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1 Improving Achievement the CPC Way © James M. Furukawa, J.D., Ph.D. (2005)

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Presentation on theme: "1 Improving Achievement the CPC Way © James M. Furukawa, J.D., Ph.D. (2005)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Improving Achievement the CPC Way © James M. Furukawa, J.D., Ph.D. (2005)

2 Tap the space bar to advance. 2 Do you want better grades? Do you want to continue to get high grades but with less effort? If your answer is yes, this course is for you.

3 Tap the space bar to advance. 3 How? By mastering a dynamic new information processing principle consisting of only three rules.

4 Tap the space bar to advance. 4 The Bad News About 50% of the students in some high schools drop out and about 30% of the students in some colleges never graduate. And yet, the job market demands higher and higher levels of knowledge.

5 Tap the space bar to advance. 5 The Good News This course can make you a winner. It will provide you, the learner, with a simple but highly effective means for improving achievement.

6 Tap the space bar to advance. 6 Beyond the Classroom The value of this book is not limited to students, as it is equally applicable to anyone who has to learn or communicate information. What happens when you don’t get a passing grade in school? You fail, or you get to repeat the course. In the job market, on the other hand, it could mean the difference between getting or keeping a good job.

7 Tap the space bar to advance. 7 Making Winners At the high school level, a controlled study involved two biology classes taught by the same teacher. One class learned and used the CPC Way of improving achievement (CPC class); the other class did not (Non- CPC class). On the first test, 54% of the students in the CPC-class earned an A, but only 11% of the Non-CPC class students earned an A).

8 Tap the space bar to advance. 8 Making Winners Not only did the students in the CPC-class increase their scores in biology, but they generalized the study skills to the study of other subjects as well. During the three-month duration of the research project, more of their grades went up in other courses while more of the Non- CPC student had their grades go down in the other courses.

9 Tap the space bar to advance. 9 Making Winners At the college level, 83% of the freshmen who learned the CPC way returned for their sophomore year; only 72% of the non-CPC Way freshmen returned for their sophomore year. In a second experiment, 38% of the conditionally accepted students were able to pass an introductory psychology course, but after being taught the contents of this course, 90% were able to pass.

10 Tap the space bar to advance. 10 Making Winners The CPC Way can even be used to teach preschool children how to read and do arithmetic. No other learning system has an equivalent record of successes at all levels of education!

11 Tap the space bar to advance. 11 Looking Ahead When driving, we pay attention to road signs, for they provide us with cues as to how to drive safely. We should also know what factors signal danger in studying—causes of failure, and we can also benefit from knowing what will lead to successes.

12 12 PART ONE SUCCESS OR FAILURE

13 13 Chapter 1 Causes of Failure

14 Tap the space bar to advance. 14 Causes of Failure Students fail for many reasons. If you know what they are, you can try to avoid them. Here are some common causes of failure: I.LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE II.LACK OF ABILITY III.NOT ENOUGH TIME IV.POOR HEALTH V.LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE

15 Tap the space bar to advance. 15 Causes of Failure The list that you saw omits one of the most common causes of failure: not knowing how to study. It will be discussed in a later chapter.

16 Tap the space bar to advance. 16 Summary Causes of failure: I. Basic knowledge II. Ability III. Time IV. Health V. Self-discipline

17 Tap the space bar to advance. 17 I. LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE If you do not know how to add, you cannot learn how to multiply. In the same way, having failed to learn some important words earlier in school can be a handicap now. There are several ways of remedying this lack of basic knowledge. You will find a few of them in the next few slides.

18 Tap the space bar to advance. 18 I. LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE B. Seek outside help There are many books that can help you to “catch up.” If your teacher cannot help you learn what you have missed, ask someone else for help. You could ask your parents or even one of your classmates. You need to seek help before you get too far behind and it is too late to catch up.

