Presentation on theme: "“What Stumped the Bluejays” by Mark Twain"— Presentation transcript:
1 “What Stumped the Bluejays” by Mark Twain “Dawn in the Forest”“What Stumped the Bluejays” by Mark Twain
2 Does vocabulary make a difference? When Tom awoke in the morning, he wondered where he was. He sat up and rubbed his eyes and looked around. Then he understood. It was a cool morning, and the woods were calm and peaceful. No leaf moved; nothing made a sound. The leaves and grasses were wet with dew. White ashes covered the fire and some smoke still rose up into the air. Joe and Huck still slept.When Tom awoke in the morning, he wondered where he was. He sat up and rubbed his eyes and looked around. Then he comprehended. It was the cool gray dawn, and there was a delicious sense of repose and peace in the deep pervading calm and silence of the woods. Not a leaf stirred; not a sound obtruded upon great Nature’s meditation. Beaded dewdrops stood upon the leaves and grasses. A white layer of ashes covered the fire, and a thin blue breath of smoke rose straight into the air. Joe and Huck still slept.
3 1. *absurdity (n) –ies (pl) absurd (adj) absurdly (adv) something that is absurd; ridiculously unreasonable, unsound, or *incongruous (an absurd argument); having no rational or orderly relationship to human life, meaningless2. conflagration (n)a large disastrous fire; conflict, warsyn: holocaust, inferno3. *credulous (adj) credulously (adv) credulousness (n) credulity (n)Add: incredulousready to believe especially on slight or uncertain evidence4. fluent (adj) fluently (adv)capable of flowing (fluid); capable of moving with ease and grace; capable of using a language easily and accurately; effortlessly smooth and flowing (polished); having or showing mastery of a subject or skill5. *manifest (adj) manifestly (adv)readily perceived by the senses—especially by sight; easily understood or recognized by the mind
4 6. metaphor (n) metaphoric (adj) metaphorical (adj) metaphorically (adv) a figure of speech in which a word or phraseliterally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another7. obtrude (v) -ed; -ing obtrude (n) *obtrusive (adj) obtrusively (adv)to thrust out; to force or impose without request; to get in the way; interfere; meddle8. pervade (v) pervasive (adj) pervasively (adv)to become diffused through every part ofsyn: permeate9. *principle (n) principled (v, adj)a comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine, or assumption; a rule or code of conduct10. *rudimentary (adj) rudimentarily (adv) rudiment (n) -s (pl)consisting of first principles; fundamental; of a primitive kind; basic, simple a basic law or guideline
5 Yesterday, you wrote a journal entry about five accomplishments you would like to achieve this year. On a piece of notebook paper, write a developed paragraph about one or more of those accomplishments. Explain what, why, how, etc.Note the directions on the poster on the board.This is due before you leave class.
6 Quiz: On your own paper, answer the following Quiz: On your own paper, answer the following. Correct heading = 5 pointsWho wrote “Dawn in the Forest” and “What Stumped the Bluejays”? (3)“Dawn in the Forest” is part of what larger work? (4)The author of “What Stumped . . .” starts out by making the claim that animals can do something. What is it? (3)What did the blue jay find that aroused his curiosity? (4)What did the bluejay do with what he found? (6)
7 Mark Twain: A Brief Background real name: Samuel Clemenswrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finnlivedchildhood—Hannibal, Missouriworked on a riverboat—hence, the name Mark TwainWhat else?
8 Figurative Languagemetaphor—imaginative comparison which does not employ the words like or as [most of the time a “be” verb is used]--the stated or implied equivalence of two things“All the world’s a stage.” William Shakespeare“Mercy Chadham was a big haunted house of a woman.”–Elyse Singleton in This Side of the Skysimile—imaginative comparison using the words like or as“The Assyrian came down like a wolf on the fold.”–George Gordon, Lord Byron“O my love is like a red, red rose.” –Robert Burns
9 Figurative LanguageNote: Clichés are often worn-out figurative phrases or comparisons. 1. He’s as brave as a ______. 2. She’s as slow as a ______. 3. The car broke down as soon as I bought it. It must be a _____. 4. I was so hungry that I made a _____ of myself. 5. He’s as strong as an ____.
