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FIRST CORINTHIANS Living as God’s People in a Pagan World.

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Presentation on theme: "FIRST CORINTHIANS Living as God’s People in a Pagan World."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRST CORINTHIANS Living as God’s People in a Pagan World

2 Two Mega-Themes In 1 st Corinthians Living as Christians in a pagan world. Being the Church in a pagan world.

3 Two Mega-Themes In 1 st Corinthians Living as Christians in a pagan world.Living as Christians in a pagan world. Being the Church in a pagan world.

4 Living as Christians in a Pagan World 1.God’s People: Living as a Minority Group 1:18-2:16 2.Living as God’s People in a Litigious Society 6:1-8 3.Living as God’s People in a Sexually Immoral Climate 6: Living as God’s People in a Culture of Divorce 7: Living as Free People with a Cause 8:1- 9:23 6.Living as God’s People in an Idolatrous Age 9:24-10:33 7.Living Steadfast, Knowing How It Turns Out 15

5 Living as Christians in a Pagan World 1.God’s People: Living as a Minority Group 1:18-2:16 2.Living as God’s People in a Litigious Society 6:1-8 3.Living as God’s People in a Sexually Immoral Climate 6: Living as God’s People in a Culture of Divorce 7: Living as Free People with a Cause 8:1- 9:23 6.Living as God’s People in an Idolatrous Age 9:24-10:33 7.Living Steadfast, Knowing How It Turns Out 15

6 1 st Corinthians 1: For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19 For it is written: "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent." 20 Where is the wise? Where is the scribe? Where is the disputer of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?

7 1 st Corinthians 1: For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through wisdom did not know God, it pleased God through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe. 22 For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after wisdom; 23 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness,

8 1 st Corinthians 1: but to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men.

9 Overview: Living as a Minority Group 1:18-2:16 1.The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1: The Christian message is not readily accepted by highly prominent people 1:26-1:31 3.The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 4.The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15

10 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1:18-25 Vs. 18, Amplified “For the story and message of the cross is sheer absurdity and folly to those who are perishing and on their way to perdition, but to us who are being saved it is the [manifestation of] the power of God.”

11 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1:18-25 Don’t panic, God said it would be this way:Don’t panic, God said it would be this way: –Vs. 19 “For it is written: "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, And bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.” Don’t panic: it’s a fulfillment of prophecy:Don’t panic: it’s a fulfillment of prophecy: –Isaiah 29:14 “Therefore, behold, I will again do a marvelous work Among this people, A marvelous work and a wonder; For the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, And the understanding of their prudent men shall be hidden.”

12 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1:18-25 Man cannot reason his way to GodMan cannot reason his way to God –Verse 21, Amplified “For when the world with all its earthly wisdom failed to perceive and recognize and know God by means of its own philosophy”

13 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1:18-25 Scholarship does not produce relationshipScholarship does not produce relationship –Vs. 20 “So where does this leave the philosophers, the scholars, and the world’s brilliant debaters? God has made them all look foolish and has shown their wisdom to be useless nonsense.” (NLT)

14 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1: Show me the proof –Vs “For Jews request a sign…” Three Reactions to the Gospel:

15 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1: Answer my questions –Vs “…Greeks seek after wisdom. but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness” Three Reactions to the Gospel:

16 1. The Christian message seems foolish to the unbelieving world 1: Show me the proof 2.Answer my questions 3.Recognition –Vs. 24, HCS “Yet to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is God's power and God's wisdom” Three Reactions to the Gospel:

17 2. The Christian message is not readily accepted by highly prominent people 1:26-1:31 Is Christianity “a religion for losers”? –Vs. 26, Phillips “For look at your own calling as Christians, my brothers. You don't see among you many of the wise (according to this world's judgment) nor many of the ruling class, nor many from the noblest families.”

18 2. The Christian message is not readily accepted by highly prominent people 1:26-1:31 God’s deliberate planGod’s deliberate plan –Vs. 28, Amplified “And God also selected (deliberately chose) what in the world is lowborn and insignificant and branded and treated with contempt, even the things that are nothing, that He might depose and bring to nothing the things that are”

19 2. The Christian message is not readily accepted by highly prominent people 1:26-1:31 Salvation: All of God’s doingSalvation: All of God’s doing –Vs. 30 “But you—and it is all God’s doing—are in Christ Jesus: He has become for us a wisdom which is from God, consisting of righteousness and sanctification and deliverance”

20 2. The Christian message is not readily accepted by highly prominent people 1:26-1:31 Vs. 30, Amplified “But it is from Him that you have your life in Christ Jesus, Whom God made our Wisdom from God, [revealed to us a knowledge of the divine plan of salvation previously hidden, manifesting itself as] our Righteousness [thus making us upright and putting us in right standing with God], and our Consecration [making us pure and holy], and our Redemption [providing our ransom from eternal penalty for sin].”

