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Sophomore English 實用英文 育達商業技術學院應用英語系 劉碧芬副教授. Phone: Ext. 6035 Office Hours: Monday mornings and Friday afternoons

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Presentation on theme: "Sophomore English 實用英文 育達商業技術學院應用英語系 劉碧芬副教授. Phone: Ext. 6035 Office Hours: Monday mornings and Friday afternoons"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sophomore English 實用英文 育達商業技術學院應用英語系 劉碧芬副教授

2 Phone: Ext Office Hours: Monday mornings and Friday afternoons index.asp?tch_no=1511http://webhome.ydu.edu.tw/teach/ index.asp?tch_no=1511

3 學習英語的方法與態度 學習英語並無捷徑,唯有勤才能補拙。 四多(多聽,多說,多讀,多寫)是不二法門。 聽英文歌 ,看卡通、電影, 讀童話書, 簡易小 說,聽有聲書。 聽空中英語教室或交美國朋友。 短話長說,沒話找話說,不「怕」。 高聲朗讀文章。細心揣摩文義。背誦名句短文。 養成寫英語日記和 的習慣。也可抄寫文章

4 英漢 / 漢英 / 英英 線上電子字典 dict.html 英漢 / 漢英 線上電子字典http://www.ee.tku.edu.tw/~rexchen/cdict/c dict.html 奇摩有聲字典http://www.yahoo.com.tw 線上英漢 字典/中文拼音/地址英譯、地圖查詢/ 計算機http://cdict.giga.net.tw/index.php 線上英漢 字典/中文拼音/地址英譯、地圖查詢/ 計算機 數十種英英字典http://onelook.com/

5 You’ve got a friend (listening exercise) / / When you're down and ___________ And you need ____________ And nothing, nothing is going right Close your eyes and____________ And soon I will be there To brighten up Even your _______________

6 You just call out my ________ And you know wherever I am I'll come runnin' To see you again Winter, spring, ____________ All you _______ to do is call And I'll be there, _____________ You've got a friend

7 If the sky above you Should turn dark and_______________ And that old ___________ should begin to blow Keep your head together And call my name ___________ Soon I’ll be knockin' at your door

8 (Chorus) You just call out my ________ And you know wherever I am I'll come runnin' To see you again Winter, spring, ____________ All you _______ to do is call And I'll be there, yes I will You've got a friend

9 __________________ to know that You've got a friend? People can be so _________ They'll _______ you and desert you They’ll take your soul if you let them But don't you let them (go to Chorus)

10 You just call out my ________ And you know wherever I am I'll come runnin' To see you again Winter, spring, ____________ All you _______ to do is call And I'll be there, ______________ You've got a friend

11 You’ve got a friend (with Chinese translation) Lyrics and Music: Carole King

12 When you're down and troubled 當妳遭到困擾,心情低落 And you need some loving care 需要別人的愛心和關懷 And nothing, nothing is going right 當妳覺得什麼事都不對勁 Close your eyes and think of me 閉上雙眼,想到我 And soon I will be there 我會很快地到妳那兒 To brighten up even your darkest night 照亮妳最暗淡的黑夜

13 Chorus 合唱 You just call out my name 妳只要大聲呼喚我的名字 And you know wherever I am 妳知道,無論我在哪裡 I'll come running to see you again 我都會跑來再見妳 Winter, spring, summer or fall 不管是春夏,還是秋冬 All you have to do is call 妳只要呼喚我 And I'll be there 我就會去妳那兒 You've got a friend 因為妳有我這個好友

14 If the sky above you 如果妳頭上的天空 Grows dark and full of clouds 烏雲密佈,變得黑漆漆 And that old north wind begins to blow 而北方來的寒風又開始猛吹 Keep your head together 請妳保持冷靜 And call my name out loud 大聲呼喚我的名字 Soon you'll hear me knocking at your door 很快地,妳就會聽到我在門外敲門

