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Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 15 Feb 2010 Bill Brewer.

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1 Oklahoma Christian University San Antonio College Life of Christ: Matthew 15 Feb 2010 Bill Brewer

2 Schedule 2 15 Feb Bill Brewer DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

3 15 Feb Bill Brewer 3

4 Lesson 6 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … The inward nature of service to Jesus (Mt. 5-7) 2.In chapter 7, how far does Jesus’ sarcasm go in the part about judging others? 3.How do “Prayer and the Golden Rule” (Mt. 7:7-12) relate to the Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:9-13)? 4.What attitude does the Sermon take toward law keeping? 5.On what note does the Sermon end and how does it relate back to the Sermon’s opening? 6.  15 Feb Bill Brewer 4

5 Questions 1.Which of the following sections of the Sermon on the Mount most reflect the inward nature of service to Jesus? (Pick all that apply.) A.The Beatitudes (Mt 5:3-12) B.The “Salt and Light” of discipleship (Mt 5: 13-16) C.The “Six Antitheses” (Mt 5:21-48) D.Almsgiving (Mt 6:1-4) E.The setting of prayer (Mt 6:5-6) F.Fasting (Mt 6:16-18) G.Serving God rather than wealth (Mt 6:19-24) H.Not judging others (Mt 7:1-5) I.The Golden Rule (Mt 7:12) J.The two ways (Mt 7:13-15) K.All of the above - Bill Brewer 5 8 Feb 2010

6 Questions 2.In chapter 7, how far does Jesus’ sarcasm go in the part about judging others? Most likely all the way to the advice in v6 about “not casting pearls before swine.” 3.How do “Prayer and the Golden Rule” (Mt. 7:7-12) relate to the Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:9-13)? Both passages most likely reflect Matthew’s concern for reconciliation between Christian brethren 4.What attitude does the Sermon take toward law keeping? The Sermon sees law keeping as a mark of true discipleship 5.On what note does the Sermon end and how does it relate back to the Sermon’s opening? The Sermon ends on an eschatological note, which ties back to the inaugural function of the beatitudes  15 Feb Bill Brewer 6

7 The Western Conscience Western conscience begins with Augustine Augustine was first person in history to be so self-absorbed as to write his confessions The Western conscience reached its religious culmination in Luther Its secular counterpart reached its zenith with Freud  “O’ Wretched Man That I Am” Rom 7:24 15 Feb Bill Brewer 7

8 Luther Roman Catholicism Development of the Western “Introspective Conscience” Pentecost Protestantism Augustine Black Death Penance Christology Soteriology Ecclesiology Nestorian Churches Eastern Orthodoxy Monastic Life ISSUES Mass 15 Feb Bill Brewer 8

9 The Western Conscience (cont.) Augustinian introspection was amplified by such things as... Christian hope of individual resurrection Monastic life Doctrines of penance and purgatory The Black Death Gnosticism Modern-day Protestantism is especially prone to Gnostic-like preferences for... Subjectivity over objectivity Private knowledge over public knowledge Individual over community Inwardness over outwardness, and so forth... Thus the tendency may be to over-emphasize the Sermon’s attention to “inwardness”  15 Feb Bill Brewer 9

10 Matthew 5-7: Emphasis on Inwardness The First Discourse: the Sermon on the Mount (5:1–7:29) The Setting of the Sermon (5:1–2) Introduction (5:3–16) The Foundation of Righteous Living: The Beatitudes (5:3–12) The Essence of Discipleship: Salt and Light (5:13–16) The Main Body of the Sermon (5:17–7:12) The Relation between the Old and the New Righteousness (5:17–48) Continuity with the Old (5:17–20) The Surpassing of the Old: The Six Antitheses (5:21–48) On Murder (5:21–26) On Adultery (5:27–30) On Divorce (5:31–32) On Oaths (5:33–37) On Retaliation (5:38–42) On Loving One’s Enemies (5:43–48) - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 Not Here Here?

