Presentation on theme: "Writing to a Prompt using a 4-square Graphic Organizer"— Presentation transcript:
1Writing to a Prompt using a 4-square Graphic Organizer DWA PreparationIs this working?
2What is writing to a prompt A prompt is a topic you are asked to write about.4 types of PromptsNarrativeExpositoryPersuasiveDescriptive
3Narrative EssayA narrative tells a story. It could be fiction or non-fiction. It includes a beginning, middle, and end.Example: Write a story about a time when you were sad.Clue words – narrate, tell a story about, write about a time, what happened when
4Expository EssayExpository is another word for explaining. In an expository essay you may be asked to give information about something or you might be asked to explain something.Example: What is your favorite sport is and why?Clue words: Explain, tell why, talk about, write why.
5Descriptive EssayIn a descriptive essay you describe a thing, person, event or place.Example: Tell about a cold winter day.Clue words: describe, tell about an object, what does it look and feel like, write so your reader can see, picture in your mind.
6Persuasive EssayTo persuade someone is to convince them to agree with you. Your job is decide your point of view and write arguments to persuade your ready to share your view.Example: Should limits be placed on the amount of television children are allowed to watch?Clue words: Should there be, convince your reader, support your view, make an argument.
7Deciding what kind of prompt Everyone has a favorite possession. Tell what your favorite possession is and why it’s important to you.Expository!
8Everyone has good days and bad days Everyone has good days and bad days. Write a story about the best day you ever had.Narrative
9Imagine your family is planning a trip Imagine your family is planning a trip. You can visit anywhere in the world. Think of where you would like to go, and why. Write an essay that would convince your family to go to the place you choose.Persuasive
10A person you know is planning to move to your town A person you know is planning to move to your town. She has written to you to ask you what it is like. Write an essay describing your town to her.Descriptive
11Your parents are trying to decide whether to get a pet Your parents are trying to decide whether to get a pet. Think if you would like to have a pet, and if so what pet you would like. Then write an essay to persuade your family to your opinion.Persuasive
12Think about your favorite food Think about your favorite food. In an essay, give reasons for liking this food best.Expository
13Make up a story about what is in a basket. Narrative
14Write a letter to a friend telling what you would pack for a picnic and why. Expository
15Steps to writing to a prompt Decide what kind of writing the prompt is asking forPlan your writingWrite first draftRevise writingProofread
16Why organize? Makes your writing more understandable You won’t forget anythingListen to two examples:
17Using a 4-square to organize an Expository Essay Supporting IdeaSupporting IdeaTopic SentenceSupporting IdeaWrap up sentence
183 supporting ideas and a wrap up sentence PretzelsPopcornPeanutsPretzels, popcorn, and peanuts are snacks.Snacks
203 supporting ideas Center of the box now has a complete sentence First three boxes must contain reasonsMust prove the topic sentence trueMust be real reasonsThe supporting ideas have to prove the topic sentence.Examples:My school is the best in the worldIt’s coolThey pay us to attendI like itCandy in the lunch roomThe beach makes a good vacationAwesomeSuperCool waterSoft sandPizza is the best foodIt rulesIt’s inexpensiveIt has all food groupsIt tastes the best
21My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. Easy to cookFun to eatDeliciousMy favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to cook, fun to eat, and delicious.My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.
22My favorite sport is __________ Your TurnMy favorite sport is __________
23ChecklistCan the four square reasons be backed by facts or do they read as opinion?Is there repetition of detail?
24Adding supporting details Our story so far would read as follows:My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s fun to eat. My favorite meal is spaghetti because it’s delicious. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.We need to elaborate – add details.We will add 3 details to each square.These details will clarify or give examples of the phrase at the top of the square.
25My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. It’s easyRoll up meatThrow in potPour store-bought sauceIt’s fun to eatTwirl on forkSlurp itSplatter the sauceIt’s deliciousTomatoesItalian spicesFilling meatMy favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.
26My favorite sport is ___________ Your TurnReason:DetailWrap up sentenceMy favorite sport is ___________
27Checklist Are the details logical expansion of the reasons? Are the details factual and free of opinion?Are there any mechanical problems in the wrap-up sentence?
28Using connecting words Choose a connecting word (transitions) and put at the top of each square.Use the handout to help you choose appropriate connecting words for each square.
29My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. FirstIt’s easyRoll up meatThrow in potPour store-bought sauceAlsoIt’s fun to eatTwirl on forkSlurp itSplatter the sauceThirdIt’s deliciousTomatoesItalian spicesFilling meatSo you can seeMy favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.
30My favorite sport is ___________ Your TurnConnecting wordReason:DetailWrap up sentenceMy favorite sport is ___________
31Vivid language What sounds better? The water was cold.The water felt like ice.Think of your senses – how does it feel, taste, smell, look, feel?Add a vivid detail to each supporting detail.
