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USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison Payload - Radius Performance Comparison Profiles:HLR ORD Sea Level to 3,000’ at Hot Day HLR ORD 3,000’ to 3,000’

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Presentation on theme: "USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison Payload - Radius Performance Comparison Profiles:HLR ORD Sea Level to 3,000’ at Hot Day HLR ORD 3,000’ to 3,000’"— Presentation transcript:

1 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison Payload - Radius Performance Comparison Profiles:HLR ORD Sea Level to 3,000’ at Hot Day HLR ORD 3,000’ to 3,000’ at Hot Day 3,000’ to 10,000’ at ISA + 29ºC Aircraft: MV-22B, CH-53D (-416’s), CH-53D (-416’s & IRB’s), CH-53E, CH-53K, CH-47F ( Rev F, May 2009) Steven A. Woods, Senior Rotorcraft Performance Engineer John Steward (H-53), Robert Peacock (V-22), Performance Engineers Naval Air Systems Command Flight Vehicle Performance Branch, Air Patuxent River, MD (301) Douglas Ehlert (CH-47), Performance Engineer U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research Development and Engineering Center Aeromechanics Division Huntsville, AL (256)

2 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Performance Groundrules (cont’d) General –Standard Day lapse rates; MIL SPEC 3013 Hot Day Atmosphere definition –Specified altitudes are Pressure Altitude –Zero wind for all segments –Vehicle characteristics reference: Certified NAVAIR Performance databases –CH-47F performance provided by U.S. Army AMRDEC, Huntsville, AL Hover Performance –All hovers are Out of Ground Effect (OGE) –Hover OGE employs 100% of takeoff power available Shipboard Hovers/Takeoffs use 10% Power Margin Land based Hovers/Takeoffs at 3,000 ft use 5% Power Margin High altitude missions from 3,000 ft to 10,000 ft use zero Power Margin Cruise Performance –All Engines Operating (AEO) –Cruise legs are performed at speed for 99% of maximum specific range (V.99BR ) –External Loads, where applied, are valued at 56 sq ft of Equivalent Flat Plate Drag; exception is the MV-22 External Load which is 28 sq ft

3 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Performance Groundrules Propulsion System –NAVAIR engine installation factors –Engine power available and fuel flow is spec –Exceptions: CH-53K Power available is Maximum Deteriorated as defined by GE Cycle Deck CH-53K Fuel Flow increased by 5% above spec for unknown/anticipated installation effects on a newly designed, untested aircraft CH-53K Hover Weights are based on Sikorsky derived power available, for these conditions only. Sikorsky power available for hover was deemed to be more representative of current estimated installed performance based on NAVAIR and Sikorsky agreement. –CH-53D and CH-53D with IRB’s are equipped with T64-GE-416 engines Weights –NAVAIR Official Weight Empty, Basic Weight, Operating Weight Empty, and Projected Production Weight Empty for MV-22B, CH-53E, CH-53K –AMRDEC Weights used for CH-47F

4 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Weights Summary Notes: 1.MV-22B April 2009 Block B FUL and OWE shown for Pre-Assault Raid Mission (A-2) 2.Max Vertical Takeoff Gross Weight 3.CH-53K Basic Weight, FUL, and OWE shown for OMFTS A-1 Mission 4.CH-47F Basic Weight, FUL, and OWE shown for external lift missions (LBS)MV-22B 1 CH-53ECH-53K 3 CH-47F 4 CH-53D (-416’s) CH-53D IRB (-416’s) Empty Weight33,753 43,94425,425 23,542 Basic Weight 38,55045,84228,937 23,622 Fixed Useful Load ,2791,581 1,787 Operating Weight Empty34,68939,43248,12130,51825,409 Full Fuel11,70015,545 6,91113,178 Maximum Int. Payload GW526,00269,75074,00050,00042,000 Maximum Ext. Payload GW526,00273,50088,00050,00042,000

5 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Hover OGE Weights Sea Level Hovers include a 10% Power Margin for shipboard ops 3K’ 91.5°F Hovers include a 5% Power Margin 3K’ ISA +29°C Hovers have zero Power Margin 10K’ ISA + 29°C Hovers have zero Power Margin CH-53D’s are equipped with T64-GE-416 engines

6 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May MV-22B Block 2 Weights

7 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May CH-53K Weights

8 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May CH-47F Weights

9 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Exceptions to Standard Mission Profiles MV-22B: (MV-22B missions were run using mission profile definitions recognized by PMA-275 with the following differences) 1.Segment 1 - Warm-up performed as 10 minutes at Idle Power instead of 5 minutes at MCP (124 lbs less) 2.Segment 2 - VTO & Hover performed for 1 minute for internal payload missions instead of 2 minutes (82 lbs less) 3.No 2-minute hover performed prior to final landing (140 lbs less) 4.External payload drag is 28 sq ft 5.Amphibious Troops/Internal Payload consists of two cycles before refueling; mission radius shown for the MV-22B in profile C-2 is flown twice. 6.MV-22B maintains a 5% Power Margin for shipboard takeoffs according to established mission groundrules

10 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May DATA: HLR ORD Profiles at Hot Day OMFTS (A-1) (External Payload) OMFTS (A-2) (Internal Payload) OMFTS/OEO (B) (External Payload) OMFTS/OEO (C-2) (Internal Payload) SOA (D) (External Payload) SOA (E-2) (Internal Payload) ISA + 29ºC Day 3,000 ft to 10,000 ft (External Payload) 3,000 ft to 10,000 ft (Internal Payload)

11 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS Mission Description (Amphibious Pre-Assault / Raid Operations – Ext/Int Payload, A-1/2) , Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at sea level / 39.4°C 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes; pick up External Load if Applicable 3.Cruise out at Best Cruise Speed (V BC ) to max radius (legs 3 + 4) 4.Climb on course at Best Climb Speed (V BROC ) to 3,000 ft 5.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; land if applicable; offload ext/int payload; VTO if applicable 6.Loiter at Best Endurance Speed (V BE ) for 30 minutes 7.Descend to sea level (no fuel / time /distance credit) 8.Cruise back at Best V BC to max radius (equal to legs 3 + 4) 9.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 10.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at sea level) Entire mission at Hot Day conditions 3 1, nm Requirement

12 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS Pre-Assault Raid External Lift Mission Mission A-1 The MV-22B Pre-Assault Raid Mission is run with internal payload only.

