Presentation on theme: "Common Sense By: Thomas Paine"— Presentation transcript:
1Common Sense By: Thomas Paine Group 1:Matt Fidurko, Katie Lyter, Kristin Youngs, Megan Burgess, Davey Carls, Alex Anzivine
2Society vs. Government“Society is produced by our wants and government by our wickedness”Society promotes our happiness POSITIVELYGovernment restrains our behavior NEGATIVELY“The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher.”Society is great, but Government restricts
3“Government is a necessary evil” Government restricts Society and forces us to give up freedomsIt can be destructive and evilSociety and Government must have a PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCEEnsures the SECURITY of the people
4We Need Government! TO GOVERN ENSURE FREEDOM SECURITY HELP SOCIETY WITH MORAL VALUES
5Direct Democracy turns into a Republic Colonies get TOO BIG TO ASSEMBLEForcing people to get elected and represent “THE WHOLE”General mix won’t KEEP THEIR OWN OPINIONSCommon change of the elected will lead to the whole community happy
6Advantages of Absolute Government Simple type of GovernmentPeople would know:WHO IS IN CHARGEWHO IS CAUSING THE SUFFERINGSUFFRAGE COULD MOST LIKELY BE CURED
7Complexity of British Government Society may suffer for a long time without anyone actually knowing the causeThe British Government is divided between:Monarchial Tyranny of the KingAristocratical Tyranny of the PeersThe Commons
8Checks and Balances,“absurd” Commons are supposed to be wiser and can check the KingKing also has power to check the commons by rejecting their billsTHEY CONTRADICT THEMSELVES!
9“HOW CAME THE KING BY A POWER WHICH THE PEOPLE ARE AFRAID TO TRUST, AND ALWAYS OBLIGED TO CHECK? Such a power could not be the gift of wise people , neither can any power, WHICH NEEDS CHECKING, be from God: yet the provision which the constitution makes supposes such a power to exist.”Constitution requires us to have a “King”King is DISTRUSTED and receives checking from societyNO ABSOLUTE MONARCHY IN AMERICA!
10“by the will of the king is as much the law of the land in Britain as in France, with this difference, that instead of proceeding directly from his mouth, it is handed to the people under the formidable shape of an act of parliament. For the fate of Charles The First, hath only made kings more subtle- not more just.”Form of government similar to an Absolute MonarchyLooked at more subtle because it seems the people now approve it
11“The prejudice of Englishmen, in favour of their own government, by King, Lords and Commons, arises as much or more from national pride than reason.”Prejudice of the Englishmen comes from the pride of their nation, rather than coming with reason
12Enlightenment and the Bible Common Sense by Thomas Paine: Of Monarchy and Hereditary SuccessionEnlightenment and the BibleMankind is equal in the order of creationThomas Paine states “ Equality could only be destroyed by subsequent circumstance...”Paine refers to the pages of the BibleNot a Christian, uses the passages of SamuelPeople trusted faith and religion before the EnlightenmentHe uses the Bible to express his point so that people understand
13Monarchies and God God disapproves of monarchy A republic is affective - monarchies give too much power to one person- misfortune is brought onto the subjects under the King’s ruleA republic is affective- protects citizens from unfair rule- ex. Jewish community first had a republic, but the citizens wanted monarchy
14Samuel, the Mediator Samuel is a mediator between God and the people God suggests a king is destructive of libertyGod is the only one who can judge his peopleThe people added on to their sins
15“Popery of Government” Paine refers to monarchy as “Popery of Government”“Popery of Government”- heads of governmentPope is head of Roman Catholic ChurchKing/Queen are heads of governmentKing- head of governmentPope- Head of Roman Catholic Church
16Hereditary Monarchy Paine thinks hereditary monarchy is absurd Not all descents are worthy of complete powerEx. Rehoboam – fostered dangerous principles- Inaugurated taxes and leviesNo one by birth should have the right to ruleHonors, intelligence, sincerity, and equality“ASS FOR A LION”
17Hereditary Monarchy and England First established based on traditionPeople didn’t want to changeSuperstitionMonarchy in EnglandNot “natural”William the ConquerorNamed himself kingWilliam the Conqueror
18First Chosen Kings Precedents that exclude succession English monarchy Kings chosen by lotChosen by electionChosen by usurpationEnglish monarchyDidn’t chose king in the previous ways
19Hereditary = Bad Monarchies Hereditary MonarchyKings chosen by geneticsSuccessionBad Rulers vs. Good RulersUnworthy and unfair kingsKings being born into power
20Reasons and Ridiculousness Plausible- stopping civil warsEight civil warsFirst Civil War ( )Second Civil War ( )Third Civil War ( )Nineteen rebellions
21England’s Constitution Glory of the ConstitutionHouse of CommonsPoison of the ConstitutionCrownKendra Antle, Kate Cecchi, Abbey Jones, Robby Higby, Dom Saglimben, Katelyn WoodsPeriod 7 J.C.C. History Mr. Roh
22Works CitedPaine, Thomas. Common Sense. Part II, Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession Print.Images:Googleimages.comKendra Antle, Kate Cecchi, Abbey Jones, Robby Higby, Dom Saglimben, Katelyn WoodsPeriod 7 J.C.C. History Mr. Roh
23Common Sense: Of Monarchy and Hereditary Succession Madison Moran, Kellie Smith, Shelby Grimmer
24Enlightenment Theories Paine thought all men are equalNo matter rich or poor
25Christian References Uses them to make his point Majority of the audience ChristianShow that it goes against god. (sin)
26Why God disapprovesIt is a sin to idolize anything/anyone other than god.God says “kings equal people being enslaved, cook and bakers, instruments of war.”Kings will take the benefits of the peoplePeople still wanted a monarchyWhen people realize how hard it is god will not hear their prayers.