15 Ain't it good to know that you've got a friend 知道自己有位好朋友,不是一件很棒的事嗎? When people can be so cold 妳周圍的人可以非常冷酷 They'll hurt you, and desert you 他們會傷害妳,拋棄妳 And take your soul if you let them 如果妳讓他們的話,他們會把妳的靈魂拿走 Oh, but don't you let them 啊,妳千萬不要讓他們

16 Top Notch Unit 1: Cultural Literacy 文化認知 (P.2) Culture, cultural 文化 Literacy, literate, 讀寫能力 ( illiterate ) Goal 目標 Flyer 廣告傳單 (leaflet, brochure, advertisement) Represent 代表 Tailor 裁縫師 量身定做 Available 可用的

17 Topic Preview Native teachers 本籍老師 (native speakers) Homestays 住宿 Guarantee 保證 Achievement 成就 Cultural flair 優雅文化 ( elegance ) Rhythm 節奏 Polynesia(n) 玻里尼西亞 (in South Pacific)

18 Top Preview Sydney 雪梨(悉尼) Auckland 奧克蘭 Cape Town 開普敦 Cambridge 劍橋 Edinburgh 愛丁堡 New York 紐約 London 倫敦 San Francisco 舊金山 Toronto 多倫多

19 Pristine 原始的 清新的 純樸的 Melting pot 熔爐 World-renowned 世界著名的 Community 社區 Scholars 學者 Magnificent 華麗的 高尚的 豐富的 Medieval 中古世紀 Capital 首都 Crown 王位 皇冠 ( clown 小丑)

20 Key Words and Expressions (p. 3) 1. Thailand 泰國; Thai 泰國的,泰國人 2. Thais greet each with the gesture called the wai and by saying “Sawatdee-Kaa” (women) and “Sawatdee-Khrab” (men). 3. Mind ( 介意 ) +V-ing e.g.: Do you mind my smoking here? 4. on a first-name basis= 彼此以名字稱呼

21 “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”= 在羅馬﹐就依羅馬當地人的習俗做;亦即﹐入 境(鄉)隨俗。 姓: last name; surname; family name 名: first name; given name; Christian name John F. Kenneday (F: Middle Initial)

22 Nicknames ( 暱稱) or shortened forms E.g.: Teresa (Terri); Josephine (Jo); Catherine (Kathy; Cathy); Elizabeth (Eliza; Beth; Lisa, etc.); William (Bill, Will); Joseph (Joe) James (Jim); John (Jack); Richard (Dick); Samuel (Sam) ; Kenneth (Ken); Thomas (Tom); Anthony (Tony); Douglas (Doug); Robert (Bob)

23 Company meetings 公司會議 In general 一般而言 Absolutely 絕對地 Probably 可能地 ( =likely; cf. 比 Possibly 可能性高)

24 Ways to ask about proper address (p. 4) Do you mind if I call you [Kazuko]? Would it be rude to call you [K--]? What would you like to be called? How do you prefer to be addressed? Do you use Ms. or Mrs.?

25 Meet Someone Very pleased to meet you. (I am very pleased to meet you. ) It’s an honor to meet you. It’s a privilege to meet you. It’s nice to meet you. I am privileged to know you. I’m honored to meet you.

26 Topics OK for Small Talks Food people are eating Weather Sports Popular Movies Music etc.

27 Tag Questions (P.4) He’s late, isn’t he? He’s not late, is he? He speaks Chinese, doesn’t he? He spoke English, didn’t he? Mark and David don’t speak Chinese, do they? I’m not late, am I? I’m on time, aren’t I?

28 Tag Questions 助動詞 時態(現在 過去 未來) 肯定變否定 否定變肯定 代名詞 you, he, she, it, they, we, I

29 Conversation Model (p. 6) Primary school—elementary school Secondary school Middle school; high school 6-8—middle school; 9-12—high school Freshman; sophomore; junior; senior Semester; quarter; term

30 Lesson 2: Get to Know Someone (p. 6) The past perfect 過去完成式 (had pp) 在過去的一個特定時間之前就已經 ________ {By the time, when, before} S + V-ed ( 後 ), S + had {already, not yet} pp ( 先) After S + had (already) pp, S + V-ed {by, at} + time, S + had pp

