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GLOBOLAKES Global Observatory of Lake Responses to Environmental Change Andrew Tyler 1 & Peter Hunter 2 Biological and Environmental Sciences, University.

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Presentation on theme: "GLOBOLAKES Global Observatory of Lake Responses to Environmental Change Andrew Tyler 1 & Peter Hunter 2 Biological and Environmental Sciences, University."— Presentation transcript:

1 GLOBOLAKES Global Observatory of Lake Responses to Environmental Change Andrew Tyler 1 & Peter Hunter 2 Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling Group on Earth Observation (GEO) Webinar 26 April 2013 1 2

2 Research Rationale Aims and Objectives Data Acquisition Lake Selection Coherence in Lake Response Summary

3 Andrew Tyler, Peter Hunter, Evangelos Spyrakos: University of Stirling, UK Steve Groom, Victor Vicente-Martinez, Gavin Tilstone, Giorgio Dall’Olmo: Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK Christopher Merchant, Stuart MacCallum: University of Edinburgh/University of Reading, UK Mark Cutler, John Rowan, Terry Dawson, Eirini Politi: University of Dundee, UK Stephen Maberly, Laurence Carvalho, Stephen Thackery, Alex Elliott: Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, UK Claire Miller, Marion Scott: University of Glasgow, UK The Consortium

4 >300 million lakes globally Providing essential ecosystem goods & services Fundamental to global food security Global concerns over future water security (Unsustainable use; MEA 2005) Important in global biogeochemical cycling (Bastviken et al. 2011, Science) Rationale

5 Geographic distribution of the world’s 200 largest lakes. Data courtesy of ESA-funded ARCLakes project (PI Christopher Merchant, University of Edinburgh)

6 Lakes are ‘sentinels’ of environmental change These can trigger internal interactions & direct responses leading to: –loss of habitat –eutrophication –fish kills –loss of species (highest proportion of species threatened with extinction; MEA 2005) –altered communities & shifts to less desirable species Rationale

7 Rationale Timeliness: Increasing robustness of algorithms and ensemble approaches Capability for processing huge data volumes in near real time MERIS: spectral and temporal resolution (until April 2012) GMES: ESA planned launches – superior capabilities (2014) Opportunity: Access to nearly 20 years of data on 1000 lakes of different types across the globe will give a paradigm shift in our ability to ask fundamental ecological questions in relation to the status and change in the condition of the world’s lakes SeaWifs: 1997-2010 MERIS: 2002-2012 Sentinel: 2 2014 Sentinel: 3 2014

8 What controls the differential sensitivity of lakes to environmental perturbation? Some pressing questions: What is the present state & evidence for long-term change for the 1000 lakes? To what extent are patterns temporally coherent & what are the causes? Is there evidence for phenological change & what are the causes? What factors control cyanobacterial blooms? What factors control the concentration of coloured DOC? How sensitive are different lake types to varying environmental perturbation? Can we forecast the future response of phytoplankton composition & abundance, & risk of cyanobacterial blooms, for lakes in different landscapes? Questions

9 Investigate the state of lakes & their response to environmental change drivers: Near real time processing satellite based observatory Processing archived data for up to 20-year time series Including: (i) LSWT; (ii) TSM; (iii) CDOM; (iv) Chl a; (v) PC Detect spatial & temporal trends & attribute causes of change for 1000 lakes worldwide (1/3 of inland water, 2/3 of all inland water > 1km 2 ) Forecast lake sensitivity to environmental change Apply findings into lake management Lake Balaton Ice Cover Derwent Water Aims and Objectives

10 Project structure

11 WP1 and WP2 Selection and operationalization of algorithms for retrieval of lake biogeochemical properties Initially MERIS archive, but later Sentinel-3 OLCI Extension of global lake surface water algorithms (from ArcLakes) to smaller lakes (ATSR & SLSTR) In situ data from research cruises, long-term monitoring programmes and instrumented buoys

