Presentation on theme: "Financial Aid 101 Hal J. Wilkinson K-12 School Representative Georgia Student Finance Commission."— Presentation transcript:
Financial Aid 101 Hal J. Wilkinson K-12 School Representative Georgia Student Finance Commission
What is Financial Aid? Financial Aid is money to pay for college or career school Examples of financial aid include: –Grants –Loans –Work-Study –Scholarships 2
Sources of Financial Aid Federal government State government Colleges and universities Private foundations Employers and private companies Professional and service organizations 3
Who Can Get Federal Student Aid? U.S. citizen or permanent resident High school graduate or GED recipient Eligible degree/certificate program Valid Social Security number Males registered for Selective Service Satisfactory academic progress
How is Financial Need Calculated? Financial need is determined by Expected Family Contribution (EFC) and Cost of Attendance (COA) EFC comes from what you report on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) COA is tuition, fees, room and board, transportation, etc. established by the school COA – EFC = Financial Need
Factors that Influence EFC For Parents –Income –Savings –Assets –Age –Number in College –Family Size For Students –Income –Savings –Independent/dependent
Factors that Influence EFC Assets that are EXCLUDED from the FEDERAL family contribution calculation –Family home –Family farm (under special circumstances) –Retirement contributions (IRA, KEOGH, 401K, etc.)
What are the Federal Programs? Federal Grants and Work Study Federal Pell Grant –Max. Amount $5,550 –Full-time student (12 or more hrs.) –Based on $0 EFC Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant –Undergraduates only –Awards range from $100 - $4,000 Work-Study Award 8
What are the Federal Programs? Federal Loans Federal Perkins Loan Direct Subsidized Loan –Interest is paid by the government while enrolled (at least half-time) Direct Unsubsidized Loan –Student is responsible for paying the interest on the loan Federal PLUS Loan – for parents of undergraduate students Grad PLUS Loan – for graduate and professional students 9
Student Loan Limits 2012 – 2013 Academic Year Dependent Students whose Parents are Eligible for a PLUS LoanBase Additional Unsubsidized Annual Maximum Amount Freshmen $3,500$2,000$5,500 Sophomore $4,500$2,000$6,500 Junior/Senior $5,500$2,000$7,500 Independent Students and Dependent Students whose Parents were Denied a PLUS LoanBase Additional Unsubsidized Annual Maximum Amount Freshmen $3,500$6,000$9,500 Sophomore $4,500$6,000$10,500 Junior/Senior $5,500$7,000$12,500 10
What are Some State Programs? Georgia-Specific Programs Academic or Merit Scholarships –HOPE Scholarship –Zell Miller Scholarship Grants –HOPE Grant Loans –Student Access Loan Program 11
How do Individuals Apply for Aid? Federal aid : FREE Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) at www.fafsa.govwww.fafsa.gov State aid : most states make awards based on your FAFSA data School aid : contact financial aid office at schools you are considering Scholarships : each scholarship provider has its own requirements 12
Filling Out the FREE Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) 13
How to Complete the FAFSA To complete the FAFSA, you will need: –Completed Tax Returns –Information on untaxed income, such as child support –Household Information To Request a Paper FAFSA: –Call 1-800-4-FED-AID –Download the FAFSA PDF at fasfa.ed.gov 16
FAFSA on the Web Worksheet These questions will determine whether the student is a dependent or independent student. These are the only questions that the Government uses in making this determination.
IRS Data Retrieval The applicant will be validated. The applicant will have the option to “Transfer” the tax information to the FAFSA.
Special Circumstances Cannot report on FAFSA Send explanation to financial aid office at each college College will review special circumstances: –Request additional documentation –Decisions are final and cannot be appealed to U.S. Department of Education Examples of Special Circumstances: Change in employment status Medical expenses not covered by insurance Change in parent marital status Unusual dependent care expenses Student cannot obtain parent information
Sign and Submit 3 Signature Options – Sign Electronically w/PIN – Print Signature Page – Submit without signatures
Confirmation Page Confirmation Number Data Release Number (DRN) EFC estimate Pell Grant and Direct Loan estimates Option for parents to transfer info to an application for a sibling
FAFSA Processing Results Student will receive a Student Aid Report (SAR) Colleges listed on your FAFSA will receive the Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR) approximately 10 to 14 days after FAFSA submitted College reviews Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR) –May request additional documentation, such as copies of federal tax returns
Financial Aid Award Offer Name: Doe, John ID:000 00 0128Award #: 01 May 21, 2012 Housing: On-CampusEstimated Cost of Attendance 2 Sems 17076 Residency:In-StateExpected Family Contribution - 0 Established Financial Need 17076 Type of AidFallSpringSummerTotalAccept? Federal Pell Grant2775 05550Yes or No Hope Scholarship (1)3013 06026Yes or No Federal Direct Loan – Sub 1750 03500Yes or No Federal Direct Loan - Unsub 1000 02000Yes or No Total for Academic Year17076
Student Access Loan Program New Loan Program –This was program was created in 2008, but funded for the first time for FY2012 –Low interest loan program targeted to students who experience unmet need or a gap in their college financing –Students may borrow up to $10,000 per year and $40,000 in their lifetime –Students must be able to demonstrate that they have exhausted all other financial aid sources and must have completed the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) –The annual interest rate is 1% and borrowers will be required to pay interest while in school 28
Additional Resources GAcollege411.org StudentAid.gov –Prepare for College –Apply for Aid StudentAid.gov/resources StudentAid.gov/parents 29
GSFC and GAcollege411 33 OUR MISSION To promote and increase access to education beyond high school for Georgians. OUR VISION To be the premier provider of student financial aid and educational services for Georgians.
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