31 Graduate; graduation Apply; application; Apply for a job; apply to Harvard for admission Study abroad program

32 Mid-Term Test Oral test Individual work: Show and tell (1 minute) Pair work: a) Tag questions (2 minutes) b) Conversation (2 minutes): cultural literacy for visitors to Taiwan Written test Listening Vocabulary Grammar: tag questions, the past perfect

33 Lesson 3: Be Culturally Literate (p.8) Vocabulary. Manners and Etiquette. etiquette=the “rules” of polite behavior 禮貌; 禮節 cultural literacy=knowing about and respecting the culture of others and following their rules of etiquette when interacting with them 文化的認知 table manners=rules for polite behavior when eating with other people 餐桌禮儀

34 Lesson 3 Vocabulary punctuality=the social “rules” about being on time 準時 impolite=not polite; rude 粗魯的 offensive=extremely rude or impolite 非常不 禮貌的(令人反感) customary=usual or traditional in a particular culture (習常的)

35 Lesson 3 taboo=not allowed because of very strong religious rules against behavior or topics that are considered very offensive 禁忌 Fork 叉子 ; chopsticks 筷子 ; bowl 碗 ; plate 碟子 Signature; Happy Hours T.G.I.F. (Thank God. It’s Friday) S.H.I.T. (Sorry, Honey, It’s Thursday.)

36 Table Manners Don’t be late for dinner party. Don’t seat yourself until the ladies are seated. Don’t offer hands with a lady; the initiative must come from her. If you don’t know how to use a fork or a knife properly, play it by ear.

37 A lady at your side must not be neglected whether you have been introduced nor not. Let the guests help themselves to the food; don’t serve the food for them.

38 Listening: Radio Show (p.8) Listening Strategies Listen for key words Listen for main ideas (summaries) Format: A host/hostess Topic: cultural literacy Guests to answer caller’s questions The host introduces the guests first. Then the host will take calls from callers one after another. 3 guests and 3 callers

39 The host introduction Where is Jerrin from? Where is Nadia from? Where is Sujeet from?

40 Radio show First guest: Jettrin from Thailand (a Thai) First caller: Arturo from Montevideo, Uruguay (Spanish-speaking) Second guest: Nadia from Dubai, the United Arab Emirates 阿拉伯聯合大公國 (a Muslim, Arabic-speaking) Second caller: Hiroko from Osaka (a Japanese) Third guest: Sujeet from Nepal 尼伯爾 Third caller: Javier from Mexico

41 Radio Show: Opening F1: Good morning, world. This is Millicent McKay in Brussels with today’s worldwide Cultural Literacy Update. If you’re new to the program, here’s the format. In the studio three people take your phone calls, and answer your questions about etiquette in their countries.

42 Radio Show: Opening (continued from above) Today’s guests are Jettrin from Thailand, Nadia from Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, and Sujeet from Nepal. We’re all first-name here, so let me welcome Jettrin, Nadia, and Sujeet. M1: Sawatdee Khrab, Millicent. Good morning! I’m Jettrin from Thailand.

43 Radio Show: Opening F2: Hello. It’s nice to be with you. I’m Nadia from Dubai. M2: And good morning, Millicent, Jettrin, and Nadia. Sujeet here from Nepal. F1: OK, Let’s get started. I see our first caller is on the line. Hello, Arturo from Montevideo. You’re on the air.

44 Radio Show: Call 1 M3: Good morning—actually, good evening. It’s 10:30 at night here in Montevideo. Here’s my question. I’m traveling on business to Thailand next month, and I’ll be working with Thai business manager, from my company. What should I know?

45 Radio Show: Call 1 M1: Hello, Arturo. Jettrin here. Just a couple of things: First a taboo: Don’t touch anyone’s head, not even a child’s. M3: Hmm? Well, I don’t ordinarily touch people’s heads, but if you don’t mind my asking, what’s wrong with touching someone’s head?

46 Radio Show: Call 1 M1: Well, we believe the head is where the person’s soul lives. So it’s very disrespectful and offensive to touch a person’s head. M3: Any other tips?

