Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

LEARN, PRACTICE, KNOW BY ELIZABETH BUCKHOLD Colons & Semicolons ENTER.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "LEARN, PRACTICE, KNOW BY ELIZABETH BUCKHOLD Colons & Semicolons ENTER."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 LEARN, PRACTICE, KNOW BY ELIZABETH BUCKHOLD Colons & Semicolons ENTER

3 Colon or Semicolon? Where do you want to begin? SEMICOLONS COLONS

4 Colons: The Rules There are two ways to use a colon. Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. You must have the following supplies: glue, paper, and scissors. Hints: The words proceeding the colon must be a complete sentence. Often the words “the following”, “these” or “as follows” is in the original sentence. next

5 Colons: The Rules Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. While on vacation, I saw the most beautiful site in the world: sunset at the Mackinaw Bridge. Hint : The words proceeding the colon must be a complete sentence. next

6 Colon Practice Which sentence uses the colon correctly? To play basketball, you need: shoes, a towel, and a ball. There is one game I love above all: basketball. Why do these: basketball players practice so much? answer

7 Practice Answer To play basketball, you need: shoes, a towel, and a ball. Wrong! The words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence Why do these: basketball players practice so much? Wrong! The words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence. Nor is the ending a list or an elaboration. There is one game I love above all: basketball. Correct! The words preceding the colon DO form a complete sentence while setting up for a short, but sweet, elaboration. next

8 Colon Questions Try a few on your own. Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the colon used correctly? Sometimes I sleep in English: don’t tell Mrs. Buckhold. WRONGCORRECT HELP

9 Help Colon Rules Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. Return to Question

10 Oops! “Sometimes I sleep in English: don’t tell Mrs. Buckhold.” is incorrect because… …it doesn’t follow either colon rule. …it is two complete sentences that should be joined with a semicolon. Incorrect Try Again

11 Right Answer! “Sometimes I sleep in English: don’t tell Mrs. Buckhold.” is incorrect because… …it doesn’t follow either colon rule. …it is two complete sentences that should be joined with a semicolon. Next Question

12 Colon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the colon used correctly? The pledge begins with these words: “I pledge allegiance to the flag…” WRONGCORRECT HELP

13 Help Colon Rules Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. Return to Question

14 Oops! The pledge begins with these words: “I pledge allegiance to the flag…” is correct because… …it indicates an upcoming elaboration/explanation. …the words preceding the colon for a complete sentence. …it uses the word “these” to indicate the upcoming explanation. Incorrect Try Again

15 Right Answer! The pledge begins with these words: “I pledge allegiance to the flag…” is correct because… …it indicates an upcoming elaboration/explanation. …the words preceding the colon for a complete sentence. …it uses the word “these” to indicate the upcoming explanation. Next Question

16 Colon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the colon used correctly? When my mom gets mad: she can only say one thing, “Go to your room!” WRONGCORRECT HELP

17 Help Colon Rules Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. Return to Question

18 Oops! When my mom gets mad: she can only say one thing, “Go to your room!” is incorrect because… …the words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence. …the phrase “she can only say one thing” isn’t a list or an elaboration. …the colon should be placed after the word “thing.” Incorrect Try Again

19 Right Answer! “When my mom gets mad: she can only say one thing, “Go to your room!” is incorrect because… …the words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence. …the phrase “she can only say one thing” isn’t a list or an elaboration. …the colon should be placed after the word “thing.” Next Question

20 Colon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the colon used correctly? Pink, yellow, and blue: these are Ashley’s favorite colors. WRONGCORRECT HELP

21 Help Colon Rules Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. Return to Question

22 Oops! “Pink, yellow, and blue: these are Ashley’s favorite colors” is incorrect because… …the words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence. …the list must be following the colon, not in front of it. Incorrect Try Again

23 Right Answer! “Pink, yellow, and blue: these are Ashley’s favorite colors” is incorrect because… …the words preceding the colon do not form a complete sentence. …the list must be following the colon, not in front of it. Next Question

24 Colon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the colon used correctly? There has been only one class that has truly changed my life: senior seminar. WRONGCORRECT HELP

