Macho Webster’s definition: macho: Used of men; markedly masculine in appearance or manner. Macho Attitude: “I have the skills…I can handle it!” Pilots with this type of attitude will try to prove themselves by taking risks in order to impress others. Antidote: “Maybe I can’t handle this.” “Taking chances is foolish.”
Do you have the Macho attitude? Examples of Macho: 1.Taking a questionable flight (due to weather, winds, mechanical issues, your health, etc.) because you think “I can handle it”. 2.Continuing into deteriorating weather that is beyond your level of proficiency, thinking “I have the skills to get through it”. 3.Doing a risky maneuver to impress someone....“watch this”! 4.Taking a questionable flight because you don’t want your friends to think you can’t handle it. 5.Attempting an advanced, or acrobatic maneuver without receiving proper instruction. 6.Landing in a strong cross wind thinking you had the skill to handle it, but ending up on the edge or off the runway. Pilots find it difficult to realize and accept they have hazardous attitudes. Look for the subtle ways they show up.
Dealing with Macho Things you can do: Make an honest assessment of your skills…are you current and proficient? Evaluate your personal minimums and apply them to your go/no-go decision for each flight. If you have this attitude, use caution in your decision making (is Macho driving your decision)? Don’t be afraid to admit “maybe I can’t handle it”. Don’t allow peer pressure to influence your decisions. Apply the antidote – “TAKING CHANCES IS FOOLISH!”.
Invulnerability Webster’s definition: vulnerable: susceptible to attack; capable of being wounded or hurt. Invulnerable Attitude: “It won’t happen to me.” Pilots with this attitude feel that accidents happen to others, but never to them. They are more likely to take chances. Technically advanced equipment such as glass cockpit, autopilot and parachutes can support and enable this attitude. Antidote: “It can happen to me!”
Do you have the Invulnerable attitude?. Examples of Invulnerability: 1.Taking a questionable flight (due to weather, winds, mechanical issues, health, etc.) because you think “nothing will happen to me”. 2.Disregarding a weather briefing calling for bad weather, thinking “the briefer was being overly cautious...I'll be fine". 3.Attempting a risky flight or maneuver thinking "I've done this before and nothing happened". 4.Relying on equipment to compensate for lack of proficiency. 5.Flying past a planned fuel stop, thinking "I've got enough fuel to make it all the way “. 6.Continuing into questionable conditions (icing, turbulence, t-storms, etc.) thinking "this plane can handle it“.
Dealing with Invulnerability Things you can do: Be realistic about the risks associated with each flight. Make an honest assessment of your skills…are you current and proficient? Evaluate your personal minimums and apply them to your go/no-go decision. Do not become dependent on advanced technology. Apply the antidote – “IT CAN HAPPEN TO ME!” …and knowing Murphy’s Law, it probably will.
Anti-Authority Webster’s definition: authority: the power or right to give orders or make decisions; persons who exercise control over others. Anti-Authority Attitude: “Don’t tell me!” Pilots with this attitude may be resentful of having someone tell them what to do or may regard some rules, regulations and procedures as unnecessary. Antidote: “The rules are there to protect me!”
Do you have the Anti-Authority attitude?. Examples of Anti-Authority: 1.Taking a flight when you are not legal due to an overdue medical or flight review. 2.Flying when your aircraft is not airworthy (i.e. fuel gage not working or other ‘small’ discrepancy). 3.Flying at night or IFR without being current. 4.Knowingly violating an airspace restriction. 5.Flying in IFR conditions without being rated. 6.Doing a ‘duck under’ (descent below minimum altitude) on an instrument approach. 7.Ignoring the minimum fuel reserve requirements.
Dealing with Anti-Authority Things you can do: Remember - many of the rules and regulations were written as a result of someone getting killed. Consider this attitude in your decision making. If it’s your nature to question authority, exercise good judgment. Apply the antidote – “THE RULES ARE THERE TO PROTECT ME!”.
