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All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP) Great Plains Chapter April 16, 2010 Lincoln, Nebraska Plank Forensic.

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Presentation on theme: "All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP) Great Plains Chapter April 16, 2010 Lincoln, Nebraska Plank Forensic."— Presentation transcript:

1 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP) Great Plains Chapter April 16, 2010 Lincoln, Nebraska Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

2 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking: Not Just a Secret Admirer Gary Plank Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

3 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalk To pursue quarry or prey stealthily ( Merriam Webster’s New Collage Dictionary) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

4 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalk To hover over ( Funk & Wagnall’s Standard Desk Dictionary, 1979) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

5 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking “the willful, malicious, and repeated following and harassing of another person that threatens his or her safety” (Meloy & Gothard, 1995, p. 258) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

6 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking An unwanted repeated course of conduct which infringes on the privacy of the victim. (Plank, 2010) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

7 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Myths About Stalkers Are Perpetuated by Hollywood The Graduate Flash Dance Heartbreak Kid “10” Tootsie Indecent Proposal Pretty Woman Where’s Julie Play Misty for Me The Crush Single White Female Misery Devil in the Flesh Swimfan Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

8 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Male Stalkers are often portrayed as “getting the girl”. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

9 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The Movie “Standard” When Men Stalk Women They Live “Happily Ever After.” When Women Stalk Men It Is Criminal and Dangerous (Fatal Attraction - “Bunny-Boiler” ). Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

10 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Persistence only proves persistence, it does not prove love. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

11 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking Typologies Simple Obsessional Love Obsessional Erotomania False Victimization (Zona, Sharma, & Lane, 1993) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

12 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Madonna Stalked By Hoskins Madonna was stalked by Hoskins who was a delusional stalker Madonna (AP) Robert Dewey Hoskins (AP) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

13 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The typology of the stalker is defined by what the relationship is/was between the suspect and the victim. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

14 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Simple Obsessional (47%) Stalker, usually male, knows victim as an ex-spouse, ex-lover, or former boss, who they attempt to establish a relationship with and when rebuffed begin a campaign of harassment. (Zona, Sharma, & Lane, 1993) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

15 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Love Obsessional (43%) Stalker is a stranger to the victim but is obsessed with the victim and when rejected (real or perceived) mounts a campaign of harassment to make the victim aware of the stalker’s feelings. (Zona, Sharma, & Lane, 1993) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

16 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Erotomania (9.5%) Stalker, usually female, falsely believes that the victim, usually someone famous or wealth, is in love with them. The target is usually unobtainable by the suspect. (Zona, Sharma, & Lane, 1993) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

17 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 False Victimization The conscious or unconscious desire of a victim to get the attention of another by reporting they are the victim of a stalker. (Zona, Sharma, & Lane, 1993) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

18 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 FBI Stalking Typologies Non-domestic Domestic Delusional Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

19 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking Behavior Continuum Non-delusional Delusional (Historic Relationship (Relationship exists between stalker and only in the mind target) of the stalker) Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

20 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Non-domestic Stalker is a stranger to the victim but is obsessed with the victim Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

21 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Non-domestic (Love Obsessional) Sometimes called the Nuisance Offender Nuisance – a course of action that interferes with the legal rights of others by causing damage, annoyance or inconvenience. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

22 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Non-domestic Stalker Characteristics No relationship Identity unknown to target Hang-up, obscene, or harassing calls Unsigned letters or other communications Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

23 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Non-domestic Stalker Characteristics May place self in position for casual contact Communications progress from adoration to protestations of love, to annoyance at lack of contact, to threatening and menacing. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

24 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Domestic Stalker, usually a male, knows the victim due to a former relationship such as an ex-spouse, girlfriend, or former boss Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

25 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Domestic Stalker (Simple Obsessional) Familial or common-law relationship - initial motivation to continue or re-establish relationship Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

26 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Domestic Stalker Characteristics Stalker’s attitude may become “If I can’t have you – no one can” History of prior abuse in relationship Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

27 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Delusional Stalker (Erotomanic) False belief that the victim shares the stalker’s feelings and desire for a relationship. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

28 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Delusional Stalker Characteristics Relationship based on stalker’s psychological fixation Based on idealized love or spiritual union rather than sexual attraction Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

29 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Target is usually a person with high visibility and a higher status. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

30 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Delusional Stalker Characteristics May begin as “fan mail” With passage of time activity becomes more intense Fantasy may not be realized and stalker commits suicide Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

31 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The danger period for an Erotomanic (delusional) is when they are falling out of love with one victim and in love with another victim. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

32 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Males act out on fantasy with greater force than females. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

33 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Do NOT Negotiate with Stalkers Negotiations are about possibilities Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

34 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Conditional rejections are not rejections they are discussions “I don’t want to be in a relationship right now.” - Discussion- “I don’t want to be in a relationship with you.” -Rejection- Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

35 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The way to stop contact is to Contact! Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

36 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Stalking is a way someone can assume power when they are otherwise powerless Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

37 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Pre-stalking Behavior Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

38 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The Domestic or Simple Obsessional pre-stalker while with partner needs to: Control Dominate Remove partner’s control Remove partner’s support system Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

39 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Lecturing to a spouse is a characteristic of a pre-stalker Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

40 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 The Domestic Pre- Stalker may make partner: Quit work Stop seeing friends Stop contact with any outside influence Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

41 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Simple Obsessional Often have been in an abusive relationship as the abuser Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

42 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Campaign of Harassment Stalker is letting the victim know they can still control some aspect of the victim’s life Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds

43 All Rights Reserved PFS 2010 Domestic Stalking Statistic Victims who leave a battering relationship have a 75% higher chance of being killed by their abuser. Stalking usually precedes the homicide. Plank Forensic Services shedding light on troubled minds


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