Presentation on theme: "Reluctant writers aren’t born. They are often casualties of our classroom instruction (Janoski 2010) RTLB Workshop Tokoroa March 20 2014 Facilitators Karyn."— Presentation transcript:
Reluctant writers aren’t born. They are often casualties of our classroom instruction (Janoski 2010) RTLB Workshop Tokoroa March 20 2014 Facilitators Karyn Brown RT: Lit Tokoroa Sharyn Merry RT: Lit Matamata/ Putaruru
Welcome If you hear a voice within you say, “ You are not a painter,” Then by all means paint… and that voice will be silenced. Vincent Van Gogh
Fabulous Feats Take a piece of paper and fold into four. Try to think of a way that in which you are unique, unusual, or different from other people (Think about some oddity, an interest, a near miss you may have had, an embarrassing experience etc) Write one example on each fold of the paper. Pass in one at a time and place in the box Read out individual responses to class/group Raise your hand if you have had that experience also (The person who wrote it does not put up their hand) The idea is to see if you are unique. If no one raises their hand then you are unique. This exercise is complete when everyone has experienced being unique.
Who is the Reluctant Writer? Turn to the people sitting around you and discuss what you think the key characteristics/ behaviours of a reluctant writer are. (Think about students that you have in your class who are reluctant) Share with the group
Who is the Reluctant Writer? They are usually, but not always male. They are usually reluctant readers. They usually have poor spelling and punctuation skills. They are easily distracted from writing and reading tasks. They work slowly and often their work is frequently incomplete. Their written work is often messy. Their books are frequently disorganised and tatty. They avoid starting writing and use excuses, such as “I can’t find my pencil.” They will not share their written work in a group. They sometimes lack life experiences. They usually have some difficulty with reading. They usually like being read to. They usually like to make and build things. They have sometimes developed strategies for masking their reluctance. Reluctant writers are generally reluctant because they have had very little success!
So…What do Reluctant Writers Need to be Successful? They need to be identified as a reluctant writer. Identify the barriers that make a writer reluctant. Reduce or remove barriers. An incentive to write. Experiences, or triggers to help them remember one. Writing about topics they know about/ have experienced/ what’s in front of their nose. Recognise that they have things to write about and share. To understand that good writers write about the ordinary in an extraordinary way. Recognise that their interests and what they know about provide a good source of writing material.
So…What do Reluctant Writers Need to be Successful? cont… Careful orientation into writing activities. Clear, succinct learning intentions and success criteria in child friendly language. Clear purpose for writing. Understanding of who the writing audience is. Opportunities for immersion, talking, drawing and planning prior to writing Explicit teacher modelling and/or demonstration Support/ scaffolded planning (at all levels) A clear writing process to follow. Specific, timely feedback Scaffolded manageable tasks/ templates. Co-operative writing tasks.
Using Photo Prompts for Writing Use the photo prompt provided and individually write two fact, emotive and thought sentences on the photocopied strips provided. In groups decide on the best order to arrange them so that they make sense. All sentences must be used. Share. For further ideas on visual presentation and viewing see Murray Gadd information in handout provided.
An Invitation to Notice ( Can be used with picture books/ models of writing) What words or phrases grab your attention? What words phrases or sentences tug at your heart? What words help the author be specific? What strong verbs do you notice? How do they help you visualise the authors meaning? What precise nouns do you notice? How do they help you as a reader? What onomatopoeia, alliteration, repetition does the author use? How does it help you as a reader? What comparisons (simile, metaphor, personification) did you notice in the text? How do they help you understand the text? How does the author’s words help you develop sensory images? How does the author’s writing help you as a reader, feel emotion? What type of sentences (simple, compound, complex) do you notice? How does the author begin his/her sentences? How are the words arranged within the sentence? How are the author’s ideas organised?
Writing Models Never hesitate to imitate another writer. Imitation is part of the creative process for anyone learning an art or craft. Bach and Picasso didn’t spring full-blown as Bach and Picasso; they needed models. This is especially true of writing. William Zinsser
Magical Tales Winning stories from New Zealand Post Magical Tales by Kiwi Kids 2012 writing competition. See further information in the handout
A Basic Sequence to Follow… When introducing a new form of writing or as a catalyst to trigger memories/ write about real experiences Provide each student with a model of the writing being considered. (This encourages engagement.) Read the model to students. Allow time to respond. (What they liked, what it made them think of etc..) Together identify aspects of specific writing form or features author has adopted. Record/ highlight/ annotate features in text. Co-construct criteria Demonstrate the form in shared writing using and referring to a plan. Think aloud.
A Basic Sequence to Follow…cont Ensure students have time for discussion, drawing & planning prior to writing/ Immerse them in the topic/theme. Use a full page for planning. (Left hand page) As students write encourage them to refer to planning and criteria. The criteria can form the basis for self-review, buddy & teacher conferences/ feedback Share writing & identify writing strengths and next steps.