21 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You don’t have to be super- smartYou don’t have to be super- smart –Vs. 1, NLT “I didn’t use lofty words and brilliant ideas to tell you God’s message.” To tell people about Jesus:

22 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You don’t have to be a super speakerYou don’t have to be a super speaker –Amplified “In lofty words of eloquence” To tell people about Jesus:

23 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You don’t have to be super- confidentYou don’t have to be super- confident –Vs. 3, Phillips “As a matter of fact, in myself I was feeling far from strong; I was nervous and rather shaky.” To tell people about Jesus:

24 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You have to talk about Jesus & the crossYou have to talk about Jesus & the cross –Vs. 2 “For I determined not to know anything among you except Jesus Christ and Him crucified.” To tell people about Jesus:

25 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You have to rely on the Holy SpiritYou have to rely on the Holy Spirit –Vs. 4 “And my speech and my preaching were not with persuasive words of human wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power” To tell people about Jesus:

26 3. The Christian message is transmitted by supernatural power, not human brilliance 2:1-5 You have to talk about Jesus and the cross You have to rely on the Holy Spirit You need to sell the Product and not the salesmanYou need to sell the Product and not the salesman –Vs. 5 “So that your faith might not be based on men's wisdom but on God's power.” To tell people about Jesus:

27 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 The recipients of God’s wisdom: the matureThe recipients of God’s wisdom: the mature Vs. 6, NLT “Yet when I am among mature Christians, I do speak with words of wisdom”

28 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 This wisdom doesn’t come from the cultural eliteThis wisdom doesn’t come from the cultural elite Vs. 6, Phillips “…it is not what is called wisdom by this world, nor by the powers- that-be, who soon will be only the powers that have been.”

29 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 Hidden wisdomHidden wisdom Vs. 7, NLT “No, the wisdom we speak of is the secret wisdom of God, which was hidden in former times…”

30 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 It represents a plan for our gloryIt represents a plan for our glory Vs. 7, Weymouth “…that hidden wisdom which, before the world began, God pre- destined, so that it should result in glory to us” Colossians 3:4 “When Christ who is our life appears, then you also will appear with Him in glory.”

31 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 No one recognizes this wisdom apart from it being revealedNo one recognizes this wisdom apart from it being revealed Vs. 8, NIV “None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.” Vs. 9, NRSV “But, as it is written, ‘What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the human heart conceived, what God has prepared for those who love him’” –Isaiah 64:4 Also, Isaiah 65:17

32 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 No one recognizes this wisdom apart from it being revealed Vs. 10, Phillips “But God has, through the Spirit, let us share his secret.” Vs , NIV “…The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man’s spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.”

33 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 The indwelling Spirit reveals our blessingsThe indwelling Spirit reveals our blessings Vs. 12, NIV “We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us.”

34 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 People in their natural condition are unable to grasp spiritual truthPeople in their natural condition are unable to grasp spiritual truth Vs. 14, NAS95 “…But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God” Vs. 14, Phillips “But the unspiritual man simply cannot accept the matters which the Spirit deals with - they just don't make sense to him, for, after all, you must be spiritual to see spiritual things.”

35 4. The Christian message is a mystery that the unregenerate world just can’t get 2:6-15 People in a supernatural condition are enabled to grasp spiritual truthPeople in a supernatural condition are enabled to grasp spiritual truth Vs. 15, Phillips “The spiritual man, on the other hand, has an insight into the meaning of everything, though his insight may baffle the man of the world.” Vs. 16, Phillips “…Incredible as it may sound, we who are spiritual have the very thoughts of Christ!”

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37 Translations That May Have Been Used: Abbreviations & Copyright Info AMP or Amplified: © Copyright 1954, 1958, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1987 by The Lockman Foundation ESV: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers. HCSB: Holman Christian Standard Bible © 2001, Broadman & Holman Publishers, LifeWay Christian Resources 127 Ninth Avenue North, Nashville, TN JPS: The Holy Scriptures (Old Testament) By the Jewish Publication Society All rights reserved MSG or Message: The Message © 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002 by Eugene H. Peterson NAS: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NAS) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE. Copyright 1960, 1988, by The Lockman Foundation, California. All rights reserved. NAS95: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NAS95) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE. Copyright 1960, 1995, by The Lockman Foundation, California. All rights reserved. NET: The NET Bible, New English Translation (NET) Copyright © 1996, 1997, 1998 By Biblical Studies Press, LLC. All Rights Reserved The Holy Bible: The NET Bible(r) Copyright © 1998 By Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. All rights reserved NIV: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984 by The International Bible Society. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. Scripture quoted by permission. NJKV: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NKJV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW KING JAMES VERSION. Copyright (c) 1982 by Thomas Nelson Inc. All rights reserved. NLT: Quotations designated (NLT) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW LIVING TRANSLATION Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright © 1996 by Tyndale Charitable Trust. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Wheaton, Illinois, All rights reserved. New Living, NLT, and the New Living Translation logo are registered trademarks of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. NRSV: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (NRSV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW REVISED STANDARD VERSION. Copyrighted 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America, and are used by permission. All rights reserved. RSV: Scripture quoted by permission. Quotations designated (RSV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: REVISED STANDARD VERSION. Copyright 1946, 1952, 1973 by National Council of Churches of Christ. All rights reserved. Weymouth: WEYMOUTH NEW TESTAMENT: NEW TESTAMENT IN MODERN SPEECH by Richard F. Weymouth 3rd Edition (1912)-- Revised & edited E. Hampden-Cooke YLT: Young's Literal Translation of the Holy Bible by J.N. Young, 1862, 1898 (Author of the Young's Analytical Concordance)


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