So what do we do? Have a plan Have some buy-in Listen to your staff Have a back-up plan Give it time Be prepared to change the plan!
How do I create a plan? Must look at your school’s DNA Don’t try to take on too much Decide WHO is responsible for WHAT and WHEN it will happen Must give it time Must reassess frequently
Four types of literacy: 1.Functional Literacy 2.Content Literacy 3.Technological Literacy 4.Innovative Literacy Where will you start?
If you do nothing else… Stop guessing about your students’ reading abilities!
Grade Levels Do I want to buy a 5 th grade shoe? Why would I want to buy a 5 th grade book?
Lexile Framework “Wow! I didn’t know I could figure out how kids are “Wow! I didn’t know I could figure out how kids are reading in my class!” reading in my class!”
So what’s a Lexile? The Lexile Framework is a widely adopted method to measure reader ability and text difficulty. A Lexile is determined for each student, based on the student’s performance on a given assessment (TAKS, SRI) source: MetaMetrics
The Lexile Framework consists of two main components: A Lexile MEASURE – the numeric representation of a reader’s ability or a text’s difficulty The Lexile SCALE – a developmental scale for reading ranging from 200L for beginning readers to above 1700L for advanced text The measure and scale are the same, so users can match text with ability »Source: MetaMetrics
What does a Lexile measure? Syntactic Complexity -number of words per sentence -longer sentences – more complex, require more short-term memory to process Semantic Difficulty -the frequency of words in a corpus of written text -corpus have over 400 million words
Why use the Lexile score? When reader and text are appropriately matched, a reader can enjoy a comprehension rate of about 75% The 75% comprehension level corresponds to the balance of skill and difficulty that allows reading to be a positive, but adequately challenging experience, and encourages the reader to grow in proficiency and motivation
In other words… You can figure out if what your students are reading is too easy or too hard! You can determine if the students won’t read, or if they CAN’T read!
Important to know.. There’s no direct translation from a specific Lexile measure to a specific grade level The real power of the Lexile Framework is to meet readers “where they are” and to help them grow “So…1100 doesn’t equal 11 th grade?”
Lexile Literature 1500 - On Ancient Medicine 1400 - The Scarlet Letter 1300 - Brown vs. Board of Ed. 1200 - War and Peace 1100 - Pride and Prejudice 1000 - Black Beauty 900 - Tom Swift in the Land of Wonders 800 - The Adventures of Pinocchio 700 - Bunnicula: A Rabbit Tale of Mystery 600 - A Baby Sister for Frances 500 - The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth 400 - Frog and Toad are Friends 300 - Clifford’s Manners
Lexile Texts 1500 - The Making of Memory: From Molecules to Mind; Doubleday 1400 - Philosophical Essays; Hackett Publishing 1300 - Psychology: An Introduction; Prentice Hall 1200 - Business; Prentice Hall 1100 - America: Pathways to Present; Prentice Hall 1000 - Writing and Grammar Gold Level; Prentice Hall 900 - World Cultures: A Global Mosaic; Prentice Hall 800 - Word 97; Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 700 - World Explorer: The U.S. & Canada; Prentice Hall 600 - Science (Grade 4); Addison-Wesley 500 - People and Places; Silver Burdett Ginn 400 - Imagine That!; Scholastic Inc. 300 - My World; Harcourt Brace
Good to know…. As of 2006, every textbook published has been “Lexiled” Go to lexile.com, and click on book database to find the Lexile score for a particular textbook
Personal Use Aetna Health Care Discount Form (1360) Medical Insurance Benefit Package (1280) Application for Student Loan (1270) Federal Tax Form W-4 (1260) Installing Your Child Safety Seat (1170) Microsoft Windows User Manual (1150) G.M. Protection Plan (1150) CD DVD Player Instructions (1080)
Newspapers Reuters (1440) NY Times (1380) Washington Post (1350) Wall Street Journal (1320) Chicago Tribune (1310) Associated Press (1310) USA Today (1200)
2005-06 Lexile Framework ® for Reading Study Summary of Text Lexile Measures 600 800 1000 1400 1600 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
2005-06 Lexile Framework ® for Reading Study Summary of High School Textbook Lexile Measures 800 1000 1400 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) ELAScience Social StudiesArtsCTE Math Subject Area Textbooks 1300 1100 900 Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) Lexile test developed by Scholastic Computer-based test Takes about 20 minutes to complete Students receive book list according to lexile score and interests Can test as often as desired
KHS testing plan 2004-2005: test all freshmen, CD and KARE (at-risk) students 2005-2006:test all freshmen, sophomores, CD and KARE students 2006-2007:test all freshmen, sophomore, juniors, CD and KARE students 2007-2008: all students
SRI Testing Freshmen year: physical science classes Sophomore year: English 10 classes Junior year: US & World 11 classes CD and KARE students tested through their primary teachers Test in September and February each year
But what does it all mean? The number one question parents (and students) ask about the Lexile Framework is “My child scored ______. What does this mean? “
When communicating with students and parents, remember: Don’t get too focused on numbers – ranges are more important To give examples of books and other text materials appropriate for the student To give examples of how parents can HELP the student To talk about where the student is going – emphasize progress!
Common teacher questions: How do I find out the Lexile of my textbook? How do I know if the novel we’re reading is too easy or too difficult? How can I find books for a student at the appropriate lexile?
Lexile Book Database 1. Go to www.Lexile.comwww.Lexile.com 2. Click “Find Titles Using the Lexile Book Database” 3. Choose a search field 4. Click “Search”
Another conundrum…. A 10 th grade biology teacher with 120 students in five sections uses a 1000L textbook. One third of her students are reading below 1000L. What can she do?
Use the Lexile Analyzer! 1.Register or sign in at Lexile.com 2. Find or create a.txt file (ON DESKTOP) Create a word document Save as.txt to desktop
Lexile Analyzer 1.Click on Lexile Analyzer 2.Click on “Browse” 3.Double-click on your document 4. Click on “Analyze”
Or..use a search engine… SIRS Ebscohost Proquest Makes differentiating easy!
Uses at KHS: Self-selection of books in English classes Math textbook example Helped teachers understand need for strategies and differentiation Part of textbook selection process “Snapshot” test for special ed
Literacy in the 21 st century is more than reading and writing...... It’s the ability to learn, unlearn, and relearn.