47 Radio Show: Call 1 M1: Well, when you are seated, be sure not to cross your legs in such a way that others can see the bottom of your foot. M3: Actually, I knew that. But don’t worry. It’s good to be reminded. I do have one more specific question before I hang up.

48 Radio Show: Call 1 M1: Sure. What’s that? M3: In Uruguay it’s customary to shake hands, and I know Thai people greet each other with the wai. Will it be impolite for a foreigner to do the wai?—and what happens if I don’t do it right? Will that be offensive?

49 Radio Show Call 1 M1: Absolutely not. Just put the palms of your hands together on your chest and bow slightly. Say “Sawatdee—khrab.” For the women listening, you say “Sawatdee- kaa.” You will warm our hearts with that. Don’t worry if you don’t do it exactly the way Thais do it. And don’t worry about the pronunciation.

50 Radio Show: Call 1 (continued from above) Have a wonderful trip to Thailand. Try to do some sightseeing. And taste our wonderful food! M3: Thanks so much. F1: Thank YOU, Jettrin and Arturo for a good lesson in cultural literacy. Let’s take a break and then another call.

51 CALL 2 Hiroko and Nadia F1: Welcome back, listeners. This is Millicent McKay with worldwide town meeting, answering all your questions about do’s and taboos around the world. Let’s say hello to Hiroko from Osaka, Japan. Hiroko, you’re on the air. F3: Thank you, Millicent. My husband and I are going to Dubai.

52 Radio Show Call 2 (continued) He’s a banker and has business there, but I’m going with him as a tourist. I’m very interested in all kinds of culture, and I understand Dubai is very different from Japan. I have three questions. F2: Hello, Hiroko. Nadia on the line.

53 Radio Show Call 2 F3: Thanks, Nadia. If I’m alone, can I walk on the street or drive a car? When we went to Saudi Arabia, women were not permitted to go out alone or drive. F2: Absolutely. As a woman traveler, you will have no difficulty getting around, even if you are alone. You can drive, and as long as you dress modestly, you can wear whatever you like.

54 Radio Show Call 2 F3: Second question: I don’t speak any Arabic. F2: Again, no problem. As you know, Arabic is the official language of Dubai, but English is commonly used in tourism and commerce. F3: You speak very good English, Nadia. Where did you learn it?

55 Radio Show Call 2 F2: I actually am an English teacher. I learned my English in the United States, at the University of Wisconsin. F3: And my last question: I’m an amateur photographer. Will I be able to take pictures in Dubai? F2: Well, yes, but you should know that it is considered offensive to take pictures of Muslim women here.

56 Radio Show Call 2 F3: Oh, I’m glad I asked. What about pictures of men. F2: Well, yes, just be sure to ask permission. F3: I don’t know how to thank you. I’m really looking forward to the trip! F1: We’ll be right back with our final call.

57 Call 3 F1: I think we have time for one more caller. Javier from Mexico City! Welcome to the show. How can we help you? M4: [Mexican accent] I’m going to Nepal next month on an international trek. I wil be staying with a Nepalese family for a weekend, and I want to be sure I don’t offend anyone. Mexico is very different from Nepal.

58 Call 3 F1: Well,... Let’s ask Sujeet to comment. M2: Hi, Javier. Let’s talk about table manners. First of all, Nepalese don’t usually use spoons, forks, or knives. M4: No? So how do the people eat? How will I eat? M2: Well, your hosts will eat with their right hand, never the left hand.

59 Call 3 (continued) But I’m sure they’ll provide you with spoons and forks. If they are welcoming foreigners into their home, they’ll want you to be comfortable. But remember one important taboo. Beef is strictly forbidden as a food in both Hindu and Buddhist homes. Our typical food, however, is wonderful and very flavorful and healthy.

60 Call 3 M4: That’s great, because I’m Mexican, and we have great food in Mexico, too. I love good food when I travel. Sujeet, I’m very interested in culture but I don’t know much about Hinduism and Buddhism. What can you tell me? M2: Well, if you visit a Hindu temple or a Buddhist shrine, you must remove your shoes.

