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QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly.

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Presentation on theme: "QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly."— Presentation transcript:

1 QUICK TIPS (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint template requires basic PowerPoint (version 2007 or newer) skills. Below is a list of commonly asked questions specific to this template. If you are using an older version of PowerPoint some template features may not work properly. Template FAQs Verifying the quality of your graphics Go to the VIEW menu and click on ZOOM to set your preferred magnification. This template is at 100% the size of the final poster. All text and graphics will be printed at 100% their size. To see what your poster will look like when printed, set the zoom to 100% and evaluate the quality of all your graphics before you submit your poster for printing. Modifying the layout This template was specifically designed for a 48x36 tri-fold presentation. Its layout should not be changed or it may not fit on a standard board. It has a one foot column on the left, a 2 foot column in the middle and a 1 foot column on the right. The columns in the provided layout are fixed and cannot be moved but advanced users can modify any layout by going to VIEW and then SLIDE MASTER. Importing text and graphics from external sources TEXT: Paste or type your text into a pre-existing placeholder or drag in a new placeholder from the left side of the template. Move it anywhere as needed. PHOTOS: Drag in a picture placeholder, size it first, click in it and insert a photo from the menu. TABLES: You can copy and paste a table from an external document onto this poster template. To adjust the way the text fits within the cells of a table that has been pasted, right-click on the table, click FORMAT SHAPE then click on TEXT BOX and change the INTERNAL MARGIN values to 0.25. Modifying the color scheme To change the color scheme of this template go to the DESIGN menu and click on COLORS. You can choose from the provided color combinations or create your own. QUICK DESIGN GUIDE (--THIS SECTION DOES NOT PRINT--) This PowerPoint 2007 template produces a 36”x48” tri-fold presentation poster. You can use it to create your research poster and save valuable time placing titles, subtitles, text, and graphics. We provide a series of online tutorials that will guide you through the poster design process and answer your poster production questions. To view our template tutorials, go online to PosterPresentations.com and click on HELP DESK. When you are ready to print your poster, go online to PosterPresentations.com. Need Assistance? Call us at 1.866.649.3004 Object Placeholders Using the placeholders To add text, click inside a placeholder on the poster and type or paste your text. To move a placeholder, click it once (to select it). Place your cursor on its frame, and your cursor will change to this symbol Click once and drag it to a new location where you can resize it. Section Header placeholder Click and drag this preformatted section header placeholder to the poster area to add another section header. Use section headers to separate topics or concepts within your presentation. Text placeholder Move this preformatted text placeholder to the poster to add a new body of text. Picture placeholder Move this graphic placeholder onto your poster, size it first, and then click it to add a picture to the poster. RESEARCH POSTER PRESENTATION DESIGN © 2012 www.PosterPresentations.com © 2013 PosterPresentations.com 2117 Fourth Street, Unit C Berkeley CA 94710 posterpresenter@gmail.com Student discounts are available on our Facebook page. Go to PosterPresentations.com and click on the FB icon. The Army of the Potomac started the way at a disadvantage. By already starting behind the Confederacy in horsemanship skills and knowledge, the Union mounted forces became an effective fighting force, but was it too late? The horses that were gathered to create the Union cavalry forces were small and not raised for fast and heavy riding. The Union Commanders were misguided to model their cavalry forces after those found in Europe because the fighting style needed was completely different. The use of a saber charge in battle rarely resulted in positive results and became more harmful than useful. Mounted soldiers became used more for raiding and scouting than in actually battle because of their ineffectiveness. The cavalries’ greatest critics say that both the Union and the Confederacy did not use their mounted forces effectively during the time of war. During many battles, the cavalries suffered the least losses, and this was not because of their superb fighting strategy and style. The spare use of the cavalry during the intense combat gave these forces what could appear to be amazingly low casualty numbers. Unlike the famous European cavalries, neither the North nor the South used their mounted riders during the climax of a battle to determine the overall victor in the face-off. Many historians have criticized the infamous “charge” of the cavalries as being on the most ineffective fighting strategies utilized during the Civil War. With the advance of weapons from the saber to firing muskets and riffles it was easier for an infantry to advance and fight in a non-block formation than it was for the cavalries to organize themselves for a charge. The scouting and rampaging duties of the cavalries became want they were known for. But their skills were developed too little too late. How could they have been more effective? Griffith. "Civil War Cavalry: Missed Opportunities.” Advertisment. Poster. MHQ; the Quarterly Journal of Military History 1, no. 3 (April 1989) 62. The Confederacy They had the advantage with better horses and more experienced riders over the cavalry from the North. J.E.B. Stuart’s no hold back fighting style accounted for many Confederate victories, but also some faults. “General J.E.B. Stuart” Photograph. Civilwar.org< http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/jeb-stuart.htmlhttp://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/jeb-stuart.html> The Confederate cavalry seemed to be the naturally superior at the start of the war, but many fatal mistakes and the loss of key leaders may have changed their standing. Notes Paddy Griffith. "Civil War Cavalry: Missed Opportunities." MHQ; the Quarterly Journal of Military History 1, no. 3 (April 1989): 60-71. American: History and Life. Correspondent, "Suggestions from Paris." New York Times (1857-1922), Jul 17, 1861. http://search.proquest.com/docview/91577931?accountid= 11012. Southern cavalry officers had issues with soldier discipline At the battle of Gettysburg, Confederate cavalry missed a chance for glory because they were off plundering. “Dismount Parade of the 7 th New York Cavalry in Camp” Photograph. 1862. Civilwarphotos.net http://www.civilwarphotos.net/files/cavalry.ht m Sarah Stanley FYW- Battle of Autumn 1862 Were Civil War Cavalries Used Effectively? But what could have made these forces successful? Historian Paddy Griffith says that there are four major components that increase the success of the cavalry. One factor was the element of faster mobility that cavalries held over infantries. This could move a regiment closer or farther away from the opposing force faster, creating more opportunity for fighting strategies to form. Secondly, cavalries need to be flexible in their fighting style, if the situation called for it the men must be prepared to dismount and continue fighting on foot and be prepared to win this way. They were soldiers on horseback, the soldier part of the description came first and that meant winning the battle at all costs. The third factor was a matter of patience as cavalries had to be willing to hold back a reserve force that was able to make a charge if the situation allowed. Lastly, cavalries, as with any parts of a military fighting force, needed to adjust and change with the new technology of the age in order to keep ahead of the enemy. “Federal Cavalry Column” Photograph. 1862. Civilwarphotos.net http://www.civilwarphotos.net/files/cavalry.htm


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