25 Help Colon Rules Rule #1 A colon can indicate an upcoming list in the same sentence. Rule #2 A colon can indicate an upcoming elaboration or definition. Return to Question

26 Oops! “There has been only one class that has truly changed my life: senior seminar,” is correct because …the words preceding the colon form a complete sentence. …the words following the colon elaborate and clarify the beginning of the sentence. Incorrect Try Again

27 Right Answer! “There has been only one class that has truly changed my life: senior seminar,” is correct because …the words preceding the colon form a complete sentence. …the words following the colon elaborate and clarify the beginning of the sentence. Next

28 Missed three or more? Missed fewer than 2? Click on the following link to review a few more examples. Congratulations! Click the following link to discover semicolons. How well did you do? COLONS SEMICOLONS Already know semicolons? Click the link below to take the colon/semicolon test. The Test

29 Colon Review Where does the colon belong? There is one action movie that stands out from the rest Die Hard. I need the following books for my literature class Julius Caesar, Beowulf, and Death of a Salesman. All student enrolled in Publications must have taken all prerequisites CP English 11, CP Communications, Art, and Intro to Computers. Click here for answers

30 Colon Review Where does the colon belong? There is one action movie that stands out from the rest : Die Hard. I need the following books for my literature class : Julius Caesar, Beowulf, and Death of a Salesman. All student enrolled in Publications must have taken all prerequisites : CP English 11, CP Communications, Art, and Intro to Computers. Next

31 Colon Review Where does the colon belong? My mother always asks me the hardest question when deciding the Thanksgiving menu ham or turkey? The following students need to report to the office Jamie, Greg, Nathan, and Josh. Most kids who are granted a wish by the Make-A-Wish Foundation wish to go to the happiest place on earth Walt Disney World. Click here for answers

32 Colon Review Where does the colon belong? My mother always asks me the hardest question when deciding the Thanksgiving menu : ham or turkey? The following students need to report to the office : Jamie, Greg, Nathan, and Josh. Most kids who are granted a wish by the Make-A-Wish Foundation wish to go to the happiest place on earth : Walt Disney World. Next

33 Missed two or more? Missed one or fewer? Stop here and see your teacher for assistance. Congratulations! Click the following link to discover semicolons. How well did you do? SEMICOLONS Already know semicolons? Click the link below to take the colon/semicolon test. The Test

34 Semicolons: The Rules There are three ways to use a semicolon. Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. I love sweets; chocolates are my favorite. Hints: Both sides of the semicolon must be complete sentences. The sentences must be about the same subject matter. Simple sentences don’t contain any phrases or clauses. next

35 Semicolons: The Rules Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Some people believe semicolons and colons are interchangeable; however, they each have a separate set of rules. Hint : Common conjunctions: however, therefore, moreover, yet, but the fact is… The conjunctions MUST be followed by a comma! Again, both sides of the semicolon must be complete, simple sentences. next

36 Semicolons: The Rules Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. The members of the Student Senate are Rachael, freshman; David, sophomore; Ryan, junior; and Brenda, senior. Hint : This is uncommon and not tested on the ACT; however, it is valuable to know. next

37 Semicolon Practice Which sentence uses the semicolon correctly? I hate walking to school; in the winter. I need socks; a sweater; and a new pair of shoes. My favorite color is blue, therefore; that’s the color I painted my room. I sharpened my pencil in the library; Mrs. Buckhold’s sharpener is broken. answer

38 Practice Answer I hate walking to school; in the winter. Wrong! The words behind the semicolon (in the winter) don’t form a complete sentence. My favorite color is blue, therefore; that’s the color I painted my room. Wrong! The semicolon goes BEFORE the conjunction and the comma goes AFTER. I sharpened my pencil in the library; Mrs. Buckhold’s sharpener is broken. Correct! Both sides of the semicolon are complete, simple, related sentences. I need socks; a sweater; and a new pair of shoes. Wrong! A semicolon is only used in a series/list when the items themselves contain a comma. next

39 Semicolon Questions Try a few on your own. Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the semicolon used correctly? My locker is in the 400 hallway; therefore, I am always late for Art. WRONGCORRECT HELP