11 Matthew 5-7: Emphasis on Inwardness Outward vs. Inward Righteousness (6:1–18) Almsgiving (6:1–4) Prayer and the Lord’s Prayer (6:5–15) The Setting of Prayer (6:5–6) On the Right Way to Pray: “The Lord’s Prayer” (6:7–15) Fasting (6:16–18) Dependence upon God (6:19–34) Serving God Rather Than Wealth (6:19–24) The Disciple and Anxiety (6:25–34) Various Teachings and the Golden Rule (7:1–12) On Not Judging Others (7:1–5) Discernment in Proclaiming the Gospel (7:6) The Answering Father (7:7–11) The Golden Rule (7:12) - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 Here Not Here

12 Matthew 5-7: Emphasis on Inwardness Conclusion (7:13–27) The Two Ways (7:13–14) The False and the Genuine (7:15–23) Warning concerning False Prophets (7:15–20) The Insufficiency of the Charismata (7:21–23) The Parable of the Two Builders (7:24–27) The Astonishment of the Crowds (7:28–29) - Bill Brewer Jan 2010 Not Here

13 Matthew 5-7: Emphasis on Inwardness Note that the inwardness of Mt 5-7 is not an end in itself Rather the inward turn has an outward purpose For example, one enters a private closet to pray for the public “hallowing” of God’s name  - Bill Brewer Jan 2010

14 Matthew 7:1-5 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 3 “And why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 3 “And why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 4 “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye? 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 3 “And why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 4 “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye? 5 “You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 14

15 Matthew 7:1-5 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 3 “And why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 4 “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye? 5 “You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. (NASB) NOTES: Vv1-5 are the source of probably the most mistaken idea in all of Christianity I.e., that one can escape God’s judgment by totally suspending one’s own judgment The real point of vv1-5 though is to “judge in such a way as to avoid bringing oneself into judgment” In other words, judge justly 15 Feb Bill Brewer 15

16 Matthew 7:1-5 1 ”Do not judge lest you be judged. 2 “For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you. 3 “And why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 4 “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye? 5 “You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. (NASB) NOTES: Question: Whose judgment is threatened in v1? – God’s? – Fellow believer’s? What would the context suggest? Common assumption is God’s end-time judgment Matthew’s interest though is on harmonious relations within his community – E.g., criminations beget recriminations 15 Feb Bill Brewer 16

17 Matthew 7:6 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 17

18 Matthew 7:6 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (NASB) NOTES: V6 is unique to Matthew “Dogs” (cf. 15:26) and “swine” are highly offensive V6 could mean … – Don’t try to teach truths beyond what people can stand – Don’t let unbelievers partake of the Lord’s Supper ( Didache 9:5; also cf. Lev 22:10) – Don’t take the gospel to the Gentiles (e.g., 10:5; 15:24) – Don’t waste the gospel on those who are hostile to it (cf. 10:11-14) – Don’t waste prayers on apostate Christians (cf. Heb 10:29 “trampled under foot the Son …”) — or at least use parables! 15 Feb Bill Brewer 18

19 Matthew 7:6 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (NASB) NOTES: Or v6 could be a rather sarcastic restatement of vv1-5 (Bennett, WTJ 49 (Fall 1987) ) “Do not give dogs what is holy; and do not throw your pearls before swine” “Do not judge” = “Lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you” “Lest you be judged” = In other words … – Since Jesus had already judged his listeners as unfit to judge; i.e., hypocrites (vv3-5), then … – They should avoid retaliation for their “pearls of wisdom” (judgments) by not casting them before those they deemed to be “swine” (vv1-2, 6) If so, then Matthew shows Jesus poking fun at both the ability and the sincerity of busybodies 15 Feb Bill Brewer 19

20 Matthew 7:6 6 “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (NASB) Excuse me, but I think I see a speck in your eye OK dude, let me give you a little piece of friendly advice …  Or in more everyday language… Gal 5:15 But if you bite and devour one another, take heed that you are not consumed by one another. (NASB) It’s about time somebody straightened this pig out!! 15 Feb Bill Brewer 20

