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The History Of Film By Leo Tramer 1000 AD. In the middle east the Camera Obscura (Camera – Room, Obscura – Dark) was developed which was a dark box with.

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Presentation on theme: "The History Of Film By Leo Tramer 1000 AD. In the middle east the Camera Obscura (Camera – Room, Obscura – Dark) was developed which was a dark box with."— Presentation transcript:


2 The History Of Film By Leo Tramer

3 1000 AD. In the middle east the Camera Obscura (Camera – Room, Obscura – Dark) was developed which was a dark box with a tiny hole in the side of it which when light was shone through, an upside-down, blurry and faint image would appear on the inside of the box. The Camera Obscura arrived in Europe in the 1500’s.

4 1420 – 1800’s 1420 is the earliest recorded reference to the Magic Lantern but in the 1650’s in Europe, various lantern projectors were invented, particularly by Christiaan Huygens. From the 18 th century, the magic lantern was continuously developing and was used primarily as a form of entertainment.

5 1826 Joseph Nipece made the first ever photograph which was made with a Camera Obscura and a pewter plate to expose it on. He placed the Camera Obscura on his window sill and left it there for eight hours to expose. The First Photograph A later, better exposed version of the photograph

6 1830’s In 1831 Joseph Plateau and Simon Von Stampfer created the Phenakistoscope. This device was made up of pictures on a disc with slots in it that when spun began to move when viewed through a mirror. This picture is of a Phenakistoscope that was made with two discs rather than one and is often called a Ludoscope. The Ludoscope doesn’t need the use of a mirror. In 1834 the Zoetrope was invented by William George Horner and worked under the same principles as the Phenakistoscope in which it used pictures and discs but rather than spinning them on an axel, they were combined in a rotating drum. The Zoetrope wasn’t successful until 1867 when they started selling widely.

7 1839 William Fox Talbot discovers a way to produce negatives on paper rather than glass and Louis Daguerre introduces the Daguerreotype process to the public which was a process, based on the principles used by Joseph Nipece, to be able to develop a photograph quickly with the help of mercury.

8 1877 The Praxinoscope was invented by Emile Reynaud and was similar to the Zoetrope invented by Horner, it worked in the same way as the Zoetrope but rather than having mirrors viewed through slots on the outside of the drum, the Praxinoscope had mirrors in the centre of the drum.

9 1878 Eadward Muybridge became the pioneer of capturing movement by trying to settle a bet for the ex-governor of California, Leland Stanford. Stanford’s bet was to prove whether a horse’s hooves all left the ground at once while it galloped. To find a conclusion to Stanford’s bet, Muybridge set up a line of twelve cameras, all trip-wired so that when the horse galloped past, it would trip the wire and set off the camera. After Muybridge had done the experiment, he created a projector to show his results called the Zoopraxinoscope.

10 1882 Etienne Jules Marey developed a photographic gun that exposed twelve images on the side of a circular plate so that he could shoot clear photos of rapid animal movements, particularly those of birds. Emile Reynaud also further developed his Praxinoscope so that it could project moving images onto a screen.

11 1887 In the north-west of Los Angeles, Harvey Henderson Wilcox registered his 120-acre ranch under the name Hollywood due to the amount of holly trees growing in the area.

12 1888 Thomas Edison begins experimenting trying to adapt the phonograph into a device with the ability to show moving pictures and tries to make rows of miniature photographs to work as what would eventually become Celluloid Film. George Eastman also creates a camera with the ability to take photographs on sensitized paper and sells it under the name Kodak. Etienne Jules Marey also builds a box capable of taking moving pictures using an intermittent mechanism, much like the ones created for sewing machines, and strips of film.

13 1889 - 1891 Thomas Edison visits Etienne Jules Marey to see his camera and it’s film and then acquires some Eastman Kodak film and starts work on a new machine that would later be developed into the Kinetograph in 1891. Edison also built another machine called the Kinetoscope which was used for viewing the film taken by the Kinetograph. Kinetograph Kinetoscope

14 1892 - 1893 Reynaud holds the first public viewing of his newly developed projecting Praxinoscope, the machine worked but the quality was poor. Then on the 1 st of February in 1893 Thomas Edison built the first ever film studio in the grounds of his laboratory with only $637 and called it The Black Maria. The first motion picture to come from the Black Maria was The Record of a Sneeze, which was Edison’s assistant sneezing in front of the camera and was the first ever motion picture to be copyrighted.

