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Summer Research Opportunities in Chemistry at Illinois State University Professor Gregory M. Ferrence Department of Chemistry Illinois State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Summer Research Opportunities in Chemistry at Illinois State University Professor Gregory M. Ferrence Department of Chemistry Illinois State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Summer Research Opportunities in Chemistry at Illinois State University Professor Gregory M. Ferrence Department of Chemistry Illinois State University Normal, IL 61790-4160 Presented to URC cohort on February 2, 2007 at Harold Washington College, Chicago, IL.

2 Welcome to ISU

3 NSF-URC Site Visit Structure of ISU Chemistry Including URC CeMaST Pipeline blueprint ISU Chem Teach.chem PRISM High School Outreach ICC IVCC 2YC/4YC-NSF-URC CCC Science and Partners NIH Bridges Project SEED ChemWest NSF EWP LSAMP MSAC

4 2YC – 2-year college 4YC – 4-year college/university ACS – American Chemical Society Bridges – NIH funded CCC – City Colleges of Chicago CeMaST – Center for Math, Science, and Technology ChemWest – southwest Chicagoland high school chemistry teacher organization DP – Distinguished Professor EWP – Enrichment Workshop Program – component of Szczepura’s NSF-CAREER HS – High School IBHE – Illinois Board of Higher Education ICC – Illinois Central College ISBE – Illinois State Board of Education ISU – Illinois State University IVCC – Illinois Valley Community College LSAMP - Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation MSAC – Minority Student Academic Center NIH – National Institute of Health NSF – National Science Foundation PFIG – Pre-tenure Faculty Initiative Grant Pipeline – ISU major initiative to facilitate quality education in Chicagoland high schools and community colleges. PRF – Petroleum Research Fund PRISM – Partnerships for Research in Science & Math Education RC – Research Corporation RSP – Research and Sponsored Programs SEED – Project SEED was established by ACS in 1968 to help expand the career outlook of high school students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Teach.chem – ISU managed network for HS chemistry teacher continuing education URG – University Research Grant Vernacular

5 Senior Personnel (SP) Active funding reference (many SP have more than the one listed) URL with more information about SP Data from or information regarding undergraduate research projects (freshman/sophomore accessible) Photos of SPs and undergraduate researchers Quote by this SP

6 Gregory M. Ferrence, (NSF-CHE-0348158) CAREER: Crystallography And Rare-Earth Educational and Research activities Ferrence and undergraduate researchers “Freshman scientists bring a lot of enthusiasm; it is critical that we tap into that energy before they direct it towards other pursuits. By the time they are juniors, we have missed a window of opportunity.”-GMF At right are shown: Freshman Kristin Geary and Samantha Robinson giving their first research poster presentation. (After 14 wk @ 4 h/wk) We maintain the ISU Center for Structure Determination (X-ray) and carry out studies involving novel organo- lanthanide and coordination complexes. {HB[3-tBu,5-Me-(C 3 N 2 H)] 3 }Yb(I)(OC 4 H 8 )

7 “Introducing freshman and sophomore students to fundamental chemical research is one of the key factors in persuading these talented young scientists to choose a career in our field.” -SJP We utilize primarily electron paramagnetic resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques to explore the chemistry of biologically important quinone anion radicals with nitric oxide. Steven J. Peters, (Dreyfus-suppl. grant) Solution Phase Chemistry Between the Free Radical Nitric Oxide and Semiquinones Above: Freshman David Hahn, learning from Peters, to glass blow a scientific apparatus. Below: Amy Sudhoff, winner of our department’s 2006 Outstanding Freshman Award, and Peters.

