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1 The Regional Bureau of Arab States Dena Assaf, RBAS, NY JPO Regional Workshop, Nairobi, May 27 - 31.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Regional Bureau of Arab States Dena Assaf, RBAS, NY JPO Regional Workshop, Nairobi, May 27 - 31."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Regional Bureau of Arab States Dena Assaf, RBAS, NY JPO Regional Workshop, Nairobi, May

2 2 Overview Personal Experience The Regional Bureau of Arab States (RBAS) Learning

3 3 Part I – Personal Experience Worked in a National Government (former Director of the Palestinian National Development Plan) Capacity Building LEAD 2001

4 4 Part II - RBAS Organigram The Directorate The Country Operations Division The Regional Division Arab Human Development Report 2002 (AHDR)

5 5 RBAS - Organigram Directorate Country Oper. Regional Prog. N. Iraq Prog. Finance & OHR

6 6 RBAS Countries (17 countries) NCC countries –Bahrain –Kuwait –Libya –Saudi Arabia –UAE MICs countries –Algeria –Egypt –Iraq –Jordan –Lebanon –Morocco –Syria –Tunisia Cont…

7 7 Countries, continued… LDC countries –Djibouti –Somalia –Yemen –Sudan Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People (PAPP) – separate programme under the OA

8 8 The Directorate  The overreaching role of the Directorate is to provide leadership, vision, and direction for UNDP’s interventions in the region.  The role of the Directorate is to provide overall management and coordination, while also promoting the relevance of RBAS internally and in the region.  It is also the Directorate’s role to ensure that RBAS as a whole adds value to our field offices, while providing means for integration and follow-up.

9 9 Directorate Focal Points Dr. Rima Khalaf Hunaidi – Regional Director Oscar Fernandez-Taranco – Deputy Regional Director Ali Al-Za’tari – Policy Advisor Dena Assaf – Management Specialist Laurence Reno – RBAS OHR Valerie Cliff – RBAS Finance Shafiqa Darani – IT Assistant Jackie Ghazal & Fatoumata Diop – Admin Asst’s Director & Deputy Director Jackie Richmond – Finance Asst. & Chief N.Iraq Prog – Michel Gautier + 4 staff

10 10 Country Operations Division To guide COs in aligning their programmes to the new vision of UNDP To support COs in developing new partnerships within and outside the country To monitor compliance with UNDP corporate programming and management mechanisms To assist the Directorate in strategic human resources management in line with new profile of COs To support COs in resources mobilization efforts by identifying potential new partners and developing linkages to donors

11 11 COD Focal Points Chief – Flavia Pansieri (MDG focal point) Mona Hider – Tunisia, Morocco, UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Heba El-Kholy – Yemen, Jordan, Lebanon Bruno Lemarquis – Somalia, Algeria, Djibouti, Sudan Maha Bahamdoun – Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya Yasmeen Ariff-Sayed – Prog. Asst to Bruno & Mona Alem Gebeyehu – Prog. Asst to Heba & Maha Hazel Gooding – Prog. Asst to Flavia

12 12 Regional Programme Division Close collaboration with Country Offices in formulation and implementation of Regional Programmes Synergy with CO-supported activities - provision of seed funding and support to pilot activities in areas that meet RCF criteria Using knowledge resources and expertise available at the SURF and elsewhere within UNDP – knowledge mgmt, best practices, knowledge sharing Nurturing and capitalizing on cross-cutting themes & inter- linkages in the RP, particularly gender and knowledge Policy analysis, dialogue, advice, and advocacy Strategic partnerships (public, private, civil society) – regional & global

13 13 RPD Focal Points Chief Zahir Jamal ICT; SURF; RCF Moez Doraid Private Sector/Investment Ali Al-Za’tari WSSD II; HIV-AIDS Walid Badawi Gender; Programme Finance Elballa Hagona Intellectual Capital Development Maen Nsour Governance; Human Rights Adel Abdel Latif Programme Asst Madi Mousa

14 14 Regional Disconnects: Capabilities 65 million adults are illiterate, two-thirds women 10 million year olds are not in school: if current trends persist, that number will increase by 40% by million lack access to safe water 29 million lack access to health services Maternal mortality rates are double those in Latin America and the Caribbean; four times those in East Asia Population growth is among the highest in the world, at about 2.8% “The Arab region has dramatically reduced poverty and inequality in the 20 th Century.” Yet the backlog of deprivation must be cleared.