15 1894 The Lumiere brothers revolutionized the motion picture industry by inventing the Cinematographe. This device was a camera that recorded on 35mm celluloid film and then projected it at sixteen frames per second onto a screen. At the same time, Woodville Latham began work on his own camera and projector. Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope also had its debut and became very successful.

16 1895 - The Birth Of Film The first film made with the Cinematographe camera was shot of the Lumiere brother’s camera and was called La Sortie de l’usine Lumiere a Lyon (Workers leaving the Lumiere factory at Lyon). After this film was released to the public, many more films were made using Edison’s Kinetoscope and soon there were thousands of short films to view at cinemas. The Lumiere Brother's First FilmThe Lumiere Brother's First Film (Youtube Link)

17 1902 - 1905 The first cinema is opened by Thomas Talley in Los Angeles and seated 200 people. He called it The Electric Cinema. One of the first revolutionary fictional films was made in 1903 and was called The Great Train Robbery, loosely based on a real heist. The first Nickelodeon was opened in Pittsburgh in 1905 and it was one of the most famous cinemas of the time. The reason they were called Nickelodeons was because it cost a nickel to go and see a film.

18 1906 - 1910 The first feature length (60-70 minute) film came out in 1906 when Charles Tate released The Story of the Kelly Gang. Until 1911 the only cinemas that showed feature length films were in Australia. The Count of Monte Cristo was the first studio film to be shot in Hollywood in 1908. When the company Selig Polyscope made the film, Col Selig the owner, liked the location so much that he decided to build the first permanent film studio in Edendale near Hollywood. In 1909 the first movie review was published in The New York Times of D.W. Griffith’s Pippa Passes. In 1910 many film companies began to build studios near Hollywood because they liked the location for filming and soon Hollywood had a population of 5,000.

19 1911 - 1920 The first studio to actually be built in Hollywood was The Nestor Studio in 1911. Many more now major film studio were built during this period including Universal Studios which was built in the San Fernando Valley in 1915 and The Fox Film Company which would later become Twentieth Century Fox was built in 1917 on Sunset Boulevard and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was built in 1918. By 1919, Hollywood has grown to a population of 35,000 and film stars were beginning to emerge such as Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford who were the first Hollywood couple and started the luxurious film star lifestyle.

20 1920 - 1928 The first commercial Technicolour film was The Toll of the Sea made in 1922 and was created using a colour process of sticking a green and red negative together which worked quite well. Walt Disney’s first cartoon “Alice’s Wonderland” was created in 1924. The first “talkie” film was made in 1927 when Al Jolson starred in The Jazz Singer. In 1928 Walt Disney created the first cartoons with sound called Galloping Gaucho and Steamboat Willie. Also the Academy Awards or Oscars were handed out for the first time with Wings by William A. Wellman winning Best Picture.

21 1930 - 1937 In 1932, full colour or three colour films were made using a three colour camera. The first full colour film was Walt Disney’s animated Flowers and Trees in 1932. Also in 1932, the Post-dubbing effect is invented which makes creating film with sound much easier and better quality. BBC television begins broadcasting in 1936 but is quickly halted due to the war. In 1937, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was released and became the first ever full length animated film with huge success.

22 1940 In 1940 the Film Noir genre emerged bringing with it darker and more cynical films and storylines due to the depression of the war. The first example of Film Noir was in 1941 when The Maltese Falcon was released. Also in 1940, Soundies were created which were the equivalent of modern day music videos and were very popular in public places like diners and bars.

