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International Center for Leadership in Education Nicole Hochholzer Developing 21 st Century Literacy in Students.

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Presentation on theme: "International Center for Leadership in Education Nicole Hochholzer Developing 21 st Century Literacy in Students."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Center for Leadership in Education Nicole Hochholzer Developing 21 st Century Literacy in Students

2 Literacy in the 21 st century is more than reading and writing...... It’s the ability to learn, unlearn, and relearn.

3 1900 Workplace Demands Highly skilled Low skilled Avg. age to enter work force Avg. age to leave work force 14 47 Life expectancy 47

4 1980 Workplace Demands Highly skilled Low skilled Semi skilled Avg. age to enter work force Avg. age to leave work force Life expectancy 18 65 78

5 2010 Workplace Demands Highly skilled Low skilled A vg. age to enter the workplace Number of times change jobs 21 5-8 Est. Life expectancy in 2100 107 to 124!

6 21 st Century Skills for Success  Strong Academics  Reading, Writing, Math, Science, Technology Skills  Career Skills  Workplace Attitudes & Ethics  Character Virtues  Honesty, Responsibility, Integrity

7 Reading Literacy National Adult Literacy National Adult Literacy Study (NALS) International Adult Literacy International Adult Literacy Study (IALS)

8 Three Scales Prose Prose Document Document Quantitative Quantitative

9 Results 20 Nations 20 Nations 16-65 Year Olds 16-65 Year Olds Prose – 9th Prose – 9th Document – 14th Document – 14th Quantitative – 13th Quantitative – 13th

10 So what do we do? Have a plan Have some buy-in Listen to your staff Have a back-up plan Give it time Be prepared to change the plan!

11 How do I create a plan? Must look at your school’s DNA Don’t try to take on too much Decide WHO is responsible for WHAT and WHEN it will happen Must give it time Must reassess frequently

12 Four types of literacy: 1.Functional Literacy 2.Content Literacy 3.Technological Literacy 4.Innovative Literacy Where will you start?

13 If you do nothing else… Stop guessing about your students’ reading abilities!

14 Grade Levels Do I want to buy a 5 th grade shoe? Why would I want to buy a 5 th grade book?

15 Lexile Framework “Wow! I didn’t know I could figure out how kids are “Wow! I didn’t know I could figure out how kids are reading in my class!” reading in my class!”

16 So what’s a Lexile? The Lexile Framework is a widely adopted method to measure reader ability and text difficulty. A Lexile is determined for each student, based on the student’s performance on a given assessment (TAKS, SRI) source: MetaMetrics

17 The Lexile Framework consists of two main components: A Lexile MEASURE – the numeric representation of a reader’s ability or a text’s difficulty The Lexile SCALE – a developmental scale for reading ranging from 200L for beginning readers to above 1700L for advanced text The measure and scale are the same, so users can match text with ability »Source: MetaMetrics

18 What does a Lexile measure? Syntactic Complexity -number of words per sentence -longer sentences – more complex, require more short-term memory to process Semantic Difficulty -the frequency of words in a corpus of written text -corpus have over 400 million words

19 Why use the Lexile score? When reader and text are appropriately matched, a reader can enjoy a comprehension rate of about 75% The 75% comprehension level corresponds to the balance of skill and difficulty that allows reading to be a positive, but adequately challenging experience, and encourages the reader to grow in proficiency and motivation

20 In other words… You can figure out if what your students are reading is too easy or too hard! You can determine if the students won’t read, or if they CAN’T read!

21 Important to know.. There’s no direct translation from a specific Lexile measure to a specific grade level The real power of the Lexile Framework is to meet readers “where they are” and to help them grow “So…1100 doesn’t equal 11 th grade?”