21 Matthew 7: “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 7 “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 8 “For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it shall be opened. 7 “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 8 “For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it shall be opened. 9 “Or what man is there among you, when his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone? 7 “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 8 “For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it shall be opened. 9 “Or what man is there among you, when his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone? 10 “Or if he shall ask for a fish, he will not give him a snake, will he? (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 21

22 Matthew 7: “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. 8 “For everyone who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it shall be opened. 9 “Or what man is there among you, when his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone? 10 “Or if he shall ask for a fish, he will not give him a snake, will he? (NASB) NOTES: Listeners are not told what to ask or what to look for Let’s see, what could it be? Hallow Thy Name Thy Kingdom come Thy will be done Give us this day… Forgive us our debts… Lead us not into temptation Deliver us from evil Vv7-10 are commonly understood as referring to the forgiveness of sins 15 Feb Bill Brewer 22

23 Matthew 7:11 11 “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him! (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 23

24 Matthew 7:11 11 “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your Father who is in heaven give what is good to those who ask Him! (NASB) NOTES: Cf. James 5:14-16 Is any one of you sick [astheneo-- feeble or weak]? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick [kamno-- weary or faint] person well [sozo-- whole]; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick [kamno-- weary or faint] person well [sozo-- whole]; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven. 16 Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective. 15 Feb Bill Brewer 24

25 Matthew 7:12 12 “Therefore, however you want people to treat you, so treat them, for this is the Law and the Prophets. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 25

26 Matthew 7:12 12 “Therefore, however you want people to treat you, so treat them, for this is the Law and the Prophets. (NASB) NOTES: The “Golden Rule” is central to Kingdom ethics and is the “trademark” teaching of Jesus It interprets Lev 19:18, “love your neighbor as yourself” In v12, it is a “kelal” statement climaxing and summarizing the main body of the Sermon It marks the transition to concluding warnings cast in sharp contrasts Narrow gate False prophets False confidence Wise builder  15 Feb Bill Brewer 26

27 Matthew 7: “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it. 13 “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it. 14 “For the gate is small, and the way is narrow that leads to life, and few are those who find it. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 27

28 Matthew 7: “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it. 14 “For the gate is small, and the way is narrow that leads to life, and few are those who find it. (NASB) NOTES: The metaphor of “two ways” is common in Jewish, Hellenistic, and Christian writings Jer 21:8 … ‘Thus says the Lord, “Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death (NASB) Dt 30:15 “See, I have set before you today life and prosperity, and death and adversity … 19 “I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I have set before you life and death, the blessing and the curse. So choose life in order that you may live, you and your descendants (NASB) Ps 1:6 For the Lord knows the way of the righteous, But the way of the wicked will perish (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 28

29 Matthew 7: “Enter by the narrow gate; for the gate is wide, and the way is broad that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter by it. 14 “For the gate is small, and the way is narrow that leads to life, and few are those who find it. (NASB) NOTES: The wide gate, even broad way, makes no demands and requires no discipline The narrow way involves the real difficulties of going the extra mile, enduring persecution, etc. Acts 14:22 … ”Through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God” (NASB) Choice of the word “find” in v14 reflects the true grace of becoming a disciple find 15 Feb Bill Brewer 29

30 Matthew 7: “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 15 “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16 “You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor figs from thistles, are they? (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 30

31 Matthew 7: “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16 “You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor figs from thistles, are they? (NASB) NOTES: Presumably the false prophets are the ones who lead people through the wide gate and into the broad way (vv13-14) A major question is their identity Are they the same as the deluded charismatics of vv21-23? See Mt 24:11, “And many false prophets will arise, and will mislead many” and 24:24, “For false Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect” (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 31

32 Matthew 7: “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 17 “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 17 “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 19 “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 17 “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 19 “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 “So then, you will know them by their fruits. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 32

33 Matthew 7: “Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the bad tree bears bad fruit. 18 “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. 19 “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 “So then, you will know them by their fruits. (NASB) NOTES: “Fruits” are deeds “Cut down and thrown into the fire” is imagery of end-times judgment common in Matthew Thus the false prophets of vv15-16 will ultimately be exposed In the meantime, they can be identified by their deeds 15 Feb Bill Brewer 33

