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Figurative Language.

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language

2 Figurative Language Figurative language is writing or speech that is not mean to be taken literally. Used by authors to express ideas in vivid and imaginative ways. Irony Idioms Satire Imagery

3 Irony Irony is a literary or dramatic device in which something that is the opposite of what is expected occurs. Verbal irony – Someone says something but means another (sarcasm). “I just love liver.” Dramatic irony – The reader (audience) knows something character does not. Across 5 Aprils, Eb deserts thinking North will lose - is hopeless Situational irony – When what happens is the opposite of what is expected. “I went to the bank to deposit my check, but left it at home!”

4 Irony in “A Retrieved Reformation”
P. 43 – “Me?” said Jimmy… “Why, warden, I never was in Springfield in my life?” Verbal P. 45 – “She’s Annabel Adams. Her pa owns the bank.” Situational – bank robber falls for girls whose father owns the bank. P. 46 – The clerk was impressed with the manner and clothes of Jimmy. Dramatic irony

5 Irony in Story P. 47 – From a good look across the street from Spencer’s shoe store, he got a good look at Ralph D. Spencer. Situational – detective catches up with Jimmy after he goes straight. P. 48 – Jimmy takes suitcase with burglary equipment into bank even though doesn’t plan to use it. Situational. P. 48 – When Annabel picks it up - dramatic

6 Irony in Story P. 49 – Decides to save child, but doing so exposes himself. Situational/dramatic because others have no idea of the danger P. 48 & 49 – Ben Price watches Jimmy – Dramatic because Jimmy does not know he’s being watched. P. 50 – “Guess you’re mistaken Mr. Spencer. Don’t believe I recognize you.” Verbal

7 Idioms Idioms are expressions that develop over time that cannot be taken literally. Often they are regional and people outside the region may not understand them. “It’s raining cats and dogs.” “Come out of your shell.” “Save for a rainy day.” “Up a creek without a paddle.”

8 Satire Satire is a literary devise meant to make fun of and show the weaknesses of human nature or a particular person using wit, scorn, ridicule, or sarcasm. Often focuses on politics, society, weaknesses, wrongdoings with a moral voice. It often exaggerates the situation to show extreme foolishness. Often dramatic or verbal irony is used.

9 Techniques of Satire Hyperbole/exaggeration - To enlarge,, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen Incongruity - To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings

10 More Techniques of Satire
Reversal - To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events, hierarchical order). Parody - To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing.

11 Some Examples of Satire
Subject of the satire Comment or criticism SNL Weekend Update Television news Flaws and vices related to politics, entertainment and current events Scary Movie Horror Movies Exaggerates techniques used to scare audiences Austin Powers 1960 Spy Movies Ridicules behavior of the spy and stupidity of the evil figure Political Cartoons Politicians and Political Issues Policy decisions and personality traits of elected officials can be flawed Family Guy The American Family There is no such thing as the perfect family South Park Families and Social and Political Issues Foolish issues impact families and children

12 Imagery Imagery is the use of words or phrases that appeal to the senses. Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, taste, feel, and smell. “Then a skeleton came out from among the trees. It was the skeleton of a Union soldier… The sunken cheeks were covered with a thin scattering of fuzz; the hair was lank and matted” (Across Five Aprils, p. 134)

13 Other Forms of Figurative Language
Metaphor – A type of comparison used in literature when one thing is said to be another, “She is the sunshine on a rainy day.” Simile – A comparison using like or as, “She is like the sun.” Alliteration – A literary device in which the first letter of words in a sentence are the same, “Happily Harry hurriedly hopped home!” Oxymoron – figure of speech using contradictory words such as “large shrimp” “bitter sweet” “alone together”

14 Other Forms of Figurative Language
Hyperbole – An exaggeration not meant to be taken seriously, “If I’ve told you once I’ve told you a thousand times!” Personification – when something non-human is given human characteristics, “The dark and sinister windows of the abandoned house watched me as I passed by.”

15 Onomatopoeia The word sounds like the sound it represents: Buzz Whoosh Shhhhh Bam Crash

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