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Hazardous Attitudes … Could You Recover?

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Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Attitudes … Could You Recover?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazardous Attitudes … Could You Recover?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Hazardous Attitudes … Could You Recover? Aeronautical Decision Making Copyright © 2005. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

2 12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Agenda This Workshop will explore Hazardous Attitudes and their affect on making Aeronautical Decisions. Part 1: 5 Hazardous Attitudes Part 2: Decision Making Tools Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

3 About Doug Stewart Doug Stewart 2004 National CFI of the Year
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] About Doug Stewart Doug Stewart 2004 National CFI of the Year Master Certified Flight Instructor Designated Pilot Examiner Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

4 12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Why is this important? Most pilots have one or more hazardous attitudes. This is what is killing pilots! Difficult to recognize that we have them. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

5 Hazardous Attitude Challenges
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Hazardous Attitude Challenges Recognition of hazardous attitudes requires a great deal of self honesty! Once recognized, how do we counter them? Applying “antidotes”. Personal minimums can help. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

6 Part 1: 5 Hazardous Attitudes
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Part 1: 5 Hazardous Attitudes Review of Hazardous Attitudes and how they effect our decision making. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

7 5 Hazardous Attitudes Macho Invulnerability Anti-Authority Impulsivity
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] 5 Hazardous Attitudes Macho Invulnerability Anti-Authority Impulsivity Resignation Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

8 Macho “I have the skills…I can handle it!”
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Macho Webster’s definition: macho: Used of men; markedly masculine in appearance or manner. Macho Attitude: “I have the skills…I can handle it!” Pilots with this type of attitude will try to prove themselves by taking risks in order to impress others. Antidote: “Maybe I can’t handle this.” “Taking chances is foolish.” Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

9 Do you have the Macho attitude?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Do you have the Macho attitude? Pilots find it difficult to realize and accept they have hazardous attitudes. Look for the subtle ways they show up. Examples of Macho: Taking a questionable flight (due to weather, winds, mechanical issues, your health, etc.) because you think “I can handle it”. Continuing into deteriorating weather that is beyond your level of proficiency, thinking “I have the skills to get through it”. Doing a risky maneuver to impress someone....“watch this”! Taking a questionable flight because you don’t want your friends to think you can’t handle it. Attempting an advanced, or acrobatic maneuver without receiving proper instruction. Landing in a strong cross wind thinking you had the skill to handle it, but ending up on the edge or off the runway. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

10 Dealing with Macho Things you can do:
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Dealing with Macho Things you can do: Make an honest assessment of your skills…are you current and proficient? Evaluate your personal minimums and apply them to your go/no-go decision for each flight. If you have this attitude, use caution in your decision making (is Macho driving your decision)? Don’t be afraid to admit “maybe I can’t handle it”. Don’t allow peer pressure to influence your decisions. Apply the antidote – “TAKING CHANCES IS FOOLISH!” . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

11 Invulnerability “It won’t happen to me.” “It can happen to me!”
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Invulnerability Webster’s definition: vulnerable: susceptible to attack; capable of being wounded or hurt. Invulnerable Attitude: “It won’t happen to me.” Pilots with this attitude feel that accidents happen to others, but never to them. They are more likely to take chances. Technically advanced equipment such as glass cockpit, autopilot and parachutes can support and enable this attitude. Antidote: “It can happen to me!” Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

12 Do you have the Invulnerable attitude?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Do you have the Invulnerable attitude? Examples of Invulnerability: Taking a questionable flight (due to weather, winds, mechanical issues, health, etc.) because you think “nothing will happen to me”. Disregarding a weather briefing calling for bad weather, thinking “the briefer was being overly cautious...I'll be fine". Attempting a risky flight or maneuver thinking "I've done this before and nothing happened". Relying on equipment to compensate for lack of proficiency. Flying past a planned fuel stop, thinking "I've got enough fuel to make it all the way “. Continuing into questionable conditions (icing, turbulence, t-storms, etc.) thinking "this plane can handle it“. . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

13 Dealing with Invulnerability
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Dealing with Invulnerability Things you can do: Be realistic about the risks associated with each flight. Make an honest assessment of your skills…are you current and proficient? Evaluate your personal minimums and apply them to your go/no-go decision. Do not become dependent on advanced technology. Apply the antidote – “IT CAN HAPPEN TO ME!” …and knowing Murphy’s Law, it probably will. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

14 Anti-Authority “Don’t tell me!” “The rules are there to protect me!”
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Anti-Authority Webster’s definition: authority: the power or right to give orders or make decisions; persons who exercise control over others. Anti-Authority Attitude: “Don’t tell me!” Pilots with this attitude may be resentful of having someone tell them what to do or may regard some rules, regulations and procedures as unnecessary. Antidote: “The rules are there to protect me!” Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

15 Do you have the Anti-Authority attitude?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Do you have the Anti-Authority attitude? Examples of Anti-Authority: Taking a flight when you are not legal due to an overdue medical or flight review. Flying when your aircraft is not airworthy (i.e. fuel gage not working or other ‘small’ discrepancy). Flying at night or IFR without being current. Knowingly violating an airspace restriction. Flying in IFR conditions without being rated. Doing a ‘duck under’ (descent below minimum altitude) on an instrument approach. Ignoring the minimum fuel reserve requirements. . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

16 Dealing with Anti-Authority
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Dealing with Anti-Authority Things you can do: Remember - many of the rules and regulations were written as a result of someone getting killed. Consider this attitude in your decision making. If it’s your nature to question authority, exercise good judgment. Apply the antidote – “THE RULES ARE THERE TO PROTECT ME!” . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