27“Popery of government” PEOPLE CONTRADICT THEMSELVES!Popery= pope having total controlPeople did not like pope having total control.Yet people wanted monarchyKing= having total control of government
28Absurdity of hereditary monarchies You never know what you’re going to getTaking away the rights of future generations
29How It StartedMost likely from a savage tribe choosing the head of their group (Lord of the Flies)Having sons lead was “convenient”After a few generation it became traditional
30“It’s just not natural!’ All men are born with equal rights. No birth should be any more important.Adam chose to disobey god, it affected his childrenAdam= hereditary succession
31Kings chosen by lot Choosing by lot= random king Most likely will not have good leadership skillsCould be a “couch potato”
32Kings chosen by election The people vote for the kingHereditary succession= children won’t be as qualified as voted leader
33Kings by usurpation William the Conqueror Take over by force; makes themselves leaderNo right to power= descendents have no right to power
34Born Naive Royal children= spoiled brats Don’t empathize with their people= leads to making wrong decisionsFoolish, evil, wrong leaders
35Monarchies prevents civil wars… Pssshhtt, yeah right. Monarchies are supposed to prevent civil warsIf this was true it would be one good thing about monarchiesBUT England's has a history of 8 civil war and 19 rebellions under monarchiesKing= make peace but are distracted by themselvesIf a king has more than 1 son= bloody battle for crown
36The “Glory” of the Constitution Common people in England thought they had a say in government= House of CommonsKing held the true power and bribed members of the House of CommonsTo say England is a “Republic” is a greatly inaccurate statementKings= impoverished nations and wars
37By Thomas Paine Part IV Common Sense Annie McHone Melanie Hudson, Ryan Vossler, Lexie Zimmer, Josh Greaves, Andrew Stady
38“Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are the proper objects for kingdoms to take under their care; but there is something very absurd, in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island.”Typically, the empire with the strong central government protects the weak.In this case, Britain, an island, rules over America, a huge continent.
39Why does Paine refer to King George III as the “Sullen tempered Pharaoh of England”? Ignores the pain he is causing because he believes he is all powerful.King angrily punishes coloniesSimilar belief of the Egyptian Pharaohs.
40Why is separation the only possible way forward? Move backward forever if American’s submit to British laws.Always be arguing over change that will never come.America is already greater than what the king wishes.Only way forward is to break away from the king.
41Why is reconciliation not possible? Reuniting with British is foolish.Bond between those in England, and those in colonies is weak.GrudgesTensions would carry on for centuries to come.
42What does Paine propose is a major problem with monarchies? Monarchies are always at war within themselves or other countries.Kings believe that their thoughts are correct.Kings don’t actually understand what goes on in their country.
43What type of government does Paine propose would be best for America? Paine wants a republican government.Laws passed through voting.Each colony would sent at least thirty delegates to one Congress.Laws must have three fifths of Congress to pass.
44What does Paine mean when he declares that in America “LAW IS KING”? We did not focus on one leader.We focus on a set of written laws to rule us.
45Why does Paine believe that his understanding of the nature of government is a product of the Enlightenment?Paine believes in natural rights.Paine believes that government should be ruled by people and a set of laws, not a divine ruler.- Paine states that all people have liberties.
46Who is the “fugitive” Paine speaks of? The fugitive is freedom.No one has yet found freedom.Who must receive the fugitive?All countries must receive the fugitive.If everyone can receive freedom then they can achieve world peace.