19 Tap the space bar to advance. 19 II. LACK OF ABILITY C. Other things may be involved The lack of ability may be the least of your worries. Since you are where you are now because you passed the lower grades, you should also be able to pass in the future. Instead of a lack of ability, then, other things may be involved.

20 Tap the space bar to advance. 20 II. LACK OF ABILITY D. Individual Differences may be involved Some of us can run faster than others and some of us can lift a heavier weight. In the same way, some of us can learn faster than others, and some of us learn better by seeing rather than hearing things. This course will show you how to study so that you will be able to learn as fast and as well as anyone else, if not faster.

21 Tap the space bar to advance. 21 Summary I. LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE A. Course B. Outside help II. LACK OF ABILITY A. Other things B. Individual differences

22 Tap the space bar to advance. 22 Review Questions (Answers may require one or more words.) I. LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE A. Course 1)To remedy a lack of basic knowledge and to avoid difficulty in a more advanced course, you may need to _____. B. Outside help 2)If you have fallen behind in your school work, you may need to _____ before it is too late.

23 Tap the space bar to advance. 23 II. LACK OF ABILITY A. Other things 3)Instead of a lack of _____, other things may cause learning problems. B. Individual differences 4)Some of us learn _____ than others, and some of us can learn better seeing than hearing things. Review Questions (Answers may require one or more words.)

24 Tap the space bar to advance. 24 Answers I. LACK OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE A. Course 1)to repeat a course B. Outside help 2)seek outside help II. LACK OF ABILITY A. Other things 3)ability B. Individual differences 4)faster

25 25 Stop! Go back and review the questions and see if you can recall the answers.

26 Tap the space bar to advance. 26 III. NOT ENOUGH TIME Sometimes you will find that you just have too much to study and not enough time.This can happen—especially to persons who are active in many areas, such as sports and student government. If you are one of these students, don't wait until the last minute to do something about your problems.

27 Tap the space bar to advance. 27 III. NOT ENOUGH TIME A. Extra time. Check your schedule and calendar to see if there will be some extra time to make up your work. B. Activities. Decide what the most important activities are and postpone or cancel the less important ones. C. Help. Ask someone for help.

28 Tap the space bar to advance. 28 III. NOT ENOUGH TIME A. More time. When it is absolutely necessary, ask your teacher for more time to finish something. In most cases, if you have a good reason, the teacher will give you more time. B. Course. As a last resort, you may check to see if it is possible to drop a course. Discuss this possibility with your teacher and parents. You will probably have to complete the course during the summer or during the next school year.

29 Tap the space bar to advance. 29 Summary III. NOT ENOUGH TIME A. Extra time B. Important activities C. Help D. More time F. Course

30 Tap the space bar to advance. 30 III. NOT ENOUGH TIME A. Extra time 1)Check your schedule and calendar to see if there will be extra time to _____ work. B. Activities 2)Decide what the most _____ activities are, and postpone or cancel the less important ones. C. Help 3)You may need to _____ someone for help. Review Questions (Answers may require one or more words.)

31 Tap the space bar to advance. 31 III. NOT ENOUGH TIME D. More time 4)When it is absolutely necessary, ask your _____ for more time to finish something. E. Course 5)As a last resort, you may check to see if it is possible to _____ a course. Review Questions (Answers may require one or more words.)

32 Tap the space bar to advance. 32 Answers III. NOT ENOUGH TIME A. Extra time 1)make up B. Activities 2)important C. Help 3)ask D. More time 4)teacher E. Course 5)drop

33 Tap the space bar to advance. 33 IV. POOR HEALTH The health of your body and mind affects how well you can learn.

34 Tap the space bar to advance. 34 IV. POOR HEALTH A.Body Do you remember the last time you were sick? You probably were not able to do things as well as you wanted to. In fact, you probably did not feel like doing anything at all. Do you exercise regularly? If not, you may want to try some of the exercises shown at the end of this chapter. They are easy to do, and they take very little time.

