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UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 1 JMC Ammo Assessment Outbrief November 2007 US Army Joint Munitions Command Ammunition Assessment Team Mr. Doug Maddox Mr. James.

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Presentation on theme: "UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 1 JMC Ammo Assessment Outbrief November 2007 US Army Joint Munitions Command Ammunition Assessment Team Mr. Doug Maddox Mr. James."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 1 JMC Ammo Assessment Outbrief November 2007 US Army Joint Munitions Command Ammunition Assessment Team Mr. Doug Maddox Mr. James Gray Mr. James Young Mr. Mike Griffith

2 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 2 Bottom Line Up Front ATHP Doctrine Working Well Highly Motivated Soldiers but Additional Ammo Training Needed Better Guidance Needed to Manage Suspended Ammunition RIP/TOA Process Needs Improvement Derivative UICs Usage Hampers Asset Visibility EOD Units Doing Great Job Successfully Gathered Ammo and Packaging Data Outstanding Support to Ammo Assessment Team

3 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 3 JMC Ammo Assessment The Mission Assist Commanders in their ammo operations Determine ammo packaging requirements Identify serviceable vs unserviceable ammo Ensure safe ammo storage at FOBs

4 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 4 Observed general ammunition storage conditions. Reviewed unit ammunition listing for on-hand DODIC's and quantities Assessed ammunition status  Determined approximate on-hand quantities  Determined general/overall condition by DODIC  Determined packing/packaging/palletization status Reviewed explosives storage license/storage authorization documentation  Determined compliance with storage license/storage authorization documentation  Provided technical ammunition storage/handling guidance Checked ammunition suspension/restriction status Recorded  ISO container serial numbers  S/N of Cat 1 missiles and rockets – no undue handling or movement JMC Ammo Assessment What Was Accomplished

5 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 5 JMC Ammo Assessment Pre- Assessment Assumptions ~ 60,000 tons in theater Estimated 20, ,000 tons forward of ASPs/ATHPs Quantity, packaging, and condition of ammo unknown  Large quantities require packaging  Packaging material largely unavailable  Large volume of unserviceable, uneconomically repairable ammunition (CC-H)

6 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 6 JMC Ammo Assessment What We Found ~ 65K tons of USA ammunition in theater  31.0K tons in Theater Storage Area (Kuwait)  18.5K tons in MNC-I ASP’s (Five locations in Iraq)  8.6K tons in MNC-I ATHP’s (14 locations in Iraq)  6.5K to 7.5K tons forward of ASPs/ATHPs (UBL + excess) Quantity and condition of ammo  ~ 5000 tons require packaging  Includes US Army and USMC ammunition  Considerable quantities of small items  Small Arms Ammunition  40MM ammunition  Flares  Grenades  ~12,000 ammunition lot segments  Limited packaging material available in Iraq  Virtually no packaging material retained for uploaded ammo  Minimal CC-H ( unserviceable, uneconomically repairable ammunition )

7 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 7 Assessed Tonnage Munitions Readiness Report Families

8 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 8 ASSESSED SITES KUWAIT Dahuk Karbala Kirkuk Tikrit Baqubah Tal Afar Habur Gate Ramadi Baghdad Al Asad Mosul Umm Qasr Tigris R. Q West Tallil Balad Taji Arifjan Euphrates R. Ad Diwaniyah Al Kasik Kirkush Ar Rustimayah Habbaniyah Fallujah Kalsu Anaconda Ramadi Al Asad Liberty Falcon Striker Kalsu Iskandariyah Blue Diamond Iskandariyah Diamondback Marez Prosperity Speicher Warhorse Hammer Q West Warrior Slayer West BIAP Al Taqaddum Taji Adder McHenry Bernstein Rustamiyah Loyalty 87 Days In Theater 16 Days pre-assessment preparations 11 Das post-assessment evaluation and out-briefs 99 Days in Theater 16 Days pre assessment prep 26 sites/120+ Battalions assessed Assessed Sites KUWAIT Dahuk Karbala Kirkuk Tikrit Baqubah Tal Afar Habur Gate Ramadi Baghdad Al Asad Mosul Umm Qasr Tigris R. Q West Tallil Balad Taji Arifjan Euphrates R. Ad Diwaniyah Al Kasik Kirkush Ar Rustimayah Habbaniyah Fallujah Kalsu Anaconda Ramadi Al Asad Liberty Falcon Striker Kalsu Iskandariyah Blue Diamond Iskandariyah Diamondback Marez Prosperity Speicher Warhorse Hammer Q West Warrior Slayer West BIAP Al Taqaddum Taji Adder McHenry Bernstein Rustamiyah Loyalty 99 Days in Theater 26 sites/120+ Battalions assessed

9 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 9 Assessed Tonnage By Region

