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Nonsense, Carnival, Humor Nonsense only makes sense when we know its nonsense.

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Presentation on theme: "Nonsense, Carnival, Humor Nonsense only makes sense when we know its nonsense."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nonsense, Carnival, Humor Nonsense only makes sense when we know its nonsense

2 What do you think? 1.Read the following poem by Edward Lear. 2.What do you think about it? 3.Do you think it is a good one to share with children? Why or why not?

3 Owl and the Pussycat 1871 I The Owl and the Pussy-cat went to sea In a beautiful pea green boat, They took some honey, and plenty of money, Wrapped up in a five pound note. The Owl looked up to the stars above, And sang to a small guitar, 'O lovely Pussy! O Pussy my love, What a beautiful Pussy you are, You are, You are! What a beautiful Pussy you are!'

4 Owl and the Pussycat 1871 II Pussy said to the Owl, 'You elegant fowl! How charmingly sweet you sing! O let us be married! too long we have tarried: But what shall we do for a ring?' They sailed away, for a year and a day, To the land where the Bong-tree grows And there in a wood a Piggy-wig stood With a ring at the end of his nose, His nose, His nose, With a ring at the end of his nose.

5 Owl and the Pussycat 1871 III Dear pig, are you willing to sell for one shilling Your ring?' Said the Piggy, 'I will.' So they took it away, and were married next day By the Turkey who lives on the hill. They dined on mince, and slices of quince, Which they ate with a runcible spoon; And hand in hand, on the edge of the sand, They danced by the light of the moon, The moon, The moon, They danced by the light of the moon.

6 What do you think? 1.Read the following poem by Edward Lear. 2.What do you think about it? 3.Do you think it is a good one to share with children? Why or why not?

7 Edward Lear ( ) Published A Book of Nonsense (1846) when he was thirty-four. Professionally, Lear was an illustrator He was recognized for his drawings of birds, He wrote and illustrated several journals during his European travels, He acted for a while as Queen Victoria's drawing master at Osborne House. The public did not know who the author was until his name appeared on the title page of the 1861 enlarged edition. Lear lived to see thirty more editions printed before he died.

8 A Book of Nonsense 1846 There was an Old Derry down Derry, who loved to see little folks merry; So he made them a Book, and with laughter they shook At the fun of that Derry down Derry.

9 There was an old man with a beard

10 Although his name became famous from his nonsense books, many people didn’t believe he existed.

11 Drawings such as this one demonstrate Lear’s artistic capabilities from Journals of a Landscape Painter in Southern Calabria and the Kingdom of Naples (1852) “Scilla”

12 Illustrations of the Family of Psittacidae, or Parrots 42 lithographs with original hand-color Published only 125 sets. Changed the history of natural history illustration from engraving to lithography. “Lear worked in great detail, outlining every feather and filling in the details with fine lines. This scientific accuracy extended to every part of the bird, from the beak to the claws.” from Christine Jackson’s Bird Illustrators

13 The Purpose of Nonsense Four Ideas: 1.The most important purpose is the delight of nonsense for its own sake. 2.Its principal value is that people who read and appreciate nonsense are better equipped to cope with the madness of the modern world, especially as reported via the print and electronic media. (Kenneth Gangemi) 3.The purpose of nonsense is to give young children a sense of self-assurance as they feel able to distinguish between sense and nonsense. (Kornei Chukovsky) 4.Nonsense offers that ability to confront without consequence the more weighty problems of life (Donald Grey)

14 Jabberwocky Lewis Carrol’s nonsense poem found in Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871) is generally considered to be one of the greatest nonsense poems written in the English language. The word “jabberwocky” is also occasionally used as a synonym of nonsense.

15 Jabberwocky page 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe. "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch! Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious Bandersnatch!" He took his vorpal sword in hand: Long time the manxome foe he sought— So rested he by the Tumtum tree, And stood awhile in thought. And as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame, Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came! One, two! One, two! and through and through The vorpal blade went snicker-snack! He left it dead, and with its head He went galumphing back. "And hast thou slain the Jabberwock? Come to my arms, my beamish boy! O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!" He chortled in his joy. 'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe.

