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Aristophanes’ Lysistrata. Two Quotes Women’s peithō, how appraised?

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Presentation on theme: "Aristophanes’ Lysistrata. Two Quotes Women’s peithō, how appraised?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Aristophanes’ Lysistrata

2 Two Quotes Women’s peithō, how appraised?

3 Two Quotes Chorus Leader to Lysistrata: Hail the bravest of all women! Now you must be more besides: Firm but soft, high-class but low-brow, Strict but lenient, versatile. Delegates from every city, captured by your potent charms, Come before you and request your arbitration of their cause. (p. 142) Magistrate (on Demostratus)... a noisy rooftop party for Adonis, just like the one that spoiled our assembly. That ill-starred, foolish politician moved we sail to Sicily, while his wife was dancing and yelling for Adonis. When he said, let’s muster allied troops for this armada, his wife was on the rooftop getting drunk and yelling ‘Oh doomed youth!’ But he persisted, the goddamned stubborn hotheaded son of a bitch! (p. 110)

4 Resolved: Women in Aristophanes' Lysistrata embody positive role models (politically, etc.)

5 Agenda Epideictic Project An Immodest Proposal Recap Persuasion and Democracy in Thucydides Readings 2 Persuasion in Lysistrata Let’s Count the Ways... Resolved: Women in Aristophanes' Lysistrata embody positive role models (politically, etc.)

6 Epideictic Project An Immodest Proposal

7 Gorgianic Figures Basic concept Colon rhetorical unit Word repetition Anaphora colon beginning Antistrophe colon end Anastrophe end/beginning Other figures Antithesis contrast Homoioteleuton end rhyme Isocolon/parisosis same/similar-length successive cola Paronomasia word play

8 Our epideixis.. We live in a time of overpopulation, we die in a time of great starvation. Though these problems seem infinite, our solution is infantile.

9 Recap Persuasion and Democracy in Thucydides Readings 2

10 Concepts “Truthiness,”  “truth that comes from the gut” Foundationalism  The “noble simplicity” versus Spin & revalorization Sophistic ethics Law of nature Right of the stronger (Counter-)rhetoric captatio benevolentiae demophilia topos Stasis and persuasion?

11 Lenses Despotic/oligarchic democracy? (Michels) “The preponderant elements of the movement, the men who lead and nourish it, end by undergoing a gradual detachment from the masses and are attracted within the orbit of the ‘political class’ ” (Political Parties) Charismatic democracy? (Weber) “… devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him” (Economy and Society) Pragmatic democracy? (Finley) Democracy’s “substantive promises”: “what counts is that the people expected results and at times, sometimes for long periods, felt satisfied with them” (Ancient History)

12 Melian Debate “Nature (phusis) always compels gods (we believe) and men (we are certain) to rule over anyone they can control. We did not make this law (nomos),... but... will take it as we found it....” (Thucydides , p. 68) concepts lenses

13 Erōs, logos Plague “The pleasure of the moment... [was] set up as [a standard] of nobility and usefulness" (50) Mytilenean Debate CLEON: Athenians as rhetoric-addicts DIODOTUS: “Hope and passionate desire (erōs)... dominate every situation” (73) Stasis Description “The cause of all this was the desire to rule out of avarice and ambition” (93) Sicilian Debate NICIAS: “Do not be sick... with yearning (erōs) for what is not here” (116) HISTORIAN’S ANALYSIS: “Now everyone alike fell in love (erōs enepese) with the enterprise” (122) concepts lenses

14 Anti x -Rhetorical Rhetoric? Cleon “The habits you’ve formed: why you merely look on at discussions, and real action is only a story to you!” (68) Diodotus “The most difficult opponents are those who also accuse one of putting on a rhetorical show (epideixis) for a bribe” (71) concepts lenses

15 “Gorgianic” Cleon (Thuc ) Figures: parisosis (closely balanced clauses) antithesis (contrast) homoioteleuton (end rhyme) oxymoron (ironic non-sequitur) eiōthate theatai men tōn logōn gignesthai, akroatai de tōn ergōn, “and LISTENERS TO DEEDS” “you are accustomed to being VIEWERS OF WORDS”

16 Persuasion in Lysistrata Let’s Count the Ways...

17 Play and Backdrop 431War begins 421Peace of Nicias Sicilian Expedition 412Board of (10) Probouloi 411Aristophanes’ Lysistrata produced Oligarchic coup, politeia, democratic restoration

18 Lysistrata: Layout Comic structure CRISIS war husbands absent SOLUTION sex-strike fiscal embargo logos? CELEBRATION Athenians, Spartans Women, men Dramatic arc* Prologue Occupation plot “Magistrate” scene Strike-plot “Rod”-Myrrhine scene Reconciliation Men and women Spartans and Athenians * Courtesy Henderson 1987.

19 Peitho: Types of, Success Non-verbal persuasion Verbal persuasion

20 Some Dialogue... MAGISTRATE: You can stop these wartime hardships...? LYSISTRATA: Sure! MAGISTRATE: How?... LYSISTRATA:... First you wash the city as we wash the wool,... Bring it all together now, and make one giant ball of yarn.... MAGISTRATE: What do women know of war? (Lit. “Is this not a terrible thing, these women ‘woofing’ and ‘warping’ us!”)... LYSISTRATA:... First of all we make the children, Then we send them off to war. MAGISTRATE: That’s enough! (Lit. “You must stop remembering evil!”)

21 Resolved: Women in Aristophanes' Lysistrata embody positive role models (politically, etc.)

22 Criteria


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