12 Level 1 Case study lakes (~15) Intensive field campaigns to test algorithms In situ optics and biogeochemical validation data UK lakes plus selected international lakes with good data availability (IOPs, AOPs, in situ data for MERIS match-ups) study lakes In situ biogeochemical validation data: UK; Estonia; Hungary, Italy; Spain USA; Canada; Australia; South Africa, Kenya, Validation Level-2/-3 products delivered to end-users Time-series biogeochemical data provided to project partners and end-users High temporal resolution buoy data UKLEON – NERC funded buoy sensor network GLEON – NSF funded international buoy sensor network Level 2 International lakes (~50) Validation of most promising algorithms using partner data sets from contrasting lakes Testing Refining GloboLakes data Partner data Level 3 Global lake population (~1000) Operationalization of selected algorithms Study lakes WP1: Algorithm validation WP2: Operational processing

13 Atmospheric correction Additional credits: Stephanie Palmer, Jose Antonio Dominguez, Brockmann Consult

14 Chlorophyll algorithms Additional credits: Stephanie Palmer, Astrium Chla mg m -3

15 Lake bIo-optica ​ l MeasuremeN ​ ts And matchup Data for rEmote Sensing (LIMNADES) LIMNADES provides a repository for: 1)inherent and apparent optical properties for algorithm development 2)in situ water constituents measurements for algorithms validation Vision is to provide long-term archive running beyond lifetime of GloboLakes Find out more:

16 Privately shared Publicly shared Partners Related projects Other contributors/users Uncertainties Quality control DATA ACCESS & POLICY:

17 LIMNADES Other data contributed to LIMNADES (Apr 2013) GloboLakes partner lakes

18 Lake Landscape Context (after e.g., Sorrano et al. 2009) Incorporate a wide range of catchment- to-lake-surface-area ratios Span a wide range of water quality parameters and ecological characteristics, e.g. pH, alkalinity, eutrophication status and mixing regime Include lakes of special scientific interest Ideally a pool from which lakes selected using a randomised, probability-based approach (Stevens 1994). WP3: Lake selection

19 Global lake population Currently 1,811 under consideration

20 Spatial database of drivers of catchment change, including: –climate –land cover –catchment morphology –productivity –development –lake hydromorphology etc. Trends in catchment change derived from global datasets (30 years of change) Run-off modelled for each catchment using a lumped GIS- based model WP3: Drivers of change

21 Road network Soil type River network & Dams Climatic ecoregions Land cover Annual mean temperature Annual mean precipitation Elevation NDVI WP3: Catchment data

22 Case Study: ARC-Lake data LSWT Time Series (257 standardized LSWT time series) Finazzi, F., Miller, Cl., Scott, M.

23 Case Study: ARC-Lake data Finazzi, F., Miller, Cl., Scott, M. Clustering Result

24 Clustering Result – Global map Case Study: ARC-Lake data Finazzi, F., Miller, Cl., Scott, M.

25 Success of GloboLakes will rely on contributions from across the EO and end-user communities More than 20 scientific partners from over 15 nations CSIRO, Australia; CSIR, South Africa; VITO, Belgium Environment Canada; Estonian Marine Institute; EC Joint Research Centre; CNR-IREA, Italy; INTA, Spain; CUNY, USA; Creighton, USA South Florida, USA; Institute of Limnology, Nanjing… Engagement with end-users including UK environmental regulators (EA, SEPA, NIEA) Engagement with UK National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO), European Environment Agency, ESA and GEO Engagement

26 Linkages and Developments Brockmann Associates Lake Algal Bloom Pilot Project KTAMOP: Ecological Status and Function of Lakes (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) –HICO (Hypespectral Imager of the Coastal Ocean) Validation team for ESA Sentinel 3 INFORM: Improved monitoring and forecasting of ecological status of European Inland waters by combining Future earth ObseRvation data and Models (FP7 project pending): VITO, Belgium GLaSS: Global Lakes Sentinel Services: Water Insight, Wageningen DANCERS: DANube macroregion: Capacity building and Excellence in River Systems (basin, delta and sea): GeoEcoMar, Romania CYANOCOST: Training and networking for EO NETLAKE: COST Action for in-situ sensors


28 Thank you!

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