61 Call 3 (continued) Or, if you prefer, you can wear open sandals. Check first; in some Hindu temples, non-Hindus can’t enter. And, very important, don’t take leather things near the temple. And if you want to take a picture, be sure to ask before using your camera. M4: Thanks so much. I feel very prepared now.

62 Call 3 and Closing M2: My pleasure. F1: Well that’s all we have time for today. Until next time, this is Millicent McKay in Brussels, reminding you that in today’s world cultural literacy is an essential survival skill.

63 Hinduism 印度教 Buddhism 佛教 Buddhist 佛教徒

64 Lesson 4: Reading (On Japanese Culture) (P. 10) Title: “Japanese Workers Get Word from On High: Drop Formality” By Norimitsu Onishi Hiroshima 廣島, Japan Oct. 30, 2003 Source: The New York Times

65 Vocabulary Formality 1. 拘泥形式, 拘謹 [U][S1] I wish we could treat each other without formality. 我真希望我們彼此之間不要太拘謹。 2. 正式手續 [P1] It's a formality that we have to go through. 這是我們必須辦理的手續。 3. 禮節 ; 俗套 [C] All formalities were observed at the ceremony. 慶典儀式遵循了所有的禮節。

66 Vocabulary “Get Word from on High”— 從高層得到指示 The Tokyo headquarters [Hqs.] 東京總部 Semiconductor 半導體 Address 稱呼 Suffix 字尾 【 work—worker] vs. Prefix 字 首 【 polite—impolite] Competitive 競爭的

67 Review Stress rules A. –ic 1.honorific 2. Pacific 3. Atlantic 4. Civic 5.fantastic 6. specific 7.authentic B. –ty 1.university 2. city 3. specificity 4. authenticity 5. modesty C. –ate 1. elevate 2. evaluate 3. graduate 4. educate

68 Lesson 4 Vocabulary mirror (v) 反映; (n) 鏡子 expert (n) 專家 equality (n) 平等 ; equality-minded 具有平等思想 的 emphasize (v) 重視 ; emphasis (n) honorific language 敬語 no longer 不再 elevate (v) 提升 【 elevator 電梯】 humble (adj) 謙虛的; (v) 使謙卑;使地位降低

69 Lesson 4 Vocabulary fall out of use 不再使用 take account of (v) 考慮 social standing (n) 社會地位 calibrate (v) 測定 的口徑;使標準化 factor (n) 因素 cumbersome (adj) 麻煩的;笨重的

70 Lesson 4 Vocabulary traditionally (adv) 傳統地 employee (n) 員工 administration (n) 行政;治理 old-fashioned (adj) 老派的;舊式的

71 Is change for the better? (p. 11) survey 調查 Motto 座右銘 Adapt to 適應 dinosaur 恐龍 If it isn’t broken, don’t fix it. chameleon 變色龍 Out with the old, in with the new! A little of both Easy does it.

72 Checkpoint (p. 12) chrysanthemum 菊花 appropriate 合適的 Inappropriate 不合適的 wrap up 總結 warm up 暖身

73 Review Tag questions Statements  questions and answers You’re tired.  Are you tired? Yes, I am. No, I am not. You were born in Maoli.  Were you born in Maoli? Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t.

74 He’s tired.  Is he tired? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. He was born in Hsin-chu. Was he born in Hsin-chu? Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t.

75 They are tired.  Are they tired? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. They were born in Taichung.  Were they born in Taichung? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.

76 You speak Taiwanese.  Do you speak Taiwanese? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. You grew up in Chu-nan.  Did you grow up in Chu-nan? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

77 You ate noodles for lunch.  Did you eat noodles for lunch? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. sHe eats noodles for lunch every day.  Does he eat noodles for lunch every day? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

78 He ate noodles for lunch. Did he eat noodles for lunch? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t.

79 I am. I am not. Am I? Aren’t I? I was. I wasn’t. Was I? Wasn’t I? I do. I don’t. Do I? Don’t I? I did. I didn’t. Did I? Didn’t I? You are. You aren’t. Are you? Aren’t you? You were. You weren’t. Were you? Weren’t you? You did. You didn’t. Did you? Didn’t you?

