Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Creativity Creativity Creativity is the ability to learn from Nature and to use one’s imagination. Both of these are full of wonders that are."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 4 Creativity
Creativity Creativity is the ability to learn from Nature and to use one’s imagination. Both of these are full of wonders that are most probably incomparable.
Creativity and Inventions Discuss with your partner the following list of inventions and describe how they represent creative ways of doing everyday things. In your discussion, you might first consider the things they replaced. A sample description is given below for your reference. · refrigerator · ballpoint pen· calculator· lightbulb
To me, it seems to be an exhibition hall in a museum. Though it’s not spacious, it’s full of masterpieces of the world’s greatest artists, for example, Pablo Picasso’s Guernica, Vincent van Gogh’s sunflower, and Claude Monet’s Water Lilies. A day’s stay there will bring an art lover great satisfaction and enjoyment. Optical Illusion and Imagination Directions: Look at the following drawing from every possible angle and try to relate it to the real things in your lives. A possible example of imagination is given below for your reference.
As the season of believing seems to wind down let me gently remind you that many dreams still wait in the wings. Many authentic sparks must be fanned before passion performs her perfect work in you. Throw another log on the fire. “ Sarah Ban Breathnach Some Quotations about creativity
"I am always doing that which I can not do, in order that I may learn how to do it." Pablo Picasso
"To exist is to change, to change is to mature, to mature is to go on creating oneself endlessly." Henri Bergson
"There are two ways of being creative. One can sing and dance. Or one can create an environment in which singers and dancers flourish." Warren G. Bennis
Challenge Your Creativity This question was on many of our high school math exams. This exercise demonstrates that many times we have to challenge our assumptions to come up with the right answer. Challenge: Can you make this equation correct by moving only one digit and not moving or adding signs? = 1 Hint: (62-63 = -1) is not a correct solution. Now challenge your assumptions.
Hint exponential n. 指数, 倡导者, 演奏者, 例子, [ 数 ] 指数 adj. 指数的, 幂数的
Let ’ s try to be creative Imagine wildly how to make a goose with a Chinese cabbage and an eggplant?
More creative pictures
Group Discussion The possible use of a ballpoint pen, a paper cup, a blackboard eraser, a piece of chalk, a clip …
Creativity is the matter of using the resources one has to produce original ideas that are good for something. That is to say, one can think and solve problems in a new and original way based on his previous knowledge. What is creativity according to the text? Questions
Which should be emphasized in education, knowledge or creativity? Both are equally important, and no system should only emphasize one. Knowledge involves facts and information which are essential, but creativity allows you to do original things with your knowledge. If I had to emphasize one, I would choose creativity since it is more important than facts and figures which are useless if not to be applied to solve problems.
How can schools and parents encourage students’ creativity both at school and at home? Encourage children to think creatively instead of memorizing more facts and figures. Encourage student’s curiosity. Offer more classes on art and music. Create more situations for students to solve problems by themselves. Involve students in decision-making. Develop their thinking and language skills as well as the sense of humor. Organize more activities that require imagination to do it well.
It is introduced in the article how teachers and parents can encourage creativity in children. Introduction (Para. 1)
An important strategy for parents and teachers to follow (Para. 2-3) The definition of creativity (Para. 4-5) A big problem in school (Para. 6) Children can obtain and give back information, but can’t figure out ways to apply what they know in new situations.
The approach: Combining the basics with activities where the students must use their imagination. Combining the basics with activities where the students must use their imagination. A new approach to teaching (Para. 7) How to do so: By asking questions and meanwhile praising their ideas and new thoughts. By asking questions and meanwhile praising their ideas and new thoughts. How to facilitate the process: To create an atmosphere in which there is no risk in being creative—a place where wild ideas are honored and valued, never scorned or dismissed. To create an atmosphere in which there is no risk in being creative—a place where wild ideas are honored and valued, never scorned or dismissed.
To involve children in decision making. Things parents can do at home to encourage creativity (Para. 8-10) To help children to understand the consequences of various decisions. To encourage them to talk out loud about things they are doing. To show a sense of humor. To give children choices from their earliest age.
Parents and teachers offered many opportunities to its pupils to display their creativity. creativity (n.) (title) (=creativeness) the ability to produce new and original ideas and things; imagination and inventiveness 创造力, 创造 老师和家长为学生提供了很多展示创造力的机会。 那位舞蹈演员在舞台上的创造力相当地惊人。 That dancer’s creativity on the stage is rather amazing.