35 Tap the space bar to advance. 35 Do you have unhealthy habits? If you smoke, drink, use drugs, or eat junk food, your health may not be as good as it should be. The way you eat and the way you treat your body affects the way your mind works. You will have a better chance of learning well when you have a healthy body. IV. POOR HEALTH A.Body

36 Tap the space bar to advance. 36 Summary IV. HEALTH A. Body 1. Sick 2. Exercise 3. Unhealthy habits

37 Tap the space bar to advance. 37 A. Body 1. Sick 1)The last time you were sick, you were probably not _____ to do things as well as you wanted to. 2. Exercise 2)Regular exercise improves the health of your body and, it is easy to do and takes very little _____. 3. Unhealthy habits 3)If you smoke, drink, use drugs, or eat junk food, your _____ may not be as good as it should be. 4)You will have a better chance of _____ well when you have a healthy body. Review Questions (Answers may require one or more words.)

38 Tap the space bar to advance. 38 Answers A. Body 1. Sick 1)able 2. Exercise 2)time 3. Unhealthy habits 3)health 4)learning

39 Tap the space bar to advance. 39 IV. POOR HEALTH B.Mind Many things affect your mind and the way you think. Not all of them are bad. But a person thinking about a ball game or a boyfriend or girlfriend may have trouble studying. If you have trouble concentrating, try the suggestions given in a checklist (counseling checklists in the Print Shop). Here are some of the ways your mind can hurt your studying and some things you can do to help.

40 Tap the space bar to advance. 40 1. Attitude Many times students do not like to study something because they do not like the book, the teacher, or the subject. Sometimes they are even affected by what their friends say about a course. Many subjects are important to learn if you want to go to college (graduate school), get a job, or know more about your hobbies. Think about how the subject will fit in with your goals. IV. POOR HEALTH B.Mind

41 Tap the space bar to advance. 41 2. Daydreaming Everyone daydreams. But if your daydreams bother you or stop you from studying, try taking some of these steps: a. Study something else. It could be that you are bored with what you are studying. b. Stop and rest. Sometimes taking a short break from your studies may help, especially after you have been studying for a long time. c. Go to the library. Studying where everyone else is studying may help. d. List your daydreams. There may be a reason for your daydreams. Knowing this reason can help you to stop it from bothering you. IV. POOR HEALTH B.Mind

42 Tap the space bar to advance. 42 Summary IV. HEALTH B. Mind 1. Attitude 2. Daydreaming a. Something else b. Rest c. Library d. List

43 Tap the space bar to advance. 43 B. Mind 1. Attitude 1) To maintain a positive attitude about learning, think about how the subject will fit in with your _____. 2. Daydreaming 2)If you are daydreaming because you are bored with. what you are studying, try studying _____. 3)Sometimes taking a short _____ may help, especially if you have been studying for a long time. 4)Studying where everyone else is _____ may help you avoid daydreaming. 5)Listing your daydreams may help you find out the_____ for them, and can stop them from bothering you. Review Questions Answers may require one or more words.

44 Tap the space bar to advance. 44 Answers B. Mind 1. Attitude 1)goals 2. Daydreaming 2)something else 3)break 4)studying 5)reason

45 Tap the space bar to advance. 45 A sad person does not enjoy studying. Sad thoughts push everything else out. What are some ways to be happy? IV. POOR HEALTH B. Mind 3. Happiness

46 Tap the space bar to advance. 46 a. Friends Having friends always helps. This means that you have to get along with other people, including your parents and brothers and sisters. IV. POOR HEALTH B. Mind 3. Happiness

47 Tap the space bar to advance. 47 b. Activities Try to get involved in more than one activity. If you have only one thing to do, you will feel badly if you don't do well in it. But, not being successful in one activity will not bother you as much if you have other interests. Also, when you get tired of one, you can enjoy the others. IV. POOR HEALTH B. Mind 3. Happiness