23 1950 - 1960 In 1952, Cinerama came out which was a big screen phenomenon. It was a break-through technique that allowed the viewer to feel like they were part of the action by using three cameras, three projectors, interlocking semi-curved screens and four-track stereo sound. In the same year, 3-D movies were released as a gimmick because of the big cardboard glasses which made the film very blurry and unpopular, the first of which being Bwana Devil. In 1959, Aroma-rama came out which was a technique that was used to make viewers feel like they were more a part of the film by pumping different fragrances through the air-conditioning system.

24 1960 - 1970 During this time, many innovations in film making and production were invented such as videotape being used in 1960 and the motion picture rating system in 1968 which set limits to what films under aged people could watch. Also in 1963, Stanley H. Durwood became the pioneer of the Multiplex cinema, which was basically a cinema with more than one showing room. The first Multiplex was two side-by-side theatres that seated 700 in Kansas City.

25 1970-1980 In 1975, the Steadicam was used for the first time in the film Bound For Glory. The Steadicam gave a much smoother and easier viewing so that there weren’t as many jumps or flickers on the screen. In 1976 the Betamax was invented and began the era of watching films at home as they could now be released onto videotape or cassettes.

26 1980-2000 During the 80’s and 90’s digital effects were being used much more frequently and digital cameras began to get used in the late 90’s which didn’t use film at all and were saved to a “drive” instead. Betamax became extinct in the 80’s and was replaced by VHS which allowed for feature films to be purchased and watched at home.

27 2000’s During the 2000’s a lot of innovative new ideas came into play such as watching films on the internet or on DVD’s or through countless other formats. Special Effects became almost mandatory when making a film and are now a huge part of the film industry. 3-D films began to re-appear but this time in much better quality and higher definition. And 4-D films, where the viewer is put through a physical experience by changing the temperature or moving the seats, began to start being made and in the 2010’s will probably become a huge part of the industry.

28 History Of Film Video This is a short film of the development of film and its technology. The History Of FilmThe History Of Film (YouTube Link)

29 D.W. Griffith Biography David Llewelyn Wark Griffith was born on the 22 nd of January 1875 in Oldham County, Kentucky. and was one of the first great American film directors. Griffith’s father was Jacob “Roaring Jake” Griffith, a Confederate Army Civil War hero. Griffith started his career as a playwright but was unsuccessful so he became an actor and quickly worked his way into the motion picture business. In 1908 Griffith began work as a director working for the Biograph Company, he directed 450 short films during his 5 year career there. Griffith was the first person to direct a film in Hollywood in 1910 called “In Old California”. After discovering that apparently feature films might hurt the audience’s eyes, Griffith left Biograph to start his own production company David W. Griffith Corp. Griffith’s production company produced “The Birth of a Nation” in 1915 which is an extremely controversial film due to the supposed racism and glorification of slavery but is often considered the first film “epic”. In 1917 Griffith moved to Artcraft which was a part of Paramount and then to First National in 1919 where he established United Artists which Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks. In 1931, Griffith made his last film and his second sound film, “The Struggle”. The last seventeen years of his life were spent secluded in his Los Angeles home until he died on his way to a Hollywood hospital in 1948. Filmography D.W. Griffith made over 450 in his lifetime, so it would be impossible to name them all but here are all of his films that he only directed after leaving Biograph (where he created the vast majority of his films.) 1914 – The Battle of the Sexes; Home, Sweet Home; The Escape; The Avenging Conscience 1915 – The Birth of the Nation 1916 – Intolerance 1918 – Hearts of the World; The Great Love; The Greatest Thing in Life 1919 – A Romance of Happy Valley; The Girl Who Stayed at Home; True-Heart Susie; Scarlet Days; Broken Blossoms 1920 – The Idol Dancer; The Love Flower; Way Down East 1921 – Dream Street; Orphans of the Storm 1922 – One Exciting Night 1923 – The White Rose 1924 – America: Isn’t Life Wonderful 1925 – Sally of the Sawdust 1926 – That Royle Girl; The Sorrows of Satan 1928 – Drums of Love; The Battle of the Sexes 1929 – Lady of the Pavements 1930 – Abraham Lincoln 1931 – The Struggle

