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1 National Forum on Educational Loans College Board Forum 2006.

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1 1 National Forum on Educational Loans College Board Forum 2006

2 2 Idea and Purpose Need for a better option for students and families to finance college Growing concern about borrowing from multiple sources Current system has served us well for many years but may not serve the needs of students in the future

3 3 Idea and Purpose How did the NFEL come about? Event organizers believe that the current system of educational loans is: Confusing Inefficient Many believe the current system is broken; others believe that it should be improved Presented NASFAA Board with a proposal for a national forum on educational loans

4 4 Idea and Purpose Confusing loan system Some require a FAFSA and some do not Federal loan limits are insufficient PLUS/Private loans not available to all School certifies some but not all loans Repayment start dates vary widely Often few qualify for advertised benefits Consolidation can change the rules

5 5 Idea and Purpose Confusing loan system Private loans have answered a real call for help, but at a cost Schools increasingly need time and expertise to evaluate private loans Helping students and parents understand advantages and disadvantages of private loans or specific private loans is time consuming

6 6 Idea and Purpose Inefficient loan system Multiple loans required from multiple lenders to get required funds at lowest cost Federal Stafford Federal Perkins Private loan Students/parents must sort out best option from among unknown loan sources Processing and fund delivery methods vary

7 7 Idea and Purpose Organizers wondered if aid administrators could create a better system A more integrated system A less time consuming system A more flexible system An easier to understand system A Better Option for Families

8 8 The Plan Invite participants from a cross-section of school aid administrators from all sectors to engage in a dialogue about educational financing. Identify speakers to facilitate discussions Develop a position paper following the forum that articulates a new plan for educational loans Present plan to constituent associations Work toward implementation

9 9 Speaker Panel – Day 1 Ken Redd, Director of Research and Policy Analysis, National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators Who is Going to College and Who is Not, Including Socioeconomic and other Demographic Profiles Sandy Baum, Economics Professor, Skidmore College and Senior Policy Analyst, The College Board What Does College Really Cost and What are Reasonable Debt Levels Jackie King, Director, Center for Policy Analysis, American Council on Education Who is Borrowing and How Much, It’s affect on Life Styles and Pursuit of Advanced Degrees

10 10 Financial Aid Administrators Panel Tom Babel, Vice President of Student Finance, DeVry University Dan Davenport, Director of Admissions and Financial Aid, University of Idaho Pat Hurley, Associate Dean of Student Financial Aid, Glendale Community College Cathy Thomas, Associate Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid, University of Southern California

11 11 Facilitated Groups – Day 2 With the help of a professional facilitator: Participants working in small groups Group charge Steps in creating plan Showcase plans Identify best ideas from each plan

12 12 Brainstorming and Thinking Outside the Box 10 Groups of 8 participants Valuing members – some analytical thinkers and some creative thinkers Awareness of barriers to creative thinking Conformity Evaluating too quickly Fear of looking foolish Unwilling to challenge the obvious Etc.

13 13 Group Charge Describe the ideal long-term financing program to serve students and parents seeking higher education Framework with 3-4 concepts, philosophies Addresses all types of schools Addresses all types of need Can be implemented and is scalable Realistic

14 14 Steps in Creating the Plan Keep in mind: key points of current environment of student loans and key points about future trends Share ideas and post/record all ideas from the group Discuss and evaluate ideas presented Array ideas according to affinity Select 3 to 5 of best ideas that are central to the solution

15 15 The Creative Process Each group showcased their plan using a science fair model. Plans were summarized in creative presentation formats depicting the core elements of the model loan program. Each group presented their plan and answered questions. Participants identified ‘best’ features from each plan.

16 16 Group #1: EASY The EASY plan is designed to create incentives for students and families to save for college (and thus limit the need for borrowing). It also is designed to increase the amount of loans students who do borrow are eligible to receive. The EASY plan has two parts: An Education Savings Account A line of credit

17 17 Group #2: HELP HELP is designed to provide students with educational and planning skills BEFORE they enter higher education, and to increase and expand access to federal student loans at rates and terms more favorable to borrowers and easier to understand for families. HELP has two major parts: First, before entering college, all prospective students would have to take a high-school level financial literacy program. Second, a new loan program would be created that allowed students to borrow up to the total cost of education. The loan subsidy would come in the form of lower interest rates for higher need students.

18 18 Group #3: It Takes A Nation The key elements of the “It Takes a Nation” plan are: Everyone qualifies Means tested & assignable repayment Cost of attendance minus other aid. Tax benefits for employers for workforce investment

19 19 Group #4: Outcomes – Educational Loan Trust A new funding mechanism. All loans unsubsidized Income contingent repayment thru IRS Principal and interest payments go back to the Trust 25 year repayment for all, regardless of actual loan repayment period Funds collected after loans repaid go to fund to provide Pell grants.