48 Tap the space bar to advance. 48 c. Problems Try to solve them as soon as possible. Sometimes deciding not to do anything for a day or two can be a good start. Many problems seem to disappear after a few days. If not, ask for help from parents, friends, or teachers. Try not to let the problems become worse than they really are. IV. POOR HEALTH B. Mind 3. Happiness

49 Tap the space bar to advance. 49 d. Hobbies Hobbies are fun. Find some that you can do with others and some that you can do by yourself. Remember, a job for one person can be a hobby for another. Who knows? Your hobby could turn out to be a future career. Whatever hobbies you choose, be sure that you enjoy them. IV. POOR HEALTH B. Mind 3. Happiness

50 Tap the space bar to advance. 50 Summary 3. Happiness a.Friends b. Activities c. Problems d. Hobbies

51 Tap the space bar to advance. 51 Critical Thinking Questions. FSAT: F = Facts, S = Summary, A = Attitude, T = Thought—applying new knowledge in appropriate situations. Happiness F: Name the four ways recommended. S: How can the four ways help to maintain a healthy mind? A: Do you think the suggestions can help you? T: Prepare a list of what you can do in terms of friends, activities, problems, and hobbies.

52 Tap the space bar to advance. 52 V. LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE What does self-discipline mean, and what can you do to achieve it?

53 Tap the space bar to advance. 53 A.Definition By self-discipline, we mean having enough self-control to complete tasks or assignments. For example, suppose you watched TV instead of doing your homework; this shows a lack of self-discipline. You need self-discipline to do some things, such as exercising, eating properly, and training your mind. V. LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE

54 Tap the space bar to advance. 54 B. What you can do? Most teachers give students schedules or assignments. These schedules and assignments tell you what you have to do and when. For example, the schedule may tell you when to read certain chapters in a book, when to take a test, and so on. You should always try to follow the schedule. If not, you may begin to fall behind. The further behind you fall, the more difficult it becomes to catch up. V. LACK OF SELF- DISCIPLINE

55 Tap the space bar to advance. 55 B. What you can do Here are some suggestions to help you: 1.Do some extra studying. Try to do a little more than is needed. By doing so, you can find extra time to fit in your activities that you had not planned for, such as meeting a friend, going to a movie, or attending a party. 2.Study before holidays. If you try to do more of your studies before the holidays, you can enjoy the holidays more. V. LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE

56 Tap the space bar to advance. 56 3. Learn to say “No.” Finishing your studies may mean saying "no" to social invitations once in a while. Completing your studies each day will help you learn more and move you toward your future goals. V. LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE

57 Tap the space bar to advance. 57 Summary V. LACK OF SELF-DISCIPLINE A. Definitions B. What to do 1. Extra studying 2. Holidays 3. Saying no

58 Tap the space bar to advance. 58 FSAT Questions F: Define “lack of self discipline.” S: Name the things that you can do. A: Do you think the ways suggested will help? T: Apply some of the techniques suggested.

59 Tap the space bar to advance. 59 Suggested Exercises Before doing any kind of exercises, you should always check with your doctor. Also, do not try to do all the exercises at once. Begin slowly and add to the number of exercises.

60 Tap the space bar to advance. 60 Suggested Exercises 1. Running in Place Stand as you always do. Begin running. Count to 100 paces, one for each time that your left foot touches the floor. Run slowly and gradually increase your speed.

61 Tap the space bar to advance. 61 Suggested Exercises 2. Truck Twister Join your hands at the back of your head and keep them there. Bend forward and down while breathing out. Twist your upper body to the right and to the left. Next, straighten your body into a standing position while breathing in deeply. Repeat 10 times.

62 Tap the space bar to advance. 62 Suggested Exercises 3. Body Bender Put your hands above your head, with your legs about 12 inches apart. Bend your body at the waist and swing your arms down to the floor. Breathe out while doing this. Breathe in deeply while straightening back up to the beginning position. Repeat 10 times.

