Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ROBOTIC AIRCRAFT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY (RAPS) OVERVIEW

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ROBOTIC AIRCRAFT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY (RAPS) OVERVIEW"— Presentation transcript:

1 ROBOTIC AIRCRAFT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY (RAPS) OVERVIEW
Kirk Kloeppel 20 March 2014

2 UAS or “DRONE”

3 Contents RAPS Purpose, Approach, Scope Test Range Process
Manufacturer Participation Performance Goals Test Plan Test Reports Schedule, Lessons Learned, Future Outlook Web Links Back Up Information

4 Purpose/Test Approach
To evaluate performance and utility of SUAS-sensor combinations using: Primary focus: Capability gaps of public, first responder organizations All levels of government, including DHS operational components, especially Customs and Border Protection Office of Border Patrol; U.S. Coast Guard; USSS; FEMA; other Many other stakeholders/partners: FAA; DOJ/FBI, DJP; DOS/AVC-VTT; DOC/NOAA, NIST; NASA; DOD; DOI/NFS, NPS, USGS; CAL FIRE; other Key capability measures One test – ours – applied uniformly to all systems to be tested Realistic operational test scenarios and environments Test reports produced for each system tested

5 RAPS Scope Test categories Technical scope, requirements
Scripted operational scenarios Search and rescue (SAR) Fire/HAZMAT/disaster Law enforcement (LE) Operational utility assessments Use in National Airspace System (NAS) Technical scope, requirements Restricted airspace (COAs are not feasible) Fixed- and rotary-winged aircraft, < 25 lb MTOW, and modular, available sensors (already integrated) that address our test objectives Day-time flight testing at altitudes < 400 ft (AGL)

6 Air-based Tech R&D Other research and development activities
RAMPS is a new S&T-USCG Research and Development Center (RDC) partnership for SUAS Maritime testing Technology foraging and field testing Severe storm modeling and simulation Airborne collision avoidance Counter-spoofing/jamming Ongoing support to DHS’s Working Group on Privacy and Civil Rights and Civil Liberties U.S. border security demonstration √ Ultra-quiet SUAS prototype √

7 Border Security Benefits
Rapid response Improved situational awareness and agent safety High-value assets in remote, inaccessible, dangerous AORs Relatively low unit costs could provide Many more air assets for target identification and tracking Eventually, complete aerial coverage of the U.S. border 7

8 RAPS Test Range Oklahoma Training Center – Unmanned Systems (OTC-US)
Location: Elgin, OK, adjacent to Ft. Sill U.S. Army Post and within Ft. Sill restricted airspace OTC-US site (red outline) OTC-US is a test facility of the Oklahoma State University’s University Multispectral Laboratory “Liberty City” site (urban scenarios)

9 Vendor Participation We developed 21 SUAS Performance Goals
Based on notional user scenarios created by senior LE, fire, SAR, and border security operators Scenarios were vetted with operational communities Our Goals encompass: Areas noted: User applications; operational utility; transition to NAS RAPS PM priority to seek mature SUAS solutions that could support near-term transition of good (not necessarily the best) capabilities September 2012 RFI invited manufacturer participation (“Cycle 1”): 72 white papers were received White paper screening and selection process: Compliance check vs. RAPS Performance Goals Results: Near-term testing; Later testing; Rejected (non-compliant)

10 SUAS Performance Goals
Common Requirements: Threshold Objective Lost Link Procedures Rally Point Rally Point, after time return to launch Airframe Accumulated Flight Time > 200 hr (rotary); > 500 hr (fixed) > 400 hr (rotary); > 1,000 hr (fixed) Sensors Electro-optical and infrared Chemical/biological/radiological Sensors (EO/IR) Fixed Gimbaled Laser Designation None Laser spotter integrated Training (operator) One week One day Deployment Bungee/catapult launch Hand launched Recovery Line/net capture Deep stall/hover Assembly < 5 min < 1 min Ready to launch (after assembly) Mean time between lost link > 100 hr flight time > 250 hr flight time Airworthiness–Operator’s Manual Provide written Operator’s Manual Airworthiness–Maintenance Manual Provide written Maintenance Manual Weight (MTO) < 25 pounds Rotary-winged UAS: Threshold Objective Endurance 30 min 1 hr Range 0.25 mi 1 mi Speed (dash) 10 mph 30 mph Speed (endurance) 0 mph 20 mph Altitude 400 ft AGL 1000 ft AGL Service Ceiling 6,000 ft MSL 10,000 ft MSL Acoustic signature (400 ft AGL) 70 dBA 40 dBA Fixed-winged UAS: Threshold Objective Endurance 30 min 2 hr Range 1 mi 3 mi Speed (dash) 20 mph 40 mph Speed (endurance) 15 mph 30 mph Altitude 400 ft AGL 1000 ft AGL Service Ceiling 6,000 ft MSL 10,000 ft MSL Acoustic signature (400 ft AGL) 70 dBA 40 dBA