30 D.W. Griffith Evaluation The Birth of a Nation was a great film, although like most films it wasn’t perfect. The Birth of a Nation was an explicitly racist film that, even to this day, is still one of the most controversial films ever made. It was written in a time where the KKK ruled the south and when racism was so casual it seemed like common language rather than hurtful, and disgusting remarks. Because of the ignorance of American, particularly in the south, they found this film enjoyable. They didn’t understand that black and white were the same and they laughed at that. Having said that, this films was also an “Epic”, if not one of the first “Epics”. It had groundbreaking effects and was the top box-office seller for over two decades until it was succeeded by Snow White and The Seven Dwarves. The Birth of a Nation was nearly three hours long, making it the longest film to date which I’m sure helped it become one of the best and more important, although controversial films ever made. Influence D.W. Griffith is a huge influence in film because he was one of the first directors to take risks when making their films. Griffith risked his career, money and his mental health trying direct to best possible films using new and exciting film techniques. He paved the way for many more directors and actors like him to work with a lot more ease and make it easier to get into the moving picture business. By starting United Artists, Griffith, even to this day, allowed for actors to be treated properly by film companies and allowed for them not to be owned by a specific film studio but for the actors to be independent and chose which studios or companies they would like to work for. Not only did he found United Artists but he also made over 450 films for one company, making him one of the most productive directors ever. When Griffith made The Birth of a Nation, he encouraged so many young men and women to fight for their country that the film became one of the biggest pieces of American propaganda ever. The fact that a film could persuade all of these people to fight in WWII was an outstanding feat. The raw emotion and persuasive techniques in the film must have been unbelievable to allow hundreds, if not thousands of people to put their lives on the line for a cause that they believed in. This is why D.W. Griffith is an incredible inspiration.

31 D.W. Griffith The Birth of a Nation TrailerThe Birth of a Nation Trailer (YouTube link)

32 Frank Capra Biography Frank Capra was born Francesco Rosario Capra in Sicily on the 18 th of May 1897and was one of the best and most well known American film directors ever. In 1903, Capra moved to Los Angeles with his family and later graduated from Throop University and then, on the 18 th of October 1918 went into the army but was discharged on December 13 th because he caught Spanish influenza. Capra’s career started in 1930 when he went to work for Mack Sennett after writing and directing silent comedies and then moved to Columbia Pictures. In 1934 Capra won an Oscar for his film “It Happened One Night” and continued to direct many famous films such as “Mr. Deeds Goes to Town”, “Lost Horizon” and “Mr. Smith Goes to Washington”. In 1942, Capra stopped making comedies and instead directed war documentaries including the Academy Award-winning “Why Wed Fight” which was considered a huge piece of American propaganda and convinced many Americans to join the army and fight in the war. In 1946, Capra directed “It’s a Wonderful Life” which was one of his most famous films and is considered one of the best Christmas films ever. In 1961, Capra directed his last film “Pocketful of Miracles”. In 1971 he wrote an autobiography called “The Name Above the Title” and later passed away in 1991 of a heart attack in La Quinta, California aged 94. Filmography 1922 – Fultah Fisher’s Boarding House 1926 – The Strong Man 1927 – Long Pants; For the Love of Mike 1928 – That Certain Thing; So This is Love; The Matinee Idol; The Way of the Strong; Say it with Sables; Submarine; The Power of the Press; The Swim Princess; The Burglar 1929 – The Younger Generation; The Donovan Affair; Flight 1930 – Ladies of Leisure; Rain or Shine 1931 – Dirigible; The Miracle Woman; Platinum Blonde 1932 – Forbidden; American Madness 1933 – The Bitter Tea of General Yen; Lady for a Day 1934 – It Happened One Night; Broadway Bill 1936 – Mr. Deeds Goes to Town 1937 – Lost Horizon 1938 – You Can’t Take It With You 1939 – Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1941 – Meet John Doe Filmography 1942 – Why We Fight (Part 1) 1943 – Why We Fight (Part 2) Why We Fight (Part 3) 1944 – Why We Fight (Part 4); Tunisian Victory; Arsenic and Old Lace 1945 – Know Your Enemy; Two Down, One to Go 1946 – It’s a Wonderful Life 1948 – State of the Union 1950 – Riding High 1951 – Here Comes the Groom 1956 – Our Mr. Sun 1957 – Hemo the Magnificent; The Strange Case of the Cosmic Rays 1958 – The Unchained Goddess 1959 – A Hole in the Head 1961 – Pocketful of Miracles

