Presentation on theme: "Style Rules Style Rule #1 Capitalize formal titles (President Pope, Vice President) when they appear before a name. Lowercase if it appears after names."— Presentation transcript:
Style Rules Style Rule #1 Capitalize formal titles (President Pope, Vice President) when they appear before a name. Lowercase if it appears after names. Ex: President Barack Obama; Barack Obama, president
Style Rules Style Rule #2 Do not use courtesy titles: Miss, Mrs., Ms. or Mr. Identify people by grade, occupation or relevance. Ex: journalism teacher Julie Fales, not Mrs. Fales
Style Rules Style Rule #3 Do not capitalize names of academic departments. Ex: history department, English department
Style Rules Style Rule #4 Capitalize a noun which precedes an Arabic numeral (1, 2, 3…) or a capitalized Roman numeral. Ex: Room 96, Volume II, index ii
Style Rules Style Rule #5 Capitalize directions such as East, and West when definite regions are indicated, but not when used as true directions. Ex: We live in the Midwest. Turn west.
Style Rules Style Rule #6 Capitalize the names of days and months, but not seasons. Ex: fall, August, Thursday, winter
Style Rules Style Rule #7 Capitalize all proper names of organizations, but not their generic names. Ex. Pacesetters, drill team
Style Rules Style Rule #8 Do not capitalize the names of courses unless the proper name is different from the generic name. Exceptions are language course names. Ex: math, English, journalism, Advanced Journalism
Style Rules Style Rule #9 Do not capitalize abbreviations for morning and afternoon. 7 a.m. NOT 7 A.M.
Style Rules Style Rule #10 Don’t capitalize senior, junior, sophomore, freshman except when used with the word class. Ex: junior Mary Smith, the Junior Class
Style Rules Style Rule #11 Abbreviate names of months with more than five letters if followed by a date. Ex: May 5, Dec. 5, December 2011
Style Rules Style Rule #12 Abreviate junior or senior when used in a family name. Note: No comma Ex: John Jones Sr.
Style Rules Style Rule #13 Don’t abbreviate names of organizations at first reference. In subsequent references use the acronym. If the acronym is widely known, FBI, CIA, use it on first reference. Ex: First time: Raiders Against Drinking and Drugs; Second time: RADD
Style Rules Style Rule #14 Omit periods in acronyms of more than two letters. Ex: FBI, CIA
Style Rules Style Rule #15 If only two letters in an acronym, retain periods. Exceptions: JV and TV Ex: U.S., U.N.
Style Rules Style Rule #16 Don’t abbreviate the word, percent, except in tabulation. Ex: Almost 90 percent of the students work.
Style Rules Style Rule #17 Numbers one through nine should be spelled out. Other numbers should be in figures unless at the beginning of a sentenc. Ex: We have two dogs. We have 10 dogs. Ten dogs is way too many.
Style Rules Style Rule #18 Use figures for all numbers which are used with standard units of measure. Ex: 5 feet 6 inches, 4-year-old
Style Rules Style Rule #20 Spell out numbers preceded by a or an. Ex: a million dollars
Style Rules Style Rule #21 Spell out fractions not used in tabulations. Ex: He pays one-fourth of his income for rent.
Style Rules Style Rule #22 Spell out ordinal numbers first through ninth, unless they are forming names –usually geographic or military. Ex: A third of the student body has jobs. He lives on 3 rd Street He received 10 th place in the tournament.
Style Rules Style Rule #23 Capitalize titles such as coach when used alone, but not when preceded by a qualifier. Ex: Coach Mary Smith head coach Mary Smith
Style Rules Style Rule #24 Do not use the word “on” before days of the weeks or dates. Ex: The meeting was Friday.
Style Rules Style Rule #25 Never give the year for a story that occurs in the current year. Ex: NO: The 2012 football team will win this year. YES: The football team will win this year.
Style Rules Style Rule #26 Place a period inside parentheses if it is a complete sentence and outside if it is not. Ex: (An independent parenthetical sentence such as this one takes a period before the closing parenthesis.) If the material is not a sentence (such as this fragment).
Style Rules Style Rule #27 Use commas to set off an apposticive (a title or position following a name). Ex: Dr. Joe Gilhaus, principal, will speak.
Style Rules Style Rule #28 Use a comma to set off thousands in numbers except in dates, serial numbers and page numbers. Ex: 5,280 feet 1,345 students 2012
Style Rules Style Rule #29 Do not use commas when reporting heights or records of times. Ex: 6 feet 3 inches 3 minutes 12 seconds
Style Rules Style Rule #30 Use commas to separate elements in a series, but do not put a comma before the conjunction in a simple series. Ex: The flag is red, white and blue.
Style Rules Style Rule #31 Do not confuse possessive nouns and plural nouns used as adjectives. Ex: The boys basketball team lost the game. The boy’s basketball was lost.
Style Rules Style Rule #32 Don’t use apostrophes to pluralize letters or numbers. Ex: ABCs the 1920s
Style Rules Style Rule #33 Use apostrophes in abbreviationsof years where the century has been left out. Ex: ’12 yearbook
Style Rules Style Rule #34 Use quotation marks to set off all exact titles of compositions. Ex: “Grapes of Wrath” “The Help”
Style Rules Style Rule #36 All right, not alright. Alright is alwrong.
Style Rules Style Rule #37 Use the whole phrase “a couple of”. The of is necessary. Ex: A couple of tomatoes were stolen.
Style Rules Style Rule #38 Use the phrase “different from”, not “different than”. Ex: He is different from me.
Style Rules Style Rule #39 Imply is used for the speaker. Infer is used for the listener. Ex: His class officer speech implied that he would make lunches longer. From his speech, I inferred that lunch would be longer.
Style Rules Style Rule #40 Fewer is used for countables items. Ex: He had five fewer apples. Less is used for quantity. Ex: There are less people here than last time.
Style Rules Style Rule #41 Over refers to spatial relationships. Ex: The plane flies over me. More Refers to figures. Ex: Ten is more than eight.
Style Rules Style Rule #42 Principal is your pal, first, dominant or leading. Ex: Principal Joe Gilhaus Principle is a guiding rule. Ex: Being honest is a good principle.
Style Rules Style Rule #43 In athletics, use the phrase “set a record”, not “a new record” which is redundant. Ex: The football kicker set a record with his first field goal.
Style Rules Style Rule #44 Under way is two words. NOT: underway
Style Rules Style Rule #45 Canon is a law. Ex: The British canon is different from ours. Cannon is a gun. (double nn = double barrel) Ex: The pirates has a cannon.
Style Rules Style Rule #46 Capitol is the building (domes are like o’s). Capital is the city. (state capital – both use a’s). Ex: The state capital is Topeka. What a beautiful dome on the capitol.
Style Rules Style Rule #47 Use dived as the past tense of dive.
Style Rules Style Rule #48 Farther is for distance. Ex: He ran farther than me. Further is for time. Ex: She will look further into the mystery.
Style Rules Style Rule #49 Council is a group who makes decisions. Ex: the city council Counsel is to advise. Ex: Can you counsel me on this problem?
Style Rules Style Rule #50 A criminal is hanged. Clothes are hung.
Style Rules Style Rule #51 Ad is an advertisement. Add is to total numbers.
Style Rules Style Rule #52 Aid is to help. Aide is an assistant.
Style Rules Style Rule #53 Someone and somebody take singular verbs. Ex: Someone is here.