Presentation on theme: "Book Report Academic Writing for Graduate Students Essential Tasks and Skills (3 rd edition) Asst. Prof. Dr. Siriluck Usaha Department of English for Business."— Presentation transcript:
Book Report Academic Writing for Graduate Students Essential Tasks and Skills (3 rd edition) Asst. Prof. Dr. Siriluck Usaha Department of English for Business Communication School Liberal Arts
Academic Writing for Graduate Students Essential Tasks and Skills I. About the Book II. Target Readers III. Approach and Organization IV. What is learnt from the book?
IV. What is learnt from the book? How to write articles for publication? I. Reasons for publication II. Overall shape of a research article III. Four sections: IMRD IV. Genre analysis Definition Why GA? V. Abstracts VI. Introductions VII. Methods VIII. Results IX. Discussion
1. Reasons for Publication Sharing findings and contributions (in English) to scholars communities Competition against other research papers for acceptance and recognition Academic promotion and research funds Graduation requirement
4. Genre Analysis Genre analysis focuses primarily on the organizational structure of texts and the conventional linguistics features associated with a particular genre. That is, each text type conforms to the culturally expected way of constructing texts belonging to the variety. For example, research article introductions have expected textual conventions that are different from research article methods sections (Kanoksilapatham, 2012) Definition of Genre (Swales, 1990)
Why Genre Analysis? “To be successful in a publishing research work, scientists, like scholars of other disciplines, need to be able to express the findings and contributions in English. Moreover, they need to present the findings and contributions in a manner that is acceptable and conforming to the requirements of the target journal.” (Swales, 1991 quoted in Kanoksilapatham, 2004, 230) The goal of genre analysis is to identify the rhetorical organization of texts belonging to a given genre.
Genre Analysis and Research Articles The genre analysis applied to research articles of each academic discipline elucidates the textual structural conventionally followed by scientists in their respective disciplines. Based of this notion, the terms ‘move’ and ‘step’ are invented to refer to textual units of analysis. ‘Move’ refers to a text segment that performs a communicative function. ‘Step’ is a subunit of a move that, in turn, contributes to the move’s communicative function.
Swales’ (2004) model for research article introductions
Move structure for biochemistry research article (Kanoksilapatham, 2005) Introduction Section
Move structure for biochemistry research article (Kanoksilapatham, 2005) Methods Section
Move structure for biochemistry research article (Kanoksilapatham, 2005) Results Sections
Move structure for biochemistry research article (Kanoksilapatham, 2005) Discussion Section
5. Research Article Abstracts The abstract is the first part that can be read for getting information about a research article within a few minutes. Most researchers often focus on skimming abstracts and key words. Hyland (2002) states that “the abstract is generally the readers’ first encounter with a text, and is often the point at which they decide whether to continue and give the accompanying article further attention, or to ignore it” (p. 63). According to Pho (2008), “acquiring the skills of writing an abstracts is therefore important to novice writers to enter the discourse community of their discipline” (p. 231).
6. Introduction Sections Creating a Research Space It is widely recognized that writing Introductions can be slow, difficult, and troublesome for many writers. The Introductions of RPs typically follow the pattern in the following figure in response to kinds of competition: Competition for readers and competition for research space. The rhetorical pattern has become known as the create-a-research- space model (or CARS) by Swales (1990).
7. Methods Sections Peacock (2011) examined 288 RP Methods sections in published, data-driven papers from the fields of Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Environmental Science, Business, Language and Linguistics, Law, and Public and Social administration (36 papers from each field). He proposed the existence of seven ‘moves’ in Methods sections.
Seven Move in Methods Section by Peacock (2011)
Language Focus: Linking Phrases in Methods Sections