Presentation on theme: "Ancient Wisdom for Modern Living"— Presentation transcript:
1Ancient Wisdom for Modern Living PROVERBSAncient Wisdom for Modern Living
2Solomon Author of the Proverbs King of Israel Son of King David Built the templeWisest man in the worldHad his own sin problems
3Themes in ProverbsThe fear of the LordFools vs. Wise
4Key People in ProverbsSolomonHezekiah’s menAgurLemuel
5Key Words Wisdom: Understanding: It is not IQ (1Cor 1:20,25) "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.” (Pr 9:10, 1:7)It is not IQ (1Cor 1:20,25)“Do you see a man wise in his own eyes? There is more hope for a fool than for him.” (Pr 26:12)Understanding:The revelation of truthOccurs in the heart (Is 6:10)We sometimes call it “accepting one word”It is not being like Nicodemus (Jn 3:10)
6Applying the proverbsTaken literally, Proverbs offers practical direction on how to live day-to-day in a way that pleases God.Proverbs also has spiritual meaning.For instance: “he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son” (10:5)This brings to mind not just our physical jobs, but also world mission (Mt 9:37-38)
7Key Verse: 1:4 For giving prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the young
8Proverbs in brief A Father counsels his son to seek wisdom (1-7) Wisdom’s call (8-9)Solomon’s proverbs (10-24)Solomon’s proverbs copied by King Hezekiah’s men (25-29)The words of Agur & King Lemuel (30-31)
9Presentation Overview Poor character traitsThe simpleThe foolThe sluggard(also: the violent, the sexually immoral, the mocker,the divisive, the arrogant, and the drunkard)God can change us if we listen to his wordThe wiseFear of the LORD is beginning of wisdomThe noble woman
11Simple people lack moral direction and are inclined to evil.
12Proverbs 7:7 I saw among the simple, I noticed among the young men, a youth who lacked judgment.
13Proverbs 14:15 A simple man believes anything, but a prudent man gives thought to his steps.
14Proverbs 14:18 The simple inherit folly, but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.
15Proverbs 27:12 The prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and suffer for it.
16The simple versus the fool For the waywardness of the simple willkill them, and the complacency offools will destroy them; (Pr 1:32)Generally in Proverbs, the simple refers tothose who lack moral judgment, where as thefool refers to someone who is morally deficient.
17Fools in ProverbsProverbs has a lot to say about fools. None of it is good.
18Proverbs 10:14 Wise men store up knowledge, but the mouth of a fool invites ruin.
19Proverbs 10:21 The lips of the righteous nourish many, but fools die for lack of judgment.
20Proverbs 10:23 A fool finds pleasure in evil conduct, but a man of understanding delights in wisdom.
21Proverbs 12:15 The way of a fool seems right to him, but a wise man listens to advice.
22Proverbs 12:16 A fool shows his annoyance at once, but a prudent man overlooks an insult.
23Proverbs 13:16 Every prudent man acts out of knowledge, but a fool exposes his folly.
24Proverbs 13:19 A longing fulfilled is sweet to the soul, but fools detest turning from evil.
25Proverbs 13:20 He who walks with the wise grows wise, but a companion of fools suffers harm.
26Proverbs 14:16 A wise man fears the Lord and shuns evil, but a fool is hotheaded and reckless.
27The sluggardThe sluggard buries his hand in the dish; he is too lazy to bring it back to his mouth. (Proverbs 26:5)
28Proverbs 6:6 Go to the ant you sluggard; Consider its ways and be wise!
29Proverbs 6:9-11 How long will you lie there you sluggard? When will you get up from your sleep?A little sleep, a little slumber,A little folding of the hands to rest –And poverty will come on you like a banditAnd scarcity like an armed man.
30Proverbs 10:5 He who gathers crops in summer is a wise son, but he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son.
31II. Were you in these verses? God’s word can help us to change!Recall the purpose of Proverbs:For giving prudence to the simple,knowledge and discretion to the young (1:4)
32Proverbs 8:5 You who are simple, gain prudence; you who are foolish, gain understanding.
33Proverbs 9:4,6 "Let all who are simple come in here!" she says to those who lack judgment …Leave your simple ways and you will live;walk in the way of understanding.
34Proverbs 21:11 When a mocker is punished, the simple gain wisdom; when a wise man is instructed, he gets knowledge
35III. The wiseA catch-all phrase, representing the opposite of the various bad traitsUpright, diligent, loving, humble, studies the BibleAgain, wisdom has nothing to do with IQ, being intellectual, or worldly knowledgeThe fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom
36What does it mean to fear the LORD? Mentioned 21 times in proverbs “Do not be wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord and shun evil.” (Pr 3:7)To fear the Lord is to hate evil; I hate pride and arrogance, evil behavior and perverse speech. (8:13)He whose walk is upright fears the Lord, but he whose ways are devious despises him (14:2)
37Proverbs 9:8 Do not rebuke a mocker or he will hate you; rebuke a wise man and he will love you.
38Proverbs 10:19 When words are many, sin is not absent, but he who holds his tongue is wise.
39Proverbs 11:30 The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and he who wins souls is wise.
40Proverbs 12:18 Reckless words pierce like a sword, but the tongue of the wise brings healing.
41Proverbs 14:1 The wise woman builds her house, but with her own hands the foolish one tears hers down.
42Proverbs 16:21 The wise in heart are called discerning, and pleasant words promote instruction.
43Proverbs 25:12 Like an earring of gold or an ornament of fine gold is a wise man's rebuke to a listening ear.
44but wise men turn away anger. Proverbs 29:8Mockers stir up a city,but wise men turn away anger.
45IV. The noble woman A wife of noble character is precious (31:10) She is diligent (31:11-27)She has a heart for the poor (31:20)She speaks wisdom (26)She deserves to be praised (31:28-31)Her children arise and call her blessed;her husband also, and he praises her:“Many women do noble thingsbut you surpass them all”
46Proverbs 31:30-31 Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised.Give her the reward she has earned,and let her works bring her praise at the city gate.
47Conclusion Every proverb presents a choice: Will we be like the wise man or the fool?Will we follow God’s way or our way?Will we do what God says or what we rationalize?There is a way that seems right to a man, but in the end it leads to death. (14:12)All a man's ways seem right to him, but the Lord weighs the heart. (21:2)The way of a fool seems right to him,but a wise man listens to advice. (12:15)