8 ‘“The reward is not economic’, says David Cedeño, an asst. prof. of phys. chem. and SEED coordinator at ISU. ‘The reward is seeing that these kids have a chance in life.’” C&E News 2006, 84(12), 49-51. Cedeño teaching Farragut Career Academy (Chicago, IL) high school students visiting ISU for a “laboratory field-trip” Our research deals with investigating how alterations in novel porphyrin molecular structure affect photophysical properties, particularly the ability to produce active oxygen species. Current investigations include the study of extended conjugation porphyrins, providing high yields of active species in the optimal red region of the visible spectrum. David J. Cedeño, (RC-CC6382) Rational design of photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizers

9 “Getting students started early in their academic career is important. Not only do they learn to do research, they build confidence and experience that is invaluable during the course of their studies.”-CGH Undergraduate researchers Danielle Corgliano (MS student at Northern IL U.) and Ben Oberts (PhD candidate at Michigan State U.) We are interested in the preparation of novel sulphur-containing, mixed donor ligands. We are currently developing new chiral ligands for asymmetric catalysis and new multidentate ligands for heavy metal removal. We are also interested in using hydrogen bonds to prepare new materials. PdCl 2 (PhCH 2 SC 6 H 4 -2-CH=NC 6 H 4 -4-NEt 2 ) Christopher G. Hamaker, (ISU-URGs) Novel Sulphur-Containing Ligands and Crystal Engineering Student Ramone Joyce and mentor Chris Hamaker (front)

10 Friesen (right) and undergraduate researchers in San Francisco “The research laboratory is an extension of the classroom as a student becomes the epitome of an active learner, acquiring knowledge through inquiry-based instruction. Within the laboratory environment a student learns to solve problems. It is often the laboratory that provides the most effective and highest impact learning.”-JAF At right is shown: Undergraduates Elizabeth Marshall and Chadrick Evans presenting their research poster presentation at the ASBMB National meeting in San Francisco in April 2006. Friesen serves as director of the ISU Biochemistry / Molecular Biology undergraduate degree program, an interdisciplinary program administered by the Departments of Chemistry and Biological Sciences. DNA sequence to verify mutation of a gene Jon A. Friesen, (NSF-MCB-0343534) RUI: Cellular Role of CTP:Phosphocholine Cytidylyltransferase Isoforms

11 Jones and undergraduate researchers “In my 5 th year as a mentor for Project SEED students, I continue to be energized by their interest in science and how living things 'work'. They get to apply their high school chemistry and biology course work to research in my lab as we study enzymes in heme biosynthesis and development of heme analogs as potential therapies for the tropical parasite, Leishmania.”-MAJ Above from C&E News May, 2005: Nan Lin, Project SEED student with M. Jones, now attends Bradley University, Peoria, Ill. Marjorie A. Jones Coproporphyrinogen Oxidase Catalyzed Reactions

12 McLauchlan and his co-workers “Chemistry is a laboratory science and is best appreciated in the laboratory through hands-on experiences. Involving students in laboratory work, especially in independent research, teaches hands-on chemical skills and gives students a much better ‘chemical intuition’ than merely reading reactions on a page.”-CCM Tris(pyrazol-1-yl)methane, Tpm Then-freshman Nick Marshall works on the Schlenk line in the McLauchlan lab. (Begins University of Illinois PhD chemistry program, fall 2006) Currently, my research interests lie with vanadium coordination chemistry, with one conceived project focused on materials and catalysis and another involving bio-mimetic activity of V complexes. These topics have been chosen with student interests and education in mind in that they each expose students to a variety of synthetic and characterization techniques while pursuing some intriguing chemical problems. Craig C. McLauchlan, (ISU-PFIG) Vanadium Coordination Chemistry: From Biology to Materials

13 “By participating in scholarly research in an atmosphere of students from diverse backgrounds, students gain invaluable professional and interpersonal experiences that will help them become leaders in academia, industry and government.”-SRH X-ray crystal structure of an aldol adduct of an oxadiazinone (Org. Lett. 2002,4,3739). Shawn R. Hitchcock, (ACS/PRF-40777-B1) Intramolecular Chiral Relay at Stereogenic Nitrogen Shown left: Undergraduates Edwin Scott, Alexandro Dominguez and Chris Kelly conducting research on the chemistry of oxadiazinones in the Hitchcock (center) Research Group. In our group, as many as a dozen undergraduate and masters student researchers work as a team to carry out a wide range of synthetic organic chemistry operations aimed at developing new methods for synthesizing medicinal agents that exist as single isomer drugs.