10 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 10 TARGET UNITS NUMBER COMPLETED PERCENT COMPLETED /37 FA1/7 FA 1/23 INF 504 MI 29 INF HHC 769 EN 92 MP 210 BSB Additional Units Assessed BSB 610 STB BSB 407 BTB STB STB 2 BSB RSS FSB 299 FSB 21 (-) 9 (-) 52 BSB 115 BSB STB ASB A U U M A A 1227 AA U 2 UUU U M 3 U M U M U M A 4 AA BSB 2 STB BCT, 1CD2BCT, 1CD2BCT, 1ID2BCT, 2ID2BCT, 82 AD2 SCR4 BCT, 1ID1 CD CAB35 EN BDE NOT ASSESSED E 1-5 CAVBRT COMPLETED JMC Ammunition Assessment MND-B

11 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 11 JMC Ammunition Assessment MND-C PERCENT COMPLETED NUMBER COMPLETED TARGET UNITS STB BSTB BSB B BCT, 3ID3BCT, 3ID4BCT, 25ID2BCT, 10 MTN3RD CAB BSB 725 STB BSB 203 STB STB 2 BSB ASB A 23 U 43 U M 317 A ASB AAA U UU U M UU A AAA 164 ENG 2-4 FA COMPLETED ADDITIONAL UNITS ASSESSED

12 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED PERCENT COMPLETED NUMBER COMPLETED TARGET UNITS 3 ooo 42 X o o o 4 ooo 2 STB BSB 1 X STB 4 BSB X 3 82 STB 3 BSB82 X STB 3 BSB oo o oo o X 3 1 BSB 10 STB 1 2 X X 1 ASB A H GS 3BCT, 82AD1 CAB4BCT, 1CD1BCT, 10MTN4BCT, 2ID3BCT, 1CD111 EN BDE CSSB 23 ROC 17 CSSB 116 ENG 552 MP 12 CAB ADDITIONAL UNITS ASSESSED NOT ASSESSED COMPLETED 18 EOD JMC Ammunition Assessment MND-N

13 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 13 II 3 B 1 I 1 3 R 11 II B TACON II TACON II 1 III 26 3 II I 1 41 II BSB II BSTB II OPCON To 1 BCT 3ID DSI 159 II (-) II 3 7 B 2 I I A PERCENT COMPLETED NUMBER COMPLETED TARGET UNITS 2/504 PIR 787 CSSB USMC ASP AL ASAD ADDITIONAL UNITS ASSESSED NOT ASSESSED COMPLETED 264 CSSBB CO, 1/52 AVN JMC Ammunition Assessment MNF-W 1 3 XIII I I I 478 EN BN 1BCT, 3 ID II REGT, 2 MarD6 REGT, 2 MarD

14 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 14 JMC Ammo Assessment Observations ATHP doctrine working very well within theater  Less ammo stored in unit areas  Less ammo issued to unit – being retained at ATHP tons of ammunition forward of ASPs/ATHPs -- primarily small ammunition items (small arms ammo, 40mm ammunition, flares and grenades)  ~ 35% of ammunition still packaged  ~ 65% requires packaging Assessed ammunition encompasses 12,000+ ammo lot segments that require significant sorting and repacking Vast majority of stock visually in serviceable condition Minimal unserviceable ammunition on hand  EOD handling demilitarization workload  Units not unnecessarily unpacking ammunition ATHPs very well constructed using HESCO Barriers

15 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 15 JMC Ammo Assessment Recommendations No central theater level packaging management  Inventory of ammunition packaging items not maintained on SAAS – Mod accountable records  Recommendation: Units comply with regulations to maintain SAAS - Mod accountable records of on-hand packaging materials  At the unit level, packaging material not retained after ammunition opened  Recommendation: Implement automatic returns policy  Recommendation: Command wide policy directing units to return designated packaging to ATHP  Theater ammunition packaging material stockpile is not well established  Recommendation: Use Ammunition Assessment findings as basis for packaging requirements  Recommendation: Position required ammunition packaging materials at CSA and ASP’s in Iraq for call forward by ATHP’s on an “as required” basis to support turn-in operations. Approximately 115 suspended/restricted ammunition lots noted consisting of 46 DODIC’s and 230 lot segments  The RIP/TOA process has contributed to loss of visibility of large majority of suspended/restricted ammunition lots  Recommendation: Incorporate new procedures into RIP/TOA process to ensure identification and removal of suspended munitions from the hands of user  No system to easily track ammunition lot numbers at unit level. Very few units properly record ammunition lot numbers  Recommendation: CASCOM develop system for unit level use SAAS Mod communication from ATHP/ASP’s to the TSC often interrupted  Recommendation: Ensure the SAAS VSAT (hardware) is employed as intended