17 Impulsivity “Do something quickly!” “Not so fast. Think first.”
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Impulsivity Webster’s definition: impulsive: proceeding from natural feeling or impulse; without external stimulus; without forethought. Impulsive Attitude: “Do something quickly!” Pilots with this attitude do not stop to think about what they are about to do, they do not select the best alternative, they do the first thing that comes to mind. Antidote: “Not so fast. Think first.” Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

18 Do you have the Impulsivity attitude?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Do you have the Impulsivity attitude? Examples of Impulsivity: Accepting an ATC clearance for an "immediate departure, without delay" even though you aren't ready. Cleaning up flaps before clearing the obstacle at the end of the runway. Knee jerk reactions to varying flight conditions. Getting behind the airplane because you are busy pressing buttons or turning knobs. Not doing a thorough pre-flight because your feel “I’ve got to get going”. Thinking “I’ve got to do something quick”! . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

19 Dealing with Impulsivity
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Dealing with Impulsivity Things you can do: Remember - there are very few things in aviation that need to be done in a hurry. Training and currency. We may act impulsively when faced with a procedure we haven’t practiced recently. Use and apply checklists. Consider this attitude in your decision making; recognize and adjust for it. Apply the antidote – “NOT SO FAST. THINK FIRST!” . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

20 Resignation “What’s the use?” “I can make a difference!”
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Resignation Webster’s definition: resignation: acceptance of despair. Resigned Attitude: “What’s the use?” Pilots with this attitude do not see themselves as being able to make a difference in what happens to them. The pilot will leave the action to others, for better or worse. Antidote: “I can make a difference!” Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

21 Do you have the Resignation attitude?
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Do you have the Resignation attitude? Examples of Resignation: Drifting towards the edge of the runway in a crosswind landing, and doing nothing to correct it. ‘Giving up’ while practicing a simulated emergency. Following ATC instructions even when you feel they will put you in a potentially dangerous situation. Continue flying into deteriorating weather because you think, “there’s not much I can do”. Not executing a go-around when your landing is in question (someone on the runway, not set up properly, etc.). Flying through the final approach course while on vectors, and saying nothing…thinking "ATC will vector me back in soon“. . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

22 Dealing with Resignation
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Dealing with Resignation Things you can do: Obtain periodic recurrent training on emergency procedures and things you haven’t practiced in a while. Use and apply checklists. Remember - the flight isn't over until the engine is shut down and the ropes are on the wings. Keep flying until then! Apply the antidote - "I CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE!” . Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

23 Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

24 Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists Review checklists that help aeronautical decision making (ADM). Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

25 Run before and during each flight!
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] PAVE Checklist Illness Medication Stress Alcohol Fatigue Emotion Pilot Aircraft enVironment External pressures Am I current? Am I proficient? Airworthy? Equipment working? Familiar with aircraft? Thorough preflight? Run before and during each flight! Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

26 Pilot Aircraft External pressures PAVE Checklist enVironment
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] PAVE Checklist Pilot Aircraft enVironment External pressures Not just weather! Terrain Density altitude Destination airport Runway Over water Others Get-there-itis Time constraints Passengers Peer pressure Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

27 Consequences Alternatives Reality External pressures CARE Checklist
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] CARE Checklist Consequences Alternatives Reality External pressures Is this a real hazard? What consequences does this hazard presents? What alternatives do I have? What can I do? Run during flight if hazards appear! What’s causing this? How does it effect my alternatives? What’s pushing me? Eliminate external pressures from alternatives? Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

28 Conventional Decision Making
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Conventional Decision Making Identify situation and make a decision how to react. No consideration of hazardous attitudes in our decision. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

29 Aeronautical Decision Making
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Aeronautical Decision Making What is driving our decision or response? Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

30 Hazardous Attitudes….You CAN Recover!
Become aware of your own Hazardous Attitudes. Recognize they could kill you! Apply the appropriate “antidotes”. Create and adhere to your own personal minimums.

31 You have successfully completed the Workshop
12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] Congratulations! You have successfully completed the Workshop Hazardous Attitudes Congratulate learners and leave them with a warm feeling and a sweet taste upon successfully completing the course. Here is an idea: Prepare a real certificate in Microsoft Publisher or other program and save it as an Adobe PDF document. Then, provide a hyperlink on this slide that learners can click to open the PDF document. From the Adobe Acrobat window, they can print the certificate to their local printer. Or ... If learners log in to an LMS to access your course, then you may be able to pair that log-in information with the learner’s name and dynamically insert the name into a placeholder in the certificate. You will need to talk with your LMS administrator department to see what is possible. Also, if your company uses Articulate Knowledge Portal, customized certificates with dynamic fields are a built-in feature. Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.

32 12-Apr-17 [Title of the course] For more information Please click the ‘Attachments’ tab at the top of the screen for additional materials. 1. Free Publications – download the following: Complete word for word Transcript of this Workshop. Workshop Slides. FAA Advisory Circular No Contains hazardous attitude Self Assessment test. 2. Online FORUM Use the For more slide to provide learners with suggestions on how to continue learning about the subject of this course. Add or remove elements as needed. If you add additional elements, such as images or text, remember to give each element a Fade or some other animation effect. Also consider referring learners to job-aids, online discussion forums, blogs, knowledge bases, help desks, Webinars, and other sources of knowledge. To make links open referenced Web sites: Select the text you want as a link. Select Insert  Hyperlink or type Ctrl-K. Enter the Web address in the Address field. Click OK. 3. Audio Files Click the link - visit our online forum to discuss this topic with other pilots and receive updates from Doug Stewart. Download the audio portion of this Workshop. Or, you can order an Audio CD that you can listen to on your home stereo or in your car! Copyright © NameOfTheOrganization. All rights reserved.


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