动词形式： create v. to cause (something new) to exist; produce (something new) 创造, 创作, 引起, 造成 That project will ____________________ ___________ for the local people. 那个工程将会给当地人创造数百个就业就会。 create hundreds of job Shakespeare had ___________________________ _________ in his plays. 莎士比亚在他的戏剧作品中塑造过各种不同的人物。 created many famous opportunities characters
Creation n. 1) 创造；建立 2) 作品；创造物 The Creation: 上帝的创世 Creator: 创造者, 创建者 the Creator: 上帝 Since the Creation: 自从开天辟地以来 Creatively: adv.
practically (adv.) (Line 4, Para. 2) 1) almost; nearly 几乎，简直 This semester is practically over. 本学期快要结束了。 几乎所有成龙主演的电影都和中国功夫有关。 Practically Practically all the movies starring Jackie Chan (Cheng Long) are closely related to Chinese kungfu.
2) relating to experience, reality or action rather than ideas or imagination 实际上 上海实际上已经成了东亚地区的金融与文化中心。 Shanghai has practically become the center of finance and culture of East Asia. 要是我的话, 我会更实际地处理这问题 I would tackle the problem more practically. 形容词形式： practical 实际的, 实践的, 实用的, 应用的, 有实际经验的
strategy (Line 11, Para.3) n. 1) the art of planning in advance the movements of armies or forces in war 战略；战略学 _________________ plays a key role in sales. 营销策略在销售中非常关键。 Marketing strategy ________________ play a vital role on the battlefield. 战略家在战场上扮演着至关重要的角色。 Masters of strategy 请完成下面的句子。
function (Line 14, Para. 3) v. (esp. of a thing) to be in action; work; operate 活动, 运行, 行使职责 This computer is not functioning/does not function properly. 这台电脑坏了 / 有点儿毛病。 This cell phone can also function as an Mp3 player. 这款手机还有 MP3 的功能。
approach (v.) (Line 16, Para. 4) 1) to begin to consider or deal with 开始考虑；开始着手；动手处理 There are many ways to approach this problem. 处理这个问题有多种方法。 He approached the advice of his academic advisor with caution. 他开始认真地考虑导师的建议。
2) to come near or nearer (to) in space, time, quality, or quantity 接近；走近；靠近 圣诞到来之际，每个人都忙着给亲友 准备礼物。 __________________________, everyone is busy preparing gifts for their friends and relatives. 期末考试快到了。 The final exams _________________________. are approaching. When Christmas is approaching
approach (line 32, Para. 7) n. 1) a method of doing something or dealing with a problem 方法, 步骤 n. 2) the act of approaching 走近；靠近 请完成下面的句子。 It is unbelievable that such a young doctor presented ______________________________. 那样一位年轻的医生提出了一种治疗癌症的新方 法，这真让人难以置信。 a new approach to cancer treatment 我们建议冲突应该用外交途径解决。 We suggest the conflicts be settled by __________ __________. diplomatic approaches
Creativity is not something one is just born with, nor is it necessarily a characteristic of high intelligence. ( Line17) Creativity is not something one is just born with, nor is it necessarily a characteristic of high intelligence. ( Line17) 创造性并非与生俱来， 也不一定就是高智慧的 特征。
无论如何他都不会放弃那个试验。 In no case will he give up the experiment. 我对整个事件一无所知，他也一样。 I am totally ignorant of the whole thing, nor is he. 中国任何时候在任何情况下都不会首先使用核武器。 and the first to use nuclear weapons. At no time and under no circumstances will China be the first to use nuclear weapons.
be born with 意为 “ 生来就有 ……” 人天生会哭。 The ability to cry is born with men. 他生来富贵。 He was born with a silver spoon in his mouth.