13 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS Pre-Assault Raid Internal Lift Mission Mission A-2

14 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS/OEO Mission Description (Amphibious External Lift, B) , Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at sea level / 39.4°C 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes; pick up External Load 3.Cruise out at Best Cruise Speed (V BC ) to max radius (legs 3 + 4) 4.Climb on course at Best Climb Speed (V BROC ) to 3,000 ft 5.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; offload external payload 6.Descend to sea level (no fuel / time /distance credit) 7.Cruise back at V BC to max radius (equal to legs 3 + 4) 8.Loiter at Best Endurance Speed (V BE ) for 15 minutes 9.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 10.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at sea level) Entire mission at Hot Day conditions 3 1, nm Requirement 8

15 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS/OEO Amphibious External Lift Mission Mission B Drag of external load for CH-47 & CH-53’s is 56 sq ft; for MV-22B is 28 sq ft (Medium Lift)

16 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS/OEO Mission Description (Amphibious Troops/Int Payload, C-1/2) , Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at sea level / 39.4°C 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes 3.Climb at Best Climb Speed (V BROC ) to 1,000 ft 4.Loiter at Best Endurance Speed (V BE ) for 40 minutes 5.Descend to sea level (no fuel / time / distance credit) 6.Cruise out at Best Cruise Speed (V BC ) to max radius (legs 6 + 7) 7.Climb on course at V BROC to 3,000 ft 8.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; land; offload troops/int payload; VTO 9.Descend to sea level (no fuel / time /distance credit) 10.Cruise back at V BC to max radius (equal to 6+ 7) 11.Loiter at V BE for 15 minutes 12.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 13.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at sea level) Entire mission at Hot Day conditions 3 1, nm Requirement

17 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May OMFTS/OEO Amphibious Internal Lift Mission Mission C-2 MV-22B Flies this Radius Twice

18 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May SOA Mission Description (Land Assault External Lift, D) 4 5 6, 7 1.Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at 3,000 ft / 33.1°C 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes; pick up External Load 3.Cruise out at Best Cruise Speed (V BC ) to max radius 4.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; offload external payload 5.Cruise back at V BC to max radius 6.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 7.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at 3,000 ft) Entire mission at Hot Day conditions 3 1, nm Requirement

19 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May SOA Land Assault External Lift Mission Mission D Drag of external load for CH-47 & CH-53’s is 56 sq ft; for MV-22B is 28 sq ft (Medium Lift)

20 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May SOA Mission Description (Land Assault Troops/Int Payload, E-1/2) 4 5 6, 7 1.Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at 3,000 ft / 33.1°C 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes 3.Cruise out at Best Cruise Speed (V BC ) to max radius 4.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; land; offload troops/int payload, VTO 5.Cruise back at V BC to max radius 6.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 7.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at 3,000 ft) Entire mission at Hot Day conditions 3 1, nm Requirement

21 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May SOA Land Assault Internal Lift Mission Mission E-2

22 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May K’ to 10K’ Mission Description External Lift 4 6 8, Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at 3,000 ft. 2.VTO to hover OGE for 2 minutes; pick up External Load 3.Cruise out at Speed for 99% of Best Range (V.99BR ) to max radius (legs 3 + 4) 4.Climb on course at Best Climb Speed (V BROC ) to 10,000 ft 5.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; offload external payload 6.Descend to 3,000 ft. (no fuel / time /distance credit) 7.Cruise back at Best V.99BR to max radius (equal to legs 3 + 4) 8.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 9.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at sea level) Entire mission at Standard (ISA) Day and ISA + 29ºC conditions 3 1, 2 5 Mission Radius

23 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May External Lift Mission, ISA + 29ºC, 3K’ to 10K’ 0% Hover Power Margin Previous study done for HQMC in March 2009 from which this data was taken looked at MV-22B carrying only internal payloads for this profile.

24 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May K’ to 10K’ Mission Description Internal Lift 4 6 8, Warm-up for 5 minutes at Maximum Continuous Power at 3,000 ft. 2.VTO to hover OGE for 1 minute 3.Cruise out at Speed for 99% of Best Range (V.99BR ) to max radius (legs 3 + 4) 4.Climb on course at Best Climb Speed (V BROC ) to 10,000 ft 5.Hover OGE for 5 minutes; land; offload troops/internal payload, VTO 6.Descend to 3,000 ft. (no fuel / time /distance credit) 7.Cruise back at Best V.99BR to max radius (equal to legs 3 + 4) 8.Hover OGE for 2 minutes; perform vertical landing 9.Land with reserves (greater of 10% of initial mission fuel or fuel for 20 minutes at V BE at sea level) Entire mission at Standard (ISA) Day and ISA + 29ºC conditions 3 1, 2 5 Mission Radius

25 USMC Med & Hvy Lift Performance Comparison AIR May Internal Lift Mission, ISA + 29ºC, 3K’ to 10K’ 0% Hover Power Margin


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