14 Cover of 2004-05 ISU Undergraduate Catalog featuring then-undergraduate researcher Betty Ooro working in glove box with mentor Szczepura. Betty is currently a PhD candidate in chemistry at Miami University. Heather Bowen discusses her cluster chemistry with fellow undergraduate researchers. “Conducting research with students from underrepresented groups early on in their college careers is important in attracting them into the major. This is critical, as diversity is important in order to solve the complex chemical problems of today. ”-LFS Our current focus is on hexanuclear molybdenum (Mo) and rhenium (Re) based clusters that are structurally similar to the cluster depicted above. Students conducting research in the Szczepura group have the opportunity to synthesize and characterize new cluster complexes. Common characterization techniques include NMR ( 1 H, 13 C and 31 P), UV-vis and IR spectroscopies. Lisa F. Szczepura, (NSF-CHE-0239805) CAREER: Octahedral Hexanuclear Clusters: Fundamental Studies and Inquiry Into Potential Applications

15 Goldwater Fellow Denise Colby, now UC Berkeley PhD candidate, coauthored 9 papers as an under- graduate researcher with Lash “Over the last 25 years, I have worked with over one hundred undergraduate research students, and an average of four undergraduates work in my laboratory each summer. These students are a joy to work with, and their enthusiasm has been a major factor in the success of my research program.”-TDL Synthesis of biologically and geochemically significant porphyrins; synthesis, spectroscopy and metalation of porphyrin analogues including carbaporphyrinoid systems. DP Timothy D. Lash, (NSF-CHE-0134472) Novel Macrocyclic Systems Related to the Porphyrins ISU RSP website currently features Tim Lash and under- graduate researcher and Beckman Scholar Patrick Rauen (upper-right), who now is a chemist at deCode Genetics.

16 “For four years, we have been trying various methods to promote student choices within the sciences. Our NSF, NIH, IBHE and ISBE-funded projects have all shown that when students are engaged in research on real problems and with real scientists, they begin to see themselves as scientists and their future career as being inextricably linked to science.”-WJH Hunter’s freshman chemistry class learning to assess and evaluate peers’ chemical presentations “Within GK12 Fellows, our evaluation protocols were vital in helping to modify the program mid-course and to help PIs identify particular strategies that were working well, and to modify those that were struggling. Without this careful and critical self- analysis, the day to day running of projects is so consuming that leaders are in danger of simply continuing to do what they have done, without considering alternatives. Our expertise can help leaders to identify the key intermediate benchmarks which more likely lead to project success.” William J. Hunter, (NSF-CHE-0086354) GK-12 Graduate Fellows for Science and Math Education

17 “About 40 undergraduates have carried out computational research in Dykstra’s group. Several have done work as early as the end of their freshman year. The majority have been co- authors on research publications, and a large fraction have continued to graduate school. Very good experience has developed for motivating and nurturing students in their first research efforts.”-CD Clifford Dykstra ISU Department of Chemistry Chairperson, July, 2006. Work in Dykstra’s group concerns clustering of small molecules and weak intermolecular interaction with recent applications interests turning to carbon dioxide entrapment and molecular hydrogen storage technology. An invited Feature Article on this work appears in the May 25, 2006 issue of J. Phys. Chem. and it has David Swenson and Heather Jaeger as co-authors. The cover of the issue shows the interaction energy and preferred orientations for a complex of benzene and hydrogen. Dykstra group undergraduate investigators (2005) David Swenson, Jessica White, Sean Woodruff, and Heather Jaeger. Swenson is now working on his PhD at Berkeley, Jaeger will begin her PhD work at the University of Georgia this fall, and Woodruff is pursuing an MS at IUPUI. J. Phys. Chem. 2006, 110, 6399 – 6407. Dykstra brings Journal of Molecular Structure—Theochem to Illinois State. He serves as its Editor