40 Help Semicolon Rules Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a the separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. Return to Question

41 Oops! “My locker is in the 400 hallway; therefore, I am always late for Art,” is correct because… …the semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb (therefore) which is followed by a comma …each side of the semicolon is a complete sentence. Incorrect Try Again

42 Right Answer! “My locker is in the 400 hallway; therefore, I am always late for Art,” is correct because… …the semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb (therefore) which is followed by a comma …each side of the semicolon is a complete sentence. Next Question

43 Semicolon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the semicolon used correctly? The following students need to report to the office; Mike, John, Susan and Tim. WRONGCORRECT HELP

44 Help Semicolon Rules Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a the separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. Return to Question

45 Oops! “The following students need to report to the office; Mike, John, Susan and Tim,” is incorrect because… …a colon should be used to introduce the series …it follows none of the semicolon rules. A semicolon will never be used to introduce a series. Incorrect Try Again

46 Right Answer! “The following students need to report to the office; Mike, John, Susan and Tim,” is incorrect because… …a colon should be used to introduce the series …it follows none of the semicolon rules. A semicolon will never be used to introduce a series. Next Question

47 Semicolon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the semicolon used correctly? Information about the characters Jack, the choir leader; Ralph, the chosen leader; Piggy, the pudgy one with glasses; and Simon, the epileptic with black hair, will be on the test. WRONGCORRECT HELP

48 Help Semicolon Rules Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a the separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. Return to Question

49 Oops! “Information about the characters Jack, the choir leader; Ralph, the chosen leader; Piggy, the pudgy one with glasses; and Simon, the epileptic with black hair,* will be on the test,” is correct because… …the semicolon is used in place of a comma in a series because the items in the series contain commas *The final comma is used to set off the phrase. A semicolon would not be used because a semicolon only replaces a comma that separates items in a series, such as the one preceding “and”. Incorrect Try Again

50 Right Answer! “Information about the characters Jack, the choir leader; Ralph, the chosen leader; Piggy, the pudgy one with glasses; and Simon, the epileptic with black hair,* will be on the test,” is correct because… …the semicolon is used in place of a comma in a series because the items in the series contain commas *The final comma is used to set off the phrase. A semicolon would not be used because a semicolon only replaces a comma that separates items in a series, such as the one preceding “and”. Next Question

51 Semicolon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the semicolon used correctly? Many people believe community service should be mandatory for high school students; however, the truth is that students will not participate unless forced. WRONGCORRECT HELP

52 Help Semicolon Rules Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a the separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. Return to Question

53 Oops! “Many people believe community service should be mandatory for high school students; however, the truth is that students will not participate unless forced.” is correct because… …the semicolon separates two complete sentences. …the semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb, which is followed by a comma. Incorrect Try Again

54 Right Answer! “Many people believe community service should be mandatory for high school students; however, the truth is that students will not participate unless forced,” is correct because… …the semicolon separates two complete sentences. …the semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb, which is followed by a comma. Next Question

55 Semicolon Questions Click on the help button for a reminder of the rules. Is the semicolon used correctly? One day I was walking with my best friend, who needed someone to talk to, and we saw the birds eating seed in the park; wishing to see the birds closer, my friend and I walked up to them, held out our hands, and waited to see if the birds would eat out of our hands. WRONGCORRECT HELP

56 Help Semicolon Rules Rule #1 A semicolon can be used to separate two complete, simple sentences without a conjunction. Rule #2 A semicolon can connect a two complete sentences with a conjunctive adverb joining the sentences. Rule #3 A semicolon can be used in the place of a the separating comma in a series/list when the items in the series/list contain commas. Return to Question

57 Oops! “One day I was walking with my best friend, who needed someone to talk to, and we saw the birds eating seed in the park; wishing to see the birds closer, my friend and I walked up to them, held out our hands, and waited to see if the birds would eat out of our hands,” is incorrect because… …the semicolon is connecting two complete, but complex, sentences. The sentences a semicolon connects must be simple. Otherwise, it appears as a long, run on sentence to the reader. Incorrect Try Again