Experts say that it is important to create an atmosphere in which there is no risk in being creative—a place where wild ideas are honored and valued, never scorned or dismissed. (Line44) there is no risk in doing something 意为 “ 做某 事很安全，没有风险 ” 。 类似说法有： there is no point/ good / use (in) doing something 意为 “ 做某事没意义 / 没好处 / 没用。
你投稿时用真名没有风险。 There is no risk in using your true name when you sent the article to the paper. 每天只幻想是没有意义的，你应该努力去实现梦想。 There is no point in only daydreaming every day; you should work hard to have it realized. 人们觉得全球化已不可避免，抵制它是无用的。 People feel that globalization is inevitable and that there is no use in resisting it.
promote (v.) (Line 21, Para. 6) 1) to help in the growth or development of 促进；发扬；宣传 一位好的经理应该知道如何在队员中间发扬团队精神。 A good manager should know __________________ _______________________. how to promote team spirit among his players. 它们正在花巨资为他们的新产品做宣传促销。 They are spending large amount of money ___ ________________________. on promoting their new products
2) to give (someone) a higher position or rank 晋升；提拔 That young army officer ______________________ _________ because of his bravery on the battlefield. 由于在战场上表现英勇，那位年轻的军官被提升为 陆军上尉 (captain) 。 was promoted to (the rank After that win, our team _____________________ _______________________________. 在那场胜利之后，我们的球队终于晋升为中国足球 超级联赛的球队。 was eventually promoted to the Chinese Football Super League of) captain
3) to help actively in forming or arranging (a business, concert, play, etc.) 积极筹划 Lenovo Group _____________________________ between Chinese national team and Manchester United from England. 联想集团正在筹划一场英格兰曼联队和中国国家队的 足球友谊赛。 is promoting a friendly soccer match __________________________________ needs the financial support of the local enterprises. 筹办这样一场大型的演唱会需要当地企业的资金支 持。 To promote such a grand singing concert
sacrifice (Line 23, Para. 6) v. to lose or give up sth useful or important, esp. for good purpose or to gain a desirable result 牺牲；献身 It is the factory’s decision to ________________ ______ for the sake of long-term growth. 工厂决定为了长远的发展而牺牲短期的利润。 sacrifice short-term She ________________________________ for the preparation of the upcoming TOEFL exam. 她已经把自己的大部分业余时间用来准备即将到 来的托福考试。 has sacrificed most of her leisure time 常用结构： sacrifice…for… 为 …… 牺牲 profits
n. (a) loss or giving up of something of value, esp. for what is believed to be a good purpose 牺牲，献身 请完成下面的句子。 Chinese table tennis team ______________________ to continue their routine training. 中国乒乓球队放弃春节假日继续日常训练。 gave up the spring festival The twins’ parents __________________ to pay for their education. 那对双胞胎的父母为供他们上学而做出了巨大的 牺牲。 made great sacrifices 常用结构： make a sacrifice for/to do … 为 …… 做 出牺牲 ; give up…as a sacrifice 牺牲 …… holiday as a sacrifice
automatically 的 相关词语： automate v. 使自动化, 自动操作 automation n. 自动控制, 自动操作 A lot of people have lost their jobs because of industrial automation. 由于工业自动化，很多人失去了他们的工作。 There is still a long way to go to realize agricultural automation in our country. 在我国实现农业机械化还有很长的路 要走。
Make sentences with what you have learned.
Creativity is a key to a bright future. My gratitude is beyond words. Good-looking food doesn’t necessarily taste delicious. 具有创造性是通向光明前程的关键。 我无法用语言表达我的感激之情. 好看的食物未必好吃 Creativity is not something one is just born with. 创造性并非与生俱来。
He is not good at solving story problems in math. His workable ideas are adopted. 他不擅长做应用题 他的 切实可行的想法被采纳. It is up to you to understand the consequences of various decisions 这取决与你对不同决策带来的各种后果的了解. By nature, humor crosses conventional boundaries and break patterns. 从本质上看，幽默通常跨越常规界限，打破固有 模式。
Directions: write a composition entitled” How to Encourage Creativity In Students” based on what you have learned in this unit.
How to Encourage Creativity in Students First of all, students should be encouraged to have hands-on experience as much as possible. If a student is interested in machines, let him/her make car models, for example. If a student likes clothes, he/she should have the opportunity to sew a garment for himself/herself. Students can also be encouraged to design something they have never seen before. In brief, they can use their imagination and knowledge to do whatever they can and whatever they like.
Of course, when they encounter difficulties, teachers should be ready to help them if they need the help. But it doesn ’ t mean that teachers will do everything for them. Instead of telling them the answer, teachers should engage them to find the solutions on their own. When students manage to solve the problem, they will gain more confidence and will be willing to rely on themselves for solutions in the future. Thus they will become more and more creative.
At the same time, students should read, think and discuss with others. This process will enable them to gain inspiration from other people. For example, they can read about famous inventors and examples of creativity. In addition, students should be allowed to have foolish ideas and make mistakes. This will help create a good atmosphere for creative thoughts.