2Table of Contents Plot Vocabulary Elements of Plot Character Traits Plot PyramidTheme
3Plot VocabularyProblems that arise as characters struggle to reach their goals.The chain of events that make up the story.The time and place of the story.
4Plot Vocabulary The main character in a story. The character or force in conflict with the protagonist.
5Little Red Riding HoodPlot – While visiting her sick Granny, Little Red Riding Hood finds the Big Bad Wolf dressed as Granny and in her bed to trick Little Red so that he can eat her! Setting – In the woods, at Granny’s house, a long time ago Complications – Big Bad Wolf eats Granny and pretends to be her Protagonist – Little Red Riding Hood Antagonist – The Big Bad Wolf
6Elements of Plot The first part of the plot Characters, setting, and basic situation are revealedThe events that sets the story in motionMakes the rest of the story possibleMain part of the storyMoves the plot alongWhere complications ariseThe most exciting or intense part of the story for the protagonistThe OMG!Usually the turning pointEvents that follow the climax and lead to the resolutionConflicts begin moving towards resolutionThe end of the storyLoose ends of the plot are tied upRemaining questions are answeredConflicts are resolved
7Goldilocks and the Three Bears Exposition –Characters – Goldilocks, 3 bearsSetting – In the woods, sometime in the pastInciting Incident – Goldilocks finds a house and decides to go inRising Action- Goldilocks eats baby’s porridge, breaks baby’s chair, and falls asleep in baby’s bed. The bears return home and find that someone has been there.Climax- The bears discover Goldilocks asleep in baby’s bed; she wakesFalling Action- She screams and runs out of the houseResolution- Goldilocks never returns again
8Character Traits Positive Negative List 10 positive character traits here.List 10 negative character traits here.
9Plot Pyramid “Just Once” Thomas J Dygard Characters: Moose, The Moose gets the ball-Jerry’stouchdown-The Mooseasks the coachfor the ball and isturned down-The crowd chantsfor the Moose-Tacklerswere after the Moose-The Moose got tackled-The Moose scored!Characters: Moose,Jerry Dixon, CoachWilliamsSetting: HS Football FieldEvent: Moose wants to carry the ball; the coach won’t let himThe Moose accepts his role as the lineman.
10Theme T H E M The truth or central idea a story reveals about life Moral, life-lesson, messageA debatable opinionImplied not statedTHEMAny theme can be considered valid IF you can support it with text evidence!
11“Just Once”What is the theme of “Just Once”? Use text evidence to support your answer.
12Full House Theme Song There’s a face of somebody who needs you Themes A light is waiting to carry you homeEverywhere you look, there’s a heartThere’s a handto hold on toFamily members are there for each other and help each other.HomeFriendsFamilyBeing TogetherThemes
13Christian the Lion Video Clip Alternate ClipAfter a year apart, Christian embraces his former ownersChristian became wild – head of a prideTold he would not remember his ownersIntroduced his wife!Love and friendship last a lifetime and endure separation.ThemesLoveAnimalsFriendshipSacrifice
14“All Summer in a Day” “All Summer in a Day” Ray Bradbury The rain stops and the sun comes out!Theme: Jealousy - the children are jealous that Margot has seen the sun and they haven’tThe children lock Margot in the closet.The children were mean to MargotThe children play outside in the sun for 2 hoursThe rain was slackeningThe rain begins3rd person omniscientThe children let Margot out of the closetThey are expecting the sun to come out for the first time in 7 years.VenusMargot, teacher, classmatesMargot’s withdrawal vs. the children’s lack of compassion
15Internal & External Conflict Conflict – a struggle between opposing forces or charactersWithout conflict, a story would be boring!A story can have several conflictsThe main conflict is central to the plot and is usually resolved at the resolution
16Internal & External Conflict Takes place inside a character’s mind or heartSometimes involves a decisionTakes place between a character and something outside the characterOutside forces = nature, an event/situation, or another character
17Internal & External Conflict Margot from “All Summer in a Day”Margot keeps to herself because she feels she does not fit in with her classmates.Margot misses Earth and the sun.