10 Figurative Languagepersonification—human characteristics are given to objects, ideas, abstractions, or animals“Bright April shakes out her rain-drenched hair.” Sara Teasdale“Time, the subtle thief of youth.” –John Milton
11 Figurative Languagemetonymy—an expression in which a related thing stands for the thing itselfThe White House has decided.White House = President“There is death in the pot.” –II Kings 4:40death = poison“The sword shall never depart from thine house.”--II Sam. 12:10sword = death, strifehouse = family or descendents
12 Figurative Languagesynecdoche—(seh-neck-doh-key)—an expression in which a part stands for the whole“Blessed are your eyes for they see” --Matt. 13:16Jesus is talking to the disciples. He uses the word eyes to refer to the whole person.All hands on deck hands = sailors“Give us this day our daily bread.” bread = foodIt can be argued that this is metonomy: bread=sustenance
13 Figurative Language metaphor simile personification metonymy 1. “Death, be not proud, though some have called thee / Mighty and dreadful . . .” --John Donne 2. “The fog comes / on little cat feet.” --Carl Sandburg 3. “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground.” --Gen 3:19Choices:metaphorsimilepersonificationmetonymysynecdoche
14 Figurative Language metaphor simile personification metonymy 1. “Can God furnish a table in the wilderness?” --Ps. 78:19 2. Father always provided a roof over our heads. 3. The sun’s rays tentatively stroked the sleeping boy’s face; then grew bolder and tapped more vigorously. 4. “They set their mouths against the heavens.” --Ps. 73:9Choices:metaphorsimilepersonificationmetonymysynecdoche
15 Short quiz! Heading = 2 points metaphorsimilepersonificationmetonomysynecdocheMatching. Use capital letters only.Life is a race to the finish.The mountains and hills will break forth into singing.“Friends, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears.” –from Julius CaesarHollywood produces many movies every year.He is like a sponge because he listens and learns eagerly.I bought a new set of wheels!
16 “Dawn in the Forest”1. What is the basic structure (organization) of this piece? [order of importance? time? visual orientation?] 2. Twain uses strong images to describe just a few seconds (minutes?) of time. Find examples of the following sensory images: sight sound touch smell
17 “What Stumped the Bluejays” What imaginative comparison does Twain use to create humor in this piece?At what point in the story are you clued in to the storyteller’s facetious or playful intent?Find at least one example of each of the figurative language devises we described. Metonymy and synecdoche might be difficult to find.
18 Writing AssignmentWrite a descriptive paragraph (approx words) personifying an animal, object or idea.Give it a title.Word process if possible (handwriting should be NEAT)double space / watch marginsRemember heading.An artistic presentation is part of the grade.See the following slides for examples.
19 Writing Assignment Examples: Object: Turning her face toward the sun the daisy soaked in the warm rays with gratitude.Animal: Smiling to herself the lynx took careful note of the hole in the chicken wire surrounding the blithely unaware fowl in the farmyard.Idea or abstraction: Anger stalked the boy with a vengeance. With every thought, every action, anger was ready to pounce and give the boy a reason to succumb to mastery.
20 The literary metaphor known as personification is not fantasy writing. Personification: An object/animal/idea is described with human characteristics, but the sense of the original remains. The reader understands that it remains the original object/animal/idea. Example: The timid rabbit paused at the entrance to the grand meadow, warily watching the arrival of the others. The butterflies were already dancingFantasy writing: The object/animal/idea becomes human or human-like. It takes on human behavior, actions, speech, thoughts. Dialogue is often part of this. Example: Billy and Bobby Bunny packed a picnic lunch of carrot sandwiches and watercress salad, and looked forward to frolicking in the meadow all day.
21 Writing Assignment Possible Topics: Ideas happiness sorrow death life hatredmusichonorpatriotismbetrayalwhimsytruthAnimalslionbearkangaroohippopotamusgiraffedeerrabbitlambferretraccoonhyenaObjectsshipbellbooktrainclockviolinchurchsnowflakescastleswordcross