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*Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

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Presentation on theme: "*Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC."— Presentation transcript:

1 *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

2  Read “A Modest Proposal” for tomorrow. Answer the following questions:  1. Who is Swift’s intended audience?  2. What problem does his essay attempt to address?  3. What rhetorical and persuasive devices does he utilize to achieve that purpose? (Answer ques under “Ques. for Rhetoric and Style at the end of the essay.)  4. What’s the “normal” or more traditional approach most people use, who also would like to address this problem? *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

3 LIST THE NUMBERS OF PARAGRAPHS FOR EACH OF THE FIVE SECTIONS OF THE ESSAY:  Introduction __________  Radical thesis— __________  Support for radical thesis— __________  Actual thesis to help the poor— __________  Reiteration (repeating main points of the radical thesis)— ________ *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

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5  It is an argument (literary work) holding up human vices and follies to ridicule and scorn.  It can have two moods: › Bemused/Gentle (Horatian—where author sees problem as more foolish than evil, mild humor) › Biting/Angry (Juvenalian)—where the author sees the problem as urgent and severe, possibly evil and involves savage ridicule *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

6  It can be directed at several targets: › The Individual › The Group › The “System” › Topical (short-lived, current) › Universal (long-lived) *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

7  A Satire Continuum  Notes and chart adapted from Florida Virtual School’s AP Literature and Composition.   HORATIAN   JUVENALIAN  (gentle) (bitter)   ATTACK:   DIRECT   INDIRECT  (little or no ironic diction) (much ironic diction)   TARGET:   TOPICAL   UNIVERSAL  (short-lived, current) (long-lived)  (Ex. 1. “They dream in courtship, but in wedlock wake.” Alexander Pope)  *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

8  Forms satirists use : › Fantasy : setting is an imaginary world or time, softens criticism by removing it from reality (People are more willing to consider criticism if finger isn’t pointing directly at them.) › Mock Heroics : take the realistic problem or dispute and turn it into a highly exaggerated epic battle › Formal Proposal : prepare a highly serious, highly rational proposal for action on this problem, but make it totally unreasonable and exaggerated › Praise/Blame : take something bad and praise it w/o boundary, or take something bad and cut it to shreds. (Either way—reader will appreciate the irony the author intends.) *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

9  Ketchup Soup Ketchup Soup  Feed the Children with Sally Struthers Feed the Children with Sally Struthers *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

10 hCn0jf46U *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

11  Slob Evolution (thank you, Jennifer LaRue, Shelby Co HS) Slob Evolution *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

12  Child Earns Clock Radio For 78 Hours Of Work Child Earns Clock Radio For 78 Hours Of Work  U.S. High School Get Raw End Of Student Exchange U.S. High School Get Raw End Of Student Exchange  Report: TV Helps Build Valuable Looking Skills Report: TV Helps Build Valuable Looking Skills  Obama’s Use of Complete Sentences Stirs Controversy Obama’s Use of Complete Sentences Stirs Controversy  Girl Moved To Tears By 'Of Mice And Men' Cliffs Notes Girl Moved To Tears By 'Of Mice And Men' Cliffs Notes  Police: iPhone Left In Hot Car For Three Hours Police: iPhone Left In Hot Car For Three Hours  Nation Shudders at Large Block of Uninterrupted Text Nation Shudders at Large Block of Uninterrupted Text  Wealthy Teen Nearly Experiences Consequence Wealthy Teen Nearly Experiences Consequence  MySpace Outage Leaves Millions Friendless MySpace Outage Leaves Millions Friendless  World's Scientists Admit They Just Don't Like Mice World's Scientists Admit They Just Don't Like Mice  Even CEO Can't Figure Out How RadioShack Still In Business Even CEO Can't Figure Out How RadioShack Still In Business *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

13  After 5 Years In U.S., Terrorist Cell Too Complacent To Carry Out Attack After 5 Years In U.S., Terrorist Cell Too Complacent To Carry Out Attack  Middle East Conflict Intensifies As Blah Blah Blah, Etc. Etc. Middle East Conflict Intensifies As Blah Blah Blah, Etc. Etc.  Majority Of Parents Abuse Children, Children Report Majority Of Parents Abuse Children, Children Report  Rhetorical Pleasantry Elicits 45-Minute Response Rhetorical Pleasantry Elicits 45-Minute Response  All 7 Deadly Sins Committed at Church Bake Sale All 7 Deadly Sins Committed at Church Bake Sale  Johnson & Johnson Introduces 'Nothing But Tears' Shampoo To Toughen Up Newborns Johnson & Johnson Introduces 'Nothing But Tears' Shampoo To Toughen Up Newborns *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

14  Saturday Night Live Weekend Update with Seth– Really?!? Michael Phelps Saturday Night Live Weekend Update with Seth– Really?!? Michael Phelps  Lindsay Lohan eHarmony Ad Lindsay Lohan eHarmony Ad  Not Your Father’s Taliban (New Yorker spoof) Not Your Father’s Taliban *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

15  Terry Gross Interviews Jon Stewart on Fresh Air (October 4, 2010) Terry Gross Interviews Jon Stewart on Fresh Air  Jon Stewart Parodies Glenn Beck Jon Stewart Parodies Glenn Beck  Jon Stewart Interviews Jim Cramer Jon Stewart Interviews Jim Cramer  Jon Stewart’s “Rally to Restore Sanity/Fear” Closing Speech Jon Stewart’s “Rally to Restore Sanity/Fear” Closing Speech  Room for Debate (thank you, Chris Crouch, Highlands HS) Room for Debate  TIME Cartoons of the Week TIME Cartoons of the Week *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.

16  Humor Man (Dixie Dellinger, AP English list-serve) Humor Man  McSweeney’s.net McSweeney’s.net  I Want A Wife I Want A Wife  New Yorker Cartoons New Yorker Cartoons  Satire and Parody (Karla Olson, AP English list-serve) Satire and Parody *Information reproduced with permission from Ada Skillern, BGHS and Ann Rudkin Winston-Salem, NC.


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