15 15 Regional Disconnects: Knowledge Arab universities and schools trail global academic standards and fail local job markets Only 0.6% of the population uses the internet The penetration rate of the PC is only 1.2% Investment in R&D does not exceed 0.5% of GNP Production systems remain natural resource intensive, not knowledge based “ The costs of improving education systems may be substantial, the costs of perpetuating ignorance are incalculably greater ” AHDR 2002

16 16 Regional Disconnects: The Economy Lower inflation and budget deficits attained during the 1990’s. However: Total factor productivity has steadily dropped by 0.2% since the largest decline compared to other regions Growth is anemic; highly vulnerable to changes in oil prices For a decade, per capita income has stagnated at 0.7% a year ( > 3.2% average for developing countries) Unemployment, at around 15%, is among the world’s highest Oil wealth distorts the picture: “In 1999, the GDP of all Arab countries combined stood at just US$531.2 billion – less than that of a single medium sized European country, Spain (US$595.5 billion).”

17 Human Development Index (%) GDP per capita (hundreds, PPP$) Adult literacy rate (% of age 15 +) Life expectancy at birth (years) Arab countries East Asia East Asia (excluding China) Latin America and the Caribbean South Asia South Asia (excluding India) South-East Asia and the Pacific Sub-Saharan Africa The Arab World: “ Richer Than It is Developed ” Output per person is higher than that of most other developing regions. Arabs outperform sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia in human development, but rank below Latin America and the Caribbean and East Asia on the Human Development Index (HDI)

18 18 HDI values, Arab countries Djibouti Yemen Mauritania Sudan Iraq Morocco Egypt Syria Algeria Tunisia Jordan Oman Lebanon Saudi Arabia Libya UAE Qatar Bahrain Kuwait A World of Difference Among Arab Countries : Kuwait at the top scores only slightly lower than the world leader (Canada). Djibouti, at the bottom, is not much better off than the world’s lowest ranked case (Sierra Leone).

19 19 Internet hosts (per 1,000 population), world regions Digital Disconnect

20 20 Strategic Deficits GLOBALIZATION – slow response to new factors of production and growth KNOWLEDGE – weak mobilization of new drivers of growth, human development and poverty reduction (competitive intellectual and human capital; ICT; applied research) GOVERNANCE – halting transition to inclusive, representative and responsive democracy

21 21 Current RPD Programmes (min of 3 country participants) Not comprehensive but include: Globalization – policy advice in poverty reduction, economic growth, and SMEs Knowledge – Improving Higher Education standards and ICT for Development Governance – Modernizing justice administrations and e-governance HIV/AIDs – Addressing denial & utilizing best practices from Africa More on RPD

22 22 The Arab Human Development Report 2002 Creating Opportunities for Future Generations

23 23 AHDR 2002: Main Features  The first Report of its kind in the Arab region  Exposes critical opportunity and capability deficits, as well as untapped strengths  Stresses the relationship between human development, human freedom and the institutional context  Explores broader indicators for assessing human development, in addition to the HDI  Represents the independent analysis of Arab scholars and intellectuals “..this is not the grandstanding of outsiders but an honest, if controversial, view through the mirror” Mark Malloch Brown

24 24 “Bridled Minds, Shackled Potential” Out of seven world regions, the Arab countries register the lowest average score for civil and political freedoms Freedom House scores, world regions

25 25 Voice and accountability The Report examines aspects of the political process such as civil liberties, political rights and independence of the media. For example, the Arab region has the lowest average score for voice and accountability in the world

26 26 Average GEM values, world regions Average GEM values, world regions The Arab region ranks lower on GEM than any region except Sub-Saharan Africa Missing: The Other Half

27 27 The Three Deficits 1. Freedom 2. Women’s empowerment 3. Human capabilities & knowledge relative to income

28 28 AHDR Launch Official Launch 1 st week of July in Beirut (to be confirmed) Available in Arabic, English and French Press Kits will also be made available to Country Offices Website also to be launched in July

29 29 Part III – Learning Learning is Priority in UNDP and does not mean only External Training Learning takes individual initiative Learning Policy of minimum of 5% Country Offices have Learning Managers – they can assist you to determine how to achieve your goals RBAS has Learning Team (Dena Assaf Learning Manager)

