Presentation on theme: "Collaborative Strategic Reading: A Model for Content Area Reading October 20, 2010Richmond Public Schools Alethia Elam Stephanie Hooks Dawn James-Cappiello."— Presentation transcript:
Collaborative Strategic Reading: A Model for Content Area Reading October 20, 2010Richmond Public Schools Alethia Elam Stephanie Hooks Dawn James-Cappiello Lynn Smith Jan Stilwell
What does the research say about content area learning? For many students content reading looks like it’s written in a foreign language. Teachers must support students in making the shift to the next step of “reading to learn.” Learning is cemented after 17 to 41 rehearsals. How to Teach Reading When You’re Not a Reading Teacher Dr. Sharon H. Faber (2006)
Collaborative Strategic Reading Developed by Janette Klingner & Sharon Vaughan What is it? Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR)combines cooperative learning and reading comprehension strategy instruction CSR was designed to promote content learning, language acquisition, and reading comprehension in diverse classrooms
CSR: Overview The Overview: Uses content area text Uses cooperative grouping Uses Before, During, & After Reading Strategies The Reading Strategies: preview click and clunk get the gist wrap up
Overview of CSR
Cooperative Learning: Building Relationships Increase academic performance, motivation, time on task, self- esteem, & positive social behaviors Increase efficiency of lessons Facilitate integration of diverse learners
CSR: Students’ Roles Leader: Leads the group in the implementation of CSR by saying what to read or which strategy to use next Clunk Expert: Leads the group in trying to figure out difficult words or concepts Gist Expert: Guides the group toward the development of a gist and determines that the gist contains the most important ideas but no unnecessary details
CSR: Students’ Roles Question Expert: Guides the group to generate and answer questions Encourager: Watches the group and gives feedback. Looks for behaviors to praise. Encourages group members to participate and help each other (optional). Time-Keeper: Sets the timer for each portion of CSR and lets the group know when it is time to move on. Helps keep the group on task (optional).
CSR: 1. Previewing Goals Students preview the entire passage prior to reading each section. to build and activate students’ background knowledge about the topic to learn as much about the passage as they can in a brief period of time to help students make predictions about what they will learn to motivate students’ interest in the topic and to engage them in active reading from the onset
Before Reading: Previewing Previewing helps students make connections – makes the text relevant. Brainstorm What do we know about the topic? Predict What do we predict we will learn about the topic when we read the passage.
Click and Clunk Goals Students click and clunk while reading each selection of the passage. The goals of click and clunk are: For students to monitor their reading comprehension For students to identify when they have breakdowns in understanding To use fix-up strategies to figure out clunks To identify and explain which fix-up strategy was used and why
During Reading: Click and Clunk Fix-Up Strategies Context clues : Reread the sentence without the word & think about what would make sense. Read around the sentence with the clunk and look for clues. Word analysis: Look for a prefix, root, or suffix in the word. Break the word apart and look for smaller words you know. Clarify the Concept: Identify the part of the passage that is not clear, Discuss the passage to clarify with the CSR Group.
Get the Gist Goals: To teach students to restate, in their own words, the most important point as a way of making sure they have understood what they have read To improve students’ memory of what they have learned
During Reading: Get the Gist Identify : Most important idea in a section of text (usually a paragraph) Most important person, place, or thing Most important idea about the person, place, or thing
Goals: Wrap-Up Formulate questions about what they have learned Review key ideas The goals are to improve students’ knowledge understanding memory of what was read
After Reading: Wrap-up Review Students then take turns sharing their “best questions” and provide evidence to support them. Why do you think this? What made you say that? Students write down the most important ideas from the reading (text) in their CSR learning logs. Write the key ideas!
CSR – The Teacher’s Role Conduct a whole-class preview and/or whole-class wrap-up to introduce and/or review key vocabulary and important concepts. Conclude the lesson with a whole class discussion or analysis of key ideas learned. Use data from learning logs and lessons to make changes in instruction. Provide mini-lessons to fine tune strategy usage. Use high-quality feedback to re-direct, guide and challenge students’ thinking (includes the rigor & relevance!).
Phases of Strategy Instruction Modeling Phase The teacher models each step of the strategy while thinking aloud I do it; you watch. Teacher-assisted phase: The teacher guides the students through the strategy You do it; I help. Independent phase The students complete the strategy on their own (work towards automaticity) We do it. The teacher helps as needed. ~ QUESTIONS?? ~