Real Experiences Provide a range of real life experiences Discuss/ brainstorm
Utilise Technology Websites (Just a few of many) Story jumper Build Your Wild Self Poetry Forms PicLits Scholastic Story Starters Writing Inspiration The Literacy Shed
Utilise Technology I Pad Apps (Just a few of many) Toontastic Create a car Puppet Pals Quick Voice Speech Journal Pages iWordQ UK Also use e-mail, blogs etc
Writing Exercise Listen to model shared & record/ list ideas under the following headings What I Like… What I don’t like… What I want….
Developing Writing Mileage Power writing (see handout for procedure P. 10 10…). Journal writing. Allow and encourage choice but also have a range of prompts or triggers for inspiration. Build in writing across the curriculum and throughout the day.
What About Punctuation & Grammar? Teach actions for punctuation (The Writing Book- Sheena Cameron Louise Dempsey P. 89). Play punctuation points – students score points for punctuation utilised – e.g. Full stops – 1 point, comma – 2 points, question mark – 5 points etc Use Schoolhouse Rock clips to explain/ reinforce concepts such as nouns, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions etc.Schoolhouse Rock Explicitly teach simple, compound, complex sentences & other grammar conventions. Refer to ‘The Writing Book’ & Jeff Anderson texts as a reference (Sentence Smack Down- p. 65 Mechanically Inclined).
Use the cards to make a Now try a complex sentence Hint: If you start your sentence with a conjunction you will always need to use a comma Sentenceconjunctionsentence. Conjunctionsentence,sentence. Using conjunctions to write complex sentences
What About Editing? Express Lane Editing – Mechanically Inclined -Jeff Anderson. Everyday Editing – Jeff Anderson. Invitation to notice/ imitate/celebrate. Use transparent coloured counters for proofreading e.g. Place a counter on every capital letter you have used.
Spelling/ Editing/ Proofreading Provide access to appropriate tools (High frequency word card, dictionaries etc ) Be realistic. Have clear expectations. Accept & encourage close approximations. Utilise technology to reduce barriers. Allow students to dictate text when appropriate.
Conferencing/ Feedback According to Donald Graves a successful conferring session is one which the writer leaves wanting to write more. The Child is more important than the writing. Donald Graves People will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel. Maya Angelou
Conferencing/ Feedback Tips to consider when providing feedback Read through the entire piece of writing before providing feedback/marking. Scour for what is right and effective. Respond to the message of the writing first. Inform- don’t overwhelm. Positive comments should outweigh negative comments. Inform parents/ students early about how you will provide feedback. Use the information to forward plan. Include students in the feedback/assessment.
Value their Writing! Treat them like an Author.
Remember… Ideas are more important than spelling In Shakespeare’s time spelling was optional.
Other Ideas Use r-phones to encourage re-reading of writing. Provide writing templates or partially completed outlines so student/s can have a clear structure/ scaffold to follow. Reduce copying aspects of work. Provide student/s with a copy of what is required rather than having to copy it. Explicitly teach the stages/processes of writing E.g. brainstorming/planning, drafting, editing, proofreading etc. Incorporate cooperative writing tasks into the classroom writing programme. Encourage student/s to use the words they want to write rather than what they can spell. Act as a scribe or get someone else to act as a scribe when appropriate. Negotiate writing tasks into chunks. Try using colour for planning, writing, sentences, paragraphs etc.
Truly Shocking Diary Using Andy Griffith’s framework add an entry to his Truly Shocking Diary Wednesday 15 May…. My Toast hits the floor face down Thursday 16 May…Can’t find matching socks Friday 17 May… wore book character dress up on the wrong day ….etc
Andy Griffiths Ideas Lucky/ Unlucky story Excuses Explosions Fast Writing (Like Power writing) Fantasy food machine Graffiti text/ photos Things I hate Jar labels List of scary things/ disgusting things/ things you should know about my Dad etc Lifting the Lid Etc….etc…etc…
Acknowledgments/ Resources 10 Things Every Writer Needs to Know – Jeff Anderson Effective Literacy Practice – Learning Media Everyday Editing – Jeff Anderson Hate That Cat – Sharon Creech I can Write Like That. Teaching Writing Through Children’s Literature – Workshop Handout. Vicki Sephton (RT: Lit) & Rachael Choppin (Children’s Librarian – Thames) I’ve got something to say leading young writers to authorship – Gail Loane with Sally Muir Juicy Writing Inspiration and Techniques for Young Writers– Brigid Lowry Lighting the Literacy Fire –Jill Eggleton Love That Dog – Sharon Creech Mechanically Inclined –Jeff Anderson Mentor Texts – Teaching Writing Through Children’s Literature – Lynne R. Dorfman & Rose Cappelli Motivating the Reluctant Writer – Karen Anderson “My Choice – Please” The reluctant writer’s voice – Research Assignment Karyn Brown Notebook Know –How. Strategies for the Writer’s Notebook – Aimee Buckner Once Upon a Slime – Andy Griffiths Piano Rock – A 1950s Childhood – Gavin Bishop Submerged –Magical Tales by Kiwi Kids – NZ Post ( Also refer to magicaltales.co) The Writing Book – Sheena Cameron & Louise Dempsey
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