18Point of View Second Person Point of View – the standpoint from which a story is toldSecond PersonTold from the viewpoint of one of the characters using pronouns “I” and “We”The narrator refers to the reader as "you", making the audience member feel as if he is a character within the story.
19Point of ViewThe narrator is an outside observer who can tell us the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in a storyThe narrator reports the facts of a narrator as a seemingly neutral and impersonal outside observerThe narrator is an outside observer that focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character
20ACE nswer the question succinctly, restating the question. ite text evidence that strongly supports your answer.xplain how the text evidence supports your answer. Elaborate and extend when necessary.Direct – quoteIndirect - paraphrase
21Ways to Cite Text On page 12… In paragraph 4… The author states… According to the text…An example from the text…
22“The Emperor’s New Clothes” What character trait is revealed about the emperor through his actions as the story unfolds? Choose one trait and back it up with text evidence.In “The Emperor’s New Clothes,” the emperor’s actions reveal that he is gullible.On page 5, the emperor stood in front of the mirror ready to march in his parade. When the people exclaimed, “Oh, how well they look! How well they fit!” (Andersen 140) the emperor believed them, allowing his fear of looking foolish to cloud his judgment.Although the emperor saw himself naked in the mirror, he was so gullible that he was easily tricked into believing that only the hopelessly stupid would be unable to see his new clothes.
23Strong Action Verbs are present tense when possible are very specific help readers visualizeare more interestingare clever
30Good Sentences The angry wolf stalks. The cheerful girl meanders. The swift creature approaches the house.Sharp teeth devour Grandmother.The strange grandmother pleads.The evil wolf plots.The naïve girl approaches the wolf.The hungry wolf swallows the girl.The helpful woodsman murders the wolf.The relieved girl embraces her grandmother.Little Red Riding Hood Fairy Tale Video Clip
32Day or time: yesterday, today, tomorrow, tonight, now, this morning, noon, 3:00pm (time) Prepositions: as, before, during, after, until, since, while, whenPrepositions: above, across, against, along, around, at, behind, below, by, between, down, from, in, near, off, on over, past, through, towards, underBecauseSinceSo thatTo + verb (infinitive)Adverb (-ly)Simile (like or as)WithWithoutIf, even if, unless, despite, in case, assuming that, regardless, in spite of, although
33Action Parts of a Sentence in the eveningafter dinnerIn his chairAt the libraryso that he could be alonesince it was Mondaywhole-heartedlyas happy as a clameven if it’s lateas they fell downwhile they were doing yard workin the pile of leavesat Grandpa’s housebecause they were being sillyto clean up the yardlike toddlerswithout cautionin spite of the messduring recesslast summeron the other side of the see-sawby the treeso that he didn’t fallbecause they were friendsdangerouslywith carethough they knew it was against the rulesat 5 o’clockafter chopping onionsin front of the stoveat the restaurantto prepare for the partybecause it was his favoritelike a professional chefwith anticipationunless the sauce is too saltyto please the fanssince everyone was watchingduring the tournamentas the other team scorednear the ceilingin the airlike it was the NBAwith as much force as he could musterdespite trailing by 15 points
34Better Sentences The angry wolf stalks menacingly through the forest. The cheerful girl meanders while on her way to Grandmother’s house despite being told to hurry.The swift creature approaches the house with caution during the middle of the day.The wolf’s sharp teeth devour Grandmother quickly so that he can trick the girl.The strange grandmother pretends to sleep in bed as the girl approaches.The evil wolf plots to harm the girl as his stomach growls.The naïve girl approaches the wolf carelessly despite her suspicions.The hungry wolf swallows the girl in the bedroom when she gets too close.The friendly woodsman murders the wolf to help the girl when he hears the commotion.The relieved girl embraces her grandmother as she thanks the woodsman because she is happy that Grandmother is safe.
35Best Sentences Menacingly, the angry wolf stalks through the forest. Despite being told to hurry, the cheerful girl meanders on her way to Grandmother’s house.