63 Tap the space bar to advance. 63 Suggested Exercises 4. Knee-Bends Start in a standing position, with your arms straight out in front of you. Breathe out as you sit down. Return to the starting position while breathing in deeply. Repeat 10 times.

64 Tap the space bar to advance. 64 Suggested Exercises 5. Sit-Ups Lie on your back, legs straight, heels together, with your arms above your head and touching the floor. Breathe in deeply; then sit up and touch your feet with your hands. Breathe out and drop slowly back to the starting position. Repeat 10 times.

65 Tap the space bar to advance. 65 Suggested Exercises 6. Push-Ups (Men) Lie flat on the floor, face down, hands placed at shoulder level, with palms flat on the floor. Lift your body by straightening your arms while keeping your back and legs straight, with only palms and toes touching the floor. Breathe in deeply as you push up. Now bend your arms slowly and breathe out while your chest is lowered to floor level again. Repeat 10 times.

66 Tap the space bar to advance. 66 Suggested Exercises 6. Push-Ups (Women) Stand about two feet away and facing a desk. Stretch your arms straight out and place your hands on the edge of the desk. Slowly bend your arms while breathing out and move your body until your chest touches your hands. Next, push back out to full arm stretch while breathing in deeply. Repeat 10 times.

67 Tap the space bar to advance. 67 Summary of Exercises 1. Running in Place 2. Trunk Twister 3. Body Bender 4. Knee-Bends 5. Sit-Ups 6. Push-Ups Men Women

68 Tap the space bar to advance. 68 FSAT Questions Now that you have read the first chapter, let’s see how much of it you remember. Answer the FSAT questions (Facts, Summary, Attitude, and Thought— application of new knowledge to solve problems) on the next slide. Facts are at the lowest level of knowledge. On the other end, if you can apply the knowledge, you are on your way to becoming an expert. Read the chapter again and look for answers to the questions that you get wrong.

69 Tap the space bar to advance. 69 Facts Which one of these will probably be the least of your worries? 1. Lack of ability 2. Lack of basic knowledge 3. Not enough time 4. Poor health

70 Tap the space bar to advance. 70 Summary If you had to choose the main idea of what you read in this chapter, it would probably be: a. Avoiding failure b. Being healthy c. Preventing daydreaming d. Lacking mental abilities

71 Tap the space bar to advance. 71 Attitude Do you think that the information in the chapter will help you in the future? Why?

72 Tap the space bar to advance. 72 Thought Do you think that the format of the chapter can help you in your future studies? In what way?

73 Tap the space bar to advance. 73 Looking Ahead What turns you on? What makes you feel like you are going to shoot for all A grades? Let’s take a look at these valuable factors.

74 74 Chapter 2. Motivation

75 Tap the space bar to advance. 75 Motivation Why do some students work harder to do one thing but not another? The answer could be motivation, a drive within you that makes you do something or act in a certain way. For example, when you really want good grades, you study harder. You will see why.

76 Tap the space bar to advance. 76 Motivation Here are the topics covered in this chapter: I.GETTING ENTHUSED II.EXPECTING REWARDS III.DOING THINGS IV.FINDING REASONS FOR SUCCEEDING

77 Tap the space bar to advance. 77 Summary C2. Motivation I. Enthused II. Rewards III. Doing things IV. Succeeding

78 Tap the space bar to advance. 78 I. GETTING ENTHUSED When you are enthused, you want to do things; you can't sit still. When you are excited about what you are reading, you want to read more. If you are enthused about what you are studying, you want to learn more. That's why enthusiasm is important.