80 He is. He isn’t. Is he? Isn’t he? She is. She isn’t. Is she? Isn’t she? It is. It isn’t. Is it? Isn’t it? He was. He wasn’t. Was he? Wasn’t he? She was. She wasn’t. Was she? Wasn’t she? It was. It wasn’t. Was it? Wasn’t it?

81 He does. He doesn’t. Does he? Doesn’t he? She does. She doesn’t. Does she? Doesn’t she? It does. It doesn’t. Does it? Doesn’t it? He did. He didn’t. Did he? Didn’t he? She did. She didn’t. Did she? Didn’t she? It did. It didn’t. Did it? Didn’t it?

82 You have been to Japan.  Have you been to Japan? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. He has been to Australia.  Has he been to Australia? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

83 You have never been to Japan.  Haven’t you been to Japan? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. You have never been to Japan, have you? You have been to Japan, haven’t you? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.

84 He has never helped you, has he? He has helped you a lot, hasn’t he? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

85 “be”: am, is, are, was, were Verbs: eat, grow, play, walk, go, sit, stand, etc. Regular verbs: play, played, played Irregular verbs: eat, ate, eaten grow, grew, grown go, went, gone “be” + verb (X) “be” + verb-ing: You are listening to the teacher. “be” + p.p.: You were born in Miaoli. They were married in 1998.

86 Tense: Time Line (past) ______t1______t2●(now)_______(future) (1st) (2nd) had + pp V-ed 1. a) {When, Before, By the time} S + V-ed, S + had (not)+ pp b) After S + had + pp, S + V-ed 2. {By, In, At} + time, S + had (not) pp

87 The past perfect (handouts) First (早,先) : had + pp Second (晚,後) : when V-ed by the time before First (先) : After had + pp ( 肯定) Second (後) : V-ed

88 The past perfect: had + pp First: The thief left. Second: She realized her wallet was missing, had leftThe thief had left by the time she realized her wallet was missing. had leftThe thief had left when she realized her wallet was missing. had leftThe thief had left before she realized her wallet was missing. After the thief had left, she realized her wallet was missing.

89 First: The thief left. Second: She realized her wallet was missing, When she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left. By the time she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left. Before she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left. had leftShe realized her wallet was missing after the thief had left.

90 The thief had left when she realized her wallet was missing, When she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left The thief had left by the time she realized her wallet was missing. By the time she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left. The thief had left before she realized her wallet was missing. Before she realized her wallet was missing, the thief had left. She realized her wallet was missing after the thief had left After the thief had left, she realized her wallet was missing.

91 The past perfect A) S + had (not) pp ( 先 ) {by the time, when, before} S + V-ed ( 後 ) B) {By the time, when, before} S + V-ed ( 後 ), S + had (not) pp ( 先) First: The children didn’t eat breakfast. Second: The children went to school. (A) 1. They hadn’t eaten breakfast, when the children went to school. 2. They hadn’t eaten breakfast, before the children went to school.. 3. They hadn’t eaten breakfast, by the time the children went to school... First: The children didn’t eat breakfast. Second: The children went to school. (B) 1. When the children went to school, they hadn’t eaten breakfast. 2. Before the children went to school, they hadn’t eaten breakfast. 3. By the time the children went to school, they hadn’t eaten breakfast.

92 Online Exercise graduated from college 1992 moved to Berlin 1993 started work at Versitech 1994 met Eva 1997 married Eva 1999 started graduate school 2002 received advanced degree in biology 2004 first child, Marina, was born 2005 began new job at BioLab, Inc.

