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Passive Voice. Active vs. Passive Voice To tell if a construction is active or passive simply look at the subject: To tell if a construction is active.

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Presentation on theme: "Passive Voice. Active vs. Passive Voice To tell if a construction is active or passive simply look at the subject: To tell if a construction is active."— Presentation transcript:

1 Passive Voice

2 Active vs. Passive Voice To tell if a construction is active or passive simply look at the subject: To tell if a construction is active or passive simply look at the subject: If the subject is the "doer of the action," the sentence is active. If the subject is the "doer of the action," the sentence is active. If the subject is the "receiver of the action," the sentence is passive. If the subject is the "receiver of the action," the sentence is passive. If you do something, you're active; if you have something done to you, you're passive. If you do something, you're active; if you have something done to you, you're passive.

3 Passive Voice Form of “to be” verb + past participle = Passive Voice. Form of “to be” verb + past participle = Passive Voice. am, are, is, was, were, be, become, became am, are, is, was, were, be, become, became Example: The bone was eaten by Peggy. “to be” verb = was main verb = eaten Find the main verb and re-word the sentence using only the main verb. Find the main verb and re-word the sentence using only the main verb. Example: Peggy ate the bone.

4 Passive Voice The police car was chased by the dog.

5 Passive Voice The police car was chased by Big Dog. “to be” verb = was main verb = chased

6 Passive Voice The police car was chased by Big Dog. “to be” verb = was main verb = chased The dog chased the police car.

7 Passive Voice Every bite of food was eaten by us.

8 Passive Voice Every bite of food was eaten by us. “to be” verb = was main verb = eaten

9 Passive Voice Every bite of food was eaten by us. “to be” verb = was main verb = eaten We ate every bite of food.

10 Passive Voice The letter was mailed by Marilyn.

11 Passive Voice The letter was mailed by Marilyn. “to be” verb = was main verb = mailed

12 Passive Voice The letter was mailed by Marilyn. “to be” verb = was main verb = mailed Marilyn mailed the letter.

13 Passive Voice At each concert, at least one tune from a well- known opera was sung by the soprano.

14 Passive Voice At each concert, at least one tune from a well- known opera was sung by the soprano. “to be” verb = was main verb = sung

15 Passive Voice At each concert, at least one tune from a well- known opera was sung by the soprano. “to be” verb = was main verb = sung At each concert, the soprano sang at least one tune from a well-known opera.

16 Passive Voice Large chunks of asbestos-laden material will be removed from the hallways on the second and third floors by asbestos abatement teams.

17 Passive Voice Large chunks of asbestos-laden material will be removed from the hallways on the second and third floors by asbestos abatement teams. “to be” verb = be main verb = will + removed

18 Passive Voice Large chunks of asbestos-laden material will be removed from the hallways on the second and third floors by asbestos abatement teams. “to be” verb = be main verb = will + removed Asbestos abatement teams will remove large chunks of asbestos-laden material from the hallways on the second and third floors.

19 Passive Voice When her house was invaded, Penelope had to think of ways to delay her remarriage.

20 Passive Voice When her house was invaded, Penelope had to think of ways to delay her remarriage. “to be” verb = was main verb = invaded

21 Passive Voice When her house was invaded, Penelope had to think of ways to delay her remarriage. “to be” verb = was main verb = invaded After suitors invaded her house, Penelope had to think of ways to delay her remarriage.

22 Passive Voice Heart disease is considered the leading cause of death in the United States.

23 Passive Voice Heart disease is considered the leading cause of death in the United States. “to be” verb = is main verb = considered Other possible verbs?

24 Passive Voice Heart disease is considered the leading cause of death in the United States. “to be” verb = is main verb = considered Research points to heart disease as the leading cause of death in the United States. Researchers have concluded that heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.

25 Passive Voice “Do not be a lazy thinker” The working class was marginalized. The working class was marginalized. African Americans were discriminated against. African Americans were discriminated against. Women were not treated as equals. Women were not treated as equals. A number of things are indicated by these results. A number of things are indicated by these results. These results indicate a number of things. These results indicate a number of things. Further analysis showed/suggested/yielded… Further analysis showed/suggested/yielded…

26 Weak Verbs Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people.

27 Weak Verbs Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people. Weak Verb: She was the first to finish. Weak Verb: She was the first to finish. Strong Verb: She finished first. Strong Verb: She finished first.

28 Weak Verbs Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Weak Verb: He is the leader of the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people. Strong Verb: He leads the people. Weak Verb: She was the first to finish. Weak Verb: She was the first to finish. Strong Verb: She finished first. Strong Verb: She finished first. Weak Verb: Like most people, Bob is afraid of public speaking. Weak Verb: Like most people, Bob is afraid of public speaking. Strong Verb: Like most people, Bob fears public speaking. Strong Verb: Like most people, Bob fears public speaking.

29 Weak Verbs Public speaking is the one thing that most people fear more than death.

30 Weak Verbs Public speaking is the one thing that most people fear more than death. Most people fear public speaking more than death.

31 Weak Verbs Bob is full of worry about looking foolish.

32 Weak Verbs Bob is full of worry about looking foolish. Bob worries about looking foolish.

33 Weak Verbs He is a student who has enrolled in a speech class.

34 Weak Verbs He is a student who has enrolled in a speech class. He has enrolled in a speech class.

35 Weak Verbs Preparation of a speech is something that Bob learns how to do.

36 Weak Verbs Preparation of a speech is something that Bob learns how to do. Bob learns how to prepare a speech.


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