Presentation on theme: "Poverty Reduction & NREGS, District – North Bastar Kanker (Chhattisgarh)"— Presentation transcript:
Poverty Reduction & NREGS, District – North Bastar Kanker (Chhattisgarh)
Context- where we are ! Source: Chhattisgarh Human Development Report, 2005 CategoryValue Rank in state Human Development Index.39712 th Education Index Value.7587 th Health Index Value.28012 th Income index Value.15213 th
NREGS Significance Because of agriculture & forest produces based livelihood and in absence of major industries, NREGS has a great significance for the local community.
In year 2008-09, Kanker district provided an avg. Rs 4192/- per household worked under NREGS (6 th in the state) NREGS contribution in household income Chhattisgarh (08-09) Effectively implemented, NREGA has the potential to transform the geography of poverty (source:- NREGS operational guideline 2008 )
Present study Covers Findings based on information from district NREGS cell & field visit The issues covered are : 1- Management aspects - Implementation process, Staffing, Fund Flow 2- The coverage aspects – General Coverage Fund Utilisation Priority of the works Inclusion of the disadvantaged group
Background – NREGS, Kanker NREGS started in the district in year 2005-06 Perspective Plan Prepared Annual plan prepared each year In 4 th year of it’s progress
Human Resource: Staff gap not a major hindrance for the implementation, but can increase efficiency. DPC (Collector) Ad. DPC ( CEO, ZP) Project Officer in-Charge (Addi. CEO, ZP) Asst. Project Officer IEC Asst. (1), Asst. Grade II- (3), Comp. Ope. (2) Sarpanch, Secretary & Rojgar Sahayak Distric t Janpa d Gram Pan. Monitoring Officer (CEO) Program officer Tech. Asst-4 Accountant -1, Computer Operator -2Peon -1 Asst. Grade (II ) - 1 Program Officer – 1, Tech. Asst. - 13 Gram Rojgar Sahayak - 9 Staff gap. Proposed
Implementation Process Each Janpad/ department has a shelf of approved works, which can be taken as per the need/ requirement Janpad Office Proposals from the Gram Panchayat Zila Panchayat, CEO ZP Prep. Technical Estimates Administrative Sanction By DPC Janpad level Issue work order Line Dept. Issue work order Technical Sanction (depending on amount) Line Dept. CE, RES SE, RES Ex. En, RES AE, RES
Present Payment Structure Muster-roll/ Issue (Start of work) Muster-roll/ Bill submission (weekly) Running Measureme nt Order from Janapad/ Dept. to Bank/ Post Office Receiving of payment by labour (from a/c in Bank/ Post Office)
Monitoring LevelMainly by% of works (to be mon.) StateCommissioner/2% Asst. Commissioner/ Dy. Commissioner/ Joint Director/ Training Expert DivisionalDivisional Commissioner5% DistrictDPC, AD DPC, Line Department 10% PO, APO, PRO JanpadCEO, Program Officer, AE (RES), Tech. Asst., 100% PanchayatSarpanch,100% Surveillance Committee
Coverage No gap in Job demanded & provided (last 2 years) % of household having job cards got job in 08-09 = 63 % household completing 100 days (out of household provided job) = 11 Need to increase the % of households completing minimum 100 days
Coverage Cont. The Job cards are issued in the proportion of category population (as per census 2001). Census 2001 Population SC - Proportion56 % ST - Proportion4%
Coverage Cont. Person days generated in 2008-09, are 46% point lower than, in year 2007-08. Other category (incl. OBC) is showing a sharp decrease over last 3 years Projected person days for next year = 77.73 lakhs
Social Inclusion Year 06-0707-0808-09 Disabled beneficiaries (person days/ nos) 178754249 (nos.) Gender participation in person days is in favor of the female, decreasing trend (need further disaggregated review) Opportunity for involving more disabled beneficiaries NREGS goal: Strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups
Fund Utilization An opportunity loss of utilizing of 93.19 crores (in last three years) Utilisation rate last year was among lowest in the state
Fund Utilization – Janapd Panchayat Kanker, Narharpur & Durgkondal recorded higher exp. (in absolute num.) Durg Kondal and Antagarh experienced the lowest utilization rate.
Fund Utilization – Line Department Forest, Water Res., Agri., Hort. recorded higher expenditure. (in absolute num.) Works not taken under agriculture and horticulture in year 2008-09 Forest dept reflect a lower utilisation rate (NGO's/ Samiti/ SHG etc)
No. of works completed 2006-09 Higher nos. of work were taken under land development activity. Study on the impacts of the works is of significance
Expenditure 2006 - 09 Major investment in 2006-09 Rural Connectivity > Drought Proofing > Land Dev. Proposed investment in 2009-10 Rural Connectivity > Water cons.> Land Dev.
Transparency Social audit being conducted in presence of deputed functionaries from line dept. No persons received unemployment allowance Approx > 2,00,000 persons with account (bank (64%)/ post office(36%)) – workers getting money in their a/c. (imply fair payment) Recent enhancement of administrative cost from 4 % to 6 %, has provided scope to further strengthen transparency & accountability
Utilisation issues Food req. for HH available at lower rate is good, it also influences demand Higher wages option from forest produce (tendu patta etc) Nexal disturbance (in blocks)- it affects quality too Lower Utilisation in NREGS (Work demand) Lower demand from the Gram Panchayat Drought relief works (get’s more priority) Payment through bank (no scope of margin) Need of intensive IEC for demand Challenges in utilisation are of complex in nature & need wider consultation. Priority of efficient utilisation is equally relevant along with increasing utilisation Low interest/ exp. from line depart
24 Review of findings Greater thrust require in employment related programmes Implementation mechanism in place (shelf of approved works available on demand) Need of study on the impacts of the work taken Challenges of generating demand (strong IEC measures) Challenge of ensuring quality (in Naxel affected blocks) Need of stakeholders consultation for increasing utilisation