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Interception of User’s Interests on the Web Michal Barla Supervisor: prof. Mária Bieliková.

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Presentation on theme: "Interception of User’s Interests on the Web Michal Barla Supervisor: prof. Mária Bieliková."— Presentation transcript:

1 Interception of User’s Interests on the Web Michal Barla Supervisor: prof. Mária Bieliková

2 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 2 Motivation Adaptation is based on user model Manual filling of user model brings several issues –Not what a user really wants to do –User may over/under estimate herself –User may not know exactly some needed characteristics Goal: Estimate user characteristics automatically by analyzing user behavior within a system

3 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 3 Process Peter Brusilovsky. Methods and techniques of adaptive hypermedia. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 6(2-3):87–129, 1996.

4 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 4 Data Collection We create logs of user activities Usually done on server side –Advantage: always available –Issue: server is not aware of all performed actions Back button and browser cache Active elements on a page – e.g. hover, hiding Monitoring on client side –Use of client web technologies (JavaScript, Java applets) –Advantage: we can capture all actions with exact timestamps –Issue: we have no control on execution of logging tool

5 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 5 Data Collection – our approach Combination of server- side and client-side logging Client Side Action Recorder – Click –Monitoring on client side SemanticLog –Specialized server side logging tool

6 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 6 Click Based on JavaScript –Native access to DOM Captures events fired by browser –Load, Unload, Click, Mouseover,… For each event, it records –Type of event –Timestamp –Event context (e.g. what link was pressed) Event handling based on W3C DOM Level 2 Event Specification –Easy integration into existing static pages and dynamic pages Communication with server is done asynchronously using AJAX

7 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 7 Data analysis - challenge No direct connection between user behavior and user characteristics User may behave in contrast with what seems to be logic (which can also be stored as a characteristic ) People are changing  characteristics are changing Goal: Estimate characteristics –Each characteristic has some confidence –Not all possible characteristics (suitable for a set of domain specific characteristics)

8 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 8 Data analysis - approaches Analysis of navigation –What path did user choose to reach desired information? Analysis of user feedback –Explicit or implicit –What are the reasons of different ratings? Analysis of consistent behavior –Does user behave according to previous sessions? –Is user model still valid?

9 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 9 Analysis of navigation

10 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 10 Usage patterns identification Usage patterns –pre-defined according to navigation model of a web site Pattern lookup ~ sequence matching Using a suffix tree data structure Suffix trie = compressed trie (from “retrieval”)

11 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 11 Analysis of user feedback Searching for implicit feedback patterns on information objects –Selection, duration, retention of information Evaluation of feedback  rating Rating does not give user characteristics –Why user rated A differently than B? –Why user rated P same as Q? –We get characteristics by comparing concepts

12 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 12 Concept Comparing - example Two similar job offers differs only in duty location They get different rating  We can raise the relevance of duty location characteristic. We can also estimate desired/unwanted values. Two different job offers have the same rating  If we find some common aspect, we can raise relevance of appropriate characteristic

13 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 13 Analysis of consistent behavior Sequential patterns mining on previous user sessions –Typical user behavior –Actual session should be mapped to some pattern Reasons of inconsistent behavior –User is in “special” mood, does not follow presumed goal –User is looking for information on behalf of somebody else –User has changed It has been a long time from previous session We invalidate the model and start over

14 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 14 LogAnalyzer

15 DC AH 2006Interception of User's Interests on the Web 15 Conclusions User modeling based on user behavior analysis Acquiring of activity logs on client and server side –JavaScript based logging tool – Click Various approaches to analysis of acquired logs –Navigation –Feedback ~ Concept Comparing –LogAnalyzer


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