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Greece The Arts Myths Culture Olympics. CultureCulture | Myths | OlympicsMythsOlympics Facts Hellenistic Period, Paintings, & Artists Temples Pots & Statues.

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Presentation on theme: "Greece The Arts Myths Culture Olympics. CultureCulture | Myths | OlympicsMythsOlympics Facts Hellenistic Period, Paintings, & Artists Temples Pots & Statues."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greece The Arts Myths Culture Olympics

2 CultureCulture | Myths | OlympicsMythsOlympics Facts Hellenistic Period, Paintings, & Artists Temples Pots & Statues Pictures Theater Temple of Apollo Greek Pot Statue of Alexander The Arts

3 The Hellenistic Period of Greek art, 323 to 332 B.C., is characterized with the great artistic centers spreading from the mainland to the islands. Greek paintings come mainly from paintings on pottery, Greek writings, and copies made by ancient Romans. The most famous Greek sculptors were Phidans, Praxitels, Lysippus, and Myron. Only a few paintings have survived. The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics The Arts Hellenistic Period, Paintings, & Artists

4 The Arts - Temples The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics Greek temples are important in Greece. A Greek temple consisted of an arrangement of different columns around a long, inner chamber. The best known temples were in Athens around 400 B.C. The Greeks built the temple of Apollo at Didyma, Turkey (about 300 B.C.). The design of the temple was known as Dipteral, which means two sets of columns surrounding the interior section.temple of Apollo

5 The Greeks thought that there was a perfect shape for any object. It could be a simple clay pot or a huge temple. They used mathematics and ideas about what was good in art.clay pot Greek pots were used for storing water, oil, or wine, but some of them were used when they were buried. Greek statues were made from stone or bronze. The early statues were not life-like. As their skill developed they became better. Most stone statues were painted but have lost their color.statues The Arts The Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics The Arts - Pots & Statues

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10 Pictures Clothing Accessories Theater Masks The ArtsThe Arts | Myths | OlympicsMyths Olympics Facts Clothing Jewelry Culture

11 Islands began producing silk, a luxurious material that only rich people could afford. Most clothing was made out of wool or linen until they began importing cotton from India in the 5th century B.C. Culture - Clothing The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

12 Men and women’s clothing were very different but all that mattered was if you were in style. The most popular style was the Chiton and Himation. Himations were worn by men and Chitons by women. The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics Culture - Clothing

13 Women were not very powerful outside their home so there was no point in dressing up. People that were wealthy wore fine jewelry. Jewelry was made out of silver, gold, and gold wire along with jewels, amethyst, and emeralds. The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics Culture - Jewelry

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17 The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Olympics Culture Olympics Stories The Gods Zeus Demeter Cyclops’ Cave Arachne Pictures Hermes Zeus Mt. Olympus Myths

18 Why Gods Were Created The gods were created to explain how the world works and its teachings. They also help explain nature and its forces. Greeks believe in gods because generation after generation told their families and friends the stories and they passed them on. Soon the Greeks started to believe so strongly that it became their religion. There was a god for almost everything. Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

19 The People Everyday they had life-giving, the birth of people and animals and life-taking, such as death. The people would pray to the gods for help, love and beauty, a good life, before battle, for help with crops, and for wisdom. Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

20 Mighty Figures There were two gods, Dionysus - goddess of grapes and wine, and Demeter - goddess of corn and growing things. These two were set apart of the other twelve because they suffer “everlasting grief” and they also are goddesses of plants and living creatures. About the Gods Gods are able to fall in love and get hurt, to lie sometimes, and even die. They are just like humans but they have special powers and are greater than anything. Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

21 Myths - The Gods In ancient Greece there were many things in nature that no one could explain. So as time went on there started to be explanations. For example, gods like Zeus who made it thunder and lightning. The Greeks were not the only ones who had myths. The Romans had the same gods but different names. Zeus The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

22 Here is the list of Greek and Roman gods: GREEK ROMAN ZEUS ZEUS JUPITER HERA JUNO POSEIDON NEPTUNE HADES PLUTO HESTIA VESTA ARES MARS Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

23 (continued) GREEK ROMAN DIONYSUS ATHENA MINERVA APOLLO APHRODITE VENUS HERMESHERMES MERCURY ARTEMIS DIANA HEPHESTUS VULCAN Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

24 Zeus was father to many of the gods. His first child was Hermes who had winged ankles and a hat, and traveled faster than thought. He also had twins, Apollo and Artemis. Apollo ruled the Sun and Artemis ruled the Moon. Another was Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty. Other children included Ares, god of war, and Athena, goddess of wisdom, who sprang armed and fully grown from her father’s head.ZeusHermes Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

25 Zeus was married to Hera and he learned not to cheat on her for he feared his wife’s power. He also had two brothers, Poseidon, who ruled the seas and waters, and Hades, who ruled the underworld and the dead.Zeus The gods were said to live on Mount Olympus where they feasted on nectar and ambrosia. Two of the gods lived on Earth, Dionysus, goddess of grapes and wine, and Demeter, goddess of corn and growing things.Mount Olympus Myths - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

26 Myths - Zeus Gaea, the Earth, and Uranos, the sky and mountains, was born of Chaos. Uranos was Gaea’s equal so brother and sister gave birth to the first divine generation. Cronus and Rea, Gaea and Uranus children, gave birth to the second divine generation. They gave birth to six children. Five of them were swallowed by their father, Cronus. When Rea gave birth to the sixth child, she saved him from his father. She named him Zeus. Zeus was hidden and was raised on goat’s milk from his pet goat, Amalthea, and the honey from the bees.Zeus The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