30 30 RBAS Workshops Resource Mobilisation workshop (completed in May) MDG regional workshop (Yemen, June 3 rd ) Results Based Programme Design workshop (Morocco, Oct 2002 – to be confirmed) Scenario and Crises Planning workshop (2002/2003 tbd)

31 31 Other Resources Your Learning Manager and his/her access to the LM network The LRC (Learning Resource Center) The Learning Tree (the EL-TREE) On-line learning such as: The SURF; AS-SURF at: Learning Profile: Humphrey-Mumford Learning Style on El-Tree (Learn to Learn) Your imagination…

32 32 Important that WE Continue to LEARN from One Another

33 33 More on the RPD Programme:

34 34 RPD Goals A Closer Partner:  RBAS Advisory Board  Project Advisory Committees  Regional partnerships-LAS; OPEC; AFESD; UNCTAD; WB A Stronger Ally:  Knowledge-based services  Results-oriented services  Capacity building services  Policy impact & leverage A Catalyst for Change:  Pro-poor liberalization policies  International capital development  Rule of law, political participation and transparency  Country office collaboration  Demand-driven programmes  Collaboration with SURF - Regional Program as client and animator  Gender equality  MDGs  Sustainable development  Breaking the silence on HIV-AIDS

35 35 WHAT’S HOLDING THE REGION BACK? WHAT’S HOLDING THE REGION BACK?

36 36 Strategic Deficits GLOBALIZATION – slow response to new factors of production and growth KNOWLEDGE – weak mobilization of new drivers of growth, human development and poverty reduction (competitive intellectual and human capital; ICT; applied research) GOVERNANCE – halting transition to inclusive, representative and responsive democracy

37 37 ISSUES Capability & opportunity deficits Poor productivity and exports Neglected intellectual capital and uncompetitive labour forces Inefficient, opaque and unaccountable governable systems unable to attract financial capital or popular support OUTCOMES CLIENTS Governing institutions, research institutions, private sector firms, educational institutions, workers, employers, and civil society. MISSED ENTRY POINTS Opportunity to assess & manage risks & rewards of globalization Coherence between economic liberation and poverty reduction New generation; changing public expectations; more vocal civil society Inadequate and untapped human resources

38 38 1. Globalization

39 39 Issues Services Results Clients Assets

40 40 Issues: Promoting coherence between economic liberalization, trade and poverty reduction

41 41 Advisory services for building poverty reduction into trade and foreign investment strategies; Training, advisory services, capacity building in commercial diplomacy and negotiation for WTO accessions Support to meet obligations under WTO implementation Agreements and Pan-Arab Free Trade Agreement\ Services: Advice on promoting small and micro enterprises (SMEs): Strengthening policy and legal frameworks Principles and guidelines for low-cost business start-ups Emphasis on knowledge-based applications Build national capacity to enhance coherence and consistency between liberalization and poverty reduction Advocacy for a human development framework for the globalization debate and related policy formation

42 42 Results National investment policies consistent with poverty reduction promoted, together with people-centred strategies for managing globalization. National plans and policies demonstrate readiness and ability to manage globalization in a manner supportive of human development New trade obligations of 11 countries met through stronger policy analysis and in guidelines and facilities designed to give SMEs affordable, broad-based market access Analysis produced and disseminated of the prospects for export-led poverty reduction Assessment prepared of the impact of foreign trade and investment policies, not only on countries but on people; Arab trade negotiating capacities strengthened

43 43 UNDP’s holistic approach to development Partnerships with UNCTAD, WTO, ITC,ESCWA, ECA, OPEC,World Bank League of Arab States, civil society organizations, academia and economic policy and research institutions UNDP’s neutral capacity building role; BDP-SURF trade policy specialists and poverty reduction specialists Experience gained with SME development in 1 st RCF Assets

44 44 Promoting coherence between economic liberalization, trade and poverty reduction National investment policies consistent with poverty reduction promoted, together with people- centred strategies for managing globalization. New trade obligations of 11 countries met through stronger policy analysis and institutions; Arab trade negotiating capacities strengthened. Policies, facilities, and guidelines designed to give SMEs affordable, broad-based market access. Trade & Finance ministries, chambers of commerce, public and private investors, small and medium sized enterprises Human Development as the UNDP’s holistic approach Partnerships with UNCTAD, WTO, ITC,ESCWA, ECA, OPEC,World Bank League of Arab States, civil society organizations, academia and economic policy and research institutions UNDP’s neutral capacity building role; BDP-SURF trade policy specialists Experience gained with SME development in 1 st RCF Issues Results Assets Clients