32My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs. FirstIt’s easyRoll up meatGolf ballsThrow in potHuge cauldron-sizePour store-bought saucePregoAlsoIt’s fun to eatTwirl on forkLooks like a twisterSlurp itLoud smacking noisesSplatter the sauceLike an explosionThirdIt’s deliciousTomatoesRed and tangyItalian spicesZippy garlicFilling meatLike a hamburgerSo you can seeMy favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious.My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs.
33My favorite sport is ___________ Your turnConnecting wordReason:DetailvividVividWrap up sentenceMy favorite sport is ___________
34ChecklistDo the added vivid images add more information to the details?Have you used a thesaurus to find the best possible word?Have you checked your punctuation? How about your grammar?
36My Favorite MealMy favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, and it’s fun to eat. I always enjoy eating the meal since it’s tasty anytime.The first step in making the meal is the meatball. You simply roll up the hamburger into golf-ball sized pieces, then throw it in the pot. I use a huge, cauldron-size pot to cook the meatballs. After they are cooked, I pour on a store-bought sauce. My favorite brand is Prego. The noodles get cooked in a pot of hot water until they are soft, but still somewhat firm.Another reason my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs is because it’s fun to eat. I like to twirl the noodles on my fork. They look like a twister. It’s fun to slurp them into my mouth because it makes a loud smacking noise. I always splatter the sauce all over my mouth. When I’m done, it looks like an explosion of red dots where I have been sitting.
37My third reason for liking is spaghetti and meatballs is because it’s delicious. I like the tangy taste of red tomatoes. The Italian spices are great, especially the zippy garlic. The meat is very filling, like eating a hamburger except it’s in a ball instead of in a bun.So you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy, fun to eat, and delicious.Feedback:Did the essay have organization?Were there transitions connecting the paragraphs?Are the details factual and free of opinion?Are there vivid details?Did the essay have any obvious grammatical errors?What suggestions do you have for the essay?
38Your turnRead your 4-square to a partner or in your peer editing groupDo the sentences flow well?Have you used the right tense throughout the essay?Is your topic sentence clear?How are your hook and conclusion?
39Improving the introduction First paragraphHookTopic sentenceWrap up sentencePersonal/reflective sentenceFood that is simple to cook and fun to eat are two ingredients needed to make it special. It also needs to be tasty. My favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I could eat spaghetti and meatballs for dinner every night.
40Improving the closing paragraph Final paragraphSummarize main points and then wrap-up sentence with connecting wordPersonal / Reflective sentence, question or exclamationSo you can see, my favorite meal is spaghetti and meatballs because it’s easy to make, fun to eat and delicious. I am making some tonight. Would you like to come over for dinner?
42Using the 4-square method to write an essay ExpositoryGives informationStates reasons or examplesMust have connecting wordsFew quotationsNarrativeEntertainsHas eventsConnecting words as neededMore dialogue
43Expository Narrative Friends Games The best day of my life Food skydiveLand safelyThe best day of my lifeMeet thepresidentNarrative
45When my cat started talking Time connector: In the beginningEvent: Cat food commercial came onDetailsDancing catsTop hatsSinging about food“meow-yum”I said it was cutelaughedTime connector: During the commercialEvent: My cat hissedArched his backAngryHis hair stood upLike a porcupineLoud screamEar splittingTime connector: Just thenEvent: He started talkingCalled the commercial foolishSnarledSaid the food was grossFor dogsTold me never to buy itI thought it was his favorite.Time connector: Since that dayBig ending:He has never spoken againI stopped buying that cat food.My cat has restrictions on his TV time.When my cat started talkingWho? My cat and IWhat? RelaxingWhere? At homeWhen? In the eveningWhy? It had been a long day
46Completed Narrative Essay One evening I was relaxing at home. My cat and I were watching television. It had been a long day, and I needed some time to wind down.In the beginning of our favorite show, a commercial came on for a brand of cat food I usually buy. This commercial had adorable little dancing cats. They were wearing black top hats. The cats were also singing about the cat food. “Meow-yum, meow-yum,” they sang. I thought it was cute, and I laughed out loud.During this commercial my cat hissed, which is not something he usually does. He arched his back and looked quite angry. The hair on his back was standing up like porcupine quills. He let out an ear-splitting scream.Just then he started talking. He called the commercial foolish and snarled at the television. My cat told me that brand of cat food was gross, and it was only good for dogs, which means that it must be pretty bad. Then he told me never to buy it again. I had always thought he liked the stuff.Since that day my cat has not spoken again. I did stop buying that brand of cat food. But because of his ill-mannered hissing and growling, my cat has had a limit placed on his television time.
47Your turnPrompt:Think back to when you had a happy experience. Remember where you were and what happened. Write a story about that happy experienceNow complete the 4-square