34 Matthew 7: “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. James J. Tissot, "Jesus Preaches the Sermon on the Mount" ( ), watercolor. 21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. 22 “Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ 21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. 22 “Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ 23 “And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.’ (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 34

35 Matthew 7: “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. 22 “Many will say to Me on that day, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name perform many miracles?’ 23 “And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.’ (NASB) NOTES: Matthew continues his interest with deeds, not just lip-service “That day” refers to the end- times judgment The charismatics offer an impressive threefold proof of their genuineness None of that prevails over their lack of true discipleship; i.e., their practice of “lawlessness” “I never knew you” disavows any previous right relationship by reading the charismatics’ present alienation from God back onto any past right relationship they may have had 15 Feb Bill Brewer 35

36 Matthew 7: “Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine, and acts upon them, may be compared to a wise man, who built his house upon the rock. 24 “Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine, and acts upon them, may be compared to a wise man, who built his house upon the rock. 25 “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and burst against that house; and yet it did not fall, for it had been founded upon the rock. (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 36

37 Matthew 7: “Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine, and acts upon them, may be compared to a wise man, who built his house upon the rock. 25 “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and burst against that house; and yet it did not fall, for it had been founded upon the rock. (NASB) NOTES: All of Matthew’s five major discourses end with references to ends-times reckoning Mt 7:27 Mt 10:42 Mt 13:50 Mt 18:35 Mt 25:46 V24 has the hint of invitation The “rock” is the teaching of Jesus 15 Feb Bill Brewer 37

38 Matthew 7: “And everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does not act upon them, will be like a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand. 26 “And everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does not act upon them, will be like a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand. 27 “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and burst against that house; and it fell, and great was its fall.” (NASB) 15 Feb Bill Brewer 38

39 Matthew 7: “And everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does not act upon them, will be like a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand. 27 “And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and burst against that house; and it fell, and great was its fall.” (NASB) NOTES: The foolish man’s mistake is a failure to act on what he has heard The phrase “and great was its fall” breaks the symmetry with v25 for the sake of emphasis 15 Feb Bill Brewer 39

40 Making sense of chapter 7… “Do not judge…” (7:1-5) “Do not give that which is holy…” (7:6) “Ask and it will be given…” (7:7-12) “Enter by the narrow gate…” (7:12-14) “Beware of false prophets…” (7:15-20) “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord…” (7:21-23) “… everyone who hears these words.. and acts…” (7:24-27) Most scholars see chapter 7 as a collection of largely disconnected “logia” (sayings); e.g., Hagner, Matthew 1-13, WBC, Vol 33a, 2002 … “We encounter a relatively abrupt break [at 7:1] from the preceding material….” “[V6] … appears to be a detached independent logion apparently unrelated to the preceding….” “[Vv7-11 are] another self-contained unit having no real connection with the material that precedes or follows it” And on and on…. 15 Feb Bill Brewer 40

41 An alternative (integrative) view of chapter 7 … “Do not judge…” (7:1-5) “Do not give that which is holy…” (7:6) “Ask and it will be given…” (7:7-12) “Enter by the narrow gate…” (7:12-14) “Beware of false prophets…” (7:15-20) “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord…” (7:21-23) “… everyone who hears these words.. and acts…” (7:24-27) An alternative is to see all of chapter 7 “sayings” in relation to the overall theme of the Sermon on the Mount; i.e., God’s inbreaking Kingdom God’s inbreaking Kingdom would … – Be blessed – Be a peaceable Kingdom – Face opposition – Be a contrast community – Fulfill the Law – Exhibit true righteousness – Depend upon God – Exercise righteous judgment – Ask and receive in prayer 15 Feb Bill Brewer 41

42 An alternative (integrative) view of chapter 7 … “Do not judge…” (7:1-5) “Do not give that which is holy…” (7:6) “Ask and it will be given…” (7:7-12) “Enter by the narrow gate…” (7:12-14) “Beware of false prophets…” (7:15-20) “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord…” (7:21-23) “… everyone who hears these words.. and acts…” (7:24-27) WARNINGS 15 Feb Bill Brewer 42