33 Frank Capra Evaluation It’s a Wonderful Life is probably the best and most well know Christmas film ever. It brings together families and shows the magic of Christmas and spirit. The films starts with George Bailey in his picture perfect lifestyle with his wife and four children. But like any perfect life there is an absence of normality because George finds severe business difficulties and considers committing suicide over the disaster. Right before he ends it all, George is visited by a guardian angel who shows him what is great about his life and what he’d be missing. After George has an epiphany and realizes that his life is worth living, he heads home to find the whole town donating money to him to help out with his financial debts. The film ends with George and his family sing Auld Lang Syne and the film ends with the ultimate happy ending. I thought that this film was very reminiscent of Dickens' Christmas Carol because in both stories, there is a spirit that turns the main character from miserable to happy. It’s a Wonderful Life is a great family film and definitely the masterpiece of Capra’s life. He spent a lot of money and time on it but I think its worth it to show Americans a brilliant happy film that would give any family a smile on their face and warmth in their heart. Influence Frank Capra is a huge film influence because he was one of the first genius film directors after winning three Best Director awards at the Oscars and creating one of the best Christmas films ever. When Capra won his three Oscars, he was known as a legend of the film world and still is, he used innovative story writing ideas and new and interesting camera techniques. The films that he won the Oscars for were also comedies and in this day and age it would be unheard of for a comedy director to win Best Director at the Oscars. That privilege would now usually go to a drama or action director. But the reason that people like James Cameron are now winning Oscars is all because Frank Capra helped invent techniques and skills that allowed todays directors to win Oscars. When Capra created It’s a Wonderful Life, it warmed the hearts of the nation and although started of depressing and morbid, it soon becomes a joyous film due to its happy ending. The reason why I think Capra is an influence and why I chose him is because he brought smiles to the faces of Americans in some of their most depressing times during the great depression and world war two.

34 Frank Capra This is one of the most famous scenes in It’s a Wonderful Life: It's a Wonderful Life SceneIt's a Wonderful Life Scene (YouTube Link)

35 Francis Ford Coppola Biography Francis Ford Coppola is an American film director born in Detroit, Michigan on the 7 th of April 1939. In 1946, Coppola and his family moved to the New York City suburbs and in 1956, Coppola went to Hofstra College and found a formal interest in film. After graduating, Coppola then went to the University of California but was eager to start his career as a film-maker, so he directed an adult film which was seen by Roger Corman who later hired Coppola to work on his films as a jack-of-all-trades. In 1963, Coppola was allowed to direct his own film called “Dementia 13”. Warner Brothers later picked up Coppola to direct a musical but in 1969 he went back to directing feature films. Coppola directed “The Godfather” in 1972 which was an enormous success and won various Oscars, in 1974, Coppola directed it’s sequel, which one him another Oscar, as well as “The Conversation”. In 1979, Coppola released “Apocalypse Now” which was nominated for various awards. Coppola then started making independent films with his own company, Zoetrope Studios, and was thought to have washed up and lost credibility. In 1991, Coppola directed “The Godfather III” which was a big box-office success, although not as much as the two prequels. In 2001, Coppola re-released “Apocalypse Now” with extra footage and it was a big success. Filmography 1962 – The Playgirls and the Bellboy; Tonight for Sure 1963 – The Terror; Dementia 13 1966 – You’re a Big Boy Now 1968 – Finian’s Rainbow 1969 – The Rain People 1972 – The Godfather 1974 – The Conversation; The Godfather II 1979 – Apocalypse Now 1982 – One from the Heart 1983 – The Outsiders; Rumble Fish 1984 – The Cotton Club 1986 – Peggy Sue Got Married 1987 – Gardens of Stone 1988 – Tucker: The Man and His Dream 1991 – The Godfather III 1992 – Bram Stoker’s Dracula 1996 - Jack 1997 – The Rainmaker 2001 – Supernova 2007 – Youth Without Youth 2009 – Tetro