79 Tap the space bar to advance. 79 You can think of enthusiasm as a ruler—zero on one end and 12 on the other. Zero means you are bored, and 12 means that you are overly excited. You want to be at about 6, neither so bored that you are falling asleep nor so excited that you can't think straight. I. GETTING ENTHUSED

80 Tap the space bar to advance. 80 Many things can make you excited. Interesting places, people, and activities make you want to look at them, read about them, and talk about them. Reading about strange places where people eat grasshoppers, watching an astronaut walk on the moon, or hearing about a tennis player who wins a close match are all exciting. You end up wanting more. I. GETTING ENTHUSED

81 Tap the space bar to advance. 81 Doing something well can be exciting. When you were learning how to ride a bike, falling off was discouraging. But, when you stopped falling and rode without help, it was exciting. Learning can be exciting, provided you do it well. I. GETTING ENTHUSED

82 Tap the space bar to advance. 82 Summary I. GETTING ENTHUSED A. Do things B. Ruler C. Many things D. Well

83 Tap the space bar to advance. 83 II. EXPECTING REWARDS What you are expecting can affect how you act. For example, three students all get a grade of B. The first student says, "Hurrah! I got a B!" The second student says, "I got what I expected.” The third student says, "I only got a B!“ The feelings of these three students are different because of what they expected.

84 Tap the space bar to advance. 84 What you expect can affect how you act in other ways. Suppose you worked for an A and got an F. You may not try any more because you failed so badly. On the other hand, if you had gotten a B, you would probably study harder for the next test to see if you could get an A. The rule, then, is that you are likely to work harder if you just barely miss what you had expected. Therefore, your expectations should be reasonable ones. II. EXPECTING REWARDS

85 Tap the space bar to advance. 85 Summary II. EXPECTING REWARDS A. Act B. Other ways 1. just miss 2. reasonable ones

86 Tap the space bar to advance. 86 III. DOING THINGS You may seek action because of your needs, goals, or competition.

87 Tap the space bar to advance. 87 III. DOING THINGS A.Needs Everyone has certain needs. Examples of these include the need for food and water or for interesting things to do. Some of the things that you do are done because you are trying to fulfill your needs.

88 Tap the space bar to advance. 88 Unfortunately, you may not be aware of some of these needs or even know what to call them. Some needs are very hard to explain, like affection—the need for people to like you for what you are. Also, needs differ. For instance, some students have a need to be social, to be with other people. Others have a need to be by themselves. The social person would like to study in a group, the other person would like to study alone. Which type are you? III. DOING THINGS A.Needs

89 Tap the space bar to advance. 89 Some people have a need to be the best at something—to climb the highest mountain, run the fastest mile, and get the best grades in school. In school, for example, why do some students study hard, while others do not? Students who study hard may have a need to do well. Such students may also believe that effort counts—if one studies hard, one will get a good grade. For these students, luck and ability have nothing to do with success. The answer for them is effort. They work hard to do well. III. DOING THINGS A.Needs

90 Tap the space bar to advance. 90 Summary III. DOING THINGS A. Needs 1. Certain needs 2. Aware a. Explain b. Other needs c. Differ 3. Best a.Need b. Effort

91 Tap the space bar to advance. 91 III. DOING THINGS B. Goals When you want something badly, you work harder for it. Do you remember when you finally learned how to skate, swim, or speak a foreign language? Didn't you feel great?

92 Tap the space bar to advance. 92 1. Some Goals Some goals are reached very quickly (short- range goals); others take a long time (long- range goals). The goal of finishing this chapter can be reached very quickly; graduating from college is far in the future. Some goals are in between these two (short- and long-range goals). These are medium- range goals. One such goal is finishing a school year. III. DOING THINGS B. Goals

93 Tap the space bar to advance. 93 2. Reasonable The goals that you choose should be reasonable. You are more likely to keep trying if they seem to be just beyond your grasp. If your goals seem to be impossible to achieve, then you are more likely to give up trying. III. DOING THINGS B. Goals

