2 “Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take The Garbage Out” ~Shel Silverstein Forms:Narrative Poem: a poem that tells a story with a plot and charactersCouplets: pairs of rhyming lines (“Stout” / “out”)Alliteration: repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of wordsExamples: The title and lines 15, 19, 24, 29Hyperbole: exaggeration to emphasize a pointExample: “At last the garbage reached so high / that finally it touched the sky.” (Lines 33-34)
3 Content:Rhyme & Alliteration: gives the poem a song-like, humorous, childish, fairytale, bedtime-story moodHyperbole & Humor: Emphasizes the problem but keeps the mood lightEnd: Bedtime story told by a parent / narrator!Message:Literal: Take the garbage out!Symbolic:Don’t procrastinate!Take care of the environment!
4 “The Highwayman” Forms ~ Alfred Noyes Narrative PoemSetting: Dark and stormy nightMood: eerie; suspenseful; scaryMetaphor: comparisonLine 3: “The moon is a ghastly galleon…”Simile: comparison using “like” or “as”Line 24: “Dumb as a dog he listened…”Stanza Rhyme Scheme: AABCCBOnomatopoeia: words that resemble sounds“Tlot-tlot; tlot-tlot!” for the horse’s hooves (Line 68)Sensory ImagesSightSoundTouch
5 “The Highwayman” ~ Alfred Noyes Content:Inference: Tim the ostler, or stable-worker, probably told on Bess and the highwayman.Bess’s plan is suspenseful because only her actions, not her thoughts, are given.Themes: Romance; Love; Betrayal; SacrificeRepetition at the End: Suggests that Bess and the highwayman’s love continues after their deaths!
6 “The Cremation of Sam McGee” ~ Robert Service Questions:Canada’s Yukon Territory on the Arctic Trails leading to Lake Lebarge.It will be a strange, creepy tale. (It will “make your blood run cold.”)He was kept there by his lust for gold.Personification. It means they were twinkling.Simile: “It stabbed like a driven nail.” It means that it was bitterly cold.The setting of the cold causes Sam’s death and leads to his desire to be cremated.
7 “How I Learned English” ~ Gregory Djanikian Questions:An empty lot surrounded by trees and cirrus clouds during a baseball game in Williamsport, PA.He has just immigrated and does not understand English, baseball, or American culture.He was writhing (1) in pain and everyone else was writhing (2) in laughter.He is “stung” by Joe’s ball and yells, “My shin!”The speaker laughs and feels accepted which leads him to learn baseball and English.
8 “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” ~ Robert Frost (Pages 608-9) Forms:Lyric Poem: expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a musical wayRhyme Scheme: AABA BBCB CCDC DDDDRepetition: repeated sounds, words, or phrasesExamples: Lines 15-16Meter: rhythmical pattern in a poemIambic (unstressed, stressed) Tetrameter (four “feet” per line)Example: Whose WOODS | these ARE | I THINK | I KNOW
9 Content of StanzasA man stops in the woods to watch someone else’s land fill with snow.The man wonders what his horse thinks about why they are not stopping at a house.The horse shakes his bells and the only other sounds are wind and snow falling.The speaker enjoys gazing at the snowy woods, but he has promises and a journey he knows he must still take.
10 MessagesLiteral:The man cannot daydream and watch the snow because he has work to do.Symbolic:Balancing work and play is hard.You can’t stop too long “to smell the roses.”
11 Worksheet One “Loo-Wit” by Wendy Rose 1. Ash 2. The “old woman” is a symbol for the volcano.3. Lines 8, 14-15, and 16 4. She “crouches,” “sleeps,” and “sings.”5. Simile6. Her “weapons” are lava, ashes, rocks, etc. Her “singing” is the sound of the eruption.7. Summarize the poem.“Life” by Naomi Louise Madgett8. “Life” is “a toy that swings on a bright gold chain.” 9. The “toy” “swings,” “ticks,” and is “bright” and “gold.” Children are attracted to movement and bright, shiny objects.10. The keeper is “tired” and stops the game.11. Imitation poems.
12 Worksheet Two “Seal” by William Jay Smith 1. A Concrete Poem’s shape suggests its content. This poem is shaped like its subject—a swimming seal.2. Lines 11-12, 13, 143. Rhyme (zoom / room); Repetition (“See how he…”); Onomatopoeia (“a whoop, a bark”) 4. “See how he…” and “Past…”5. No regular rhyme or meter.“Fog” by Carl SandburgMetaphor; the fog is silent and lingers like a crouching cat. Sight (“cat feet” and “looking”) and Sound (“silent”)Imitation Poems
13 “Annabel Lee” ~Edgar Allen Poe (Pages 598-9) Forms:Narrative PoemBallad: songlike poem that tells a story of adventure/romanceRhyme and Repetition: The rhyme and repetition gives the story an oppressive, fateful atmosphere.
