THE TOP IN THE MIDDLE IN THE TOP RIGHT- HAND CORNER IN THE TOP LEFT- HAND CORNER IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT- HAND CORNER RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE IN THE BOTTOM LEFT- HAND CORNER AT THE BOTTOM IN THE MIDDLE JUST HIGHER THAN THE MIDDLE ON THE LEFT ON THE RIGHT COMING FROM THE BACKGROUND TO THE FOREGROUND
SILENT FILMS Laurel & Hardy (UK 1890 – 1965) (UE 1892 – 1957) They were one of the most popular comedy teams in the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema, composed of thin Stan and heavy Oliver. 28 They became well known during the late 1920s to the mid- 1940s. The team also appeared on stage throughout America and Europe. In Spain they were known as “el gordo y el flaco”....
SILENT FILMS Laurel & Hardy (UK 1890 – 1965) (UE 1892 – 1957) 29 The music box 1932. 27’51’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94nxnNdJzQI The Devil’s brother 1933 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiFEFL6ThRIhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiFEFL6ThRI 1’46’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yoPb-amgbs&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0yoPb-amgbs&feature=related 9’09’’ Hollywood party 1936. 8’55’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3cvUuRQtSc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3cvUuRQtSc Busy bodies 1933. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vvn1NValjWA&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vvn1NValjWA&feature=related 8’30’’ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZ8D-bnwBK0http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZ8D-bnwBK0 6’6’’ Coloured Their performances reminded the audience of traditional clowns and they were the best representatives of slapstick humour. Stan Laurel & Oliver Hardy
SILENT FILMS Murnau. Nosferatu. 1922 NOSFERATU. Murnau http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=patgT_qG65U 30
SILENT FILMS Murnau. Nosferatu. Which is the main difference between Laurel & Hardy’s films and Murnau’s film? The genre 31
SILENT FILMS Murnau. Nosferatu. In film theory, genre is based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed. Synonymous: category, class, group, kind, style, type... 32
SILENT FILMS Murnau. Nosferatu. There is a basic distinction in genre between fiction and documentary 33
SILENT FILMS Murnau. Nosferatu. Film genres can be categorized in several ways: 34 COMEDY SCIENCE FICTION THRILLER WESTERN MUSICAL ACTION DRAMA HORROR Genre ROMANC E BIOPICS FANTASY ADVETURE FICTION HORROR HISTORICAL
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 Metropolis. 1927 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE&feature=related 4’28’’ 35
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 37 SILENT FILM BLACK & WHITE COMEDY SLAPSTIC INTERTITLES EMPHASIS ON BODY LANGUAGE EMPHASIS ON FACIAL EXPRESSION SCIENCE FICTION EXPRESSIONISM POLITICAL IDEOLOGY OTHER FILMS COMMON FEATURES METROPOLIS
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 38 Young Frankenstein Mel Brooks 1974 Frankenstein James Whale 1931
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 39 C3P0 Star Wars George Lucas 1977 One of the most recognized robots (droids) in the film industry.
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 40 Back to the future Robert Zemeckis 1985
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 41 Back to the future Robert Zemeckis 1985 Queen Radio Ga Ga 1984
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 42 Internment camps / concentration camps. Spain 1939. Internment camps / concentration camps. Germany 1944. Underground. Air-rair shelter Madrid 1938.
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 43 Kuala Lumpur XXI Century Sydney XXI Century
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 44 New York Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur 1998
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 Fritz Lang was ahead of his time His film shows inventions such as, robots (droids), television, trains on elevated tracks, urban motorways, impressive skyscrapers… 45
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 46 First WorldSecond World luxury skyscrapers rich wealthy futurism elite privileged poor oppressed Enslaved /slave class nameless underground life industrialists Art Déco exploited luxuryskyscraperspooroppressed exploitedworkersWealthyfuturisim enslaved/slave classprivilegedeliteArt Déco namelesspowerfulindustrialistsunderground life rich
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 1. The film exhibits the influence of historical events occurring during its time. 1. A time of economic misery and the rise of fascism in a pre-Hitler Weimar Republic Germany following the First World War. 2. The rise of the American labor movement and unions during the 1920s due to oppressive working conditions. 47
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 3. The rise of immigration into the US and exploitation of workers. 4. It also reflects the ongoing modern science. 5. The 1917 communist revolution in the Soviet Union. 6. The contrast of poverty with the upper classes of the Roaring 20s. 7. The class struggle. 48 Adapted from:http://www.filmsite.org/metr.htmlhttp://www.filmsite.org/metr.html
SILENT FILMS Metropolis. Fritz Lang.1927 49 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j8Ba9rWhUg&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j8Ba9rWhUg&feature=related 2’38” Queen. Radio Gaga 1984 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEI4U5KyAS0 Bibliography http://www.filmsite.org/metr.html http://home.comcast.net/~flickhead/Metropolis.html