Impulsivity Webster’s definition: impulsive: proceeding from natural feeling or impulse; without external stimulus; without forethought. Impulsive Attitude: “Do something quickly!” Pilots with this attitude do not stop to think about what they are about to do, they do not select the best alternative, they do the first thing that comes to mind. Antidote: “Not so fast. Think first.”
Do you have the Impulsivity attitude?. Examples of Impulsivity: 1.Accepting an ATC clearance for an "immediate departure, without delay" even though you aren't ready. 2.Cleaning up flaps before clearing the obstacle at the end of the runway. 3.Knee jerk reactions to varying flight conditions. 4.Getting behind the airplane because you are busy pressing buttons or turning knobs. 5.Not doing a thorough pre-flight because your feel “I’ve got to get going”. 6.Thinking “I’ve got to do something quick”!
Dealing with Impulsivity Things you can do: Remember - there are very few things in aviation that need to be done in a hurry. Training and currency. We may act impulsively when faced with a procedure we haven’t practiced recently. Use and apply checklists. Consider this attitude in your decision making; recognize and adjust for it. Apply the antidote – “NOT SO FAST. THINK FIRST!”.
Resignation Webster’s definition: resignation: acceptance of despair. Resigned Attitude: “What’s the use?” Pilots with this attitude do not see themselves as being able to make a difference in what happens to them. The pilot will leave the action to others, for better or worse. Antidote: “I can make a difference!”
Do you have the Resignation attitude? Examples of Resignation: 1.Drifting towards the edge of the runway in a crosswind landing, and doing nothing to correct it. 2.‘Giving up’ while practicing a simulated emergency. 3.Following ATC instructions even when you feel they will put you in a potentially dangerous situation. 4.Continue flying into deteriorating weather because you think, “there’s not much I can do”. 5.Not executing a go-around when your landing is in question (someone on the runway, not set up properly, etc.). 6.Flying through the final approach course while on vectors, and saying nothing…thinking "ATC will vector me back in soon“..
Dealing with Resignation Things you can do: Obtain periodic recurrent training on emergency procedures and things you haven’t practiced in a while. Use and apply checklists. Remember - the flight isn't over until the engine is shut down and the ropes are on the wings. Keep flying until then! Apply the antidote - "I CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE!”.
Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists
Review checklists that help aeronautical decision making (ADM). Part 2: Decision Making Tools PAVE and CARE Checklists
PAVE Checklist P ilot A ircraft en V ironment E xternal pressures Run before and during each flight! I llness M edication S tress A lcohol F atigue E motion Airworthy? Equipment working? Familiar with aircraft? Thorough preflight? Am I current? Am I proficient?
PAVE Checklist P ilot A ircraft en V ironment E xternal pressures Not just weather! Terrain Density altitude Destination airport Runway Over water Others Get-there-itis Time constraints Passengers Peer pressure
CARE Checklist C onsequences A lternatives R eality E xternal pressures Run during flight if hazards appear! Is this a real hazard? What consequences does this hazard presents? What alternatives do I have? What can I do? What’s causing this? How does it effect my alternatives? What’s pushing me? Eliminate external pressures from alternatives?
Conventional Decision Making Identify situation and make a decision how to react. No consideration of hazardous attitudes in our decision.
Aeronautical Decision Making What is driving our decision or response?
Hazardous Attitudes….You CAN Recover! Become aware of your own Hazardous Attitudes. Recognize they could kill you! Apply the appropriate “antidotes”. Create and adhere to your own personal minimums.
Congratulations! You have successfully completed the Workshop Hazardous Attitudes
For more information 1. Free Publications – download the following: 2. Online FORUM Please click the ‘Attachments’ tab at the top of the screen for additional materials. 1.Complete word for word Transcript of this Workshop. 2.Workshop Slides. 3.FAA Advisory Circular No Contains hazardous attitude Self Assessment test. 3. Audio Files Download the audio portion of this Workshop. Or, you can order an Audio CD that you can listen to on your home stereo or in your car! Click the link - visit our online forum to discuss this topic with other pilots and receive updates from Doug Stewart.