36 Francis Ford Coppola Evaluation Ok first of all I’m going to start off by saying I’ve never seen this film fully, but from the clips I’ve seen and the plot I’ve read I’m going to give you the best review I can. When Coppola made The Godfather it shook the world by showing everyone the real dark side of American gang culture in New York. This wasn’t fiction. This was actually happening in America, these “families” were associated with drugs and violence and murder and Coppola managed to captivate the emotion and drama of what was actually happening. He had the ability to show the audience exactly what they were too afraid to look at in a dark alleyway at night or too afraid too see what the noise was coming from down the street. He gave audiences the ability to take their head out from under their pillows and have a front row seat to understand what those noises were, why they were happening and exactly why they shouldn’t look down that dark alleyway. This film has basically spurted out every single film quote known to man which explains why the first reference to The Godfather I ever heard was my friend Dan in primary school say “In Sicily, women are more dangerous than shotguns”. I asked him “Where’s Sicily ?” and he said “I have no idea, I just heard my dad say it”. I think that this is a good example to prove that the quotes and dialogue in this film are almost, if not more, famous than the film itself. This proves that I’m sure there are 40 year old balding men out there that can probably quote every line from the film. Some might say that’s sad. I say, If it were a bad film, then they wouldn’t remember those lines. Proof that it’s one of the best films ever made. Influence Why is Francis Ford Coppola an Influence ? He basically invented the gangster film and started off some of Hollywood's best actors of all time such as James Caan and Al Pacino. Not only that but he wrote some of the best quotes of all time. “I’m gonna make him an offer he can’t refuse”, try and say that without trying to impersonate Marlon Brando. When everyone else thought The Godfather would fail, even his crew, he had the sheer will power and determination to finish it and not only finish it but make it a masterpiece. Coppola is one of few directors that can portray action and emotion in such a way that it seems too real, too much like you’re a part of the film and once you leave the cinema, the events in the film will dramatically change your life.

37 Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather TrailerThe Godfather Trailer (YouTube Link)

38 James Cameron (Avatar) Biography James Cameron is an Canadian film director born on the 16 th August 1954 in Ontario, Canada. Cameron moved to the USA in 197 and attended California State University then after graduating he was a truck driver to support his film-making ambition. In 1980, Cameron got a job as a set builder in Roger Corman’s “Battle Beyond the Stars”. In 1981, Cameron directed his first film called “Piranha: Part Two: The Spawning”. In 1984, Cameron directed “The Terminator” which was a huge success and gave Cameron a lot of attention and credit. Cameron went on to direct “Aliens” in 1986 and “Terminator 2: Judgement Day” in 1991 which again were both very successful. In 1997, Cameron directed the box-office record breaker “Titanic” which won 11 Oscars. 12 years later, Cameron directed the 3-D masterpiece “Avatar” in 2009 which surpassed the box- office record that “Titanic” held and became the highest grossing film ever. Cameron is currently in the pre- production process of his film “Battle Angel” due out in 2013 and has announced that there will be a sequel to “Avatar” due for release in 2014. Filmography 1978 – Xenogenesis 1981 – Piranha Part Two: The Spawning 1984 – The terminator 1985 – This Time It’s War 1986 – Aliens 1988 – Reach 1989 – The Abyss 1991 – Terminator 2: Judgment Day 1994 – True lies 1996 – T2 3-D: Battle Across Time 1997 – Titanic 2001 – Earthship.TV 2003 – Ghosts of the Abyss 2005 – Aliens of the Deep 2009 – Avatar 2013 – Battle Angel (Pre-production) 2014 – Avatar 2 (Announced)

