Presentation on theme: "Unit 2: Grammar lesson English 101C. Prefixes & suffixes are grammatical “affixes.” We use them to change the meaning of a base word. Prefixes are added."— Presentation transcript:
Prefixes & suffixes are grammatical “affixes.” We use them to change the meaning of a base word. Prefixes are added before a base word. UN + HAPPY = UNHAPPY Suffixes are added after a base word. HELP + FUL = HELPFUL Prefixes and suffixes can be used at the same time. PRE + HISTORY + IC = PREHISTORIC
SuffixmeaningexamplesSuffixmeaningexamples - acystate or quality privacy, democracy -mentcondition ofargument, refreshment - alact or process of refusal, disposal -nessstate of being happiness, kindness -ance, -encestate or quality of maintenance, eminence -sion, -tionstate of being transition, concession -er, -orone whotrainer, protector -shipposition heldfriendship, fellowship -ismdoctrine, belief communism, consumerism -atebecomeeradicate, agitate - ist,one whochemist, typist -enbecomeenlighten, whiten -ity, -tyquality ofability, cruelty -izebecomecivilize, santize
suffixmeaningexamplessuffixmeaningexamples -able, -iblecapable of beingEdible, presentable -iveHaving the nature of Creative, festive -alpertaining toRegional, hormonal -lesswithoutEndless, helplesss -esqueReminiscent ofPicturesque, romanesque -yCharacterized by Lazy, sunny -fulNotable forBeautiful, helpful -il, ilePertaining to, capable of Civil, docile -ic, -icalPertaining tomusical, mystic -ousFull ofnauseous, ludricrous -ious, -ousCharacterized byhilarious, heinous -oseFull ofverbose, glucose -ishHaving the quality of girlish, foolish -lyHaving the attributes of Quickly, lovely
1. Valerie is unable to attend the party 2. The students were misinformed about their homework. 3. The food disappeared from the table. 4. The fireworks illuminated the sky. 5. The veterinarian declawed the cats. 6. When he drinks beer, he acts foolish. 7. Tom ate some bad fish and felt nauseous. 8. The loudness of the speakers hurt my ears. 9. The line for the tickets seemed endless. 10. I like going to festive parties.