93 Online Exercise 1 1. In 1990, Tomas (graduate) from college graduated from college had not yet graduated 2. By 1993, Tomas (move) to Berlin moved to Berlin had moved 3. Tomas didn't move to Berlin until after he (graduate) from college. had graduated

94 4. When he started work at Versitech, Tomas (meet) Eva started work at Versitech 1994 met Eva had not yet met 5.By the time Tomas married Eva, they (know) each other for three years married Eva had known

95 6. By 1998, Tomas (marry) Eva married Eva had married 7. In 1998, Tomas (start) graduate school started graduate school had not yet started

96 8. Marina (be born) when Tomas received his advanced degree in biology received advanced degree in biology 2004 first child, Marina, was born had not yet been born 9. Tomas (finish) graduate school when Marina was born. had already finished 10. Tomas began his new job at BioLab, Inc. after he (receive) his advanced degree began new job at BioLab, Inc. had received

97 Tense: Time Line 1. a) {When, Before, By the time} S + V-ed, S + had (not)+ pp b) After S + had + pp, S + V-ed 2. {By, In, At} + time, S + had (not) pp _____t1________t2 (past)______t3(now) (First) (Second) had + pp V-ed

98 Mid-term Exam

99 Vocabulary 1.taboo 2.impolite 3.manners 4.Punctuality 5.Etiquette 6.literacy 7.disagree 8.customary 9.offensive 10.formality

100 Tag questions: 1.doesn’t he? 2.didn’t they? 3.weren’t there? 4.am I? 5.don’t you?

101 Past perfect: had + Ved 1.had not yet graduated 2.had not yet moved 3.had already graduated 4.had not yet met 5.had already known 6.had not yet married 7.had already started 8.had already been born 9.had not yet finished 10.had already begun

102 Japanese, perhaps more than any other language, has long taken account of social standing. 日文長久以來或許比其他任何語言都注重 社會地位

103 First: It got dark. Second: The family ate dinner. 1. a) It got dark before the family ate dinner. b) Before the family ate dinner, it got dark. 2. a) It had gotten dark before the family ate dinner. b) Before the family ate dinner, it had gotten dark. 3. a) Before it got dark, the family ate dinner. b) The family ate dinner before it got dark. 4. a) Before it got dark, the family had eaten dinner. b) The family had eaten dinner before it got dark. First: The family ate dinner Second: It got dark.

104 1. a) It got dark after the family ate dinner. b) It got dark after the family had eaten dinner. 2. a) After the family ate dinner, it got dark. b) After the family had eaten dinner, it got dark. 3. a) After it got dark, the family ate dinner. b) After it had gotten dark, the family ate dinner. 4. a) The family ate dinner after it got dark. b) The family ate dinner after it had gotten dark.

105 Self-report for the oral test ( ) 1.Do you like the oral test? Why or why not? 2.What did you learn from this oral test? a) from the writing of your own script b) from the help of the teacher (list detailed corrections) c) from your practice for the delivery d) from going on the stage and delivering the show and tell and the dialogue e) from working with my partner 3. What do you think about the English class so far?

106 Unit II Health Matters (p. 14) Health matters 健康問題 Unit Goals— 1. Make an appointment to see a dentist 2. Describe symptoms at a doctor’s office 3. Discuss types of medical treatment 4. Talk about medications

107 Topic Preview (Review) Read the health checklist 清單 for international travelers 國際旅者. Which tips 建議 do you think are the most important? Vaccinations 預防注射;接種疫苗 Medications 用藥 Eyewear (glasses 普通 or contact lenses 隱形 ) 眼鏡 Dental Care 牙齒照顧 (dental check-up)

108 Sound Bites: Two short conversations in Russia (p. 15) Guest: I need to see a dentist as soon as possible. I think it’s an emergency. I was wondering if you might be able to (Could you) recommend someone who speaks English. Clerk: Actually, there’s one not far from here. Would you like (do you want) me to make an appointment for you?

109 Sound Bites Dentist: So I hear (understand) you’re from overseas. Patient: Yes, from Venezuela. Thanks for fitting me in (giving me an appointment so quickly). This tooth is killing me (hurts very badly). Dentist: Luckily, I had a cancellation. (I’m) Glad to be of help (helpful). Patient: I really appreciate it. Thought I’d (I had) better see someone right away. Dentist: Well, let’s have a look (I’ll examine you now).