58 Right Answer! “One day I was walking with my best friend, who needed someone to talk to, and we saw the birds eating seed in the park; wishing to see the birds closer, my friend and I walked up to them, held out our hands, and waited to see if the birds would eat out of our hands,” is incorrect because… …the semicolon is connecting two complete, but complex, sentences. The sentences a semicolon connects must be simple. Otherwise, it appears as a long, run on sentence to the reader. Next

59 Missed three or more? Missed fewer than 2? Click on the following link to review a few more examples. Congratulations! Click the following link to discover colons. How well did you do? COLONS SEMICOLONS Already know colons? Click the link below to take the colon/semicolon test. The Test

60 Semicolon Review Where does the semicolon belong? I had a cold on Monday therefore, I missed school. I hit a tree on the way to school yesterday now I have to ride the bus. In order to graduate you have to take senior seminar, where you will make your portfolio, Government, a social studies class, and English 12, the last English class. Click here for answers

61 Semicolon Review Where does the semicolon belong? I had a cold on Monday ; therefore, I missed school. I hit a tree on the way to school yesterday ; now I have to ride the bus. In order to graduate you have to take senior seminar, where you will make your portfolio ; Government, a social studies class ; and English 12, the last English class. Next

62 Semicolon Review Where does the semicolon belong? My favorite type of literature is historical fiction Phillipa Gregory is my favorite author of historical fiction. I used to eat a lot of white bread however, I now know that whole wheat bread is much healthier for me. The English teachers at CPS are Ms. Giacobone, English 10, Mrs. Clark, English 9, Mrs. Grunert, English 11, Mrs. Buckhold, English 11, and Mr. Miller, English 12. Click here for answers

63 Semicolon Review Where does the semicolon belong? My favorite type of literature is historical fiction ; Phillipa Gregory is my favorite author of historical fiction. I used to eat a lot of white bread ; however, I now know that whole wheat bread is much healthier for me. The English teachers at CPS are Ms. Giacobone, English 10 ; Mrs. Clark, English 9 ; Mrs. Grunert, English 11 ; Mrs. Buckhold, English 11 ; and Mr. Miller, English 12. Next

64 Missed two or more? Missed one or fewer? Stop here and see your teacher for assistance. Congratulations! Click the following link to discover colons. How well did you do? COLONS Already know colons? Click the link below to take the colon/semicolon test. The Test

65 4) I’ve read several British works Hamlet, Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde, and Lord of the Flies. ? next COLON & SEMICOLONS: THE TEST 1) On a blustery, windy day, I saw the scariest thing ever a funnel cloud. ? 2)When I go to school, I always arrive late therefore, I often have detentions. ? 3) I need to have the following items my pencil, my notebook, and my novel. ? 5) There is another way to use a colon it separates the hour and minutes in digital time. ? 6) A semicolon may be used in a series with commas integrated however, it is rare. ? 7) Which one do I use a semicolon or a colon? ? 8) Sometimes I use a semicolon sometimes I prefer a colon. ? 9) Semicolons are often confused with colons however, they aren’t interchangeable. ? 10) The ACT English test includes my biggest weakness punctuation. ? 11) The Reading test includes the following prose, natural science, humanities and social science. ? next Next BEGIN

66 14) My tenth grade English teacher, Mr. Smith, is effective because he is passionate about the subject of American literature moreover, he teaches it so his students become passionate, too. ? next COLON & SEMICOLONS: THE TEST Turn your answers into the teacher. 15)Ever since I was a child, I have had reoccurring nightmares about a horrible, frightful thing fiery volcanoes erupting in my backyard. ? next Next 12) Ever since I was a child and read Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne, I have wanted to travel to one place Reykjavik, Iceland ? next 13) I have an extensive list of favorite novels Sense and Sensibility, by Jane Austen For Whom the Bell Tolls, by Ernest Hemingway Macbeth, by William Shakespeare and The DaVinci Code, by Dan Brown. ? ?? ? next

67 Congratulations! THE END


Download ppt "LEARN, PRACTICE, KNOW BY ELIZABETH BUCKHOLD Colons & Semicolons ENTER."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google