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Piano and Drums. Key themes Contrast between sophistication and barbarianism Fear of the unknown Visual and auditory imagery Speaker is experiencing the.

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Presentation on theme: "Piano and Drums. Key themes Contrast between sophistication and barbarianism Fear of the unknown Visual and auditory imagery Speaker is experiencing the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Piano and Drums

2 Key themes Contrast between sophistication and barbarianism Fear of the unknown Visual and auditory imagery Speaker is experiencing the advancement of both cultures

3 Literary techniques ‘When at break of day at a riverside’ – Break of day has double meaning – Start of a new day and start of a archaic civilization – Riverside represents jungles, wilderness, tribes ‘jungle drums telegraphing’ – Juxtaposes primal culture and modern society ‘like mystic rhythm, urgent, raw like bleeding flesh’ – List of three, present participles, simile – Bleeding flesh emphasizes brutality, animalism, primitivism – Urgent, raw connotes fear and aggression

4 Literary techniques ‘primal youth and the beginning,’ – They have just been born – Contrasts the establishment of sophistication ‘panther ready to pounce, leopard snarling about to leap’ – Present participles, alliteration, animalism – Aggressiveness and determination to defend their culture ‘Hunters crouch with spears poised;’ – Emphasis on brutality – Semi colon emphasizes a dramatic pause – Readiness to defend their culture and make their mark on the world

5 Literary techniques ‘And my blood ripples, turns torrent, topples my years’ – Conjunctives show continual suffering of colonization – Imagery of fear – Topples my years personifies experience being thrown away for helplessness ‘I’m in my mother’s lap a suckling;’ – Speaker feels inferior, helpless like a baby – Knows nothing of the barbarian world

6 Literary techniques ‘I’m walking simple paths with no innovation;’ – Receding away from sophistication – Life is simple like a child’s view of the world – Stanza is to represent colonization – A new beginning, starting off young in a new world ‘naked warmth of hurrying feet with groping hearts in green leaves and wild flowers pulsing.’ – Present participles show sense of urgency to establish themselves – Naked warmth shows security – Naturalistic imagery represents childlike freedom

7 Literary techniques ‘Then I hear a wailing piano solo speaking of complex ways in tear-furrowed concerto;’ – Shift in tone to express the western world – Intrusive auditory imagery interrupting previous stanza – his conjuration of safety in his head – Life in a new world can be hard, one can miss their own culture – Complex represents sophistication of the world they came from – Wailing piano is melodic – Concerto shows sophisticated society is special as it stands out

8 Literary techniques ‘of far away lands and new horizons with coaxing diminuendo, counterpoint, and crescendo.’ – Far away lands and new horizons represents opportunity and colonization of other places – Combination of decreases and increases in volume of the piano connotes excitement at the adventure

9 Literary techniques ‘But lost in the labyrinth of its complexities,’ – Labyrinth emphasizes sophistication of modern society – Reality of colonization and exploration is difficult ‘it ends in the middle of a phrase at a daggerpoint.’ – Links to the end of the first stanza with ‘spears poised;’ – Emphasizes another shift in tone because the music suddenly ends, signifying that the cultures have merged – Daggerpoint suggests abruptness

10 Literary techniques ‘And I lost in the morning mist of an age at a riverside keep wandering in the mystic rhythm of jungle drums and the concerto.’ – Relates to first stanza – Morning mist shows a new beginning but with uncertainties of what the future holds for the two cultures – Enjambment creates free flowing rhythm and suggests speed of the merging of the two cultures – Lost and wandering shows how immersed the speaker is in the two cultures – Repetition of mystic rhythm to emphasize so much that is unknown – Jungle drums and concerto is a juxtaposition that has finally been joined at the end of the poem


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