2 Tawfiq al-HakimThe greatest literary figure in Egyptian historyWrote more than 70 plays along with novels and criticismWorked with almost no Islamic dramatic traditionWorked with a very minimal Egyptian literary traditionWorked with an incredibly rich Egyptian historical and cultural traditionUsed Western dramatic models to explore Egyptian themes
3 Egypt is the World’s Oldest Civilization 3500 BCE to the Present
4 Ancient Egypt First civilization to develop writing Preserved through very elaborate death ritualsDeeply connected to the notion of justiceInvented the use of scales as images of justice and law
5 Roman Egypt Major ally of Rome Cleopatra was connected to both Caesar and Marc AnthonyPart of the Roman cultural and literary world during the life of the Empire
6 The Islamic EmpireCairo was second only to Baghdad as the culture center of the Islamic worldStrong Koranic traditionPart of the tradition of Islamic literature in Arabic and PersianCenter for the study of Islamic Law.
7 Colonial Egypt From 1882-1947 Egypt was a British colony Egypt established legal and governmental infrastructureInfusion of Western democratic idealsAl-Hakim was a Western-trained attorney and public prosecutor
8 Joseph and Zulekha Old Testament story of Potipher’s Wife Also a chapter in the Q’ranJoseph was a slave who became a rulerHe was tempted by a Zulekha to betray his masterBy resisting the temptation, he qualified for his ultimate reward
9 1001 Arabian NightsThe most important popular text in the Islamic traditionTells the story of a ruler who takes a foolish vowScheherazade is a wise and creative woman who redeems the ruler from his foolishness
10 A Meditation on LawCivil Law—the laws governing the rights of slaves and citizens.Religious Law—The requirement to issue a call to prayer every morning.Natural Law—The difference between night and day.