11 Test Plan Test Plan uses standard methodologies for operational evaluation 54 Performance Measures (PMs) Approved for public release in 2012 A living document that considers ongoing consideration of stakeholder suggestions for improvements “Cycle 1” is the current test program Future, “Cycle 2” testing (FY2015+), if approved, may or will encompass: Expanded fire, SAR, disaster response scenarios Specialized sensor testing More complex test scenarios (example: marine, riverine testing) Airworthiness criteria

12 Key Test Factors Operational capabilities Operational utility
Does SUAS support routine operations by improving situational awareness? Operational utility Is SUAS easy and efficient to assemble, launch, operate, recover, and pack up? Is video output seen effectively at multiple remote terminals? Technology transition Is FAA authorization permitting SUAS operation in the NAS likely?

13 Test Reports Reports Websites Created by S&T RAPS team for users
Vendors: (i) Perform fact checks of final draft; (ii) identify proprietary information; and (iii) clear Executive Summary for public release Approved for release by DHS S&T Posted and archived online Websites Government employees and government-sponsored stakeholders access the Reports via the gateway to S&T’s First Responder Communities of Practice site, https://communities.firstresponder.gov, which is the gateway to the RAPS Community of Practice site. Access controlled by S&T and RAPS PM­

14 Test Reports, cont’d Test Reports Executive Summaries of Test Reports
Content: Complete test results, including scoring summary tables; general SUAS information; company-proprietary cost and other information Audience: Restricted to government employees and government-sponsored stakeholders interested in RAPS (potential users) Access to Test Reports: Available upon request to RAPS Program Manager Available online at Robotic Aircraft for Public Safety (RAPS) Secure Community of Practice website Executive Summaries of Test Reports Content: Highlights of test results Audience: Approved for public release (goal: to reach a wide readership) Access to Executive Summaries: Available online at Robotic Aircraft for Public Safety (RAPS) Community of Practice website

15 Rating Summaries To facilitate SUAS comparisons, each Report contains Rating Summaries of results in our 54 Performance Measures in 5 Assessment categories: A1. Law Enforcement; A2. Search and Rescue; A3. Fire Response; A4. Operational Utility; A5. Operation in NAS Above: Sample Rating summary information Performance Measure (PM) Unit, Rating (bar-graph), T & O markers Qual., Quant. Rating Scoring Keys for Qualitative and Quantitative Ratings

16 RAPS Schedule (Cycle 1) Company Platform(s) Test Week Date Fixed
Rotary Online Report 1 Dec , 2012 Lockheed Martin ADP Stalker (Blk 15), Stalker XE (Blk 10) 2 Jan.14-18, 2013 AeroVironment Puma AE, Raven B, Wasp AE (Blk IV) 3 Mar , 2013 Honeywell T-Hawk (Blk II) 4 Apr , 2013 Leptron (Tactical Electronics) Avenger; R.A.P.T.R. 5 May 13-17, 2013 Aeryon Labs Scout V1, SkyRanger 6 June 10-14, 2013 UAS Dynamics Skylark 7 June 17-21, 2013 Lockheed Martin MS2 Desert Hawk III, Desert Hawk-EER, Indago 8 July 15-19, 2013 Mission Technology Systems, LLC Buster 9 Aug , 2013 Qube, Shrike

17 RAPS Schedule (Cycle 1) Company Platform(s) Test Week Date Fixed
Rotary Online Report 10 Sept. 9-13, 2013 AirRobot AR100B, AR100C, AR200 11 Oct , 2013 Prioria Maverick, VMAV 12 Dec. 9-13, 2013 Falcon UAS Falcon 13 Jan , 2014 Applied Research Assoc. Nighthawk 14 Jan , 2014 AirCover/Lockheed Martin QR425 N/A April 14-25, 2014 CBP (PSI Tactical) InstantEye 15 May 12-16, 2014 UAV Solutions Talon, Allerion, Phoenix30 16 May 19-23, 2014 Stark Aerospace BirdEye 400, Mini-Panther 17 June 16-20, 2014 Aurora Skate

18 Lessons Learned – To Date
No one platform performs well in all scenarios Fixed-wing aircraft: Very good in search and rescue (SAR), fire monitoring Some fixed wing SUAS need operating areas > 200 ft radius Launch and recovery zones Deep stall landings affected by winds Rotary-winged aircraft: Perform well in crime, accident, and arson scene investigation, and in SWAT Hover ability is very beneficial Some systems are relatively quiet, providing stealth, and can “perch” Up to 50-min endurance was tested/verified – winds are not a limiting factor (flying in winds up to 30 mph) In winds, maintain commanded flight profiles better than fixed wing aircraft