20 20 Group #5: Ideal Outcomes, a Public-Private Partnership Establish a public-private partnership that shares some features from both the FEEL and DL programs. The private funding for loans would come from banks and other lenders; public funding would be in the form of interest subsidies to low income (needy) students. Key elements of the program are: Funding – private capital into a risk-sharing pool. A family line of credit. Interest subsidies for needy students Simple delivery of funds to students Income contingent repayment

21 21 Group #6: The FLASH Loan The key element of this program is a flash drive containing all pertinent information about the student and his/her financial aid issued before entering higher education for the first time. Other elements of the program: Combine all existing loan programs into one Fund loans with public and private sources Students can borrow up to the cost of attendance Portability of the flash drive

22 22 Group #7: Lifetime Family Savings Account (LFSA) The LFSA is an account that could be used for multiple purposes, not just college expenses. Multiple funding sources. Under this plan, families and employers could make tax- advantaged contributions into a recipients’ account. A Variety of Uses. After they reach college age, children could use the LSFA funds for a variety of purposes—such as paying postsecondary costs, buying a home, getting married, long-term health insurance, etc.

23 23 Group #8: KISS Create a portable line of credit that students could use at any accredited postsecondary institution. The key elements of the program are: The loans would be financed by the government but loan consolidation would be financed by a secondary market. The student could borrow up to cost of attendance minus other aid. To encourage students to stay in school and complete their degree programs, interest rates and loan repayment terms would improve for borrowers for each year of attendance, such that completers would get the best rates and terms. Also, to reduce post-college loan repayment burdens, tax credits would be available to offset the cost of some portion of repayment. Otherwise, loan consolidation and income- contingent plans would be made available.

24 24 Group #9: Education Line of Credit This plan includes a financial literacy component and increased access to college loans. All students would be required to take some form of financial literacy training before entering school. Government database that includes the schools costs’ of attendance and the students’ expected income after graduation on which repayment is determined. To help further with loan repayments, the borrowers’ interest rate would be based on their field of study, recognizing the different incomes and financial situations of students in certain low-wage occupations; benefits for making accelerated or on- time loan repayments Employers would have some tax or other incentives for adding a loan repayment benefit plan.

25 25 Group #10: CHEF The CHEF program would be a flexible, reliable source of funding that encourages early preparedness, identifies a role for private industry to play due to their vested interest in a well-educated workforce, promotes important service-based contributions to society, and maintains a Federal presence and priority for funding higher education. Multiple Funding Sources: family, employer Collaborative, flexible and easily manageable means of repayment.

26 26

27 27 Most Supported Ideas Comprehensive single loan program This concept provides simplicity in processing and eliminates confusion for students in repayment A student account Savings program Line of Credit Add to account by community service Tax incentives for contributors

28 28 Most Supported Ideas Loan limits increased to total cost of education minus other aid Financial literacy programs Loan repayment programs Incentives and loan benefits based on needs test during repayment Employer tax benefits for assisting employees in loan repayment

29 29 Most Supported Ideas Not intended to replace grant programs which should be the major source of funding for low income students

30 30 Conceptual Model One source of funding for a single loan program Could include part of the loan repayment be directed at parents Need analysis still used for students but allows for only student data when parents refuse to complete the information

31 31 Conceptual Model Funds delivered through the school to the student Loan amount up to cost of attendance minus other aid Schools can determine lower borrowing limits for their students

32 32 Conceptual Model Repayment Based on financial circumstances during repayment Subsidies provided during repayment rather than during attendance time-period Payment can be part of income tax process Tax benefits for others helping with repayment of loans

33 33 Conceptual Model Financial literacy provided by those administering the program Provided prior to attending college Conclusion Current programs fall short of family needs Must keep higher education accessible and affordable Concepts intended to stimulate thinking of new ideas and solutions

34 34 Next Steps Feedback sessions from presentations to groups Draft white paper out this fall Feedback to refine basic concepts and ideas Present second draft white paper of the model program to other constituents: Aid Community and other professional post- secondary associations Presidential Associations Interested Loan Associations Congressional Advisory Committee National Student Associations Other constituent groups

35 35 Next Steps Convene meeting with key stakeholders to further refine the model Further develop the model to ensure all perspectives have been adequately addressed

36 36 Next Steps Present final white paper with new loan concepts for further action in the political process House and Senate Committees Committee on Education Funding (CEF) Federal funding agencies (OMB, CBO, etc) Encourage support from associations involved in student financial aid programs

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38 38 Comments, Questions, Other Ideas Please use web site for comments https://finaid.msu.edu/forms/NFEL/main.asp Welcome comments to any of us: Rick Shipman Anna Pam Dan


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