110 Sound Bites (p. 15) 註解 Guest (房客) : I need (需要) to see a dentist ( 牙醫 ) as soon as possible 儘快. I think it’s (=it is) an emergency (緊急情況, 急診). I was wondering if you might be able to recommend (推薦) someone who speaks English. (我不知道你是否可 以推薦 ……) letter of recommendation

111 Sound Bites (p. 15) 註解 Clerk 旅館職員 : Actually (事實上), there’s one not far from here (離這裡不 遠). Would you like (你要我) me to make an appointment (約會,約定就診 時間) for you? right away: at once; immediately; Letter of appreciation; thank-you note

112 Sound Bites 註解 Dentist: So I hear you’re from overseas. (我聽說你是從國外來的) Patient (病人) : Yes, from Venezuela (委內瑞拉). Thanks for fitting me in (謝謝妳能馬上看我). This tooth is killing me (這顆牙疼死我也). Dentist: Luckily (幸運地), I had a cancellation (取消). Glad to be of help (能幫得上忙).

113 Sound Bites 註解 Patient: I really appreciate (感激) it. Thought I’d better (最好) see someone right away (馬上). Dentist: Well, let’s have a look. (讓我來檢 查)

114 單字與片語 Russia 俄羅斯 front desk 旅館櫃台 ; receptionist; operator a dentist 牙醫 dental 牙齒的 as soon as possible=as quickly as possible an emergency 緊急情況,病情緊急,急診 ER (Emergency Room) 急診室 recommend 推薦

115 單字與片語 Make an appointment 掛號,約會,約與某人見 面 dating; I have a date tonight. (going steady) Overseas 海外的 overseas students 海外學生 Overseas Taiwanese 台僑 Venezuela 委內瑞拉 I really appreciate it: Thanks a million; Thanks a lot; Thank you so much. Many thanks; Much obliged. letter of appreciation; thank-you note Fitting me in= 很快能夠看我的病

116 單字與片語 This tooth is killing me. 這顆牙齒很痛。 【 Note: You are killing me. 你講的話 ( 或做 的動作)笑死我了。】 Good luck; lucky; luckily; best luck to you. Good fortune; fortunate; fortunately cancel (v) cancellation (n) 取消(約會等) to be of help = to be helpful; of + 抽象名詞 = 形容詞 to be of use = to be useful.

117 To be of no use; useless To be of little use; almost useless To be of great use; very useful You have been of great help to me.

118 Lesson I: Make an Appointment to See a Dentist (p. 16) Conversation Model: Read and listen. A: Hello. I wonder if I might be able to see the dentist today. I’m here on business, and I have a toothache. B: Oh, that must hurt. Are you in a lot of pain? A: Yes, actually, I am.

119 Conversation Model (continued) B: Well, let me check. Could you be here by 3:00? Yes. That would be fine. I really appreciate it.

120 Vocabulary. Dental emergencies I have a toothache. I broke a tooth. I lost a filling. My crown is loose. My bridge came out. My gums are swollen.

121 Vocabulary I have a toothache. (牙疼) I broke a tooth. (斷了一顆牙) I lost a filling. (填補物) My crown is loose. (牙套) My bridge came out. (假牙上的齒橋) My gums are swollen. (牙齦腫)

122 Vocabulary Illness; disease; ailment Are you ill? Tooth—teeth; goose—geese; foot—feet toothache; stomachache; lose, lost, lost; loose (adj)

123 Grammar (p. 17) may; might; must, be able to May or might for possibility Must for conclusions Be able to for ability

124 May, Might, Must, and Be Able to The dentist may (or might) have some time to see you. Barbara might (or may) not need a new filling. John just broke a tooth. The dentist told me to come next week. It must not be an emergency. She’ll be able to see (can see) you tomorrow.

125 Grammar Dr. Sharp may be able to help you. I might not be able to get there till 6:00. You might have to get a new crown. She must not have to go to work today.

126 Complete the conversations A: You look terrible! Your tooth ___ really hurt. B: It does. A: Did you call the dentist? B: Yes, but no one is answering. The dentist ____ be in today. A: Bill had a bad toothache this morning. B: No kidding. Then he ______ be able to come to the meeting today.

127 Complete the conversations A: Where’s Alice? B: Well, I heard she lost a filling, so she ____ be at the dentist.


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