Presentation on theme: "Goals Components of the Virtual Classroom Preparations Virtual Classroom Management."— Presentation transcript:
Goals Components of the Virtual Classroom Preparations Virtual Classroom Management
What is the Virtual Classroom? A place without walls, where classes are held over the Internet and students and instructors interact using asynchronous and synchronous forms of communication to achieve a desired learning outcome.
VC Components Classroom Laboratory Instructor’s Office Library Study Lounge
Preparations Planning Design Preparing the Learners
Where do you start? Develop goals and objectives Take a course yourself Sketch out a rudimentary design of classroom Prepare to design a learning community Prepare content in detail Prepare media that will be used Divide content into manageable modules Decide on communication tools Don’t assume that everyone will be techno- savvy Hardware and software needs Always have a Plan “B”
Some Samples…. WebCT /home.php Dr. Nancy Maushak
Preparing the Learners
Preparing the Learner Start slow Familiarize them with the website Introduce tools Create demos Allow students to practice Provide feedback to each student’s initial contributions
Preparing the Learner, cont…. Introduce the same things you would in a F2F Make expectations very clear Procedures Be friendly and personable Netiquette Build cohesiveness
Virtual Classroom Management
Instructor Roles Tracking Goals and Objectives Counseling Motivation Information Management Assignment Management Grading/ Feedback Archiving information and records Maintenance
Virtual Classroom Management Virtual Office Hours Communication Tools Content Management Assessment Time Netiquette Resources
Virtual Office Hours
"Virtual Office Hours"? Virtual Office Hours utilize electronic communication methods to supplement existing faculty office hours, by providing: Faculty-student communication Online question and answer sessions Online delivery of course materials
Student Benefits of Virtual Office Hours Send questions to course professors Receive answers from professors through public posting Browse other students' public questions with respective answers Browse course materials: problem sets, handouts, articles, exams, keys Download or print course materials Participate in online study groups Link to worldwide information resources Send confidential communications to faculty Student Endorsements: 96% of UCLA sophomore chemistry students polled say YES to VOH!
Faculty Benefits of Holding Virtual Office Hours Assist students who miss live office hours Have office hours when you are away from campus Have office hours in a distance education setting Post answers to questions publicly so all students can benefit Link related facts through hypertext Make course materials available without building or library hours limitations Map student questions conceptually through FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) Teach concepts by linking to 3-D graphics, animations and audio tracks
Asynchronous vs. Synchronous Asynchronous- Communication between instructor and student or students and students can take place anytime, anywhere. Synchronous- The teaching/learning communication process in which the course instructor and students come together at the same time.
Types of Asynchronous and Synchronous Communications Synchronous Instant Message Service Chat Whiteboard Video/Audio Conferencing Asynchronous Electronic Mail Threaded Discussions Webpage Listserv
Considerations Make sure that the use of communication tools achieve the educational goals Make sure that the students know that you are paying attention Utilize all the of the communication tools that you have chosen Always clearly define topics Use disclaimers Try your best to acknowledge each individual Encourage collaboration
Considerations Make sure that everything is up-to-date Ongoing assessment Make sure content and activities foster collaborative learning and active participation Be mindful of ADA compliancy Focus on content mastery, not just task mastery
Considerations Try not to encourage memorization and rote Consider essays over objective testing Create assessments that foster reflective and thoughtful responses Repeatable assessment Allow ample time
Time Management Tips
Turnaround Time Online students expect quick turnaround time on feedback and communication Set limits on turnaround time at the very beginning Automate things as much as possible
Tips Promise less than you deliver Monitor, but don’t respond to all discussion board messages Let them know that you expect them to take the lead in discussions Delegate authority If possible, use a different address for each course (McLean)
Tips continued……….. Require that each student only use a primary address Use an autoresponder function Keep files for each class Create a list of FAQ’s Post or general announcements every few days (McLean)
The Biggest Tip………. GUARD YOUR TIME!
Considerations Utilize the University Library Use E-Reserve for materials Develop a list of content related links to the Internet Create a glossary Maintain and keep current
To practice courteous behavior: Respect each other's viewpoints. Wait to be recognized to speak. DON’T SHOUT (all caps). Don't use profanity. Don't flame (put down someone else's ideas).
Keeping A Sense of Order Always sign on using your real name or your assigned ID The Instructor will operate as Moderator Saying "hi" to each person is not necessary To comment, use "!" to indicate and wait to be called on. This is the equivalent of hand-raising. To ask a question, use "?" to indicate and wait to be called on. This is the equivalent of hand-raising.
Keeping A Sense of Order When you are chatting, use "..." to indicate that you are still typing and will be continuing your statement. When you have finished your comment or question, use normal punctuation, type "end." Recognize the next person. This procedure will help keep students from stepping on each others comments and will make it easier to follow the discussion.
The key to a successful virtual classroom management is…… BALANCE!
References Katherine Austin Stalcup Managing Director, Technology Support Lisa R. Mills Instructional Technology Consultant McLean, Jennifer. The Virtual Vortex: Managing Your Time as a Distance Educator. Accessed at m m