16 Social Constraints Breaking social constraints, Carnival

17 Social Constraints 1.What is a “good” child like? Name some of his/her characteristics? 2.How free are children to do whatever they wish? 3.What are some things that children should not do? 4.Who makes the rules that children are supposed to follow? –Who decides what is good and bad for a child to do? –How do they make these decisions?

18 Social Constraints Rules from parents Rules at school Religious guidelines Peer pressure Laws of propriety (socially acceptable behavior) –Fashion –language/behavior –Selfishness/selflessness –Behavior toward opposite sex

19 Breaking social constraints in literature gives a feeling of power when readers identify with characters who break the rules. challenges the norms and conventions of society by testing them. provides a site for humor.

20 The Carnival Tradition Carnival is a festive season when the normal rules of society don’t apply. It occurs immediately before Lent; usually during February or March. (Lent is a time on the Christian calendar when followers give up eating meat and/or give up something they really like in order to prepare for the passion of Christ.) It typically involves a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party. People often dress up or masquerade during the celebrations. If you know you will give up for a month something that you really like, what will you do on the day before you give it up? Popular Carnivals today –Carnival at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil –Mardi Gras in New Orleans. USA –Carnival in Venice, Italy

21 Carnival Venice

22 Carnival at Rio

23 Mardi Gras

24 Carnival Carnival is a time or space in which the normal rules of society don’t apply. Carnivalesque literature highlights this kind of atmosphere. Nonsense is one way of rejecting the formal rules of society. This makes it empowering. The “grotesque” is an aspect of carnival that celebrates the physical body and the lower bodily functions.

25 Carnival It’s a joyful & wild celebration, to escape the pressures of life. Joyfully overturn the “rules” of society. Anti authority. Brings a sense of freedom and power. People do what they feel like. Can be a means of control because happens within a certain space and time. When it ends, people are more willingly follows the rules of society again. A famous scene of a Renaissance carnival appears in the opening chapters of The Hunchback of Notre Dame by Victor Hugo. Quasimodo, the hunchback, becomes the King of Fools and is paraded like a hero through the streets.

26 Social Constraints What is a “good” child like? What are some things that children should not do? Who makes the rules that children are supposed to follow?

27 Social Constraints Rules from parents Rules at school Religious guidelines Peer pressure Laws of propriety (socially acceptable behavior) –Fashion –language/behavior –Selfishness/selflessness –Behavior toward opposite sex

28 Breaking social constraints in literature gives a feeling of power when readers identify with characters who break the rules. challenges the norms and conventions of society by testing them Brings humor

29 Humor in Children’s Literature Why is there so much? Why do people love humor? Why do children love humor?

30 Humor Three theories about why we find things funny. 1.Superiority (Aristotle) 2.Incongruity (Hutcheson) 3.Release from Social Constraint (Freud)

31 Superiority “ It’s not my tragedy.” We laugh when other people look foolish because it make us feel superior. The laugher looks down on what he laughs at. Enjoyment of other people’s mistakes When the Dodo wants to be respected, but when uses big words but obviously doesn’t really know what he’s talking about, he looks foolish.

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33 Incongruity We laugh when we notice the incongruity, when something doesn’t match the expectation. The noticing is more important than the actual incongruity. A very short and fat man holding hands with a very tall, thin woman. A very sophisticated-looking person acts silly Exaggeration & Surprise Seeing a white rabbit with a waistcoat and a watch, and not thinking it odd, at first.

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35 Release from social restraint We laugh when social rules are broken. Being shockingly crude. Bad language. Scatological humor: Poopoo peepee. A lot of sexual humor Defiance & Violence sometimes (It’s not funny if anyone we care about really gets hurt). The violence in the Duchess’s house. –“Speak roughly to your little boy –And beat him when he sneezes.”

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37 Humor in Alice What did you find funny? Or what do you think is intended to be humorous? Explain why you think it’s funny.

38 The Adventures of Captain Underpants Dav Pilkey

39 Captain Underpants Think about these questions as we read. Where do you see nonsense? How do you react to it? Do you like George and Harold? Why or why not? Why do you think it has become immensely popular? How are the rules of society inverted? (In what ways is it carnivalesque?)

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