Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Simple Semiotic Analysis of Music Philip Tagg Faculté de musique Université de Montréal www.tagg.org P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Simple Semiotic Analysis of Music Philip Tagg Faculté de musique Université de Montréal www.tagg.org P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simple Semiotic Analysis of Music Philip Tagg Faculté de musique Université de Montréal P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

2 Music (channel) EmitterReceiver Intended ‘message’ ‘adequate’ response s t o r e o f s y m b o l s s o c i o c u l t u r a l n o r m s ‘inadequate’ response ‘inadequate’ response shared by Emitter and Receiver shared by Emitter and Receiver receiver only receiver only emitter only emitter only codal incompetence codal interference ‘inadequate’ encoding ‘inadequate’ encoding Communication Model P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

3 PMFC Paramusical Fields of Connotation (relevant to IOCM) PMFC Paramusical Fields of Connotation (relevant to AO) AO Analysis Object IOCM Interobjective Comparison Material

4 Parameters of paramusical expression Paramusical sound : chatter, chiming, clapping, rattling, applause, mains hum, vinyl crackle, engine noise, birdsong, sound effects, crying, laughing, screaming, scraping, hitting, water, wind, thunder, etc. ad. inf. Oral language : monologue, dialogue, commentary, voice-over, lyrics, accent/dialect, vocal type, prosody, type and speed of conversation/dialogue, &c... Written language : programme or liner notes, promo copy, title credits, subtitles, written devices on stage, expression marks and other performance instructions, &c... Visuals font, graphic design, layout, painting, photo, sculpture, &c… scenario, props, lighting, clothing, &c... dramatic action, facial expressions, gestures, &c... camera positions, cutting speed, editing technique, fades, pans, zooms, &c… Movement : dance, dive, drive, fall, fly, glide, hit, hover, jump, kick, lie, ride, rise, run, slide, sit, stand, stroke, stumble, sway, swerve, wait, walk, &c... (Re-)performance venue + concurrent activity : home, concert, club, TV, cinema, church, sports, dancing, riding, driving, restaurant, hotel, office, factory, circus, street, town, country, &c... P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

5 Parameters of musical expression (1) instrumentational timbral (timbre) number/type of voices/instruments mechanical devices : mutes, pedals, stops, plectrum, string types, reed types, mouthpieces, bows, sticks, brushes, &c... electro-acoustic devices : microphone types & techniques, loudspeakers, echo, reverb, delay, panning, filtering, mixers, amplifiers, equalisers, phasing, flanging, chorus, compression, distortion, vocoding, dubs, &c... performance techniques : vibrato, tremolo, tremolando, glissando, portamento, pizzicato, sul ponte, picking, strum, &c... vocal : booming, breathy, clean, clear, cracked, crying, deep, gravelly, harsh, hoarse, howling, growling, guttural, husky, light, melismatic, muffled, piercing, plaintive, raucous, rich, screeching, shouting, shrill, sonorous, soothing, squeaky, squawking, strident, syllabics, thin, warbling, warm, wheezing, whooping, &c... instrumental : as for vocal + blaring, bubbling, buzzing, chiming, clanking, clattering, crashing, grating, hissing, humming, jarring, muted, ringing, rumbling, scraping, stuttering, throbbing, tinkling, whirring, whistling, &c... P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

6 Parameters of musical expression (2) temporal parameters duration : [1] of piece and relationship of this duration to other connected aspects of communication (film, rite, sports event, dancing); [2] of sections within the piece internal order/treatment of musical events : intros, cadences, bridges, continuations, interruptions, recurrences (reiterations, repeats, recaps), sequences &c… pulse, tempo : [1] base rate; [2] surface rate. rhythmic texture : polyrhythm, birhythm, monorhythm, &c... metre (rhythmic grouping of pulse, time signature, etc.), e.g. simple, compound, symmetric, asymmetric, additive, divisive, &c... accentuation, e.g. upbeat, downbeat, syncopation, regular,. P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

7 Parameters of musical expression (3) tonal parameters tuning system : how octave is divided, retuning, detuning, &c. pitch range : average and total for each voice/part; ambitus, tessitura, &c. tonal vocabulary : scale, mode, motifs, number and type of different pitches/notes motivic/melodic contour : rising, falling, oscillating, arched, V-shaped, centric, wavy, terraced, tumbling strain, &c... harmonic parameters tonal centre (if any) type of tonality: droned, modal, diatonic, tertial, quartal, bebop, impressionist, late romantic, twelve-tone, &c… harmonic change as long and short term phenomenon, harmonic rhythm. dynamics loud  soft sudden  gradual constant  variable P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

8 Simple sign typology of music anaphone sonic: resemblance to paramusical sound kinetic: resemblance to paramusical movement tactile: resemblance to paramusical grain/touch genre synecdoche pars pro toto reference to ‘foreign’ musical style, thence to cultural context of that style episodic marker short, one-way process highlighting the order or relative importance of musical events style indicator item of musical structuration typical for the ‘home’ style of the analysis object P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

9 Breughel: Massacre of the Innocents

10 P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

11 Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli Smetana: Vltava (Moldau) P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music

12 ‘focal point’ ‘stage’ ‘auditorium’ Monocentric musical positioning P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music


Download ppt "Simple Semiotic Analysis of Music Philip Tagg Faculté de musique Université de Montréal www.tagg.org P Tagg: Simple semiotics of music."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google