Presentation on theme: "M INDFULNESS M EDITATION : I MPROVING M ENTAL H EALTH IN O LDER A DULTS Kaitlin Thimann MHLTHSCI 574: Health & Optimal Aging December 16, 2012."— Presentation transcript:
M INDFULNESS M EDITATION : I MPROVING M ENTAL H EALTH IN O LDER A DULTS Kaitlin Thimann MHLTHSCI 574: Health & Optimal Aging December 16, 2012
INTRODUCTION Mindfulness meditation is one tool that has become increasingly popular to improve mental health in adults. Mindfulness meditation is “rooted in Eastern religion and philosophy, namely Buddhism” (Bauer-Wu, 2010, p. 36). (Hover, n.d.)
M OVING INTO A MERICAN M EDICINE Mindfulness meditation moved into Western medicine with the help from Jon Kabat-Zinn. Jon Kabat-Zinn is a Professor of Medicine and the founding Executive Director of the Center for Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Jon Kabat-Zinn and his program were featured prominently in the award-winning PBS television series Healing and the Mind, and the profound effects of this work have begun to be strongly supported by a large body of scientific research. (Kabat-Zinn, n.d)
M ENTAL H EALTH IN O LDER A DULTS Depression affects more than 6.5 million of the 35 million Americans aged 65 years or older (Duckworth, 2009). In the United States, the annual economic, indirect cost of mental illness is estimated to be $79 billion. Most of that amount—approximately $63 billion—reflects the loss of productivity as a result of illnesses ( Fitzpatrick, 2006).
C AUSES OF D EPRESSION Poor Physical Health Loneliness & Isolation Personal Loss (Baden, Zefa, & Corbis, 2008)
C AUSES OF D EPRESSION Poor Physical Health: Physical disabilities creates low mobility Loss of independence; require assistance to care for yourself Feel burdensome to family and friends (Care from the Heart, 2007) (Black Dog Institute, 2012)
C AUSES OF D EPRESSION Loneliness & Isolation Lack of close family ties and close friendships Living alone or in a retirement/assisted living facility Little participation in social activities & community because of physical illness or lack of transportation (Smart, 2011 ) (Black Dog Institute, 2012)
C AUSES OF D EPRESSION Personal Loss Loss of Independence Loss of Health & Lifestyle Experience death of loved ones Martial Partner Parents Siblings Friends Pets (Aanen, 2007) (Black Dog Institute, 2012)
P REVENTION & A LLEVIATION Teach Wellness Prevention Teach individuals skills to face & deal with life challenges. Teach skills to deal with moth mental and physical health challenges.
T YPES OF M INDFULNESS M EDITATION Mindful Breathing Body Scan Mindful Movement Mindful Walking Loving Kindness Mindful Eating
C URRENTLY U SED P RACTICES Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: Technique that helps individuals to take control of their own health, both mental and physical. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy “Meditation-based intervention designed to reduce recurrence in people with histories of relapsing unipolar major depression” (Smith & Senthinathan, 2007, p.346).
M INDFULNESS P RACTICE HAS BEEN SHOWN TO DECREASE Anxiety Somatization Depression Hostility (Flowers, n.d.). Emailed Author of website for DATE
M INDFULNESS IMPROVES : More effective skills in managing stress Helps to improve self- esteem ADD More Positives
R EFERENCES Aanen, S. (Photographer). (2007). Tyne cot cemetery. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.sxc.hu/photo/892543 http://www.sxc.hu/photo/892543 Baden, Zefa, Corbis. (2008). Depressed senior woman. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,20188647,00.html http://www.health.com/health/condition-article/0,,20188647,00.html Black Dog Institute. (2012, Oct.). Depression in older people. Retrieved from http://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/docs/Depressioninolderpeople.pdf http://www.blackdoginstitute.org.au/docs/Depressioninolderpeople.pdf Care from the Heart. (Photographer). (2007). Elderly man wheelchair. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.carefromtheheartcapecod.com/http://www.carefromtheheartcapecod.com/ Duckworth, K. (2009, October). Mental illness. Retrieved from http://www.nami.orghttp://www.nami.org Fitzpatrick, M. J. (2006). Mental illness: Facts and numbers. National Alliance on Mental Health, Retrieved from http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=About_Mental_Illness&Template=/Conten tManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=53155 http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=About_Mental_Illness&Template=/Conten tManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=53155 Flowers, S. (n.d.). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in medicine. Mindful Living Programs, Retrieved from http://www.mindfullivingprograms.com/relatedresearch.phphttp://www.mindfullivingprograms.com/relatedresearch.php Hover, L. (Photographer). (n.d.). Old man meditating. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://meditation-yoga-daily-news.com/beginners-guide-to-meditation-for- health/old-man-meditating-2/ http://meditation-yoga-daily-news.com/beginners-guide-to-meditation-for- health/old-man-meditating-2/ Kabat-Zinn, J. University of Massachusetts Medical School.(n.d.). [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.umassmed.edu/Content.aspx?id=43102http://www.umassmed.edu/Content.aspx?id=43102 Smart, S. (Photographer). (2011 ). Elderly hands on cup. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.pbase.com/image/80171604 http://www.pbase.com/image/80171604