94 Tap the space bar to advance. 94 3. Setting goals. Setting goals makes you think about what you want to do in the future. Because goals are important, make a list of them. When you have completed the list, talk to your teacher or parents. Ask them for their opinion and help in setting goals that you can reach. Also, check to see if your goals are related—short-range ones should lead to medium- and long-range goals. III. DOING THINGS B. Goals

95 Tap the space bar to advance. 95 Summary III. DOING THINGS B. Goals 1. Some goals 2. Reasonable 3. Setting goals

96 Tap the space bar to advance. 96 MY GOALS ARE: [List them on a sheet of paper for later reference.] Long-range: Medium range: Short-range

97 Tap the space bar to advance. 97 III. DOING THINGS C. Competition Just about everything you do competitive. Games are the most obvious example. Car manufacturers competing against each other to sell cars is another example. You are also competing for grades and for jobs.

98 Tap the space bar to advance. 98 You can compete alone or you can compete as a member of a team. Alone you can compete against everyone else. As a member of a team, you can compete against other teams. For some, competition is good. For others, competition can be bad. Read the example on the next slide to see what we mean. III. DOING THINGS C. Competition

99 Tap the space bar to advance. 99 Have you ever been in a spell down? Everyone stands up and is asked to spell a word. When someone misses a word, that person sits down. Soon students learn that it is either Ruth or David who always wins. The other students don't enjoy the game because they know they will not win. Once a student sits down, he or she may pay very little attention to the words or their spellings, so most students neither win nor learn how to spell words. III. DOING THINGS C. Competition

100 Tap the space bar to advance. 100 The best kind of competition for most of us is competing against ourselves. In spelling, how many words did you spell correctly the first time? How many did you get correct the next time? Try to do a little better each time. Now, isn't that more exciting than losing all the time? III. DOING THINGS C. Competition

101 Tap the space bar to advance. 101 Summary III. DOING THINGS A. Competition 1. Everything 2. Alone or team 3. Best kind

102 Tap the space bar to advance. 102 Summary You can see that motivation is important because the motivated student is going to learn more than the unmotivated student.

103 Tap the space bar to advance. 103 III. DOING THINGS C. Competition Just about everything you do competitive. Games are the most obvious example. Car manufacturers competing against each other to sell cars is another example. You are also competing for grades and for jobs.

104 Tap the space bar to advance. 104 A. Job A major reason for going to school is to get a good job that pays well and pleases you. Whatever the job, the better educated person has a better chance of getting it. Also, that person is more likely to earn a higher salary. Did you know that the average college graduate will earn a million dollars in his or her lifetime? IV. FINDING REASONS FOR SUCCEEDING

105 Tap the space bar to advance. 105 B. Salary Normally, you will find that the college graduate graduate is earning thousands of dollars more than the high school graduate. Since the cost of living keeps going up, this is a very important fact to remember. IV. FINDING REASONS FOR SUCCEEDING

106 Tap the space bar to advance. 106 C. Enjoyment There are many reasons for doing things well, but you don't have to do things merely to win a game, to earn more money, or to get a better grade. You can read a book because you enjoy reading. You can fix a car because you enjoy working on it. You can study because learning is fun. IV. FINDING REASONS FOR SUCCEEDING

107 Tap the space bar to advance. 107 Summary IV. FINDING REASONS FOR SUCCEEDING A. Job B. Salary C. Enjoyment

108 Tap the space bar to advance. 108 Facts: Name the four main topics covered in this chapter on Motivation.

109 Tap the space bar to advance. 109 Summary: Define motivation and summarize the main points of this chapter.

110 Tap the space bar to advance. 110 Attitude: Do you think this chapter contains information that can be of help to you in the future.

111 Tap the space bar to advance. 111 Thought: What are some things that you can do to stay motivated?

112 Tap the space bar to advance. 112 Looking Ahead The next part of this course is on study methods. What, you already know how to study? Well, when you finish this part of the course, you will discover that there are many ways of studying, but nothing is as simple and powerful and effective as the CPC Way. What is it? Let’s find out.


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