19 Lessons Learned, cont’d
Essential capabilities for effective, high-use operations: Integrated EO and IR sensors on a stabilized, gimbaled platform SAR aided by ability to switch between two modes to validate Targets of Interest (TOI) Dual sensors are valuable in urban scenarios where shadows are prevalent Geo-referenced EO and IR full motion video Needed for chain of custody and TOI location accuracy Collision avoidance: For some systems, the best way to avoid oncoming traffic may be to initiate immediate landing – but climb and descend speeds may not be sufficient to avoid collision Other findings: Quiet systems developed by DOD may need audible augmentation during SAR The fuel cell SUAS we tested is a significant new capability: > 8 hr endurance Note to potential users: It requires > 12 min for warm-up prior to launch

20 Future Outlook Cycle 1, FY2012-14 Cycle 2, FY2015-16 2012 Stand up:
Range selection; advocacy Define program scope and set key partnerships RFI; Test Plan; contracting Stand up: Processes to work with manufacturers, create and disseminate reports Liaison to DHS privacy working group Conduct 19 flight test weeks Analyze and disseminate results from Cycle 1 testing New RFI; new Test Plan Expanded test scope (goals): Fire/HAZMAT/disaster, SAR response Specialized SUAS sensors Larger, more complex operational scenarios Counter-spoofing and anti-jamming capabilities Airworthiness Severe storm response pilot RAMPS new start: Maritime testing, USCG RDC-led collaboration Transition Plan for future funding and management structure

21 Project Office, Web Links
RAPS Project Support Officer: Mr. Kevin Spence: (202) RAPS and related Web Links: is a public-access DHS S&T website Government employees and government-sponsored stakeholders interested in RAPS may request access to the RAPS Test Reports via which is the gateway to access S&T’s First Responder Communities of Practice site, https://communities.firstresponder.gov, which is the gateway to the RAPS Community of Practice site. Access is controlled by DHS S&T and the RAPS Program Manager. RAPS Request for information (RFI), released September 24, 2012: https://www.fbo.gov/spg/DHS/OCPO/DHS-OCPO/DHS13-01/listing.html RAPS Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA), approved Nov. 16, 2012, was the first such document addressing unmanned aircraft ever published – anywhere in the world:

22

23 LESSONS LEARNED No one platform performs well in all scenarios
Some fixed winged SUAS may need operating areas > 200 ft radius Launch and recovery zones Deep stall landings affected by winds Fixed wing aircraft are very good in search and rescue and fire monitoring Rotary winged platforms perform well in crime, accident, and arson scene investigation and in police SWAT applications Hover ability is very beneficial Some systems are relatively quiet, providing stealth, and can “perch” at specific locations Quiet systems developed by the Department of Defense may need audible augmentation during search and rescue Fuel cells provide endurance > 8 hours but require > 12 minutes to warm up prior to launch

24 LESSONS LEARNED (cont’d)
Integrated EO and IR sensors on a gimbaled platform is essential Search and rescue scenarios are aided by ability to switch between two modes to validate targets of interest Dual sensors are valuable in urban scenarios where shadows are prevalent Geo-referencing EO and IR full motion video is essential Needed for chain of custody and target of interest location accuracy For some systems, the best way to avoid traffic may be to initiate immediate landing Climb and descent speeds may not be sufficient to avoid collision Rotary winged aircraft are nearing the 30-minute endurance level Winds are not a limiting factor (fly in winds up to 30 mph) Can maintain commanded flight profiles

25 RAPS STEERING GROUP Dr. John Appleby, Chair DHS S&T HSARPA
Mr. Bob Griffin, Director DHS S&T First Responder Group Mr. Jonathan Cantor DHS Chief Privacy Officer (Act.) Ms. Tamara Kessler, Chief (Act.) DHS Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Mr. John Priddy, Director DHS Customs and Border Protection (CBP)/ Air Operations Capt Doug Nash, Chief DHS U.S. Coast Guard/ Office of Aviation Forces Mr. Chris Vaughan DHS Federal Emergency Management Admin./ Geospatial Management Office Mr. Jim Williams, Director Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/ UAS Integration Office Mr. David Morton FAA/ UAS Integration Office, Aviation Safety Inspector Mr. Steve Pansky FAA/ UAS Integration Office, Senior ATC Analyst Dr. Steve McKeever Oklahoma State Univ./ VP for Science &Technol. Transfer; UML/ Executive Director Mr. Eric Meyn, Director University Multispectral Laboratories (UML)/ Unmanned Systems Division Chief Robert Doke Oklahoma State Fire Marshall Chief Jon Hansen Director, Oklahoma Council On Firefighter Training (COFT) LTC Jon Greenhaw Oklahoma National Guard Mr. Mike O’Shea Department of Justice/ Office of Justice Programs Cmdr Bob Osborne (ret.) Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Chief Donald Shinnamon, Sr. (ret.) Public Safety Aviation Consultant Mr. Andy Lacher MITRE Corporation/ UAS Integration Research Strategist

26 PRIVACY


Download ppt "ROBOTIC AIRCRAFT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY (RAPS) OVERVIEW"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google