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Limits of Progressivism African Americans and Equality Section 6.3.

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Presentation on theme: "Limits of Progressivism African Americans and Equality Section 6.3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Limits of Progressivism African Americans and Equality Section 6.3

2 Today’s Agenda Current Events 6.3 slide show Presentations Homework –Read 6.3 –Unit Test next week (on Progressivism)

3 At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: What was the Compromise of 1877? What were Jim Crow laws? Describe Plessy v Ferguson (1896). What is lynching? Who is Ida B. Wells? Who was Booker T. Washington? Who was W.E.B. Dubois? Who is D.W. Griffith?

4 What had the progressives accomplished? 19 th Amendment Mueller v Oregon Children’s Crusade Meat Inspection Act Wisconsin Experiment Laboratories of Democracy What did it fail to accomplished?

5 Lynching

6 How can this happen in AMERICA?

7 What was the Compromise of 1877? Political compromise in which southern democrats agreed to support Rutherford B. Hayes as president if Hayes would withdraw troops from South Opened door for white southerners to retake power

8 What were Jim Crow laws? Southern state laws which segregated blacks and whites Railway cars, bathrooms, restaurants, theaters, schools, voting Denied access to parks, beaches, hospitals

9 Plessy v Ferguson Presentation

10 Describe Plessy v Ferguson (1896). Supreme court case that legalized Jim Crow laws –separate but equal Homer Plessy arrested for sitting in white only section of RR car 7-1 decision against Plessy Justice Harlan dissented –“Our Constitution is color-blind”

11 Plessy v. Ferguson

12 Lynching Presentation

13 What is lynching? Mob (vigilante) murder Usually racially motivated For purported crime or for violating “their proper station” Method of terror/ intimidation

14 Who is Ida B. Wells? Black muckraker Had refused to give up her seat in a RR car Scathing articles reduced lynching by 25% Launched Anti- lynching league

15 African Americans & the Progressive Era

16 Booker T. Washington Presentation

17 Who was Booker T. Washington? African American Progressive reformer Atlanta Compromise accommodation policy towards whites –With hard work and economic independence blacks will end racism of whites Tuskegee Institute (Alabama) –Vocational school –38 trades (farming, plumbing, nursing)

18 W.E.B. Dubois Presentation

19 Who was W.E.B. Dubois? Helped found NAACP –National Association for the Advancement of Colored People The Souls of Black Folk (1903) –Openly attacked Atlanta Compromise and idea of educating in trades Talented Tenth –Elite blacks should get university degrees

20 Washington v Dubois

21 Who is D.W. Griffith? Film director of “The Birth of a Nation” 1 st feature length film Depicts slavery as benign, and the Ku Klux Klan as a band of heroes restoring order to a post- Reconstruction black-ruled South

22 D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation

23 Billy Holiday Presentation

24 Strange Fruit Southern trees bear strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees. Pastoral scene of the gallant south, The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth, Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh, Then the sudden smell of burning flesh. Here is fruit for the crows to pluck, For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck, For the sun to rot, for the trees to drop, Here is a strange and bitter crop.


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