14 ContentSetting: many years ago in a kingdom by the seaFantasy SettingStanza 1: Speaker and Annabel Lee are lovers.Stanza 2 - 3: Angels envy their love and send a chilling wind to kill Annabel Lee. Her rich family takes her body and places it in a tomb.Stanza 4 - 5: The speaker says nothing can keep their souls apart.Stanza 6: The speaker goes nightly to sleep by her tomb out of devotion.
15 “The Village Blacksmith” ~ Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (Pages 544-546) Forms:Lyric Poem: More description than story!Some rhyme throughout
16 Content ~ The Blacksmith’s Characterization… Mighty“Sinewy hands”Brawny arms “as strong as iron bands” (simile)Crisp, black, long hairBrow “wet with honest sweat” (internal rhyme)Earns his work honestly and attends church faithfullyHis wife died, but his daughter reminds him of her.“Hard, rough hand” wipes a tear from his eye.He is tough and tender.The blacksmith has learned the rhythms of life: “Toiling—rejoicing—sorrowing”He works on a new task each day and earns his sleep.Ecclesiastes 5:12The speaker thanks the blacksmith for his example.Speaker’s Tone: admiring; grateful; respectful; etc.Represents: A hard-working, ideal man / citizen
17 Message in the Last Stanza: Metaphor in lines 45-48Our destiny is made (“wrought”) in the struggles and decisions of life (“the flaming forge”) that shapes our character (“each burning deed and thought”).Read James 1:2-5.
18 “Miracles” ~ Walt Whitman (619-21) Form:Free Verse: no regular rhyme or meterLyric PoemOnly 5 sentences!
19 Content: Begins and ends with Rhetorical Questions Q: “Why, who makes much of a miracle?”Q: “What stranger miracles are there?”The universe, and everything in it, is contingent, which means that it did not have to be!For Whitman, everything is miraculous! (“I know of nothing but miracles…”)Read Psalms 19:1-6!2 Most Particular Sensory Images (or “Miracles”)“Honeybees busy around the hive of a summer forenoon” (VISUAL; Line 10)“Exquisite, delicate thin curve of the new moon in spring” (VISUAL; Line 14)
20 “Surfing at Virginia Beach” ~ by Mr. Chase Morning I make the pilgrimage: board in hand I battle the sand to the shoreline, the realm of revisions. Is this what it means to be alive, to dive into organic bliss, the saltwater hiss? It’s at least more alive than the flickers of 7-11s, the heavens, of some copper-faced cult. For here there is an ebb and flow, the tide below, indifferent to methodic me. Here gulls join in pulsing chants to this endless romance of circumstance.
21 MLK ~ Raymond Patterson (600) FormLyric Poem: emphasis on descriptionsWritten in CoupletsOnly 4 sentences long.
22 MLK Content MLK is compared to Jesus through Biblical Allusions: His love is “deep” and “wide.”“Passion” is the word used for Christ’s death.He was “slain,” “but he will come again.”Ending: His followers will carry on his cause!Give a line-by-line personal translation of the poem in your notes:He came at a time of trouble—his love caused him to act.He was determinedand refused to surrender.He taught people in painthat all men are equally valuable.He was killed for this,but his cause will be carried forward.
23 “Pride (In the Name of Love)” by U2 One man come in the name of loveOne man come and goOne come he to justifyOne man to overthrowIn the name of loveEarly morning, April 4What more in the name of loveShot rings out in the Memphis skyFree at last, they took your lifeThey could not take your prideOne man caught on a barbed wire fenceOne man he resistOne man washed on an empty beach.One man betrayed with a kissWhat more in the name of love...
24 “Full Fathom Five” ~ Shakespeare Questions:Alliteration!2. (1) His bones become coral. (2) His eyes become pearls.3. The father is changing into a statue.4. “Ding-dong.”
25 “Onomatopoeia” ~ Eve Merriam Questions:(1) sputters (2) splutters (3) spatters (4) splatters (5) plash(1) “spatters a smattering” (2) “slash spatters” (3) “stops sputtering”The water flows harder and harder throughout the poem.
26 “Train Tune” ~ Louise Bogan Questions:It mimics the “CHUG-a-chug-a” rhythm of a train.Weather, landscapes, time, and love.Love.
27 “The Rider” ~ Naomi Nye (521) FormLyric Poem: speaker’s thought processWritten in Free VerseThe loose form reflects the jumbled way our thought process works.
28 “The Rider” Content Speaker’s Thought Process A boy said he outruns his loneliness when he rollerskates fast.This is the best reason to be a champion!I’m biking; does it work for biking?I want to be a champion so that I can outrun my loneliness and be like a senseless, beautiful flower.
29 “Haikus” ~ Buson (523) Form Haiku: traditional Japanese form with 5, 7, and 5 syllablesHaikus focus on nature and create contrasts.Examples:Haiku 1 = foolish ducklings vs. sneaky weaselHaiku 3 = moon vs. shadows