18 ACS-SEED at ILLINOIS STATE UNIVERSITY Coordinator: David L. Cedeño SEED is a nationwide educational program sponsored by the ACS designed to encourage economically disadvantaged H.S. students into careers in the chemical sciences. The program provides them with a summer research opportunity under the mentorship of a chemistry Faculty Nan Lin was awarded one of 40 nationwide $5,000 Bader college scholarships. Continuously running since 2003 21 High school students (11-12 th grade) 11 Faculty volunteer mentors (50% of Chemistry Faculty) 5 High schools (4 local and 1 from South of Chicago) 2 alumni have been awarded competitive nationwide ACS scholarships to attend college 1 publication in a peer reviewed journal. Others in preparation Scientific presentations at Regional ACS and local professional meetings Featured nationwide in C&EN Magazine (March 20, 2006) Julian Giles published his work in Acta Crystallographica E, 2004, E60. Julio Martinez was awarded an ACS-SEED $5,000 college scholarship. ‘The reward is seeing that these kids have a chance in life.’” C&E News 2006, 84(12), 49-51. Mentor Marjorie Jones, Casey Huftington, Nan Lin, Delano Robinson, mentor David Cedeño

19 ISU-NIH-Bridges, (NIH-1 R25 GM073606-01) Coordinator: Karen Lind The “Central Illinois Bridge Program” began April, 2005. As of the 31 January 2006 report: Aim 1:Strengthen partnerships between the community colleges and university related to the targeted program areas. Supported the teaching of five summer courses at the partner CCs and ISU with a minority/total enrollment of 37/76. Implemented at Truman College (TC) a introductory summer Biotechnology Program for HS students and 1st year college minority students (24/24). At TC, we are creating HS/CC dual enrollment chemistry and biology courses for Farragut HS. Aim 2:Recruit, select, and support talented students from underrepresented groups in biology and chemistry. 18 minority HS and CC students conducted biology and chemistry research at ISU. 33 minority Farragut high school students from Chicago conducted experiments at ISU. Aim 3:Expand the professional development opportunities for project students. 12 minority students presented their research at the ISU Undergrad. and HS res. symposium. 10 minority students were co-authors on published or submitted scientific papers. Aim 4:Improve retention for under-represented students in biology and chemistry. Aim 5:Increase the number of under-represented students who enter graduate or professional schools in the biomedical sciences. Aim 6:Identify specific strategies that enhance under-represented students’ professional and career aspirations. After year 1, most participants believed that they, personally could accomplish science. Most expressed a desire to continue on a science path in college.


21 Good faculty. 26 peer reviewed papers, most with undergraduate co-authors are published annually. The 21 faculty hold active external funding amounting to over $3,000,000 (not incl URC) 3 NSF CAREER Awardees 2 Distinguished Professors Numerous scientific presentations at professional meetings Noted in C&E News Magazine at least 4 times in the past three years Stevenson is recipient of 2007 National ACS Award for Research with Undergraduates. 2005 Cover featuring ISU’s Lash science 2006 Cover featuring ISU’s Baur science ISU’s Stevenson honored in 2002 ISU’s Lash honored in 2004 ISU’s Jones honored in 2006 (not shown)

22 Great students. ISU undergraduate Colby’s Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 1346- 1349 publication include a featured fronticepiece. Denise Colby (BS 2005) co-authored 9 manuscripts as an undergraduate researcher with Professor Lash. Matt Kiesewetter (BS 2004) co-authored 6 papers in J. Am. Chem. Soc. as an undergraduate researcher with Professor Stevenson. An average of 60 undergraduates conduct research with ISU chemistry faculty during each academic semester. An average of 50 undergraduates conduct research with ISU chemistry faculty each summer. A large number of these researchers co-author papers with faculty Our students make more than 100 annual scientific presentations at local professional events as well as Regional and National meetings annually. ISU undergraduate Kiesewetter’s 2005 JACS publication noted as “Editor’s Choice” in Science.


24 We hope you will stay awhile. Chemistry student Betty Ooro just after receiving her diploma. Students celebrating at Departmental graduation gathering. Chemistry student Betty Ooro with her mother at Departmental graduation gathering. Jenny Ausec with family at Departmental graduation gathering.

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