27 When Zeus grew older he tricked his father into drinking a drug that would bring back to life his five children he had swallowed. When Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon came back to life they helped their younger brother, Zeus, kill Cronus and the Titans. Zeus became god of the heavens and Hades, god of the underworld. Poseidon became god of the sea. Hera and Zeus were married and Hera became queen of the heavens.Zeus Myths - Zeus The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

28 Myths - Demeter Demeter was goddess of the Earth and mother of Persephone, her only daughter. Hades was god of the underworld and deeply in love with Persephone. He asked Zeus, ruler of all the gods, to get married to her. Zeus agreed for them to get married.Zeus One day Persephone was out picking wild flowers. She didn’t know anything about Hades. As she was picking wild flowers she found a flower so beautiful that she had never seen. She wanted to be the first to pick the flower. Then the Earth opened and she fell down to the underworld. She was forced to marry to Hades. The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

29 Demeter was very sad and would not do anything to help the Earth. She said that she wouldn’t do anything until her daughter returned. Zeus ordered her to come back and when Persephone heard this she was so happy that she could eat. She ate eight seeds and went home. When Demeter saw her she was happy. Her mother asked her if she ate anything and she said only eight seeds. Her mother said she would have to live for eight months of the year in the underworld with Hades and four months on Earth with Demeter.Zeus So that is how winter and summer started. Myths - Demeter The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

30 The Cyclop’s Cave The Cyclops is the story about a monster. A man named Ulysses came along with his men and bumped into the monster. The monster liked to eat men so he started to eat Ulysses’ men. Ulysses got very mad so he started to talk to the monster. He asked him if he had ever had wine. The monster answered, “No”, so he offered him some. The monster took it, drank the whole bottle, and got very drunk and very tired. The monster asked what Ulysses’ name was. He answered, “Nobody”. Myths The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

31 Myths The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics The Cyclop’s Cave (continued) Ulysses told him that he should take a nap and the monster did. Ulysses and the men that were left came up with a plan to stick a sword in the Cyclop’s eye. Most of the men held on to the monster’s arms while Ulysses was holding the sword above his eye. He struck it in his eye and the Cyclops woke and was screaming. The men got away and the other Cyclops came and asked who did this to him. He said, “Nobody did it! Nobody did it!”

32 Myths How Arachne Turned Into a Spider! Arachne was a weaver, a weaver whom all the people loved. An elderly woman came up to her. “You weave very well but you’re not the best weaver!” Arachne got mad and said, “Who do you think is the best weaver?” “I know who the best weaver is. It’s Athena, the beautiful goddess of wisdom!” “I’m better than she is at weaving!” Little did she know Athena was dressed up as an elderly woman. Athena got really mad and challenged her to a weaving contest. Arachne said yes! The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

33 How Arachne Turned Into a Spider! (continued) Arachne made a very mean weaving making fun of the gods and goddesses. Then Athena got so mad she broke the weaving and Arachne felt so foolish she hung herself. Athena felt badly and said, “Live, but you shall know what you have done and hang for all eternity as a spider!” I think this myth is supposed to teach you about not being selfish or that no one is better than anybody else. Myths The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

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37 The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | MythsCulture Myths Facts Introduction The Gods Events Pictures Mt. Olympus (with spear & discus) Sport Equipment Horse, Wheel, & Boxing Glove Discus, Javelin, Boxer

38 Olympics - Introduction The Olympics were the most important of all the Greek games. The Greeks held their first Olympics in 776 B.C. The games were named after Mount Olympus, the highest peak in Greece.Mount Olympus Like all major sports contests, the Olympic Games were part of their religious festival. Olympia was a perfect site for sports competition because the land in the broad river valley was flat. Girls and slaves were forbidden to compete in the Olympic games. Women were absolutely forbidden to attend the games. Those who tried to see the competition were subject to the death penalty! The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

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40 Olympics - The Gods The main purpose of the Olympics and other public events and festivals was to honor the gods. Greek games took place at four different shrines. Those games that honored the god Zeus took place at Olympia and Nemea; those celebrating Poseidon were played at Isthmia in Cornith; and Apollo’s games were held at Delphi.Zeus The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

41 The Olympic games honored Zeus, the father of the Greek Gods. The games were named after Mount Olympus, the highest peak in Greece. The Greeks believed that Zeus sat on a golden throne atop Mount Olympus and ruled all other gods and all of the Greeks. Mount Olympus The Greeks believed that Zeus and the other gods took special delight in watching great athletes display their skill and strength in opening competition.Zeus Olympics - The Gods The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

42 Olympics - Events The Greeks considered the Olympics so important that nothing, not even war, was allowed to interfere with them. Every fourth summer, hundreds of Greeks stopped whatever they were doing and set off to Olympia to attend the Olympic games. At first this competition consisted of one event, a foot-race of about 200 yards.foot-race Later the Olympics were expanded to include longer races, wrestling, boxing, discus throwing, horse races, and chariot races.boxingdiscus throwingchariot races Women had their own games, held every four years in honor of Hera. Coroebus became the first recorded winner at the Olympic games. The ArtsThe Arts | Culture | Myths | Olympics CultureMyths Olympics

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