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Digitisation and Copyright John Laurie Digital Initiatives Librarian The University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services Digital Library SIG Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "Digitisation and Copyright John Laurie Digital Initiatives Librarian The University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services Digital Library SIG Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 Digitisation and Copyright John Laurie Digital Initiatives Librarian The University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services Digital Library SIG Workshop LIANZA Conference, 2014

2 Copyright conundrums 50 years after death of the author or photographer Multiple copyrights within one book Multiple authors in serials Anonymous articles Copyright agreement with print publisher? In the absence of a written agreement copyright remains with the creator ORPHAN WORKS – copyright owners, heirs, uncontactable, would have no objection to having their work online No register of contact details

3 Multiple copyrights Sections of J.W. Stack’s diary – he died in 1919 Foreword, introduction and footnotes by A. H. Reed, died 1975 Reed editions 1935 Illustrations, photos Located heirs at Alfred and Isabel and Marion Reed Trust, for permission

4 Multiple copyrights 2 Multiple creators Includes poems, art, photos stories, adapted stories Many well-known authors and artists New Zealand, Britain, Australia and other places Key resource for NZ studies Note controversies over similar material for schools in Japan, Palestine, 1914 Serbia

5 NZ School Journal 1938, Part III The first 110 pages of the 1938 School Journal Part III has stories (many adapted) from named authors Barbara Sleigh (d. 1982), Ian Hay (d. 1952), Cecil Roberts (d. 1976), Vitaly Bianchi (translated from Russian, d. 1959), Minnie Pallister, George Eliot (d. 1880), Louis Barnett (d. 1946) and John Bunyan (d. 1688); poems from Punch by “Dum Dum”, W. A. Bennett, and L. Du Garde Peach (d. 1974); other poems by John Masefield (d. 1967), “Meredith”, T. Sturge Moore (d. 1944), Wilfred Wilson Gibson (d. 1962), Andrew Lang, Robert Browning (d. 1889), C. Fox Smith (d. 1954) K. M. MacKay, Leon Gellet, George Kenyon, James Elroy Flecker (d. 1915) and Charles Harpur (d. 1868), as well as unattributed photos and illustrations and stories, extracts from the Pilgrim’s Progress, and a play by Bernard Shaw (d. 1950). [Note: multiple authors for some articles, pseudonyms, translations, adapted stories]

6 NZ Copyright Act: Section 55, copying by librarians or archivists, and 56A, communicating digital copies to authenticated users Sn 55(3), “at risk of loss, damage, or destruction.” Sn 56A single concurrent user per work (story or poem). next person wanting to download the PDF to wait for 5 minutes from the last download. PDF/A archival files, protected from alteration and modification A Copyright notice - private study and no further copies. Print issues withdrawn from circulation except where researchers need to view originals.

7 Other strategies Permission from print publishers Society publishers – resolution at society AGM Take-down notices Risk management approach? NZ Copyright Act – claims must be based on loss of revenue, court costs – no exemplary damages. Some NZ literary heirs strongly defend their copyrights

8 Digitisation: Wikimedia and Flickr You have some historic photos you want to put online Search Zoom in Search engine visibility Easy to use Wikimedia Commons Flickr

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10 Ugly front page! Strange focus on browsing, not searching, already logged in…

11 Flickr is even worse – see themselves as social networking sites?

12 Wikimedia Commons One file at a time All works hosted at the Commons must be legal to publish in the United States. All images must be freely available CC attribution and share alike licences {{PD-heirs}} Title and description No date range

13 Editing page Can’t edit title Title becomes filename No bulk editing No sorting

14 Flickr Bulk upload “Albums” can be sorted, batch edited Title displays on hover Album metadata Sort by date taken 1 TB of free storage Pay to remove advertisements – c $50 per year. LC displaying photos on Flickr since 2008 Flickr Commons

15 Part of an album Tags for subjects Can be words or phrases Restrictions Date Room for description here Metadata entry page

16 Not too bad: Can search your own photos, everybody’s. Date taken Keyword and phrase Flickr advanced search

17 Web indexing: Within a week the photos have been picked up by Google, and some added to other people’s collections

18 Flickr and Preservation?? “Are my photos ever deleted?” “No, your photos will not be deleted, unless you do it yourself, or fail to play by our Community Guidelines.”Community Guidelines Need to retain further backup, preservation copies

19 John Laurie Text and Image Collections University of Auckland Libraries and Learning Services Early New Zealand Books (ENZB) Journal of the Polynesian Society (JPS) New Zealand Journal of History (NZJH) Early New Zealand Statutes (ENZS) The Bookshelf History of the University of Auckland Anthropology Photographic Archive Exam papers


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