22 Lexile Literature 1500 - On Ancient Medicine 1400 - The Scarlet Letter 1300 - Brown vs. Board of Ed. 1200 - War and Peace 1100 - Pride and Prejudice 1000 - Black Beauty 900 - Tom Swift in the Land of Wonders 800 - The Adventures of Pinocchio 700 - Bunnicula: A Rabbit Tale of Mystery 600 - A Baby Sister for Frances 500 - The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth 400 - Frog and Toad are Friends 300 - Clifford’s Manners

23 Lexile Texts 1500 - The Making of Memory: From Molecules to Mind; Doubleday 1400 - Philosophical Essays; Hackett Publishing 1300 - Psychology: An Introduction; Prentice Hall 1200 - Business; Prentice Hall 1100 - America: Pathways to Present; Prentice Hall 1000 - Writing and Grammar Gold Level; Prentice Hall 900 - World Cultures: A Global Mosaic; Prentice Hall 800 - Word 97; Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 700 - World Explorer: The U.S. & Canada; Prentice Hall 600 - Science (Grade 4); Addison-Wesley 500 - People and Places; Silver Burdett Ginn 400 - Imagine That!; Scholastic Inc. 300 - My World; Harcourt Brace

24 Good to know…. As of 2006, every textbook published has been “Lexiled” Go to, and click on book database to find the Lexile score for a particular textbook

25 Personal Use Aetna Health Care Discount Form (1360) Medical Insurance Benefit Package (1280) Application for Student Loan (1270) Federal Tax Form W-4 (1260) Installing Your Child Safety Seat (1170) Microsoft Windows User Manual (1150) G.M. Protection Plan (1150) CD DVD Player Instructions (1080)

26 Newspapers Reuters (1440) NY Times (1380) Washington Post (1350) Wall Street Journal (1320) Chicago Tribune (1310) Associated Press (1310) USA Today (1200)

27 16 Career Clusters Department of Education

28 Reading Requirements Findings Entry-level Entry-level Highest in 6/16 Highest in 6/16 Second Highest in 7/16 Second Highest in 7/16 Consistent Across Country Consistent Across Country

29 Human Services

30 Construction

31 Manufacturing

32 2005-06 Lexile Framework ® for Reading Study Summary of Text Lexile Measures 600 800 1000 1400 1600 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)

33 2005-06 Lexile Framework ® for Reading Study Summary of High School Textbook Lexile Measures 800 1000 1400 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) ELAScience Social StudiesArtsCTE Math Subject Area Textbooks 1300 1100 900 Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)

34 Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) Lexile test developed by Scholastic Computer-based test Takes about 20 minutes to complete Students receive book list according to lexile score and interests Can test as often as desired

35 KHS testing plan 2004-2005: test all freshmen, CD and KARE (at-risk) students 2005-2006:test all freshmen, sophomores, CD and KARE students 2006-2007:test all freshmen, sophomore, juniors, CD and KARE students 2007-2008: all students

36 SRI Testing Freshmen year: physical science classes Sophomore year: English 10 classes Junior year: US & World 11 classes CD and KARE students tested through their primary teachers Test in September and February each year

37 But what does it all mean? The number one question parents (and students) ask about the Lexile Framework is “My child scored ______. What does this mean? “

38 When communicating with students and parents, remember: Don’t get too focused on numbers – ranges are more important To give examples of books and other text materials appropriate for the student To give examples of how parents can HELP the student To talk about where the student is going – emphasize progress!

39 Common teacher questions: How do I find out the Lexile of my textbook? How do I know if the novel we’re reading is too easy or too difficult? How can I find books for a student at the appropriate lexile?

40 Lexile Book Database 1. Go to 2. Click “Find Titles Using the Lexile Book Database” 3. Choose a search field 4. Click “Search”

41 Another conundrum…. A 10 th grade biology teacher with 120 students in five sections uses a 1000L textbook. One third of her students are reading below 1000L. What can she do?

42 Use the Lexile Analyzer! 1.Register or sign in at 2. Find or create a.txt file (ON DESKTOP) Create a word document Save as.txt to desktop

43 Lexile Analyzer 1.Click on Lexile Analyzer 2.Click on “Browse” 3.Double-click on your document 4. Click on “Analyze”

44 Or..use a search engine… SIRS Ebscohost Proquest Makes differentiating easy!

45 Uses at KHS: Self-selection of books in English classes Math textbook example Helped teachers understand need for strategies and differentiation Part of textbook selection process “Snapshot” test for special ed

46 Literacy in the 21 st century is more than reading and writing...... It’s the ability to learn, unlearn, and relearn.

47 Nicole Hochholzer (920) 766-5948

48 International Center for Leadership in Education, Inc. 1587 Route 146 Rexford, NY 12148 Phone (518) 399-2776 Fax (518) 399-7607 E-mail -

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