Presentation on theme: "Light Romanticism = Dark Romanticism = Transcendentalism ="— Presentation transcript:
1 Dark Romanticism & Transcendentalism: The American Renaissance/Naissance (1840-1860) Light Romanticism =Dark Romanticism =Transcendentalism =“Those who dream by day are aware of many things which escape those who dream only by night.” Edgar Allan Poe
3 Where did the DR/Gothic movement originate? I. DR Literature (Anti-Transcendentalism): Can the world be reshaped? Synonymous with gothic lit./novel.A. Pessimistic / Revealed man’s dark side (used dread, terror, suspense to hold attention)B. Psychological / IntrospectiveC. Heavily symbolicD. Believed sin, pain, evil existed (tales of shame, obsession, revenge, madness)E. Nature cruel & unexplainable (ruins, overgrowth, dark forests, wind-swept plains)F. Depressed, insane characters (man is foolish and self-destructive)G. DR Heroes – lofty, haunted, alienatedWhere did the DR/Gothic movement originate?“A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesman and philosophers and divines.” --Ralph Waldo Emerson
4 “…evil is a consequence of good, in fact, out of joy is sorrow born.” Edgar Allen PoeG. US lack of tradition = Fear (history of strife / vast wilderness / classless society)H. Modern Impact?1. Alluring antagonists2. Persecuted young women3. Fascination w/criminal process
6 II. Transcendental Literature: Still positive but II. Transcendental Literature: Still positive but increasingly philosophical (thinking) side of Romanticism.A. Universe & individuals connectedB. True reality is spiritual (contemplating nature leads to spirituality)C. Idealists (like Emerson & Thoreau)D. Linked to Concord, 1st US artist’s colonyE. Inspired by Immanuel Kant (18th century philosopher)F. Modern Impact?1. Seeking beauty in life/nature2. Belief in true love/contentment“Transcendentalism is often composed of nothing more substantial than smoke, moonshine, and raw potatoes.” Nathaniel Hawthorne
7 Sentimentalism??? Uncle Tom’s Cabin Slide Frederick Douglass Autobiography??Sentimentalism???
8 “Where does the violet tint end and the orange tint begin “Where does the violet tint end and the orange tint begin? Distinctly we see the difference of the colors, but where exactly does the one first blending enter into the other. So with sanity and insanity.” Herman Melville