45 45 2. Knowledge

46 46 Issues: Re-vamping and utilizing knowledge capabilities

47 47 Intellectual capital development (ICD) and knowledge based economy Assess technological, economic and pedagogical changes driving knowledge economies Design culturally appropriate strategies to promote Arab ICD Basic & higher Education Assess Math and Science school teaching, produce data and analyses to develop policies, standards and strategies for reform based on international standards. Help 40 Arab universities to plan, manage and improve the quality of higher education, applying international benchmarks and practices. Data base created and tested ICT for development promote enabling policy, legal and institutional contexts facilitate broader access, including in rural areas support to key, regionally replicable country - level interventions(e.g Lebanon and Egypt) identify/share regional and global best practice support National Information Technology advisory bodies disseminate information on ICT market niches exploit ICT for job creation introduce ICT in school curricula ICT for poverty reduction initiatives SERVICES

48 48 Results Internationally comparable scores for student performance in Math and Science in 5-6 countries; lessons learned available to policy makers, schools and teachers.Business and computer science courses at 40 universities assessed, trends analyzed and policy reforms formulated. ICT policies/strategies strengthened, best practices and information disseminated; specific ICT applications developed contributing to job creation education & poverty reduction.

49 49 Assets Intra and interregional experience sharing (Asia- Pacific; Latin America; Europe); High-calibre RBAS Project Advisory Groups Frontier studies in Arab ICD; Expertise/methodologies of partners - IEA, Boston etc UNDP global ICT partnerships; UNDP global and regional knowledge management structures; BDP- SURF ICT specialists

50 50 Issues Re-vamping and utilizing knowledge capabilities Results Internationally comparable scores for student performance in Math and Science in 5-6 countries; lessons learned available to policy makers, schools and teachers; reforms recommended. Business and computer science courses at 40 universities assessed, trends analyzed and reforms recommended. ICT policies/strategies strengthened, best practices and information disseminated;applying ICT for job creation; specific ICT applications education & poverty reduction. Clients Assets Intra and Interregional experience sharing (Asia- Pacific; Latin America; Europe); High-caliber RBAS Project Advisory Groups Frontier studies in Arab ICD; Expertise/methodologies of partners - IEA, Boston etc E-assessments under GCF; UNDP global and regional knowledge management structures; BDP-SURF ICT specialists University and school teachers, administrators & students; public and private employers; IT policy makers, private firms, grassroots communities and other user groups.

51 51 3. Governance

52 52 Enhancing judicial reform, participation, accountability & human rights Issues

53 53 Rule of Law: modernizing justice administrations; strengthening judicial independence; promoting legal literacy; automation of voter registration Participation: support to MPs; improving on-line presence of parliaments; new legal databases; support to elections Transparency: establishing transparency and accountability frameworks in public and business activities Human rights: awareness building; support to HR treaty monitoring and implementation SERVICES

54 54 Good practice legal guidelines; model pilot courts; trained judges, civil servants and court staff; legal information systems; national integrity systems tested; anti-corruption measures regionally adapted; e-governance systems to enhance effectiveness, and accessibility of public sector services.NGO monitoring of HR abuses reinforced. Results

55 55 POGAR NGO networks Partnerships with bilateral and multilateral players (USAID; OHCHR; EC; legal associations) POGAR access to judges and parliamentarians Regional approaches Assets

56 56 Enhancing judicial reform, participation, accountability & human rights Good practice legal guidelines; model pilot courts; trained judges, civil servants and court staff; legal information systems; national integrity systems; anti-corruption measures regionally adapted; e-for streamlined public services.NGO monitoring of HR abuses Judiciaries, parliaments, court administrations, civil servants, NGOs and disenfranchised groups POGAR NGO networks Partnerships with bilateral and multilateral players (USAID; OHCHR; EC; legal associations) POGAR access to judges and parliamentarians Trust in UNDP’s impartiality Issues Results Assets Clients

57 57 Intellectual Capital GROWTHGROWTH GOVERNANCEGOVERNANCE Equity Human rights Knowledge ICT Sustainable Development Where It All Comes Together back


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