39 James Cameron (Avatar) Influence James Cameron is an incredibly influential director because he is a pioneer of new technology, an “Epic” producer and an incredible creative and inventive director. When James Cameron made the Terminator films he became a well known and creative director, but I don’t think this is what made him great. When he made Titanic, he was known for making action films and adventure films such as the Terminator films and Aliens. He had made the odd romance such as True lies but when he directed Titanic he broke through to a whole new level and became a master of film. The emotion and drama that he managed to conceive and re-create through 35mm celluloid film was un-imaginable. Cameron used outstanding special effects on the film and broke countless records including the highest grossing box-office film ever, until Avatar, and won 11 Oscars. This film paved the way for greatness. From Titanic came the respect, credibility and even the ego to wait 12 years to make another film, and not just another film. Avatar. This epic was another ground breaking marvel that shook the world and its critics. The use of special effects on this film were unbelievable and the imagination, time and effort that went into the shots and plot were incredible. James Cameron is now a director that doesn’t spew out a piece-of-crap- film ever few months but makes a tense audience and cult following wait decades for a piece of cinematic gold. You might say I’m just kissing his arse and that I’m making him sound like a genius, but tell me he doesn’t deserve it. Evaluation Avatar was amazing. It was a revolution in modern technology and in cinema. Avatar was the first film to have 3-D in it that was worth watching and through just that it could have been great. But no. From start to finish this film was an epic like no other in the sense that it had animation like no other and images that you couldn’t tear your eyes away from. The film starts like no other, with a story about a man who has been paralyzed from the waist down and has lost his brother recently in a war which he now has to go and replace him in. So a fairly “happy” start. The film quickly progresses and soon has a fast moving plot and a series of fascinating yet arrogant characters. As the regular war film turns into a Sci-fi when the young soldier enters the absurdly bright world of Pandora in the form of an Avatar its hard to think that its going to be an amazing film. Yes the plot so far is good and the effects are incredible but what’s stopping me from believing that this could be my new favorite film is that outside of the cinema, I had friends, strangers, the media and even the arrogant James Cameron telling me that this would be the most unbelievable film ever. With this image of an un-real film imprinted in my mind, how was I supposed to enjoy it. The thought that “when does this turn from a film into an epic?” was buzzing around my head so much, it was hard to really get into the film and start believing the acting and listening to the dialogue. The film builds up and up and up so much that you think your mind is going to burst “WHEN DOES IT BECOME AN EPIC !!!”. Towards the end of the film there if a huge battle which, yes, was amazing and used incredible special effects but I still came out of the cinema disappointed. Then I went to watch it a second time. I knew the characters, I knew how it ended, I knew the plot and I knew that the thought I had watching it the first time was gone having already seen it all. This time I could appreciate it. This time I could watch every pixel and listen to every word happily knowing that I knew that the epic-ness of the film wasn’t in one scene but in the whole film. The contrast and the colors of Pandora were immense, the 3-D was outstanding and best of all I was happy having watched an epic worthy of its title.

40 James Cameron (Avatar) Avatar TrailerAvatar Trailer (YouTube Link)

41 Sources Walters, Jonathan (March 2002). Timeline. 16/09/2010 Eastman House, George. Eastmanhouse Education. & 16/09/2010 University of Alabama. 16/09/2010 Youtube. 08/12/2007. 16/09/2010 18/09/2010 Masters of Photography. 18/09/10 Wikimedia Commons. 18/09/2010 The Magic Lantern Society. 18/09/2010 Harry Ransom Center. 18/09/2010 [Art 349] Computer Art. 18/09/2010 Shipman, David. Cinema, The First Hundred Year. 28/10/93.18/09/2010 Jim On Light. 19/09/2010 Blog Wolkanca. 20/09/2010 Thines Claude. 20/09/2010 The Great Geek Manual. Polls Boutique. 20/09/2010 Pre-Cinema History. 20/09/2010 Wilsons Almanac. 20/09/2010 Progress City USA. 20/09/2010 Christian Hayes The Classic Film Show. 20/09/2010 Light on Light Through. 21/09/2010 21/09/2010 Film Reference. 4/10/10 Film Reference. 4/10/10 Film Reference. 4/10/10 Film Reference. 4/10/10 Basic Famous People. 4/10/10 Basic Famous People. 4/10/10 IMDB. 4/10/10 IMDB. 4/10/10 Notable Biographies. 4/10/10 4/10/10

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