16 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 16 JMC Ammo Assessment Recommendations Limited ammunition training at unit level  316th ESC is developing unit level training program  Recommendation: Export 316th ESC program theater wide  Personnel very motivated to do a good job- HOOAH! Warrant Officers/NCOs expressed concerns with lack of adequate SAAS Mod training for Ammunition MOS 89B personnel  Recommendation: Develop mobile training team to travel to each ATHP requesting training, or develop resident course at a location in Iraq Valid Storage Licenses do not exist for all locations  Recommendation: Commanders work with unit safety personnel to ensure completion Encroachment at many ammunition storage areas  ATHP’s with inadequate safety distances without approved waivers/exemptions  Unit level storage in billeting areas/motor pools  Recommendation: Commanders ensure risk management methodologies are employed to properly address associated risks; include preparation of required waivers/exemptions documenting deviations from established DOD and DA explosives safety standards Ammunition lot segregation in unit storage is not well maintained  Recommendation: Unit ammunition warrant officers develop ammunition storage guidance addressing proper storage practices Varied methods being utilized to provide protection from indirect fire  Recommendation: Establish command policy directing use of overhead protection method that does not render the ISO containers unusable

17 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 17 Establish theater wide ammunition packaging management program Improve SAAS MOD communication between ASPs/ATHPs and Theater Sustainment Command Position ammunition packaging material forward of the Theater Storage Area (TSA) Continue providing same level of outstanding EOD ammunition demilitarization support Support To Ammo Retrograde/Reset What the Theater Can Do

18 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 18 Summary ATHP Doctrine Working Well Highly Motivated Soldiers Great Support Provided to Ammunition Assessment Team Successfully Gathered Ammunition and Packaging Data

19 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 19 Back Row: Jim Gahagan, Mike Griffith, Bob Wild, Ed Averill, John Barton, Bill Sykes, Jim Gray Front Row: Doug Maddox (kneeling), Dave Tipp (kneeling), Jim Young (standing) Ammunition Assessment Team

20 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 20 US Army Joint Munitions Command Points of Contact Assessment Project Manager Ms. Lisa Swanson Director, Munitions Readiness Directorate US Army Joint Munitions Command ATTN: AMSJM-RD 1 Rock Island Arsenal Rock Island, IL DSN (312) NIPR: SIPR: Assessment Team Chief Mr. Doug Maddox Chief, Ammunition Surveillance Division US Army Joint Munitions Command ATTN: AMSJM-QAS 1 Rock Island Arsenal Rock Island, IL DSN (312) NIPR: SIPR: Assessment Team Leader Mr. James Gray, JMC Senior Command Representative to HQ, USCENTCOM HQ, US Central Command ATTN: CCJ4-O 7715 South Boundary Blvd Tampa, FL DSN (312) NIPR: SIPR: Joint Munitions Command Operations Center Ammo Desk -- Available 24/7 DSN: (312) ; NIPR: SIPR: JMC In-Theater Senior Command Representative Mr. Tom Evans 402 nd AFSB APO AE DSN (312) , Opt #1, Ext 6528 VOIP NIPR: SIPR:

21 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 21 DODICDODAAC/UICITEMQTY REQUIRING PACKAGING COMPONENT QTY REQUIRED A059WAQPY1Bandoleer35, A059WAQPY1Carton35,0001,166 A059WAQPY1Clip35,0003,500 A059WAQPY1M2A1 Ammo Box35,00042 A059WAQPY1Magazine Filler35, A059WAQPY1 Pallets, Wood 40"x48"35,0001 A059WAQPY1Seals35,00021 A059WAQPY1Wirebound Box35,00021 Packaging Requirements for Cartridge, 5.56mm (1305-A059) Data detail provided at the UIC level Packaging components listed individually Calculated Component Requirement Packed 10rds/clip, 3 clips per cardboard box, 7 cardboard boxes per bandoleer, 4 bandoleers per M2A1 can, 2 M2A1 cans per wirebound box

22 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 22 Assessed Tonnage --- MND-B

23 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 23 Assessed Tonnage --- MND-C

24 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 24 Assessed Tonnage --- MND-N

25 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 25 Assessed Tonnage --- MNF-W

26 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 26 Effective Indirect Fire Protection Methods

27 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 27 Indirect Fire Protection That Caused Damage

28 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 28 Ammunition Damaged During Transit Due to Improper Packaging *Total Loss of $400, in Assets 120MM Tank Ammunition Cartridge Case Separation

29 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 29 Examples of Bad Storage Practices

30 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 30 Examples of Bad Storage Practices

31 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 31 Examples of Good Storage Practices

32 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 32 Examples of Good Storage Practices

33 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 33 Box markings– 36 ea Signal, Illumination, Green Star (L305) Four distinct groups of signals inside box Signal, Illum, White Star, Parachute (L312) Signal, Illum, Green Star, Cluster (L314) Signal, Illum, Green Star, Parachute (L305) Lack of Lot Segregation Signal, Illum, Red Star, Cluster (L306)

34 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 34 Lack of Lot Segregation L312 L306 L305 L314

35 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 35 Box markings– 36 ea Signal, Illumination, Green Star (L305) Four distinct groups of signals inside box Signal, Illum, White Star, Parachute (L312) Signal, Illum, Green Star, Cluster (L314) Signal, Illum, Green Star, Parachute (L305) Signal, Illum, Red Star, Cluster (L306) Lack of Lot Segregation

36 UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 36 ATHP Construction -- HESCO Barriers


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