43 Concluding Observations The Sermon on the Mount provides an antidote to the cheap grace mentality that infects much of Western Christianity Being a Christian means having a real interest in objective righteousness, not just lip-service According to Matthew, the good news of the Kingdom cannot be separated from the stern ethic of Jesus  15 Feb Bill Brewer 43

44 Concluding Observations The Sermon on the Mount opens with the blessings of God’s inbreaking Kingdom The Beattitudes It closes with four warnings that look forward to the full realization of that Kingdom  15 Feb Bill Brewer 44

45 Lesson 5 Questions 1.Answer objective questions and write detailed paragraphs on … The inward nature of service to Jesus (Mt. 5-7) 2.In chapter 7, how far does Jesus’ sarcasm go in the part about judging others? 3.How do “Prayer and the Golden Rule” (Mt. 7:7-12) relate to the Lord’s Prayer (Mt 6:9-13)? 4.What attitude does the Sermon take toward law keeping? 5.On what note does the Sermon end and how does it relate back to the Sermon’s opening? 6.  15 Feb Bill Brewer 45

46 Schedule Feb Bill Brewer DateTopicAssignments Due 11-Jan-10Introduction 18-Jan-10Lineage, Birth of Jesussyllabus 25-Jan-10Timing, Preparation for Jesus' Advent1-2, Gal. 3:23-4:7 1-Feb-10Jesus' Baptism, Temptations; Test 1 (10%)3, 4, 11, 14: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living5; 6; 19: Feb-10Sermon on the Mount: Kingdom Living7; paper 22-Feb-10Limited Commission; the Eternal Kingdom10, 23 1-Mar-10Parables of the Kingdom13, 15, 25 8-Mar-10By the Power of God; Test 2 (20%)8, 9, Mar-10Spring Break 22-Mar-10Power over Demons; Foundation of Jesus' Kingdom12, Mar-10The Transfiguration; Instructions to the Church17, 18, 19 5-Apr-10Conflict with Opponents; Mount of Olives Sermon Apr-10The Last Supper, Betrayal, Trial, Crucifixion Apr-10The Resurrection of Christ; Test 3 (20%)28 26-Apr-10Post-Resurrection; Doctrine of Atonement1 Cor 15; Heb 7, 9, 10 3-May-10FINAL EXAM (20%)

47 Next Week’s Questions 1.List the points Jesus covered in the Limited Commission. 2.What relevance does the Limited Commission have for Matthew’s community? 3.What historical problem is raised in the Limited Commission and how can it be resolved. 4.List the seven woes on the Pharisees 5.  Feb Bill Brewer

48 Current Postings Feb Bill Brewer

49 Backups Feb Bill Brewer

50 The Middle Ages Reason and Revival ? Ideologies Timeline of (Western) Church History Reformation Renaissance Enlightenment Opposition to “Modernism” “Dark Ages” Christian Church Christian Empire Jewish Christianity “Progress” 15 Feb Bill Brewer 50

51 5 th- 4 TH BC1 ST - 16 th AD Confidence in Truth Heraclitus, Parmenides, …. Sophists: Protagorus, …. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Epicureanism, Stoicism, Skepticism Paul, Augustine, Anselm, Aquinas, …. Renaissance Modernism Existentialism Postmodernism 15 Feb Bill Brewer 51

52 The Immanuel Prophecy and the Protoevangelium Main Points: Ancient non-Christian Jews saw neither Isa 7:14 nor Gen 3:15 as messianic. Matthew saw Isa 7:14 as messianic but did not address Gen 3:15. Modern-day Christians exegete Matthew’s use of Isa 7:14. They also adopt his faith claim on Isa 7:14 as their own. Third, they make a faith claim on Jesus’s fulfillment of Gen 3:15 in Matthew Feb 2010 Jewish Scriptures Ancient Non- Christian Jews Gospel of Matthew Modern-Day Christians Exegesis Faith Claim Isa 7:14 Gen 3:15 Isa 7:14 Gen 3:15 Isa 7:14 Gen 3:15 Isa 7:14 x x


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